Peasants Revolt Causes & Events


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Peasants Revolt Causes & Events

  1. 1. Why were the peasants revolting?
  2. 2. Wilfs <ul><li>To identify 3 reasons why the Peasants were angry </li></ul><ul><li>To explain why they revolted in a report </li></ul><ul><li>To evaluate the importance of the revolt and decide if it will change things </li></ul>
  3. 3.  starter activity What do you think is happening here and why?
  4. 4.  Your task <ul><li>Read p. 75 and complete a table similar to the one below. </li></ul>Rate the danger! Long term or short term problem? War Religion Government Money Rights Explanation (1-5) Reason
  5. 5. Causes <ul><li>War: - England at war with France for 50 years, threat of invasion (LT) </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: John Ball & Lollards, everyone is equal, Bible in English (ST) </li></ul><ul><li>Government: Richard II, 10 years of age, dependent on advisers (ST) </li></ul><ul><li>Money: Statute of Labourers, 1351, pay limited to 2d a day; King’s commissioners collecting tax; poll tax, people over 15 pad 4d (ST) </li></ul><ul><li>Rights: villeins not free (LT) </li></ul>Which of these would be most likely to cause a fight? Why?
  6. 6.  Your task <ul><li>Create a timeline highlighting the key events of the Peasants’ Revolt Use page 76 and 78. Find out what happened on these dates: </li></ul><ul><li>May 1381 in Essex & Kent </li></ul><ul><li>Thursday 13 th June </li></ul><ul><li>Friday 14 th June </li></ul><ul><li>Saturday 15 th June </li></ul>
  7. 7. May 1381 <ul><li>King’s commissioners attacked (Fobbing, Essex) collecting poll tax - heads put on poles and paraded around nearby villages. </li></ul>
  8. 8. May 1381 <ul><li>1000s of peasants meet in Maidstone, Wat Tyler (former soldier) appointed leader, takes Rochester Castle & frees John Ball . </li></ul>Rochester Castle John Ball
  9. 9. Thursday 13 June 1381 <ul><li>Peasants enter London, destroy houses of King’s supporters e.g. Savoy Palace, home of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster as well as lawyers & foreign merchants </li></ul><ul><li>Treasurer Hales & Archbishop Sudbury hide in Tower of London </li></ul>
  10. 10. Friday 14 June 1381 <ul><li>Richard meets rebels at Mile End, agrees to abolish poll tax and grant free pardons </li></ul><ul><li>Peasants break into Tower of London, capture Sudbury & Hales and cut off their head (Sudbury’s takes 8 blows!) </li></ul>Sudbury’s decapitated head, preserved in a parish church
  11. 11. Saturday 15 June <ul><li>King meets rebels at Smithfield </li></ul><ul><li>Wat Tyler killed under mysterious circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>King called out - ‘You shall have no captain but me!’ </li></ul><ul><li>Peasant leaders are rounded up and hanged. </li></ul>
  12. 12. What happened to Tyler? – solve the puzzle <ul><li>Look at the different accounts or chronicles </li></ul><ul><li>Complete the table as per page 81 in groups </li></ul><ul><li>Then work out the most likely sequence of events to explain Tyler's death </li></ul><ul><li>Be able to use evidence to support your theory </li></ul>
  13. 13.  Your task <ul><li>Imagine it is 16 th June 1381. Produce a report for or write a letter to King Richard II. He wants to know why the peasants were so angry they revolted: </li></ul><ul><li>Include all the reasons – long term and short term </li></ul><ul><li>Explain them in order of importance </li></ul><ul><li>If you like you could group the reasons into categories – Power, Religion, Money </li></ul>
  14. 14. CONSOLIDATION <ul><li>To help you to write your report or letter to Richard II, in pairs complete the diamond 9 activity arranging the causes in order of importance </li></ul><ul><li>Compare your diamond to another group and be prepared to justify your choices </li></ul><ul><li>Do you want to change anything? </li></ul><ul><li>You can also group the cards into long and short term causes or into categories – Power, Religion and Money </li></ul>
  15. 15. Wilfs <ul><li>To identify 3 reasons why the Peasants were angry </li></ul><ul><li>To explain why they revolted in a report </li></ul><ul><li>To evaluate the importance of the revolt and decide if it will change things </li></ul>
  16. 16. So why did the peasants revolt? <ul><li>Some peasants were free, but a lot were still villeins. </li></ul><ul><li>The Black Death </li></ul><ul><li>Statute of Labourers 1351. </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing war with France since 1369. </li></ul><ul><li>Peasants had to work for free on church land, this meant the church was getting richer and the peasants had less time to farm their own land. John Ball the priest supported them on this. </li></ul>Long term causes
  17. 17. short term causes -Or triggers! The final straw for the peasants was the introduction of the third poll tax in 1381 ! Peasants hated the poll tax as it meant they had to pay the same amount as the rich people . When the peasants in one small village refused to pay the King sent men to their village to collect it. The kings men were thrown out by the angry villagers, not even the kings army could stop them!
  18. 18. Your task You need to write a report or letter to the young King Richard II. In this letter YOU MUST answer this question: WHY WERE THE PEASANTS REVOLTING?
  19. 19. You need to write your letter in a clear and organised way. It is a chance for you to show off your historical knowledge and understanding. What you need to do Level 4 Level 5 Level 6 Some structure Answer with little or no evidence. Use paragraphs structure Explain key events and support with evidence. Same as level five, but you need to explain why you have used it.
  20. 20. Remember ... P E E L Make your POINT. Give an EXAMPLE, use evidence to support your point. EXPLAIN why your example is important. Try to LINK your paragraphs together.
  21. 21. Wilfs <ul><li>To identify 3 reasons why the Peasants were angry </li></ul><ul><li>To explain why they revolted in a report </li></ul><ul><li>To evaluate the importance of the revolt and decide if it will change things </li></ul>