The Mormons Revision
Who were the Mormons?
- A religious group founded by Joseph Smith
- Claimed to have seen a vision of an angel which led to discovery of gold plates
- Translated into Book of Mormon
- It told that Jesus visited America after the Resurrection and that 3 lost tribes of Israel came to America
What did the Mormons believe?
- That they should convert others to their faith
- Their leaders should have political power over Mormons and others
- The church held property - there was no right to individual ownership
- Obedience would make Mormons God’s chosen people in heaven and on earth
- Brigham Young had 27 wives
- Set Mormons apart as immoral outcasts
Having more than one wife.
- Enabled every woman to be taken care of
Why were they persecuted for their faith?
- Polygamy was seen as scandalous
- Their success at converting people raised fears of rapid expansion
- Smith’s political ambitions made none believers fear a Mormon state
- The Danites used violence
- Claims to be God’s chosen offended
- Working as a community made them wealthy and this threatened American culture
Why were they driven from place to place?
- Kirtland Ohio - Smith was tarred and feathered in 1832. Driven out after collapse of Mormon bank in 1837
- Missouri - their anti-slavery views offended and Danites were suspected of plotting with Indians
- Nauvoo, Illinois - Smith announced he would run for President. He and his brother were arrested after trouble over a printing press. Murdered.
Why did they settle in Salt Lake Valley?
- They left Nauvoo after violence
- In 1847 Brigham Young led them across the Plains like an army
- Young chose Salt Lake because of its harsh conditions (similar to Israel)
- When they set off it was in Mexico not the USA
The Mormons Come West Why did they go west?
Why leave Nauvoo then?
- The Mormons worked together to build homes,businesses, and a temple
- Many people didn’t like the Mormons’ success and were afraid
- They persecuted the Mormons
- They killed the Mormon leader, Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum Smith in June of 1844
- The Mormons were forced to leave their homes again
What did they do then?
- Brigham Young and other leaders decided to go west
- They felt that the Rocky Mountains might provide a safe place
- They gathered all the provisions they could and began leaving Nauvoo in 1846
- They only got to around Council Bluffs, Iowa before they stopped for the winter
- They named their camp Winter Quarters
- Also, 500 men said good bye to their families and were enlisted to fight in the War with Mexico
- This group became known as the Mormon Battalion
Moving out again
- In the Spring of 1847, Brigham Young and a group of mostly men left Winter Quarters heading west
- After a long journey, they arrived in the valley of the Great Salt Lake
- Brigham Young said, “This is the right place.”
Why did the Mormons Manage to survive Salt Lake City?
The Geographical Position of Utah
- Mormons had faith in their leader
- Setting up supply depots and workshops
- Persuaded the U.S. Government to elect him Governor of Utah territory
How did they build Salt Lake City?
- Strict discipline and team work
- Land allocated on a need basis
- Perpetual Emigration Fund brought across new Mormons
Self Sufficiency and the Railway
- Wheat production triplede between 1850-1860
- Made trade a possibility – especially as a way of increasing income
Perpetual Emigrating Fund
- Helped Mormons travel from anywhere to Utah
- Money to be paid back once settled
- 4225 Mormons had reached Utah using thi
What problems did they have with the US Government?
- Young wanted to create a Mormon state called Deseret
- In 1848 Salt Lake Valley was handed over to the USA by Mexico
- Young was Governor and he ignore US laws
- The Danites suppressed opposition and attacked US officials
- In 1857 the US appointed a non-Mormon governor who arrived with 2500 troops
- The Mountain Meadow incident in which some non-Mormon settlers were massacred, probably by Danites. Indians were blamed
- Pressure was put on Mormons to give up polygamy, agreed to do so in 1890
- Utah became a state in 1896
Brigham Young and some of his wives!