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The Swedish Waste Management System
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The Swedish Waste Management System


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Presentation by Weine Wiqvist, CEO, The Swedish Association for Waste Management

Presentation by Weine Wiqvist, CEO, The Swedish Association for Waste Management

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  • 1. Green Tech Hong Kong, Stockholm31 th of May 2013Weine Wiqvist, CEO, Avfall Sverige (The SwedishAssociation of Waste Management)The Swedish Waste ManagementSystem
  • 2. Avfall Sverige The Swedish Association of Waste Management 400 members, primarily within the public sector, but alsoprivate enterprises Service providers for the Swedish citizens Networking, training &lobbying Member of Cewep, ECN, ISWA and Municipal WasteEurope
  • 3. Waste - a resourceTreatment of household waste in Sweden, 2011 (%)LandfillEnergy recoveryBiological treatmentRecycling (material)
  • 4. The development
  • 5. Waste prevention Reuse through fleamarkets, second hand, collection atrecycling parks, etc Food waste, textiles, electronical and demolition wastein focus – goals proposed Deposit fee system for beverage containers/bottlesGenerated household waste in Sweden is predicted to double2010-2030Generated waste world wide is predicted to rise with 72 %2010-2025
  • 6. The past and future challenges6%2%30%62%1975 201036%13%49%1%40%15%44%1%2020Source:
  • 7. 0200000400000600000800000100000012000001400000160000019901995200020052010Municipal wasteplanning compulsoryTowards zero landfillingProducers’responsibilityLandfill taxLandfill bancombustibleLandfill banOrganicHousehold waste to landfill per year (tonnes)Goal foodwaste50 %
  • 8. Important success factors Public service Responsibilities Targets,regulations, economical instruments Attitudes & publicacceptance Co-operation Holistic view Integrated approach;material recycling & energyrecovery
  • 9. Clear division of responsibilitiesProducerCitizenMunicipalityIndustry
  • 10. OperationsAdministration: Frequent municipal companiesCollection 75% out sourcing(to private companies)Treatment 65% out sourcing(mainly to municipal companies)
  • 11. A system based on resource focusCombustibleFoodProducts District energy/ElectricityBiogas/BiofertilizerHazardousDirectenviron-mentalbenifitPetrol saved andindustrialfertilizer savedFossil and otherfuels savedVirgin materialsand energysavedEnvironmentalprotection costssavedMaterials
  • 12. CollectionCollection of waste fromhouseholds based onsource separation Curbside collection Recycling drop-off stations Recycling centers Various solutions for hazardouswaste collection
  • 13. InfrastructureTreatment and recycling ofwaste based on the characterof the waste 58 organic waste facilities 32 waste to energy plants 79 landfills
  • 14. Efficient and clean waste incineration
  • 15. An important part of the energy systemDistrict energy in Sweden:OilWasteheatBiofuelsWaste5 %1980OilCarbonGasWasteheatBiofuelsPeatWasteHeatpumpsElectricity1993Fossil fuelsBiofuelsPeatWasteElectricity2008HeatpumpsWasteheatSource:
  • 16. From landfills to modern recycling facilities(Illustrator: Per Josefsson)
  • 17. An integrated part of a holistic systemProductsMaterialrecyclingWasteIncinerationLandfillVehicle fuelBiogas Cooling/ heatingproductionBiosolidsFarmsSewage watercleaningAnaerobicdigestionElectricityproductionOther fuelsHouseholds
  • 18. Waste economyMunicipal waste: All costs covered bymunicipal waste fees(not by taxes) Tariffs decided byeach municipalboard Non-profit Allowed to bedifferentiated toencourage sourceseparation forrecyclingMunicipal wastewithin producers’responsibility: Costs covered by afee added to theprice of everyproduct
  • 19. Waste feeAverage yearly fee perhousehold 2011:• Houses: 240 EUR• Flats: 150 EURAverage daily feeper household
  • 20. Swedish Waste ManagementWeine Wiqvist,• Information about swedish waste management in english :• Information about the national platform for export of knowledge and and information