• Gilded Age means that America
looked good from the outside but
within its borders social problems
• Social problems included:
immigration, unsafe factory jobs,
child labor, racism
• the economy functioned under
unrestrained laissez-faire capitalism
• Big business relied on efficiency to
produce more and more consumer
• 1800s business men realized they
could gain more control of their
industry with the help of modern
• Many of these businessmen bought a
lot of the companies that were similar
to theirs merging them into trusts
• trusts issued stocks or shares in the
company, that brought in new capital to
fund additional expansion
• By 1904, about 300 of these
companies had absorbed more than
5,000 once-independent businesses
• Andrew Carnegie- rose from poverty and ultimately gained
control of the entire US Steel industry. Gave millions of dollars
to advance education, establish public libraries, and promote
• Henry Ford-inventor of the Model T, and revolutionized
modern America with the automobile. Also revolutionized the
factory lifestyle with the production of the Assembly Lines.
• John D. Rockefeller- the founder of US Standard Oil. By
1880 he controlled 90 percent of American Oil.
• J.P Morgan-used his banking knowledge to turn US
companies into industrial giants
1. How did you feel working as a craftsperson at the beginning
of this activity?
2. How did you feel working on the assembly line?
3. What factors made producing the drawing on the assembly
line difficult or frustrating?
4. How did members of your group cope with the stress or
5. What made you want to work hard? What made you not
want to work hard?
6. How did you feel about the teacher as the factory manager?
7. How did your attitude or feelings change as the activity
8. Did you prefer working as an individual craftsperson or
• four principles that go into the assembly lines are:
interchangeable parts, continuous flow, division of labor, and
reducing wasted effort.
• interchangeable parts meant making the individual pieces of
the car the same every time
• Conveyor belts helped with continuous flow
• Every worker had one specific job to do
• Ford's manufacturing principles were adopted by countless
• The assembly lines changed the nature of factory life and