Open Door Special Needs Storytime Posters, Pages , Flyers on display
Population, schools and enrollment found on loudoun.gov page
Located in Ashburn, Virginia, Ashburn Library is located 30 miles west of Washington D.C. Busiest branch in system of 7 branches, soon to be 8. FY 2013 1.9 million items circulated at Ashburn Library
Opening on the first day of Summer Reading The community consists mostly young families, median age is 32 98% are high school graduates 42% have bachelor’s degrees 18% have graduate degrees
Ashburn Youth Services presents 13 weekly storytimes; 3 monthly children’s book clubs; 123 Math & Science Picturing America Social Studies & Me Summer Reading Program And many other programs including Paws to Read; Poetry Month; Children’s Book Week; Author visits, etc. AND Open Door Special Needs Storytime
According to Autism Speaks, the world’s leading autism advocacy organization, : Autism Spectrum Disorder is estimated to affect more than 2 million individuals in the U.S. and tens of millions worldwide. 1 in 88 American children ASD By comparison, this is more children than are affected by diabetes, AIDS, cancer, cerebral palsy, cystic fibrosis, muscular dystrophy or Down syndrome – combined. prevalence rates have increased 10 to 17 percent annually in recent years 11% of all special education students in LCPS are identified on the autism spectrum. (10% of all LCPS students are identified as “special education” *District profile* The Child Find Center screens children between the ages of 2 – 5 for developmental progress
Characteristics Difficulty expressing needs verbally Laughing or crying for no apparent reason Difficulty interacting with others Little or no eye contact Unresponsive Obsessive attachment to objects Sensory integration problems lead to over or under -activity
Every Child Ready to Read® (ECRR) incorporates simple practices, based on research, to help parents and other caregivers develop early literacy skills in children from birth to age five. We utilize ECRR in all our storytime programs.
Like regular storytimes, sensory storytimes incorporate books, songs, and movement activities. But they also combine these activities with therapeutic activities from Sensory Integration Theory, developed by Dr. A. Jean Ayres for children w/learning disabilities, later applied to children w/ASD Sensory Integration and the Child, first published in 1979, latest edition 2005
Sensory activities may include: Touch = Light touch of various textures; deep pressure w/weighted blankets “snakes”; playdough; painting; props Auditory = Big Mack Switch; music; instruments Visual = Flannel board; books; props No taste! Allergies! Smell = I avoid any scent, indirectly through Playdough; painting Internal: Therabands; pushing Educubes; crawling through tunnel; balls; balance beam; yoga; dance; movement games w/props Sense of where your limbs are orientated in space Sensation of movement; monitoring balance; coordination of movement
Open Door emphasizes families and parent participation: One-to-one, sometimes two-to-one Models activities for parents/caregivers Parents assist librarians and parents assist one another Also, helps prepare families for participation in other library programs & library visits Increases comfort level of families while in library
Why we present Open Door!
What happens during Open Door
We are not “teachers” or “therapists” – we do not have a specific curriculum! Supplement Enrich Extend Complement Facilitate Support Positive Life-enhancing
Initial funding was for basic materials: big mack switch; books; weighted snakes mirror, sensory balance beam; Boardmaker software; crayons 100 Women Strong is a group of women who contribute $10,000 and then award grants to support organizations and programs that enrich the lives of Loudoun County residents. The grant purchased more lengths of sensory balance beam; painting easel; brushes; paint; toy cabinet; many sensory toys; Therabands; BIG books with manipulatives; Educubes
Some things are the same as a regular stoytime. Open Door has elements that are unique and are repeated every storytime.
Heather: Samples from Boardmaker software, elements of a typical Open Door Storyime
Heather: Posted signs, preview at beginning of storytime. As completed, remove and place in “Done” envelope.
Demo Sing our hello song while holding the mirror If children are non-verbal, parents introduce child.
Demo Christine & Heather
Describe “games” – flannel board activities; guessing games; etc. Heather: Olivia & Naya are playing From Head to Toe, they choose a card and complete the action depicted on the card Demo “ Little Spot so short and fat are you under the ______ mat?”
Share adapted books Where’s Spot w/velcro pieces From Head to Toe w/Target Words & Clarifying Illustrations Talk about Dog’s Colorful Day
Heather: Stuffed Spot = See the Little Puppies & Call the Puppy Stick Puppets, I Can Do It!
Example of another story from the kits. Why we chose these for the kit – the appeal
Examples of songs. Simple songs we can sing and adapt AND using music while we sing along and move.
Examples of fingerplays Ten Little Dogs Two Little Eyes
Resource List -- Examples of theraband activities can be found online: http://www.thera-band.com/UserFiles/File/Resistance_Band-Tubing_Instruction_Manual.pdf Move to music; chants; rhythms Standing: Oliver Twist Head, Shoulders, Knees, & Toes Move to music
Demonstrate song Downward Dog Narration: Cobra is in the Grass (Cobra) Music: Leaves are Falling (Tree)
Demonstrate “read alongs” Requesting multiple copies, may repeat book from beginning of stoytime, board books
“ All children are musical. They are instinctively drawn to musical sounds and rhythm.” (From the RR&TT handout.) Put Your Hands Up in the Air, etc Play sample playalong song.
