Herve Le Guyader Gdansk conference on Innovation for Digital Inclusion

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Digital Inclusion is a very serious issue to solve in order to achieve any kind of intelligent, sustainable and inclusive growth for Europe. …

Digital Inclusion is a very serious issue to solve in order to achieve any kind of intelligent, sustainable and inclusive growth for Europe.

EU Regions have a pivotal role to play for they typically represent "the level that makes sense" within the necessary subsidiarity chain, that goes from the European level to the Commune.

In combination with private sector and civil society, Regions should fully harness the opportunities offered by key EU instruments such as Structural Funds.

The "Innovation Union" strategy may represent for them a real opportunity to combine research and deployment, projet and policy, agility and robustness.

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  • 1. The role of Regions in making einclusion happen: Where responsibility and opportunity meet
    Hervé LE GUYADER
    Programme Manager, Conseil Régionald‘Aquitaine
    Gdansk, 6, October, 2011
  • 2. Aquitaine
    41 308 km²
    ~3 M people
    5 départements
    2295 communes
  • 3. The role of Regions in making einclusion happen: Where responsibility and opportunity meet
    A firstset of certainties, a firstconclusion
    A secondset of certainties, a secondconclusion
    P.A.s, Regionsin thedriver‘sseat
    The main(bag of) issues
    The (need for) guidelines, publicpolicies
    The wayforward
  • 4. 1 A firstset of certainties
    25% of the population are not using the internet
    This is not acceptable, neithersocially, noreconomically
    Potentialnegativeeffects are not goingto, just, vanish
    Multiple and overlapping causes for e-exclusion
    Double blowagainst the European model
  • 5. The six Riga topics
    • Active ageing
    • 6. Geographical digital divide
    • 7. Accessibility
    • 8. Digital literacy and competences
    • 9. Cultural diversity
    • 10. Inclusive eGovernment
    All citizens
    First conclusion: Thisis NOT a minorproblem
  • 11. A secondset of certainties
    4 PPP, for sure, but itwon‘tbeenough!
    4 PA‘s, who‘s in charge ?(thesubsidiarityissue)
    6
  • 12. All « Riga topics »
    Balancing local/regional/nationalposition
    ...between fragmentation - and top down Governance
  • 13. Geographical Digital Divide
  • 14. Second conclusion: Regionsare a logical, privilegedleveltodeliversustainable eInclusion
    3 Regions in the driver’sseat on eInclusion
    • For addressing the 6 Riga topics
    • 15. For sowingseeds of eInclusion innovativeprojects and practisesthatreachtheirintended public
    • 16. For hard wiring eInclusion in theirmainstreamdevelopmentpolicies (SF, ERDF, EIP, …)
    • 17. Havingsaidthat …
  • 4 The main (bag of) issues
    Uncertain, ficklefinancial and economicalfloods
    Changing and intimidatinglingo
    Competingpriorities
  • 18. 5 … calling for maps, guidelines & public policies
  • 19. Main issue: Governance
    Malta is not Poland !
    … and Gdansk population > population of some M.S.
  • 20. Governance:What’s to avoid, what’s to encourage
    100% Top down: not accepted, not adapted
    100% Bottom up: scalability ? critical mass ?
    Build a “Development” Culture
    Accept complexity and diversity
    Promote local experimentation/research
    Provide “space” and local autonomy
    Work with pioneers and early adopters
    Balance top down and bottom up, research and deployment
  • 21. Public policies ?
  • 22. 3 key enabling policy areas, 3 sectoral policy areas
    Connectivity to ubiquitous and affordable broadband,
    Life-long re-skilling of citizens : set of eCompetences,
    eAccessibility and usability.
    Addressing the needs of older workers and of elderly people,
    Promoting cultural diversity in relation to inclusion,
    Promoting inclusive eGovernment.
  • 23. E.C. study on Public policies (MS & Regions)6 « families » of public policies
    # 1: Appointing a coordinating authority
    # 2: Awareness raising / Stimulating and
    supporting initiatives
    # 3: Designing a specific eInclusion strategy
    # 4: Enforcing eInclusion public policies
    # 5: Addressing specific excluded groups
    # 6: Digital inclusion of the territory per se
  • 24. # 1: Appointing a coordinating authority
    Larger countries (GER, SP, IT, FR, PL, …) withsomedegree of decentralization
    ExampleAvanza Plan (SP)
    Securing their funding through an optimized use of European (Structural Funds, mostly) and National funds.
    Annual calls aiming at supporting non-profit entities’ e-inclusion projects targeted to: Individuals with disabilities, elderly citizen, gender equality, enhancing e-participation above all in rural areas …
  • 25.
  • 26. Appointing a coordinating authority
    Encapsulatedpolicywithin a Gvtal institution
  • 27. Appointing a coordinating authority
  • 28. Appointing a coordinating authority
  • 29. Appointing a coordinating authority
  • 30. Appointing a coordinating authority
  • 31. Appointing a coordinating authority
  • 32. # 2 Awareness raising / Stimulating and supporting initiatives
    From Lord Carter - Minister for Communications, Technology and Broadcasting
     
