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The Mormons 2
The Mormons 2
The Mormons 2
The Mormons 2
The Mormons 2
The Mormons 2
The Mormons 2
The Mormons 2
The Mormons 2
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The Mormons 2

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Published in: Spiritual, News & Politics
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  • I learned in a Utah history class that when the first party of pioneers entered the valley they actually described the flowing grasses and thought that it was a good place to settle. Naturally there are barren places in Utah but interestingly the place the Saints were planning on settling was fairly rich.
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  • 1. The Mormons: The move to Salt Lake City Mr McDonald
  • 2. Presentation Objectives: <ul><li>In this presentation we will look at the following topics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The leadership of Brigham Young </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The journey across the Plains. </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. Brigham Young <ul><li>Brigham Young took control of the Mormon church after Smith was killed in Illinois. His style of leadership was very important to the success of the Mormon movement. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He believed in strict discipline and routine in the journey across the Plains. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He was a very efficient organiser. He had already planned the move to Nauvoo. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oh and he had 27 wives – 8 of them were Joseph Smith’s widows! </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. The journey across the Plains <ul><li>Brigham Young knew from literature about the Oregon Trail that one area that was considered desolate was the Great Salt Lake. He considered this to be a perfect area to settle as no-one would want to live there. </li></ul><ul><li>In September 1845, Young decided to leave. He spoke with the Illinois authorities and said that for leaving in spring 1846 they wanted to be free from persecution in the meantime. </li></ul>
  • 5. The journey across the Plains <ul><li>Young’s plan were as follows:- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through the winter a collection of stores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wagons to be built </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxen bought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment bought and collected. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In February 1846, across the Frozen Mississippi, the first staging post was built called the Camp of Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>However the Mormons had to start leaving early as their homes were attacked by mobs. </li></ul>
  • 6. Organisation on the trail Wagon Train Every Hundred Wagons controlled by a Captain Every Ten Wagons controlled by a Lieutenant
  • 7. Journey across the Plains <ul><li>As the Mormons made their way across the Plains they built a number of rest camps. At each one some people were left behind to establish food stores and workshops for the remainder of the trail. </li></ul><ul><li>By June 1846, the leaders of the trail had reached the Missouri River. Here they decided to build winter quarters with accommodation and stores. </li></ul><ul><li>This reflects Brigham Young’s leadership as he had made sure he did not to leave too late. </li></ul><ul><li>The last wagon trains reached the winter quarters by autumn. </li></ul>
  • 8. Winter 1846 <ul><li>With winter was fierce and over 700 died from disease and the extreme cold. </li></ul><ul><li>In April 1847, Young set out with a small ban to find a settlement that they could live in (143 men, 3 women and 2 children). This group had a mix of farmers and craftsmen to establish a settlement. </li></ul><ul><li>Pioneer man Jim Bridger warned them that the Great Salt Lake was too barren to live in but Young refused to listen. He wanted such a place. </li></ul><ul><li>The band followed the route of the Donner Party and finally found the Great Salt Lake in June 1847. </li></ul>
  • 9. Analysis <ul><li>By choosing an area perceived to be too inhospitable then he would feel that the Mormons could be free from persecution. </li></ul><ul><li>Not following the advice of Bridger may sound silly but he knew what he was doing. </li></ul>

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