Digital History: Space, place and the City: A simple anti-GIS approach for historians

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  • Because the maps are geo referenced they are also contour maps when placed over google maps
  • Click on Chrono maps
  • RUN GEOCODER
  • RUN GEOCODER
  • Free to use georeferenced maps of Edinburgh. Georeferenced maps in Jpg/Jgw format and Web Map Service (WMS) layers to use in Georeferencing Applications, and KML to view in Google Earth.
  • An application programming interface (API) is a particular set of rules and specifications that a software program can follow to access and make use of the services and resources provided by another particular software program that implements that API. It serves as an interface between different software programs and facilitates their interaction, similar to the way the user interface facilitates interaction between humans and computers.

Transcript

  • 1. Richard Rodger, Stuart Nicol, Chris Fleet, Daniel Henrie
  • 2. Objectives
        • To create a set of geo-referenced historical maps of Edinburgh
        • To reach a broader public
        • To develop open source software - avoid GIS!
        • To develop dynamic maps, graphs, diagrams, relating of Edinburgh, so as to further the understanding of 19 th and 20 th century cities
        • = Pilot or Proof of Concept Project
    http://geo.nls.uk/urbhist/
  • 3. How did we go about this?
    • 5 elements
        • 1. Resources
        • 2. Map Builder
        • 3. Thematic Mapping
        • 4. ‘How to’ Guides
        • 5. Case Studies
    http://geo.nls.uk/urbhist/
  • 4. 1. Resource Development
    • Maps scanned and geo-referenced
    • Boundaries
      • Registration, ward, and sanitary districts
      • Extension of the Royalty boundary; municipal area
      • Chronological map of Edinburgh
      • Kirkwood 1817 property owners
      • Boundaries available in zip, shape and kml formats
  • 5.
    • Resources
    • Geo-referenced maps of Edinburgh (1765-1950) freely available as:
    • Tile Map Services
    • JPEGs/JPW
    • KML
    • Web Mapping Services
  • 6. Digitised and Geo-referenced Maps of Edinburgh
  • 7. William EDGAR City and Castle of Edinburgh 1765
  • 8. William EDGAR City and Castle of Edinburgh 1765
  • 9. Edgar, 1765
  • 10. Kincaid, 1784
  • 11. Ainslie, 1804
  • 12. Kirkwood, 1817
  • 13. Kirkwood, 1821
  • 14. Wood, 1831
  • 15. Ordnance Survey, 1852-3
  • 16. Ordnance Survey, 1876-7
  • 17. Ordnance Survey, 1893-4
  • 18. Bartholomew, 1939-40
  • 19. Ordnance Survey, 1945-50
  • 20. Bartholomew’s Chronological Map of Edinburgh as KML Superoverlay
  • 21. Bartholomew’s Chronological Map, 1919 chrono map
  • 22. 2 Mapbuilder : address based history
        • census organised by household
        • local taxation system based on a property valuation
        • shareholders and bank accounts linked to an address
        • criminal records
        • vehicle registration; driving licences
        • your store card and credit card statements,
        • advertising, business address
        • utility bills for proof of residence
  • 23. 2.1 Mapbuilder: Geocoder
    • 1 My spreadsheet: cleaning up the data
    • 2 Running the geo-coder
    • 3 Plotting the points on a historical map
    • 4 Results: historical interpretation
    geocode solicitors
  • 24. 2.2 Mapbuilder: area, distance, elevation
    • James Colville , the Edinburgh Cooperative Building Company Ltd., the ‘Colonies’ and his walk to work in the 1870s
    • James Steel 1869 - Easter Dalry feu
  • 25. Mapbuilder: area, distance, elevation
    • 1 Distance =0.78km = 780m = 845 yards
    • 2 Area = 0.04 km 2
    • 3 Elevation = 62-69 metres
  • 26. 2.3 Map Builder: Customising perth
  • 27. 2.3 Map Builder: Customising Boundaries
  • 28. Kirkwood 1817
  • 29. Plan of the City of Edinburgh and its Environs containing all the recent and intended improvements Kirkwood 1817
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32.  
