The Black Death 1348

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The Black Death 1348

  1. 1. The Black Death 1348 Impact of the Plague in Medieval Medicine Mr McDonald
  2. 2. The Plague Arrives <ul><li>The Plague arrived in 1348 from Eastern Europe/Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>People became rapidly ill: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Headaches and vomiting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lumps (Buboes) on the groin and armpits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bruising followed by the Buboes bursting and either death or survival. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>70% died </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What caused it? <ul><li>A disease carried on fleas on the rats of trading ships brought it to England. </li></ul><ul><li>There were tow types of plague – bubonic and pneumonic. </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumonic was spread not by fleas but by sneezing! </li></ul>
  4. 5. Causes <ul><li>The effects of the plague were enormous. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people saw it as a punishment by God. </li></ul><ul><li>Others saw it caused by planets or by foul air. </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever reason they gave they knew it was contagious but had no real clue was caused it. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Black Death God and the Devil Invisible fumes or poisons Humours out of balance Common sense – bad air Planets and Stars
  6. 7. Task <ul><li>Complete tasks 2a and 2b from page 64 – your diagram needs to be in a new page to include information from the sources. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Cures <ul><li>Different causes/treatments were used to combat the Plague. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bleeding and Purges of the body. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoiding foul smelling areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fumigating areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleaning up town areas – done by the Lord Mayor of London. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flagellants – people punishing themselves for their sins to avoid the plague. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Killing Jews </li></ul></ul>
  8. 13. What does this mean? <ul><li>The plague shows that there was still a following of natural and supernatural approaches to medicine and the cause of disease. </li></ul><ul><li>The ideas that the disease was caused by foul air, and imbalanced humours show a belief in the natural approaches to medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>However the belief that the Plague was caused by God and the Planets showed that supernatural ideas were still held to be important. </li></ul>

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