• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Law And Order
 

Law And Order

on

  • 4,006 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
4,006
Views on SlideShare
4,004
Embed Views
2

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
15
Comments
0

1 Embed 2

http://www.slideshare.net 2

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Law And Order Law And Order Presentation Transcript

    • Law and Order Revision
    • Overview
      • Law and order problems were caused by 2 systems of government
      • The rapid development of the west after 1840 added to lawlessness
      • The ‘Wild West’ was eventually tamed and outlaws and range wars ended
    • How was law enforced in the early days?
      • Law and order was shared between the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT in Washington and the various states who could appoint a governor and government
      • 60,000 needed to become a state
      • Until then all officials appointed and dealt with by Washington
      • What problems will this cause?
    • Sheriffs and Marshals
      • US (Federal) Marshals had authority over all territories and states
      • States were sub-divided into counties and towns with their law officers
      • Sheriffs in counties and Marshals in towns
      • What problems were there in the early years?
    • The Wild West? Why were there law and order problems?
      • According to films the west was lawless with gangs and fights everywhere
      • Exaggerated because as settlements grew the west settled down. However,
      • Decisions from Washington were slow
      • The size of areas to cover
      • The speed of settlement AND
      • Shortage of law officers
      • Corrupt law officers
      • The nature of the settlers especially in mining areas (Dodge City) and cow towns (Abilene)
    • How did people deal with the problems?
      • Miners developed their own courts
      • Some areas formed ‘Vigilance committees’ who took law and order into their own hands
      • Their punishments included lynching
      • Why were they a force for good and bad?
    • What about gangs?
      • The problems made it relatively easy for people to break the law
      • There were several infamous gunslingers and gangs (see other ppt!)
      • There were female outlaws too such as Belle Star
      • Sometimes wealthy cattlemen hires gangs to deal with their disputes with homesteaders
    • Why were there disputes?
      • Over open range versus fencing
      • Destruction of crops by cattle
      • Land ownership
      • Water access and rights
    • What disputes were there?
      • Lincoln County war in 1892, New Mexico. This was between John Chisum an owner of a small ranch and Lawrence Murphy, a small rancher
      • In 1892 the Johnson County War in Wyoming between the homesteaders and the cattle ranchers
    • What happened?
      • The cattle boom was over. Cattle ranchers in Wyoming blamed their problems on homesteaders whose barbed wire fences ended open range
      • It began with a dispute over land ownership between a rancher (A.J.Bothwell) and a storekeeper (Jim Averill). Jim lived with a prostitute (Ella Watson) who was often paid with cows which she then re-branded!
      • Bothwell accused them of rustling and they were lynched.
      • Neither Bothwell or the lynchers were ever brought to trial
    • How did it descend to war?
      • The cattlemen drew up a list of 70 farmers they believed to be rustlers and hire a vigilante group (the Regulators) to sort them out.
      • The railroad laid on a special train to get them to Wyoming!
      • The Regulators killed two alleged rustlers (Nate Champion and Nick Ray)
      • A large posse of local people came to deal with the vigilantes who holed up at a ranch called the TA
    • What happened next?
      • More locals surrounded the ranch – about 250 men were prepared to kill the Regulators
      • The ranchers (very powerful) via the Governor appealed for help and the army were sent in and were able to bring the stand off to a peaceful end
      • NO prosecutions were ever brought
    • How were law and order problems solved?
      • Better communication – railroad and telegraph
      • More families moved west and were not prepared to tolerate lawlessness
      • More territories became states and so important decisions were not made hundreds of miles away
      • Surroundings improved as shanty towns gave way to proper towns