The homosexuality in ancient Greece
 Accepted without stigma
 Sometimes idealized and
institutionalized
 Lyric poets: A...
The homosexuality in ancient Greece
 The Greek mythology
 Zeus’s abduction of
Ganymede
 Prototype for the
homosexuality...
The homosexuality in ancient Greece
Alexander the great and
his general and bodyguard Hephaestion
Angel NG
The homosexuality in Rome
 Greek glorification of same-sex love was not being
accepted wholeheartedly
 Some Roman citize...
During the European middle ages
 Homosexuality was seriously condemned under
the influence of the Roman Catholic Church.
...
During the European Renaissance
 The benighted thinking during the Middle Ages
were throw away.
 The break up of the mon...
During the European Enlightenment
 No longer viewed as an “offence
against God” or “a perversion of
God’s creative intent...
During the European Enlightenment
 Jean-Paul Marat
 Send the same-sex lovers to insane asylums
but not the prison if nec...
In today’s Europe
 General acceptance of the homosexuality
 The decline of the religious influences
 The human rights m...
The legal recognition of same-sex marriage
 Netherlands (on 1st
April 2001)
 The first country in the world to legally r...
Civil unions and registered partnerships
 France
 The “Pacte civil de solidarité” (PACS) since 1999
 Germany
 Life Par...
Unregistered cohabitation
 Austria
 A registered partnership law will be announced “in a
few weeks”
 Croatia
 Under co...
IMPERIAL CHINA SOCIETYIMPERIAL CHINA SOCIETY
 Great tolerance on same sex love (male)
 No serious crash on the family-sy...
IMPERIAL CHINA SOCIETYIMPERIAL CHINA SOCIETY
Not equal to homosexuality
“Male homosexuals” never forge an
identity
Unpa...
 Introduced as a western concept
 A kind of mental disorder
 A kind of sexual perversion ( 性變態 )
 Moral decadent from ...
Homosexuality in China (<1980Homosexuality in China (<1980ss))
 Political considerations
 Continue spawning is important...
Homosexuality in China (<1980Homosexuality in China (<1980ss))
 No protection on the rights of
homosexuality
 Not consid...
Interaction between East & WestInteraction between East & West
(>1980(>1980ss))
 Access to the west:
 Media
 HK & Taiwa...
Homosexuality in China (>1980Homosexuality in China (>1980ss))
 Opening attitude
 Removing homosexuality from the list o...
Homosexuality in China (>1980Homosexuality in China (>1980ss))
 Increasing acceptance on homosexuals
 In Lee’s research ...
Homosexuality in China (>1980Homosexuality in China (>1980ss))
 However, the society is not totally tolerating
 Divergen...
HKBU POLS 3620, Homosexuality In Europe And Asia by NG Angel Wing Shan (06009719) and FONG Ka Yeung (07001622)
HKBU POLS 3620, Homosexuality In Europe And Asia by NG Angel Wing Shan (06009719) and FONG Ka Yeung (07001622)
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HKBU POLS 3620, Homosexuality In Europe And Asia by NG Angel Wing Shan (06009719) and FONG Ka Yeung (07001622)

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HKBU POLS 3620, Homosexuality In Europe And Asia by NG Angel Wing Shan (06009719) and FONG Ka Yeung (07001622)

