INDIAN TEXTILE PROCESSING IN CONTEXT TO GLOBALIZATION
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INDIAN TEXTILE PROCESSING IN CONTEXT TO GLOBALIZATION

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IT DESCRIBES THE INDIAN TEXTILE SECTOR. ALSO COMPARISION IS MADE WITH OTHER TEXTILE SECTORS FROM DIFFERENT COUNTRIES.

IT DESCRIBES THE INDIAN TEXTILE SECTOR. ALSO COMPARISION IS MADE WITH OTHER TEXTILE SECTORS FROM DIFFERENT COUNTRIES.

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  • 1. INDIAN TEXTILE PROCESSING IN CONTEXT TO GLOBALISATION
  • 2. INDEX
    • INTRODUCTION
    • WHERE INDIAN TEXTILE STANDS
    • INDIA & ITS COMPETITOR
    • INDIA’S POTENTIAL TO DOMINATE THE GLOBAL TEXTILE MARKET
    • ENERGY-THE MOST IMP INGREDIENT
    • R&D SECTOR
    • POLLUTION
    • MANAGEMENT
    • CONCLUSION
  • 3. INTRODUCTION
    • Globalization means only one thing, everyone wins. And consumer becomes the king.
    • GLOBALISATION in literal sense is INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATION.
    • It can be described as a process by which the people of the world are unified into a simple society & functioning together.
    • This process is a combination of economic, technical, sociocultural & political forces.
    • INDIA is a case of successful globalization & helps to face poverty.
  • 4. Where Indian textiles stands
    • Textile is one of India’s oldest industries and has a formidable presence in the national economy in as much as it contributes to about 14 per cent of manufacturing value-addition, accounts for around one-third of our gross export earnings and provides gainful employment to millions of people.
    • India's textile sector is the country's second largest industry, after agriculture.
    • In many sectors including textiles, Indian companies are not just forced to compete with each other, but also with foreign multinational companies entering the huge Indian market in post WTO scenario.
  • 5.
    • The point is that the Indian textile industry should get a long term flow of technology and modernization instead of ‘technological snap-shots’
    • Consequently competition in domestic and global market has intensified and is likely reach the level of the ‘survival of the fittest’ in the next few years.
  • 6. INDIAN TEXTILE PROCESSING INDUSTRIES & ITS COMPETITORS
    • Textile exports to the United States & Europe have risen 26% & 18% respectively. China continues to lead in terms of textiles & apparel exports.
    • China’s global textile & apparel share in 2005 was 24.7% ─ worth US $ 115.1billion in comparison to India’s 3.4% share ─ worth US $ 16.1 billions.
  • 7. TOUGH COMPETITION FOR TEXTILE EXPORT FROM NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES (US $ MILLION) 3046 154 2874 136 2776 149 SRILANKA - - 7751 696 6296 597 BANGLADESH 2675 - 2193 - 1981 - CAMBODIA - - 4863 - 4430 534 VIETNAM 5699 3605 4959 3353 4285 2961 INDONESIA 3907 7469 3604 7087 3026 6125 PAKISTAN 10192 4330 9212 8462 6632 7009 INDIA 95388 48683 74163 41050 61856 33428 CHINA CLOTHING TEXTILE CLOTHING TEXTILE CLOTHING TEXTILE 2006 2005 2004 COUNTRIES
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11. 1.7 SRILANKA 1.99 S.KOREA 32.4 CHINA 3.26 PAKISTAN 3.18 BANGLADESH 5.12 INDIA 2007 TEXTILES COUNTRY EXPORTS OF T&C INTO USA (US $ Bn)
  • 12. Indian textile & apparel industry-2006 US$52 Bn Export US$18 Bn Domestic US$34 Bn Clothing US$10 Bn Textiles US$24 Bn Textiles US$9.4 Bn Clothing US$8.6 Bn
  • 13. Indian textile and apparel industry-2012 US$110 Bn Export US$50 Bn Domestic US$60 Bn Clothing US$34 Bn Textiles US$26 Bn Textiles US$20 Bn Clothing US$30 Bn
  • 14. INDIAN TEXTILE PROCESSING INDUSTRIES HAS GR8 POTENTIAL TO DOMINATE GLOBAL TEXTILE MARKET
    • China’s avg wages have risen more than 50% in the past 5 years, while the yuan currency has gained about 14% against the dollar since the end of a peg in 2005
    • China’s growth in exports of apparel may slower after 2010
  • 15. Following table shows India’s position w.r.t. China. Labour is relatively cheap Labour is becoming expensive Import curbs by US is less likely Import curbs by US likely Fashion awareness is high Fashion awareness is not so high Has lower productivity Has high productivity Has skilled workforce Has skilled manpower Is self sufficient in cotton Net importer of cotton Is good at niche products Caters for mass market Has smaller capacities Has huge installed capacities and economies of scale with competitive pricing INDIA CHINA
  • 16.
    • Many players believe that India has some inherent advantages. Indian people can handle small orders which will not be possible in china. Also, china lacks innovation.
  • 17.
    • According to Indian exporters, it is believed that export from India will be increased in the coming few years because of some factors affecting China’s exports like:-
