Some peasants were free, but a lot were still villeins.
The Black Death
Statute of Labourers 1351.
Ongoing war with France since 1369.
Peasants had to work for free on church land, this meant the church was getting richer and the peasants had less time to farm their own land. John Ball the priest supported them on this.
Long term causes
short term causes -Or triggers! The final straw for the peasants was the introduction of the third poll tax in 1381 ! Peasants hated the poll tax as it meant they had to pay the same amount as the rich people . When the peasants in one small village refused to pay the King sent men to their village to collect it. The kings men were thrown out by the angry villagers, not even the kings army could stop them!
Your task You need to write a report or letter to the young King Richard II. In this letter YOU MUST answer this question: WHY WERE THE PEASANTS REVOLTING?
You need to write your letter in a clear and organised way. It is a chance for you to show off your historical knowledge and understanding. What you need to do Level 4 Level 5 Level 6 Some structure Answer with little or no evidence. Use paragraphs structure Explain key events and support with evidence. Same as level five, but you need to explain why you have used it.
Remember ... P E E L Make your POINT. Give an EXAMPLE, use evidence to support your point. EXPLAIN why your example is important. Try to LINK your paragraphs together.