Sensory balance beam & Balance Beam song
Discuss social time activities Sample toys = balls, tubes, dog house, puzzles, etc.
Chinese Library Association Conference November 2012 1
Heather Ketron Head of Youth Services Ashburn Library Loudoun County Public Library, Virginia, USA 2
LOUDOUN COUNTY• 7 branches (will be 8 branches early 2013)• Population – 328, 533 (2012 estimate)• Public Schools – 80 (2011 – 2012)• School enrollment – 65, 668 (Sept. 30, 2011)• According to the US Census Bureau, Loudoun has continued to be one of the fastest growing counties in 3 the United States.
OPEN DOOR SPECIAL NEEDS STORYTIME PRESENTATION PREVIEW Background Information Sample Storytime Activities Questions 7
AUTISM FACTS Autism Spectrum Disorder is estimated to affect more than 2 million individuals in the U.S. and tens of millions worldwide. Loudoun County Public Schools – 742 students are identified as autistic. In response, Loudoun County Public Library developed a storytime program designed for children who have developmental disorders on the autism spectrum. 8
DO YOU KNOW SOMEONE WHO ISAUTISTIC?Autism is also known as ASD, Autism Spectrum Disorder.•Difficulty with verbal expression, unresponsive•Laugh or cry for no apparent reason•Difficulty interacting with others•Little or no eye contact•Obsessive attachment to objects•Sensory stimulation may lead to over or under-activity. 9
EVERY AUTISTIC CHILD IS DIFFERENT!“A child may not have the same symptoms and mayseem very different from another child with thesame diagnosis. It is sometimes said, that if youknow one person with autism; you know oneperson with autism.”Source: Autism Speakswww.autismspeaks.org/whatisit/symptoms.php 10
1. EVERY CHILD READY TO READ @ YOUR LIBRARY Early literacy initiative – Association for Library Service to Children, division of American Library Association Talking Singing Reading Writing Playing 11
2. SENSORY INTEGRATION THEORY These are sensory storytimes vs. “regular” storytimes. 12
WHAT DO WE MEAN BY “SENSORY?” External Tactile Auditory Visual Taste & Smell Internal Proprioception – muscles & joints Vestibular – movement, balance, & coordination 13
EARLY LITERACY + SENSORY INTEGRATION = OPEN DOOR STORYTIME! Sensory storytimes are good for all children, not just special needs children Open Door Storytime = Provides families with a storytime where they can relax, with others who are familiar with autistic behaviors 14
PURPOSE OF OPEN DOORSTORYTIMES In accordance with Loudoun County Public Library policy and Early Literacy Guidelines, the Open Door Special Needs Storytime programs shall exist to: Share and model the importance of early literacy activities with parents and children; Provide sensory integration experiences ; Create and sustain an accepting and welcoming library environment for special needs children and their families. 15
OPEN DOOR OBJECTIVES Through participation in the Open Door Special Needs Storytime program, children ages 3-5 will share early literacy experiences. Specifically, participants will: Participate in a variety of early literacy activities Engage in sensory activities Develop positive relationships with participants and library staff Become aware of library resources 16
ROLE OF LIBRARY STAFF We are supplementing, enriching , and extending children’s literacy development We complement school instruction, we do not provide instruction, remediation, or therapy. Our role is to facilitate and support children’s learning. Our role is also to create a setting where children have a positive, life-enhancing experience in the library. 17
FUNDING Funding for Open Door Special Needs Storytime comes from the Loudoun County Public Library operating budget. 100 Women Strong grant = $3000 18
OPEN DOOR COMPONENTS Books! Visual Schedule Use the same opening and closing routines Weighted lap snakes, carpet squares Big Mack switch Flannel board Props Music & Rhymes Movement Unison Reading – “read along” 19 Social Time
Using a song on a CD: Walking, Walking Walking, walking, walking, walking Hop, hop, hop. Hop, hop, hop Running, running, running. Running, running, running. Now let’s stop. Now let’s stop!Using your voice!Head and shoulders, knees and toes,Knees and toes.Head and shoulders, knees and toesKnees and toes.Eyes, and ears and mouth and noseHead and shoulders, knees and toesKnees and toes. 28
Two little black birdsSitting on a hill.One named Jack,One named Jill.Fly away Jack,Fly away Jill.Come back Jack, Gray squirrel, gray squirrel,Come back Jill. Swish your fluffy tail. Gray squirrel, gray squirrel, Swish your fluffy tail. Wrinkle up your little nose Hold a nut between your toes. Gray squirrel, gray squirrel, Swish your fluffy tail. 29