Advocacy 101
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  • 1. WELCOME TO ADVOCACY 101 Becoming a Volunteer Advocate
  • 2. Advocacy 101: What is a Volunteer Advocate?PurposeThis module is designed to assist you in understanding your role and responsibilities as an advocate and theroles of others with whom you will work. It also helps you determine if the advocate role is right for you orwhich advocate role is most comfortable for you as an individual.Learning ObjectivesBy the end of this training module, Volunteer Advocates will be able to: 1. Identify the major roles of an advocate, 2. Make appropriate decisions based on state confidentiality laws. 3. Describe personal issues that might affect your ability to be an effective advocate.Lessons Contained in this Section:Define the basic Tenets of AdvocacyRecognize the roles of the AdvocateMaintaining ConfidentialityIs Advocacy the Right Choice?
  • 3. BASIC TENETS OF ADVOCACY• One of the things that advocacy does is to provide victims with information about their options so they can make educated choices. Advocacy encourages victims to ultimately advocate for themselves while giving them a voice when they are unable to speak for themselves.• Advocacy should be trauma-specific, addressing the current violence and any consequences or issues that arise as a result of that crime.• Do not to ignore preexisting life problems; rather, address them in descending order only after the more pressing legal/criminal issues are addressed.• Issues such as an abusive relationship, substance abuse, mental health problems, or financial troubles affect recovery and are thus issues for the advocate. It is important to know when to make referrals and which community resources are appropriate for follow-up counseling.• The overriding tenet of advocacy is to listen and to believe the victim. The healing power of this is extraordinary. Survivors do not need to prove they are suffering to win support; advocates give unconditional support while safeguarding the individual’s right to be treated with respect, whatever the circumstance. The unfortunate reality is that an advocate may be the only person who believes a victim without question, comment, or blame, which makes the words “I believe you,” and the corollary, “It wasn’t your fault,” that more powerful.
  • 4. BASIC TENETS OF ADVOCACY Continued• The rare case when a survivor is dishonest is relatively unimportant. Clearly, the survivor is suffering on some level and has most likely been victimized in some way. Having the wool pulled over “one’s eyes” on that rare occasion is a small price to pay for extending the healing power of unconditional belief that has helped so many survivors.• Another advocacy maxim is neither investigate or judge. Leave the investigation to the investigators. This means a no note-taking while the survivor talks about the assault. Keeping one’s hands free nonverbally communicates to the survivor that you are not interested in “taking” anything from her (including a report) but rather are present as an ally whom she can trust. Advocates are the only first responders who have no other responsibilities and no pressing agenda.• In addition to these basic tenets, keep the word “teamwork” in mind. As an advocate, you will work with professionals in law enforcement, medicine, and other fields to meet the needs of sexual assault victims.• Advocacy, Specialized training, and teamwork have greatly improved the quality of care for victims. Advocates have provided and continue to provide a range of services to address the needs of victims and their families/significant others.
  • 5. ADVOCATE ROLESAdvocates may provide any or all of the following services:Crisis Telephone Line:• HLHAS has a crisis line that operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Our crisis line is answered by professional staff, who in turn then calls an advocate, either staff or volunteer, to respond to the caller. Given the diverse nature of requests, working on the crisis telephone line requires far-reaching expertise and extensive knowledge about community concerns and available resources. Typically staffed by trained volunteers, the service gives victims immediate support and information about what to do. Incoming calls address a wide range of needs from a diverse population.• Concerned family, friends, or community members may call with fears for their own safety or concerns about an acquaintance or loved one. They may need immediate support or referral sources. Some callers are being stalked. They fear for their safety and need to know what options and resources are available to them.• Callers also may need information on getting an order of protection or filing a civil case.
  • 6. ADVOCATE ROLES CONTINUED• Assisting with Library: HLHAS has an extensive library that is available to victims, family members, professionals, and volunteers. This library is in consistent need of organizing and technological updating.• Fundraising: HLHAS is a non-profit organization and fundraising helps maintain our operation.• Hi-Line Store: Hi-Line maintains an office full of donated household goods, bedding, toys, minor furniture and clothing that requires consistent maintenance and organizing.• Office Assistance: At any given time there are office tasks that can be done by volunteers. Cleaning, filing, organizing, typing fundraiser information, etc.• Hanging Posters/Raising Awareness: Hi-Line serves the communities in 6 different Montana counties and volunteers frequently hang posters and deliver pamphlets.
