Railroads
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Railroads

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    Railroads Railroads Presentation Transcript

    • RAILROADS
    • AIMS
      • To examine the reasons for the growth of the railroad.
      • To look at the problems involved in building the railroad.
      • To assess the overall impact of the railroad.
    • OUTCOME
      • How will I demonstrate my understanding?
      • I will produce a brochure and an article on the railroad.
    • WHY WERE THEY BUILT?
      • To link West & East – Manifest Destiny.
      • Law & order.
      • Create national unity.
      • Trade links with Japan & China.
    • PACIFIC RAILWAYS ACT, 1862
      • Set up companies: 1. Union Pacific Railroad Company which started from Omaha. 2. Central Pacific Railroad Company from California.
      • They met at Promontory Point, May 1869.
    •  
    • PROBLEMS
      • Money – shareholders had to give money.
      • Difficult Land – mountains, valleys, deserts.
      • Indians – railroads were changing the Plains so the Indians harassed them.
      • Travelling – could be very hard due to weather and the conditions.
    • IMPACT OF THE RAILWAYS
      • Jobs created.
      • Growth of related industries.
      • Government officials could travel easily.
      • Western states developed more quickly.
      • New markets opened - cattle ranching.
      • Trade with the Pacific.
      • Thousand more settlers moved west.
    • WAS IT ALL POSITIVE?
      • Indian land taken and destroyed.
      • Buffalo hunting – almost gone by 1885.
      • Decline of other transport industries.
    • TASK
      • Produce a brochure persuading people to invest in the railways. Why should they invest? How will it benefit the country?
      • Write a follow up article saying how the railway has changed life in America. Is all the change for the better?