  • 33. Kirkwood 1817
  • 34. Edinburgh Landowners 1872 856 36 Clifton Mrs M C Agnew 1561 42 Edinburgh Caledonian Ins. Co 10363 44 Edinburgh Caledonian Railway Co 1718 53 Edinburgh Watson’s School, Gov 1066 68 London Sir Thomas Dick-Lauder 908 74 Edinburgh Sir George Warrender 2455 83 London Lt Col A Learmonth, MP 1241 92 Edinburgh Trs Sir William Fettes 698 96 Oxford Trs. Charles Rocheid 23199 111 Edinburgh North British Railway Co 6983 167 Edinburgh Edinburgh City, LP etc 4770 180 Edinburgh Heriot’s Hospital, Gov gross annual value (£) acres residing in 12 Largest landowners (excluding the Crown)
  • 35. Municipal Wards and Registration Districts 1856-82 and 1905 Municipal Wards and Registration Districts 1856-82 and 1905
  • 36. Downloadable Maps Free to use geo-referenced maps of Edinburgh Geo-referenced maps in Jpg/Jgw format and Web Map Service (WMS) layers to use in Georeferencing Applications, and KML to view in Google Earth.
  • 37. 3. Thematic Mapping Engine Families per household
    • Uses boundary based areas (districts, wards, constituencies) in conjunction with related statistical information to develop new historical maps
  • 38. Thematic Mapping The Thematic mapping API ( A pplication P rogramming I nterface) is a JavaScript library that enables you to create thematic maps from your own data. The API combines boundary and statistical data to create thematic maps in Google Earth format (KML).
  • 39. How did we go about this?
    • 5 elements
        • 1. Resources
        • 2. Map Builder
        • 3. Thematic Mapping
        • 4. ‘How to’ Guides
        • 5. Case Studies
    http://geo.nls.uk/urbhist/
  • 40. 4 Guides/Help
    • Mapbuilder
    • Geo-referencing
    http://geo.nls.uk/urbhist/
  • 41. Guides/ Help
  • 42.
    • Mapbuilder
    • Geo-referencing
    • Drawing
    • Online publishing
  • 43.
    • Guides
    • Guides for:
    • georeferencing maps
    • transforming maps between projections
    • drawing lines and points
    • putting georeferenced maps online
    • … using ArcGIS and QGIS for desktop use
  • 44. Georeferencing using Quantum GIS (QGIS)
  • 45. Georeferencing using Quantum GIS (QGIS) - Transforming the image and exporting the finished georeferenced map
  • 46. Georeferencing using Quantum GIS (QGIS) - Viewing and editing Control Points
  • 47. 5 Case Studies:
    • I have addresses in a spreadsheet, how can I find where those addresses are on the map?
      • In the Map Builder application you will find a Map Addresses tool that enables you to copy and paste addresses from a spreadsheet, locate them on a map and export the results in Google Earth format.
    • I’ve mapped my addresses and saved them to my computer. How can I publish the KML file to the web?
      • Google Sites allows you to create and edit web pages. It’s free, and you can upload any type of file and make it available on the Internet. Once you've completed the simple steps outlined here, you will have a public, personalised web presence for your KML files.
  • 48. Case Studies: How can I view my addresses on historic maps? How can I create a Google Account? Google Sites accounts are linked to Google accounts. If you have a Google account, log in at http://pages. google .com . If not, go to http://mail. google .com/mail/signup and sign up for one. Then go to http://sites. google .com and create a site.
  • 49. Case Studies: From the Borders to Berlin
    • Berlin squatters: where were they in the 1970s and 1980s?
    • Borders parish relief in Jedburgh and Melrose in the 19th C
    • James Connolly’s life: key locations
    • Female Moneylenders in Liverpool 1930s
    • Civil Society in Leicester: club memberships 1950-2000
    • Edinburgh Trades and Labour Council annual report, 1920-21
    • 40 student projects on social history of 19th C Edinburgh
    • Dundee prostitution in the inter-war years
    So you want to map your address-based or boundary based data? GO FOR IT!
  • 50. Richard Rodger, Stuart Nicol, Chris Fleet, Daniel Henrie