  • 7. Direct Client Services Advocacy Role NOTE: Volunteer advocates can turn the victim over to a staff advocate to follow through with these roles• Medical-Evidentiary Exam Response: For victims of sexual assault or violence requiring medical attention the following procedures are common: 1) For Sexual Assault-HLHAS currently transports victims to Benefis in Great Falls, or accompanies victims in need of transport via ambulance; 2) For domestic violence that requires medical treatment, including strangling, HLHAS frequently meets clients at medical facilities in or near each community. The advocate can transport or meet the victim at the medical facility.• Law Enforcement Statement Accompaniment: In addition to being present during an initial police report, which is often taken in the emergency department or other location, the advocate usually offers to accompany the victim to the police department or sheriff’s office at a later time when she gives her official statement. The advocate provides support and encouragement during what may be an intimidating experience and helps the victim understand why certain questions are asked. Advocates function formally as members of the “response team,” a community-response team, or informally as members of separate community agencies. Your “team” includes the law enforcement officers; you are not advocating for the victim against the police.• During the Interview: During the interview the volunteer advocate should not ask questions, provide information, or give information to the victim. One way the advocate can assist is by asking the interviewer if the victim may take a break if it appears that the victim needs time to compose themselves.• Courtroom Accompaniment: The advocate typically offers to accompany the victim to any attorney appointments as well as to the courtroom. Frequently, volunteer crisis line advocates are unable to take time from work and other obligations to follow through with court and other necessary meetings. In these cases, the volunteer advocate passes off the victim client to a staff advocate who can be available for these appointments. Whatever the scenario, the goal is to familiarize the victim with the process and the courtroom, including where she will sit and what she will be asked to do or communicate.
  • 8. Individual, Ongoing, Supportive Advocacy• HLHAS staff advocates with advanced training are available to provide ongoing support and links to qualified counseling. Unless you have advanced training, or the services are limited in your community, it’s unlikely you will play this role. Although the training in which you are now engaged in no way provides the skills necessary to do counseling therapy, basic supportive listening skills will be discussed during this training session and can be used by the advocate without advanced training.• It is essential that paid staff and volunteers consistently review cases with their supervisors and make referrals for cases they do not feel comfortable handling alone. You have a responsibility to yourself and to every survivor you see to recognize the limits of your training and experience and to function within these limits.
  • 9. Maintaining Confidentiality and Sexual Assault• It is important to maintain the victim’s confidentiality because it is her right, it gives her control, she can decide who to tell, and it makes disclosure safe.• Prior to working with victims, volunteer advocates are required to sign a form agreeing to comply with HLHAS polices and confidentiality laws.• Advocates have a responsibility to maintain confidentiality, to the limits of the law, about each and every case with which they are involved.• Experiencing sexual assault involves a traumatic loss of control over one’s body and over the ability to choose with whom to be sexual. It is extremely important that the victim be able to regain control to the greatest extent possible after the assault. Deciding who will know about the rape is an important part of regaining control. Maintaining confidentiality is one way to help the victim decide who does and does not know she was raped.
  • 10. Maintaining Confidentiality and Domestic Violence• In the case of domestic violence, the power and control issues that existed within the dynamics of the relationship has limited the victim’s ability to feel and safe and secure. Confidentiality empowers the victim by allowing her to determine who has access to her story or information.• Only when the victim knows the limits of confidentiality can she make a safe, educated choice about what to tell the advocate. Montana has gone to great lengths to get state legislation passed to ensure that their conversations with sexual assault and domestic violence victims are completely confidential and that they cannot be subpoenaed to testify even if the case goes to court (See Advocate Privilege Law). Advocates must know the limits of confidentiality for rape crisis advocates in their state and communicate these to victims before the victims disclose information.• See Advocate Privilege Law section in this training for additional information.
  • 11. Maintaining Confidentiality Means…• Not talking to the media about the case without the victim’s permission.• Not discussing cases with your family.• Not talking about cases on an elevator or in a public place.• Not using any details of cases, even anonymously, for training purposes.• For training purposes, only showing pictures of injuries if those pictures do not show faces or identifying marks (such as tattoos or moles), if written permission was not obtained. Especially in a small community, it is all too easy to breach client confidentiality unknowingly.
  • 12. Confidentiality Scenario #11. An 11 year-old tells you that she was raped by her adult neighbor. ___ Keep confidential. ___ Report to the police. ___ Report to child protection. ___ Ask a supervisor/other professional to evaluate further. ___ Other_____________________.
  • 13. Confidentiality Scenerio #1 Answer1. An 11 year-old tells you that she was raped by her adult neighbor. ___ Keep confidential. ___ Report to the police. ___ Report to child protection. _X_ Ask a supervisor/other professional to evaluate further. ___ Other_____________________.
  • 14. Confidentiality Scenario #22. You receive a call from a 16-year-old victim, who says she was raped several weeks ago. You then receive a call from her mother, who is very worried about her daughter and suspects what has happened. She wants you to tell her what is going on. ___ Keep confidential. ___ Report to the police. ___ Report to child protection. ___ Ask a supervisor/other professional to evaluate further. ___ Other_____________________.
