To understand why they moved onto the Great plains.
To know what were the problems and solutions of farming on the Great Plains.
Why did people go West?
Who were the Homesteaders? PUSH FACTORS
Homesteaders were small farmers, usually growing crops.
White Americans from the east
Ex- soldiers from the Civil War
Why were the able to go west? ENABLING FACTORS
The many Indians had been cleared from these lands and moved onto reservations through a series of treaties. (See page 84)
1860s the building of railroads.
Why did they want to go west?
The land was cheap.
Help from the government
The 1862 Homestead Act – (fear of speculators) - all American citizens were entitled to 160 acres of land on the Plains for a fee of just $10. They had to live on the land for five years, and then it was theirs permanently.
Farming on the Great Plains
The problems of farming on the Great Plains Ploughing the land Water Size of landholding Farming machinery Protecting crops Extremes of weather Insects Fire Growing crops
Wind pumps and dry farming 1873 - Timber and Culture Act Turkey Red Barbed wire Mass production and railways Care Ploughing the land