Celebrate freedom


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Celebrate freedom

  2. 2.  They are the most prominent statesmen of the American Revolution  Membership into this select group requires conspicuous contributions at one or both of the founding events of the United States (example: American Revolution, etc.).  Most of the founding fathers have achieved a mythical status  Most scholarly work seem to focus on their failures than their great deeds during the Revolution. FOUNDING FATHERS
  3. 3. THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION  1765 Britain imposes the Stamp Act, which required that certain printed materials have a stamp  1773 Boston Tea Party takes place, where the Sons of Liberty throw tea overboard into Boston Harbor  1775 first fighting erupted at Lexington and Concord  George Washington was the General of the Continental Army  1781 Britain surrenders at Yorktown  1783 the Treaty of Paris is signed recognizing the Independence of the American colonies
  4. 4.  Signed on July 4, 1776 by 2nd Continental Congress  Written by Thomas Jefferson  inspired by the political philosophies of John Locke  The Preamble to the Declaration became founding principals of America: Life, Liberty, and the Purist of Happiness  Ultimately stated the colonists grievances about the British treatment of the colonist  Once it was approved and signed it became a symbol of unity for the new nation DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
  5. 5. THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION Adopted in 1781 as the first form of government Articles provided a limited central government and strong state government Confederation Congress could not tax, enforce laws, no authority over citizens, could not regulate money All 13 Colonies had to agree to make changes to the Articles Result in 1787 the Constitutional Convention met to form a new way of government
  6. 6. THE CONSTITUTION  Convention included prominent thinkers George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison  Divided the government into three parts: Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches.  Divided power amongst the federal government and state.  national government has the power to levy taxes, raise an army, regulate trade, and create a national currency  Broke Legislative branch into two different sections: Senate and House of Representatives  Any power not regulated by the federal government goes to the state
  7. 7. THE BILL OF RIGHTS  Are the first ten amendments to the constitution  Ratified on December 15, 1791  Outlines the limits and powers of the federal and state governments  Protects the rights of individual citizens  Inspired by other famous documents like the Magna Carta (1215) and English Bill of Rights (1689)
  8. 8. THE BILL OF RIGHTS 1. Freedom of Religion, Press, and Petition 2. Right to bear arms 3. No quartering (housing) of troops 4. No unreasonable search of seizure 5. Right not to testify against yourself at trial (I Pled the Fifth) 6. Right to a speedy trial 7. Trial by jury 8. No cruel and unusual punishment 9. No rights stated in the Constitution shall be taken away 10.Rights of the State under the Constitution
  9. 9.  Union Resources: more people, raw materials, more money, railroads, fighting for ideological reasons  Confederacy’s Resources: geographic advantages, had a more military tradition, thought Europeans would aid their cause, fought for ideological reasons  Civil War began at Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861  The turning point of the war for the Union came at the victories of Vicksburg and Gettysburg in 1863  June 1865 South surrendered at Appomattox AMERICAN CIVIL WAR (1861-1865)