  • 15. Confidentiality Scenario #2 Answer
  • 16. Confidentiality Scenario #33. During a crisis call, a victim expresses suicidal thoughts. ___ Keep confidential. ___ Report to the police. ___ Report to child or adult protection. ___ Ask a supervisor/other professional to evaluate further. ___ Other_____________________.
  • 17. Confidentiality Scenario #3 Answer3. During a crisis call, a victim expresses suicidal thoughts. ___ Keep confidential. ___ Report to the police. ___ Report to child or adult protection. _X_ Ask a supervisor/other professional to evaluate further. ___ Other_____________________.
  • 18. Confidentiality Scenario #44. A woman calls and indicates she was just violently beat by her live-in boyfriend. You can hear children crying in the background and you can hear the boyfriend yelling from a distance in the background. ___ Keep confidential. ___ Report to the police. ___ Report to child protection. ___ Ask a supervisor/other professional to evaluate further. ___ Other_____________________.
  • 19. Confidentiality Scenario #4 Answer4. A woman calls and indicates she was just violently beat by her live-in boyfriend. You can hear children crying in the background and you can hear the boyfriend yelling from a distance in the background. ___ Keep confidential. ___ Report to the police. ___ Report to child protection. _X_ Ask a supervisor/other professional to evaluate further. _X_ Other: Ask her permission to call law enforcement. If perssion is denied refer to answer #4.
  • 20. Confidentiality Scenario #55. Your friend starts to date someone new. Through your work as an advocate, you have information that makes you suspect that this person is a perpetrator of several acquaintance rapes in your community. ___ Keep confidential. ___ Report to the police. ___ Ask a supervisor/other professional to evaluate further. ___ Other_____________________.
  • 21. Confidentiality Scenario #5 Answer5. Your friend starts to date someone new. Through your work as an advocate, you have information that makes you suspect that this person is a perpetrator of several acquaintance rapes in your community. _X_ Keep confidential. ___ Report to the police. ___ Ask a supervisor/other professional to evaluate further. ___ Other_____________________.
  • 22. Confidentiality Scenario #66. A mother calls and says her boyfriend is sexually abusing her 9-year-old daughter. ___ Keep confidential. ___ Report to the police. ___ Report to child protection. ___ Ask a supervisor/other professional to evaluate further. ___ Other_____________________.
  • 23. Confidentiality Scenario #6 Answer6. A mother calls and says her boyfriend is sexually abusing her 9-year-old daughter. ___ Keep confidential. ___ Report to the police. ___ Report to child protection. _X_ Ask a supervisor/other professional to evaluate further. ___ Other_____________________.
  • 24. Is Advocacy the Right Choice?• Deciding to become an advocate is an important decision, and one that can bring immeasurable rewards. By becoming an advocate, you become part of the solution for positive social change; you make a difference. Your attention, assistance, acceptance, and caring attitude greatly facilitate recovery.• At the same time, advocates need to be aware of their own sensitivity. Some people may, because of a tremendous capacity for empathy or past victimization of their own, be too affected by exposure to violence and trauma to be effective advocates.
  • 25. If you are a SURVIVOR• Survivors often become particularly sensitive to the fears, concerns, and needs of victims, as well as the inadequacies of victim services or magnitude of victim needs—all of which may contribute to a desire to become involved in victim services.• Survivors of sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, or stalking may have had a positive experience with the system and now want to offer other victims the same compassionate care. Alternatively, they may have had a very disappointing experience and want to prevent others from having the same experience.• For some survivors, their experience with a victim advocacy program might have been so significant that they do not want the connection to end. They may believe that becoming advocates will promote their continued healing.
  • 26. From Survivor to Advocate The Challenge• Every victimization and recovery is different. Experience may or may not give a survivor greater empathy for other victims. Each survivor reacts differently; survivors cannot expect someone else to react as they did or to have the same needs and concerns. Survivors may have continuing unresolved issues such as anger, depression, fear, and difficulty trusting others. It will be very hard for survivors to help others deal with issues that they themselves have not resolved.• It is possible that during training or while on the job, wounds they had considered completely healed will reopen. Even if survivors complete the training without any problems, they may experience difficulties once they begin seeing victims. It is normal for those in direct contact with recent victims to experience secondary trauma, but it will most likely be short term. For some, however, the secondary trauma may be more intense and lasting.• Survivors are more likely to experience this trauma: Near the anniversary of their own assault or trauma. When they encounter a stalking victim, domestic violence scenario, dating violence incident, or rape experience similar to their own. When they encounter a rape experience similar to the experience of someone close to them. When they work with a victim who is similar to themselves. These challenges do not necessarily mean that survivors cannot be effective advocates. After healing more, they should try again. Alternatively, they may need to reconsider this area of work, at least for the present. Especially if they were victimized within the past year or two, it may be too soon to work directly with others. If you are a survivor and you experience any areas of concern at any point during training or actual practice, talk to the trainer or a supervisor as soon as possible.
