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Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
Roman Public Health
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Roman Public Health

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  • 1. Roman Medicine & Public Health Prevention better than the cure - Roman ideas on medicine
  • 2. What we will learn today: <ul><li>How they developed ideas from the Greeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Roman ideas on what caused illness. </li></ul><ul><li>The nature of empirical observation. </li></ul><ul><li>The development of Roman Public Health. </li></ul>
  • 3. The Impact of Greek Medicine <ul><li>The impact the Greeks made on Rome can be seen in several ways. </li></ul><ul><li>One is the use of an Asclepion in Rome to combat the plague that broke out in the city in 293 BC. </li></ul><ul><li>The second is the use of Greek doctors – look at this table. </li></ul>
  • 4. Social and Ethnic status of Roman Doctors from 1 st to 3 rd century AD 80 353 442 Total 74 23 31 Foreign (Non citizens) 98 54 55 Slaves 93 158 170 Freedmen 63 118 186 Citizens % Greek Greek Total
  • 5. Why such a heavy reliance on the Greeks? <ul><li>This was due to the low social standing doctors had in Roman society. </li></ul><ul><li>When did this change? </li></ul><ul><li>When Julius Caesar made a decree giving doctors citizenship and the doctors who treated the rich could also become rich themselves. </li></ul>
  • 6. Copy this table 80 353 442 Total 74 23 31 Foreign (Non citizens) 98 54 55 Slaves 93 158 170 Freedmen 63 118 186 Citizens % Greek Greek Total
  • 7. Now let us look at public health
  • 8. Prevention better than the cure. <ul><li>To the Romans this can be said to be their main idea about public health. </li></ul><ul><li>A key example is their attempts to stop the spread of disease and death that surrounded the swamps in Rome. </li></ul>
  • 9. Observation <ul><li>The Romans observed that the people who lived near the swamps tended to get ill and die. </li></ul><ul><li>We now know this disease is called Malaria - they did not know this. </li></ul><ul><li>They tried to gain an understanding as to an effective way to deal with the illness. </li></ul>
  • 10. Febris <ul><li>Febris was a minor Roman goddess for fever - a symptom of the disease. </li></ul><ul><li>A temple was built where the disease was and prayers were said but no reduction in illness was observed. </li></ul>
  • 11. Task <ul><li>Write the subtitle Roman Public Health </li></ul><ul><li>Answer this question; What do the actions of the Romans tell you about their belief in medicine? </li></ul>
  • 12. Empirical Observation <ul><li>The next step the Romans took was to drain the swamp - this in effect shows the Romans had developed a system of EMPIRICAL OBSERVATION </li></ul>
  • 13. EMPIRICAL OBSERVATION <ul><li>Did they know what caused the illnesses? </li></ul><ul><li>Did they realise that the swamp was in some way connected to the problem? </li></ul><ul><li>So, remove the swamp, remove the problem - this is empirical observation. </li></ul><ul><li>Acting on what they know rather than waiting to find out all the information. </li></ul>
  • 14. So what did they think caused disease? <ul><li>Bad air </li></ul><ul><li>Bad water </li></ul><ul><li>Bad smells </li></ul><ul><li>Swamps or marshland </li></ul><ul><li>Being dirty </li></ul><ul><li>Living near sewerage </li></ul><ul><li>In essence they had no clue but acted on what they saw. </li></ul>
  • 15. Task <ul><li>Write down a definition for EMPIRICAL OBSERVATION. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the Roman’s problem as an example. </li></ul>
  • 16. Roman Public Health - Aqueducts
  • 17. Roman Public Health - Baths
  • 18. Roman Public Health - Toilets
  • 19. Task <ul><li>Using the notes in front of you, create a booklet on Roman Public Health using the </li></ul>
  • 20. Final Task <ul><li>Quick Quiz </li></ul><ul><li>This is designed to see what you have found out about Roman Public Health. </li></ul>

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