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History of communication
 

History of communication

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It consists of two part and it gives information about history of communication.I believe it will be useful for everyone who searchs for about communication history.Also, I am going to publish the ...

It consists of two part and it gives information about history of communication.I believe it will be useful for everyone who searchs for about communication history.Also, I am going to publish the second part coming soon..

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    History of communication History of communication Presentation Transcript

    • HISTORY OF COMMUNICATION PART I
    • THE BEGINNING • Communication begins with humanity • Cave paintings were the first tool • People told with cave paintings; 1. hunts 2. enemies 3. their cultures
    • • Storytelling • Fire signals • Drums were the other tools to communicate
    • INVENTION OF WRITING • Writing was invented by Sumerians in 3300
    • MEDIA IN ANCIENT EMPIRES • There were two governing space 1. Time-biased media(Duration over-time) 2. Space-biased media(Duration over-space)
    • TIME BIASED MEDIA • It included heavy-durable materials • i.e. stone
    • SPACE-BIASED MEDIA • It consists of short-lived materials • i.e. paper papyrus
    • PARCHMENT • It is the skin of animal • Invented in Pergamum Kingdom
    • PAPYRUS • Obtained from «Papyrus» plant • Commonly used in Egypt
    • QUIPU • Called as talking knots • Made up of cotton cords • Cords had a numeric value • Each cord make sense • Used by Incas
    • THE ALPHABET • Invented in 1700s by Phoenicians • Located around Mediterrean Sea • They dealt with trading
    • • At first; • For long messages  bamboo • For short messages  wood were used • Then; raw silk replaced wood
    • GREEK CULTURE • Oral culture at first • Refused alphabet through 300 years • Poetry  transmitted culture
    • COMMUNICATION IN MIDDLE AGES • Two factors were important; 1) Literacy 2) Having the ability to communicate over far distances • These made the Church powerful
    • • The Church controlled the education - monopoly of knowledge – • Word-of-mouth • Oral culture Medieval community
    • • Economic growth • Need for reliable information increased demand for manuscripts
    • • Paper was invented by Chinese in 105 AD • Adopted by Arabs in 8th century • Passed to Europeans in 10th century
    • • Printing press  invented by Johann Gutenberg in 14th century • Contributed to spread of written documents
    • RESULTS FOR PRINTING PRESS • More accessible/larger information • Increase in the amount of written documents • Growing up in literacy • Mechanizing of written texts • More standardized style • Development of new intellectual class • Impact on Reformation
    • RISE OF JOURNALISM
    • TYPES OF PRE-PRINT COMM. NETWORK • Network established by Catholic Church • Network established by political authorities of states • Network born from commercial activities • Networks of merchants travelers storytellers
    • • 2 major developments affecting the network • Establishment of regular postal service • Application of printing press
    • • In 15th century; • Leaflets • Posters • Broadsheet began to appear
    • • Periodical publications 16th century • Origins of modern newspaper17th century • In 1609 publication of weekly journals in German cities • By 1620, Amsterdam  the center of news • First newspaper in English in Amsterdam in 1620
    • • First daily newspaper in Englandin 1702 - Daily Courant -
    • • After 1830taxes progressively reduced • In 1860s taxes were abolished
    • • Jeremy Bentham • James Mill • John Stuart Mill famous advocators of the liberty of the press
    • THE NEW JOURNALISM • Jjournalism as entertainment Joseph Pulitzer/New York World
    • • Joseph Pulitzer(1847-1911): Hungarian- American newspaper publisher • In 1883,he bought New York World
    • • He used; 1. Graphics/illustrative elements 2. Multi-column headlines 3. Advertising 4. Pictures
    • • Also; 1. Increased the size of headlines 2. Reduced the size of paper
    • • Journalism as info. New York Times 1. Attracted wealthy people 2. Influenced journalism in 1920s and 1930s 3. Caused ideal of objectivity
    • YELLOWYELLOW JOURNALISM JOURNALISM • Presents little or no legitimate info. • Uses eye-catching headlines • Started in 19th century ( between New York Times and New York World)
    • REFERENCES • Special thanks to Irem Ozgören Kınlı • The slide is going to be continue..
    • • Created by Halil Ibrahim ULUHAN