      • OLYMPIC, 2008 is going to be held in china. So the govt. of china is trying to reduce pollution by closing some of the process house.
      • Increased in wages of labour.
      • Increased in RBM in front of dollars.
      • Removal of subsidy from banks.
    • According to McKinsey India can reach the target of US $ 25-30 billion by 2013.
  • 18. Energy - The most important ingredient
    • The textile industry retains a record of the lowest efficiency in energy utilization and is one of the major energy consuming industries.
    • About 38% of energy is consumed in chemical wet processing and another 5% for miscellaneous purposes.
  • 19. FOLLOWING ARE THE MAJOR SOURCES FROM WHERE ENERGY IS LOST IN VARIOUS FORMS ENERGY LOSS THROUGH HOT VAPOURS & HOT WATER DISCHARGE LEAKAGES & IMPROPER MAINTAINANCE LACK OF INSULATION ON PIPELINES & M/C FLUE GASES & HOT AIR SINGEING M/C
  • 20. Calculation of ASIAN T5 tube light against local tube light 25*24=600WATT/DAY POWER SAVING PER 24 HR 4,70,850 Rs TOTAL SAVING PER YEAR 109500*4.3=4,70,850 Rs CONSIDERING 4.3 Rs PER UNIT 300*365=109500KW/YEAR POWER SAVING PER YEAR 500*600=300KW/DAY TOTAL POWER SAVING 500 NO OF TUBE LIGHT PER UNIT 57-32=25WATT/HR POWER SAVING PER HR 32 WATT / HR NEW TYBE LIGHT TYPE (W) 57 WATT/HR OLD TUBE LIGHT TYPE (W) ASIAN T5 MAKE NEW TUBE LIGHT TYPE LOCAL MAKE OLD TUBE LIGHT TYPE LIGHTING APPLICATION
  • 21. Calculation of GRUND FOS pump against our existing local pump 109848 / 289080 = 4.8 MONTHS PAY BACK PERIOD 1,09,848 Rs PRICE OF NEW PUMP 52, 560 * 5.5=2, 89, 080Rs CONSIDERING Rs 5.5 PER UNIT KW 144*365=52, 560 KW / YEAR POWER SAVING PER YEAR 6*24=144 KW / DAY POWER SAVING PER 24 HR 11.5-5.5=6 KW / HR POWER SAVING PER HOUR 5.5 KW NEW PUMP 11.5 KW / 15 HP OLD PUMP (KW) GRUND FOS MAKE NEW PUMP TYPE LOCAL MAKE OLD PUMP TYPE WATER DISTRIBUTION FROM U.G. TANK APPLICATION
  • 22. R & D SECTOR
    • In 2000-01, India is estimated to have spent US$19 billion on R&D, which puts it among the top 10 worldwide;
    • India is among the first few countries in the developing world to have recognized the importance of biotechnology as a tool for advancing growth in the agriculture and health sectors
    • More than 100 other global companies including IBM, Motorola, and Intel have established R&D centers in India during the past 5 years.
  • 23.
    • Textile industry in tenth plan
    • The aim of the Tenth Plan is to facilitate the textile and apparel industry to:
    • Develop world class state-of the-art production facility to accomplish and maintain a leading global position in production and export of textiles and clothing.
    • The technology up-gradation scheme (TUFS) intended to make investments component attractive. This scheme has been established to promote modernization and technology up-gradation in the specified sectors of textile .
  • 24.  
  • 25. ADVANTAGES OF R&D OUTPUT
    • Nanotechnology has been a boon to processing units.
    • Say for example H-ions.
    • It is nanotechnology based product for disperse dyeing in jet. No need of acetic acid, leveling agent, dispersing agent & also no need to maintain pH. The product will withdraw H-ions from water itself and disperse the dyes on different temperature.
  • 26.
    • Similarly S-200, S-356, nano caustic, nano S- Na‡ are some of the product which are beneficial to the process houses.
    • Also latest inventions in machineries, equipments & plasma technology have increased the rate of production.
    • By 2020, India is expected to become the world's number-one knowledge production centre…
  • 27.  
  • 28. POLLUTION
    • CHINA THE LEADING ONE IN POLLUTION
    • POLLUTION CONTROL DEVICES
    • GLOBAL WARMING
  • 29. MANAGEMENT
    • Technological innovation to create a product that would satisfy a “need”
    • Sales into profit by cost-control
    • Technology improvement through R&D development to maintain technological superiority
    • Management of human resource
    • Thus technology management is the key to GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS
  • 30. Chak de industry - There is a lot to fight for.
    • We cannot depend on old systems of sourcing; they are too expensive to survive in global competition.
    • New avenues of sourcing that give margins to work are a must.
    • The combination of short term govt support & long term internal re-working will pull the industry on to a positive growth path.
    • Consequently competition in domestic and global market has intensified and is likely reach the level of the ‘survival of the fittest’ in the next few years.
  • 31. REFERENCES
    • SURVEY OF PROCESS HOUSES
    • TEXTILE REVIEW
    • APPAREL ONLINE
    • INDIAN TEXTILE JOURNAL
    • MANMADE TEXTILES
    • INTERNET
  • 32. THANK YOU!!