  • 27. Advocate Challenges It is also appropriate for any advocate, including survivors, to ask for assistance or refer clients whenever they feel unable to provide the necessary assistance. Circumstances that may fit into this category include:• Assault circumstances too similar to their own• Personality clash with the victim or her family• Victim’s needs that are beyond the advocate’s ability level• Difficulty maintaining healthy boundaries
  • 28. Advocacy• Advocacy is a rewarding experience, but it is also demanding. It is important to take this training and an advocacy position very seriously. Program staff and survivors count on a realistic appraisal of your ability and time. Committing to more than you can give will be detrimental to the program. It is better to start slowly and add more responsibilities or hours at a later date, rather than not fulfill your commitments.• If you decide that advocacy is not for you, you can find other ways to make a difference without interacting directly with clients. While direct service roles are more visible and their activities can seem to be a more desirable way to help survivors, HLHAS cannot operate without program support roles.
  • 29. IF YOU BECOME A HLHAS CRISIS LINE ADVOCATEIf you made the choice to continue on with this online training there are several things aboutHLHAS that you need to know. As a Volunteer Crisis Line Advocate it’s important tounderstand that when you answer a crisis call it may be coming from one of 6 counties:Liberty, Toole, Eastern Glacier, Pondera, Chouteau or Teton. At the completion of the onlinetraining you will meet with a Staff Advocate and will be provided with a Volunteer AdvocateManual. This manual will contain reimbursement forms for mileage and per diem.
  • 30. CALL SCHEDULEAs a Volunteer Crisis Line Advocate you will be placed on a “callschedule”. The call schedule is designed with availability taken intoconsideration. If you are on the call schedule the professionals whoanswer the crisis line will contact you with the information toreturn the crisis call. If you are uncomfortable with taking calls youcan request there is a backup Staff Advocate for each time you areplaced on the call schedule. The backup staff member can assistyou with any questions you may have to best serve the victim orcrisis line caller. The backup staff can also accompany you to sexualassault and domestic violence call outs at your request until youbecome comfortable enough to take the calls yourself.
  • 31. Educational Opportunities• Each month additional educational opportunities will be available on the HLHAS website. You can use the password you were given to access training to also access the educational opportunities.• Each month there will be a scenario posted that will assist you in identifying the dynamics of domestic violence, sexual assault, dating violence, and/or stalking. These activities are designed to give the volunteer advocate an opportunity to apply the knowledge, skills, and tools they have been given.• Quarterly, there is an in service training from various professionals who can explain their role in working with victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, dating violence, and stalking. These in service trainings are also arranged when a volunteer advocate indicates they are interested in learning more in a certain area or would benefit from additional training.
  • 32. SERVICES HLHAS PROVIDES• Crisis Intervention: 24-hour crisis line. Crisis line volunteers call and advocate who will respond as quickly as possible in emergency situations• One-on-One Advocacy: Provide support, referrals, options, help with transportation to shelter• Child Advocacy: Provide a safe environment for children, court preparation, self- esteem building skills, social skills, moral support, and at times…just play• Legal Advocacy: Provide help with preparations for court, including documents such as orders of protection, and make request for legal aid through attorneys• Victim Witness Services: Legal advocacy, assist with victim impact statements, filing for victim compensation, and information and referrals• Educational Presentations: Workshops, in-services, training for volunteers, law enforcement, medical personnel, child protective services, and community based organizations as well as school programs on dating violence and sexual harassment/date rape.• Safe Homes and Shelters: Provide a safe haven for victims leaving an abusive situation. Transportation to secure shelter and safe homes.• Referral Networking: Information on available services relevant to victim’s needs.
  • 33. Mandatory Online Training• If you have made the choice to become a volunteer advocate the online training will assist you with gaining knowledge and information regarding the dynamics of domestic violence, sexual assault, dating violence, and stalking.• As you journey through the training, please take notes on any information you have additional questions about. Asking questions also assists in processing the very intense information provided during the training. Please let us know if some portion of the training is difficult to understand or has an error so that we can correct it as soon as possible.
  • 34. After Completing the Online TrainingA Staff Advocate will meet with you when youcomplete the training. You will be given amanual with forms, additional information,and contact information. Additional trainingwill be available to provide you with the mostrecent information and knowledge so that youcan remain confident in your volunteeradvocate abilities.
  • 35. WELCOME!We look forward to having you as part of ourteam and are here as a support as you worktowards what we hope will be a veryrewarding volunteer experience!