Railroads
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Railroads

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Railroads Railroads Presentation Transcript

  • RAILROADS
  • AIMS
    • To examine the reasons for the growth of the railroad.
    • To look at the problems involved in building the railroad.
    • To assess the overall impact of the railroad.
  • OUTCOME
    • How will I demonstrate my understanding?
    • I will produce a brochure and an article on the railroad.
  • WHY WERE THEY BUILT?
    • To link West & East – Manifest Destiny.
    • Law & order.
    • Create national unity.
    • Trade links with Japan & China.
  • PACIFIC RAILWAYS ACT, 1862
    • Set up companies: 1. Union Pacific Railroad Company which started from Omaha. 2. Central Pacific Railroad Company from California.
    • They met at Promontory Point, May 1869.
  •  
  • PROBLEMS
    • Money – shareholders had to give money.
    • Difficult Land – mountains, valleys, deserts.
    • Indians – railroads were changing the Plains so the Indians harassed them.
    • Travelling – could be very hard due to weather and the conditions.
  • IMPACT OF THE RAILWAYS
    • Jobs created.
    • Growth of related industries.
    • Government officials could travel easily.
    • Western states developed more quickly.
    • New markets opened - cattle ranching.
    • Trade with the Pacific.
    • Thousand more settlers moved west.
  • WAS IT ALL POSITIVE?
    • Indian land taken and destroyed.
    • Buffalo hunting – almost gone by 1885.
    • Decline of other transport industries.
  • TASK
    • Produce a brochure persuading people to invest in the railways. Why should they invest? How will it benefit the country?
    • Write a follow up article saying how the railway has changed life in America. Is all the change for the better?