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Pop Art Presentation

Pop Art Presentation

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Pop Art Pop Art Presentation Transcript

  • Pop Art Caitlin Berdijo Haley Chynoweth & Kali Defever
  • What is Pop Art?
    • “ Pop Art” term coined by Lawrence Alloway
    • Popular (designed for mass audience)
    • Transient (short term solution)
    • Expendable (easily forgotten)
    • Low Cost
    • Mass produced
    • Aimed at youth
    • Witty
    • Sexy
    • Gimicky
    • Glamorous
    • Big business
  • Art Influences
    • Abstract Expressionism
    • Dada
    • Surrealism
    • Cubism
    • Abstractionism
    View slide
  • Political and Social Influences
    • Consumerism
          • New technology made mass-production popular
          • Advertisements becoming part of daily life
    • Change in standard of living
      • Post WWII
        • Economic growth
    • Vietnam war/protests
    • Civil Rights Movement
    View slide
  • Origins
    • American
    • Started by
      • Robert Rauschenberg
      • Ray Johnson
      • Jasper Johns
    • Reaction against Abstract Expressionism
    • Influenced by American pop culture
    • British
    • Started through Independent Group in the 1950s
      • Richard Hamilton
      • Lawrence Alloway
      • Eduardo Paolozzi
    • First exhibition was Growth and Form
      • Collages
    • Contrasts in lifestyle with Americans
      • American troops in Britain
    • Influence of Rock and Roll
  • Characteristics
    • American
    • BOLD
    • Primary colors
    • Sharp lines
    • Mass produced
    • Consumerism
    • Pop culture
    • Simple
    • Every day imagery
    • Modern
    • Reproduced
    • British
    • Detached
    • Focused on American culture
    • Optimistic Point of view
  • Richard Hamilton
  • Biography
    • Richard Hamilton was born February 24, 1922
    • Hamilton grew up in London, England
    • Hamilton became a member of the Independent Group
    • In 1962 his wife was killed in a car crash, and Hamilton went to America for the first time
    • He met many American Pop Artists and even befriended Marcel Duchamp
    • Hamilton is often considered one of the first Pop Artists
  • Influences
    • On Growth and Form by D’Arcy Wentworth Thompson
    • Eduardo Paolozzi
    • The Independent Group
    • Marcel Duchamp
    • American Culture
    • Pop music scene
  • Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? (1956)
  • Interior II (1964)
  • Swingeing London III (1972 )
  • Peter Blake
  • Biography
    • Born June 25, 1932 in Darford, Kent
    • 1949-1951: Studied at Gravesend Technical College
    • 1961: First exhibition; “Young Contemporaries”
    • 1962: Featured in Ken Russell’s film on Pop Art, Pop Goes the Easel
    • 1960s-1970s: Taught at institutions like St. Martins School of Art, Harrow School of Art and the Royal College of Art
  • Influences
    • Advertisements
    • Music hall entertainment
    • Wrestlers
    • The Independent Group
  • On the Balcony (1955 – 1957)
  • Got a Girl (1961)
  • Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967)
  • The First Real Target (1961)
  • Jasper Johns
  • Biography
    • Born May 15, 1930 in Augusta, Georgia
      • No formal training
    • 1947-1949: Studied at the University of South Carolina and then Parsons School of Design in New York
    • 1952: Drafted into the Korean War
    • 1954: Returned to New York
    • 1958: Gallery owner, Leo Castelli gave Johns his first solo show
  • Influences
    • Marcel Duchamp
    • Pablo Picasso
    • Paul Cézanne
    • Willem De Kooning
    • Arshile Gorky
    • Abstract Expressionism
  • Three Flags [1958] Flag (1954-1955)
  • Numbers In Color (1958-1959)
  • Robert Rauschenberg
  • Biography
    • Painter, sculptor, printmaker, choreographer, and occasional composer