    Dear Champion and Task Force Members,
    Delivering Digital Inclusion
    Thank you for agreeing to devote your time and energy to the challenge of reducing digital exclusion. In this open letter I will briefly set out our mission. ..
  • 33. # 3: Designing a specific eInclusion strategy ?
    and/or mainstreaming eInclusion in traditional policies ?
    Accessibility (“Stanca Law”, Italy)
    Digital Competences (Norway, The Netherlands)
  • 34. Designing a specific eInclusion strategy ?
    Cultural diversity: Portugal: “Choices”
    Labour/Employment: Poland
    e-Applications (e-Wnioski)
    Emp@tia Project
    e-bon system
    Advisor 2000 (Doradca 2000)
    Personal Interests Questionnaire (KwestionariuszZainteresowańZawodowych)
    Training Institutions Register (RejestrInstytucjiSzkoleniowych) …
  • 35. # 4: Enforcing eInclusion public policies
    Keeping track at the legislative level (Cyprus, Malta, Italy, Sweden, Greece …)
    Measuring instruments: Quantitative goals ( Portugal, France, Denmark, …)
    Case in Point: Standardization
    Accessibility of public web sites
    eAdministration/eProcurement
  • 36. Enforcing eInclusion public policies (accessibility of web sites)
  • 37. Enforcing eInclusion public policiesPenalties ?
    Cash (eProcurement, SF, …)
    FingerPointing (eReputation ….)
  • 38. Penalties ?
    Meanwhile, in the USA …
  • 39. 5: Addressing specific excluded groups
    Immigrants, from diverse ethnic groups, and their families,
    Abused or molested children or women,
    Prison inmates,
    Hospitalized patients (children, veterans, chronically diseased, …),
    Isolated mothers in remote areas,

    By definition, need for « proximitypolicies »
  • 40. # 6: Digital inclusion of the territory per se
    eInclusion is about people, but itdoesn’t stop there
    districts, boroughs, villages, provinces, regions and even countries - need to be included in a larger frame,
    The convergence of globalisation and digitisation impacts regions, countries, on a continuous basis, leaving some far behind, others altogether excluded. Public authorities have to keep alert and adapt their policies.
  • 41. The project – policy relationship
    Promote Local experimentation/research
    Provide “space” and local autonomy
    Work with pioneers and early adopters
    Better balance top down and bottom up
    • To win on both (necessary) fronts: agility and sustainability
    • 42. The “ideal” scenario
    • 43. The “bottom up, then expanded” scenario
    • 44. The “fish out of water” scenario
    • 45. The “small is beautiful” scenario
  • 6 The wayforward A few reminders
    Bottom up & top down, research& deployment
    Feedback betweenprojects and policies
    Integrate (co-funding) instruments
    Put « the levelthatmakessense » in the driver’sseat
    Embracecomplexity !
    Governance, governance, governance!!!
  • 46. The wayforward: Innovation Union
  • 47. The wayforward: Innovation Union
  • 48. Thank you for your attention
    Hervé LE GUYADER
    herve.le-guyader@aquitaine.fr