Law And Order In The West


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Law And Order In The West

  1. 1. Law and Order in the West Mr McDonald
  2. 2. What we will learn: <ul><li>Why was there such crime in the West? </li></ul><ul><li>How the west was policed. </li></ul><ul><li>Other methods of law enforcement. </li></ul><ul><li>Types of criminals </li></ul><ul><li>The Johnson County War </li></ul><ul><li>How the west was tamed. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why was there such crime?
  4. 4. Who enforced the west? <ul><li>US Marshals – appointed by the President to look after a whole territory. He often appointed Deputies. </li></ul><ul><li>Deputy Marshals – Worked closely with the towns and counties to enforce federal law. </li></ul><ul><li>Town Marshals – Appointed locally by the towns. They dealt with the minor disputes such as brawls and gambling. They also were allowed the appoint Deputies. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Who enforced the west? <ul><li>Sheriffs – Responsible for law and order in the counties. Elected by the people of the county. They were allowed to appoint Deputies and a Posse ( a gang of local people). </li></ul><ul><li>Judges – Appointed by the President. These men had to travel long distances to get to each town therefore justice might be dealt with by the people themselves without the need for a Judge! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Other types of law enforcement <ul><li>Texas Rangers – An army of lawmen originally when Texas was run by Mexico but also when it became independent. </li></ul><ul><li>Vigilance Committees – This was a group of men that dispensed justice to enforce order. However, these men often used the committees to settle scores and to run a county by terror. </li></ul><ul><li>Miners Courts – Miners used these self made courts to deal with disputes. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Types of Criminals
  8. 8. Johnson County War <ul><li>Johnson County is in Wyoming. </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle ranchers established themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1880s some of the ranchers were becoming very powerful and wanted more land. They set up the Wyoming Stock Growers Association. (The Cheyenne Club) </li></ul><ul><li>In 1890 Wyoming became a state. </li></ul><ul><li>It helped that the State Governor and some of the politicians were also members. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Johnson County War <ul><li>Some smaller farmers resisted the actions by the cattle barons. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the farmers were accused of cattle rustlers. </li></ul><ul><li>Whilst some of the farmers may have been, it also seemed a perfect way to end the resistance the barons were facing. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Justice’ followed by the work of the vigilance committees who happened to work for the cattle barons. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Johnson County War <ul><li>In 1889, A J Bothwell wanted some land that belonged to a storekeeper (James Averill). </li></ul><ul><li>James Averill lived with a prostitute called Ella Watson. Bothwell accused the two of cattle rustling whilst Averill accused Bothwell of land grabbing. </li></ul><ul><li>Averill and Watson were lynched and Bothwell nor the lynchers were brought to trial. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1892 the Wyoming Cattle Barons brought in gunslingers to sort out the rustlers!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>A plan was devised to sort the situation out! </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Invasion! <ul><li>Gunslingers from Texas were brought up to take over the town. </li></ul><ul><li>They isolated the town but the small ranchers fought back and whilst it was said to be a war, it was actually rather free of casualties. </li></ul><ul><li>The farmers laid siege the gunslingers and the army was needed to free them. </li></ul><ul><li>The result was the cattle barons lost a lot of their power as small farmers continued and the ranchers fenced their land. </li></ul>
  12. 12. End of the Wild West