  1. 1. The homosexuality in ancient Greece  Accepted without stigma  Sometimes idealized and institutionalized  Lyric poets: Alcaeus, Ibycus, Anacreon, Theognis and the illustrious Pindar  Tragic playwrights: Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides  Plato’s Symposium Angel NG
  2. 2. The homosexuality in ancient Greece  The Greek mythology  Zeus’s abduction of Ganymede  Prototype for the homosexuality Angel NG
  3. 3. The homosexuality in ancient Greece Alexander the great and his general and bodyguard Hephaestion Angel NG
  4. 4. The homosexuality in Rome  Greek glorification of same-sex love was not being accepted wholeheartedly  Some Roman citizens were scorned  The adult relationships with boys was outlawed  Remained ambivalent about homosexuality.  Cicero even attacked male liaisons Angel NG
  5. 5. During the European middle ages  Homosexuality was seriously condemned under the influence of the Roman Catholic Church.  Some educational institutions were reported to be centres of same-sex activity.  Practiced freely but not openly among the upper nobility of France and Norman England. Angel NG
  6. 6. During the European Renaissance  The benighted thinking during the Middle Ages were throw away.  The break up of the monopoly of Roman Catholic Church.  ‘Unprecedented suppression of homosexuality’ due to the competitions between the Catholics and Protestants. Angel NG
  7. 7. During the European Enlightenment  No longer viewed as an “offence against God” or “a perversion of God’s creative intention”  ‘The philosophical sin’ in France  Montesquieu  Not a sin or sickness, but a social problem Angel NG
  8. 8. During the European Enlightenment  Jean-Paul Marat  Send the same-sex lovers to insane asylums but not the prison if necessary  Marquis de Sade  ‘An innocent deformity’ but not a normal variation of human sexuality.  The abolishment of sodomy as an offence in the Code Pénal de la Révolution in 1791 Angel NG
  9. 9. In today’s Europe  General acceptance of the homosexuality  The decline of the religious influences  The human rights movement  Increased economic power of women  Miserable marriages are no longer tolerated  A variety of family structure had to be accepted Angel NG
  10. 10. The legal recognition of same-sex marriage  Netherlands (on 1st April 2001)  The first country in the world to legally recognize it  Belgium (on 30th January 2003)  Achieved when the Christian Democrats party was not in the power  Spain (on 3rd July 2005)  Led by President of Spain  Norway (on 1st January 2009)  The rights of parenthood  Sweden (1st May 2009)  Wed same-sex couples in new gender-neutral church ceremonies Angel NG
  11. 11. Civil unions and registered partnerships  France  The “Pacte civil de solidarité” (PACS) since 1999  Germany  Life Partnership Act since 2001  Denmark  Registered partnerships since 1st October 1989  Finland  Registered partnerships since 2002  United Kingdom  Civil Partnerships Act since 2004  Czech Republic, Hungary, Portugal, Iceland, Luxembourg, Slovenia, Switzerland Angel NG
  12. 12. Unregistered cohabitation  Austria  A registered partnership law will be announced “in a few weeks”  Croatia  Under consideration Angel NG
  13. 13. IMPERIAL CHINA SOCIETYIMPERIAL CHINA SOCIETY  Great tolerance on same sex love (male)  No serious crash on the family-system  Appraisal by the Taoism & literature Chris FONG
  14. 14. IMPERIAL CHINA SOCIETYIMPERIAL CHINA SOCIETY Not equal to homosexuality “Male homosexuals” never forge an identity Unparallel sexuality between male and female Chris FONG
  15. 15.  Introduced as a western concept  A kind of mental disorder  A kind of sexual perversion ( 性變態 )  Moral decadent from the West Homosexuality in China (<1980Homosexuality in China (<1980ss)) Chris FONG
  16. 16. Homosexuality in China (<1980Homosexuality in China (<1980ss))  Political considerations  Continue spawning is important  Resentment on the “western exotic decadent”  Easily related to crimes (e.g. sodomy, loitering) Chris FONG
  17. 17. Homosexuality in China (<1980Homosexuality in China (<1980ss))  No protection on the rights of homosexuality  Not considered by the law makers  No associations for the homosexuals  Easily lead to misunderstanding  No research done on relative issue  Homosexuals are forced to accept therapy/ re-education when caught with other crime Chris FONG
  18. 18. Interaction between East & WestInteraction between East & West (>1980(>1980ss))  Access to the west:  Media  HK & Taiwan gay movement  Rising educational level  Participation in international academic forum on the homosexuality Chris FONG
  19. 19. Homosexuality in China (>1980Homosexuality in China (>1980ss))  Opening attitude  Removing homosexuality from the list of mental disorder  Formation of homosexual community  Increasing studies on homosexuality in China  Occurrence of seeking for homosexual rights Chris FONG
  20. 20. Homosexuality in China (>1980Homosexuality in China (>1980ss))  Increasing acceptance on homosexuals  In Lee’s research (2008), more people accept:  Equal rights between homosexuals & heterosexuals (chat A)  Will continue friendship (chat B)  Equal working opportunity (chat C)  Have films about the relative topic (chat D) B C D A Chris FONG
  21. 21. Homosexuality in China (>1980Homosexuality in China (>1980ss))  However, the society is not totally tolerating  Divergence of the view between urban and rural regions  Many families still wish homosexuals to change (chat E)  Great opposition on same sex marriage (chat F)  Social pressure and social restrictions still exist E F Chris FONG

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