Abstract The Mexican cessation was when the U.S received present day New Mexico, Arizona,California, Texas, Colorado, Utah and Nevada. This treaty was created because the Americansneeded more land areas to which the white Americans wanted more lands for their plantationsand the government needed more areas to accommodate the increasing black population whowere at that time slave workers for the whites. The positive point of this treaty was to gain moreterritory and expand the power of the United States alongside gaining more resources which arepart of the land, there was a problem of technicality when the United States paid $ 3.25 millionfor the land. The $ 3.25 million became the first huge debt the United States Government hadplaced to the U.S. citizens
The U.S. acquired the territory due to the result of war and a conclusion of a treatybetween the United States and Mexico. The Mexican Cession actually is the name given by theUnited States to the current area of the southwestern region of the United States. These areas areactually the places that ceded from Mexico to the United States after the finalization of the treatyOf Guadalupe Hidalgo Grande which announced the claim of the United States to the territory ofTexas. There were claims that the Texas Annexation had its resolution two years before the saidwar though there was no clear boundary of the area whether it was the southern or the western(Smith, 2011). Nonetheless, getting Texas after the war allowed the United States to actually gainmore confidence upon its territorial rights and security measures. Alta California and Santa Fe deNuevo Mexico were soon taken after the war that paves way to subdue the natives on January1847. So Mexico did not accept the loss of their area. It was in 1847 that the United Statesinvaded central Mexico and soon occupied Mexico City (Smith, 2011). The problem was that theMexican government was stubborn to allow any ratification of releasing their jurisdiction fromtheir northern territories to the United States. The thought of a treaty was still unclear. The All ofMexico Movement was also talked about as there were plans for the complete separation of theMexico country among the Democrats. Democrat John Calhoun was one of the politicians whowanted an additional location for the white American citizens of the United States and also forthe black slaves while detaching from the Mexican population (Hansen & Hansen, 2007).Fortunately, Nicholas Trist another Democrat designed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo inredefining the border between Mexico and the United States (Hansen & Hansen, 2007). U.S.President Polk attempted to have Mexico cede its land though the Mexican government rejectedsuch inquisition. This made the poor president a loser in such operation. Luckily for the UnitedStates, General Winfield Scott went with Nicholas Trist to push through the negotiation. Theonly clear idea was to have a clearer break of the boundary. Somehow after the treaty wassigned, losing Texas became a big blow for the Mexican government. Nonetheless, the resultingtreaty that was concluded in the 2nd of February 1848 was that the United States received all theland sought of John Slidell which is present day New Mexico, Arizona, California, Texas,Colorado, Utah and Nevada; The Mexican got $ 15 million for the said lands and was relievedfrom any form of responsibilities to its inhabitants; the territory was fixed with the Rio Grandedividing the territories (Hansen & Hansen, 2007). The short term consequences of the gaining of the particular territory are the U.S. senatethat time rejected the amendments of Jefferson Davis in having an annex on the northeasternMexico (Smith, 2011). Though the positive point is to gain more territory and expand the powerof the United States alongside gaining more resources which are part of the land, there was aproblem of technicality when the United States paid $ 3.25 million for the land. The $ 3.25million became the first huge debt the United States Government had placed to the U.S. citizens.Though many were complaining that the United States bought the land, the $ 15 million was just
a payment against Mexico for its larger debts to the United States (Hansen & Hansen, 2007). TheMexican Cession was simply the 525,000 square miles of land area which is now 14.9 % of thetotal land area of current United States (Smith, 2011). During that time, the dispute on thewestern Texas claim was not included. Nonetheless, Mexico lost 55% of its pre-1836 land areaduring the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Another short term consequences would be theincrease of dependents to the United States government. During those times, the United Stateswere still struggling with its economic standing as there were some financial troubles fromprevious wars and the misunderstandings between the south and north areas of the country(Hansen & Hansen, 2007). The Americans needed more land areas to which the white Americanswanted more lands for their plantations and the government needed more areas to accommodatethe increasing black population who were at that time slave workers for the whites. Theovercrowded areas of the north gave little comfort to those who wanted more to their lifestyle.So when the government saw the necessity to gain the said areas, there were disputes fromMexico. Nonetheless, Mexico agreed to give the areas to the United States to which the Mexicangovernment also gave the United States the dependents who were at that time also askingassistance from the Mexican government (Hansen & Hansen, 2007). There was an increase ofthe minority as the Mexican natives became part of the working class. White Americans saw theincrease of the work force to which the blacks had another group minority. The increase ofdependents allowed the government has more problems to which there was another cut to theirbudget. And lastly there was a growth of power over the land to which the resources becamepart of the American wealth (Hansen & Hansen, 2007). The areas of California, Nevada and NewMexico were told to be full of gold mines and precious metal. Instantly after getting the land, therich white Northern Americans quickly headed expeditions building mines. These mines becamevery important as found minerals helped the American government to push its economy. The long term consequences of the gaining of the territories became the result of thecurrent American territory. If the United States did not have the Mexican Cession, then the mapof the United States would be different. There will be less land area for the country to actuallyimpose its power and control. Furthermore, the areas now are key states to which the economy isgreatly getting more of the money needed by the entire country. California is now the home ofHollywood that features nice beach and is a center of tourism. Nevada, Utah, Arizona and NewMexico are areas that had been homes to more than 50 million people in the United States whichis actually 16.5% of the entire American population.
ReferencesHansen, T. & Hansen, J. (2007). State Boundaries Of America: How, Why and When American State Lines Were Formed. New York: Heritage Books.Smith, G.A. (2011). State and National Boundaries of the United States. New York: McFarland.