    • Born October 22, 1925 in Port Arthur, Texas
    • Came from strict family who wanted him to be a minister
    • Attended University of Texas to study pharmacology
    • 1943: Drafted; posted at San Diego
    • 1952: First solo show at Betty Parsons Gallery in New York
    • 1954: Collaborated with Jasper Johns
    • 1996: Checked into rehab for alcoholism
    • Died May 12, 2008 from heart failure
  • Influences
    • Duchamp
    • Schwitters
    • John Cage
    • Jasper Johns
    • William de Kooning
    • Dadaism
    • Abstract Expressionism
  • Untitled (Combine) (1963)
  • Red Series (1953)
  • Monogram (1959)
  • Roy Lichtenstein
  • Biography
    • Born October 27, 1923
    • Started watercolor classes in 1937
    • In 1940 Lichtenstein attends classes at OSU including Art Appreciation and Advanced Freehand Drawing.
    • In 1943 Lichtenstein joins the army.
    • Lichtenstein’s father dies in 1946, and Lichtenstein is discharged from the army the same year.
    • Lichtenstein’s art is first in a New York gallery in 1951
    • 1956 Lichtenstein creates first proto-pop work, Ten Dollar Bill
    • In 1962 Lichtenstein exhibited his first paintings based on comics
    • Roy Lichtenstein dies September 29, 1997 .
  • Influences
    • Cubism
    • Expressionism
    • Surrealism
    • Abstract Expressionism
    • Jasper Johns
    • Robert Rauschenberg
    • Pablo Picasso
    • Claus Oldenburg
  • Ten Dollar Bill (1956) Donald Duck (1958)
  • Look Mickey (1961)
  • Golf Ball Lichtenstein (1962) Composition in Black and White Mondrian (1917) George Washington Lichtenstein (1962) George Washington Gilbert Stuart (1767) Les Femmes d’Alger Picasso (1955) Femme d’Alger Lichtenstein (1963)
  • Drowning Girl (1963) Vicki (1964)
  • Andy Warhol
  • Biography
    • Born in Pittsburg in 1928.
    • Took art classes as a child and then went to The School of Fine Arts at Carnegie Tech Institute .
    • Moved to New York in 1949.
    • Got many jobs in commercial art for high fashion stores and magazines such as Vogue.
    • Last name was originally Warhola, but the “a” was accidentally left out in a magazine.
    • Became obsessed with glamour and fashion, he loved media attention and celebrities.
    • Tried to be very self-controlled.
    • Started film making later in life.
    • Died in February, 1987.
  • Influences
    • Commercial Art Career
    • Obsession with glamour and fashion
    • Jasper Johns
    • Duchamp
    • Robert Rauschenberg
    • Frank Stella
    • John Cage
    • Dadaism
  • Strawberries (1959)
  • 192 Dollar Bills (1962) Green Coca-Cola Bottles (1962)
  • Small Torn Campbell’s Soup Can (Pepper Pot) (1962) Campbell's Soup with Can Opener (1962) Campbell’s Soup Can (Tomato) (1961)
  • Liz (1963) Turquoise Marilyn (1964) Elvis (Studio Type) (1963)
  • Claes Oldenburg
  • Biography
    • Born in Stockholm in 1929.
    • Moved to America in 1936.
    • Attended Yale University, then Art Institute of Chicago.
    • Was involved in partly spontaneous theatrical events called “Happenings”.
  • Influences
    • American commerce and love of things.
    • His own “Happenings”
    • Symbols of human life
    • Duchamp
    • Human body
    • Food
  • Floor Cake (1962) Soft Bathtub (1966)
  • Dropped Cone (2001) Spoonbridge and Cherry (1988)
  • Reactions to Pop Art
    • Only art critics and connoisseurs tried to understand in beginning.
    • Abstract Expressionism: Hated
    • Popular Modern Artists: Accused Pop Art artists for being “sell outs”
    • Public Reaction:
      • Hesitant at first.
      • After a little while the public began to enjoy Pop Art.
      • Art was now relatable and fun.
  • Now What?
    • Pop Art hasn’t ended yet!
    • Continued with artists such as
      • Damien Hirst
      • Jeff Koons
      • Takashi Murakami
  • Girls in Room (2011) What is Life Inside of this Room? (2011)