Introduction To The American West

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Introduction To The American West

  1. 1. Introduction to the American West 1840 - 1895
  2. 2. Wilf <ul><li>Perceptions of the West </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the idea of a frontier </li></ul><ul><li>To gain an understanding of the varied landscape of the West by a mapping exercise </li></ul>
  3. 3. Perceptions of the West <ul><li>What ideas do you have of the American West? </li></ul><ul><li>Fact or Fiction? </li></ul><ul><li>Look at page 6 – 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the picture that sums up your perception </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to explain why! </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is a frontier? <ul><li>How would you define a frontier </li></ul><ul><li>What sort of things form frontiers? </li></ul>
  5. 6. Frontiers <ul><li>Are the edge, borders of countries </li></ul><ul><li>The American frontier kept changing and moving westwards </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the map on page 7 </li></ul><ul><li>How many frontiers can you identify in the development of the USA? </li></ul>
  6. 7. Frontier 1 <ul><li>Appalachian Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>200 metres high </li></ul><ul><li>Steep rocks, deep valleys </li></ul><ul><li>First settlers east of here </li></ul>
  7. 8. Frontier 2 - about 1840 <ul><li>The Mississippi River! </li></ul><ul><li>Wide slow and treacherous </li></ul>
  8. 9. Frontier 3 - 1840’s - 1850 <ul><li>The Great Plains </li></ul><ul><li>Unpredictable </li></ul><ul><li>Dry, windy, twisters, scorching sun, drought, deep snow </li></ul><ul><li>Stretched for hundreds of miles </li></ul>
  9. 10. The Rockies - the spine <ul><li>1,000 km wide </li></ul><ul><li>Some peaks reach 5km high </li></ul><ul><li>Thick forests, deep ravines, high mountain passes </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy rain and snow in winter, blocking passes </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Plateaux region <ul><li>1500 - 3350 metres above sea level </li></ul><ul><li>Ravines and canyons </li></ul><ul><li>Dry, little rain so deserts </li></ul><ul><li>Salt Lake area </li></ul>
  11. 12. Sierra Nevada Mountains <ul><li>400 miles long </li></ul><ul><li>Steep and high - up to 14,500 m. high </li></ul><ul><li>Lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Passes closed in winter due to heavy snow </li></ul>
  12. 13. California and Oregon <ul><li>Fertile </li></ul><ul><li>Warm and sunny </li></ul><ul><li>Oregon has more rain </li></ul><ul><li>The promised land! </li></ul>
  13. 14. Mapping Task <ul><li>Use page 6, Heinemann </li></ul><ul><li>Label/draw on the following </li></ul><ul><li>Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, Gulf of Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>California, Oregon, </li></ul><ul><li>Rockies, Sierra Nevada, Colorado and Columbia Plateaux, Cascades and Appalachian Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Basin, Salt Lake, Great Plains </li></ul><ul><li>Mississippi River (roughly) </li></ul>
  14. 15. Labels and sketches <ul><li>Use p.6 to add labels/drawings about the landscape, vegetation, climate and wildlife for:- </li></ul><ul><li>Great Plains or Great American Desert </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Plateaux Region </li></ul><ul><li>Sierra Nevada to the Pacific coast </li></ul>
  15. 16. Task 3 <ul><li>At the bottom of their copy of the map draw and label the cross section on page 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Using page 9 add simple labels to show where the groups of settlers went to live. For example C for cattlemen </li></ul><ul><li>Make a key to show what abbreviations stand for </li></ul>
  16. 17. Plenary <ul><li>Which areas will be settled first? </li></ul><ul><li>What difficulties will travellers and settlers face? </li></ul><ul><li>Why might people leave their homes to settle in new places? </li></ul><ul><li>Why were the Plains known as the Great American Desert? </li></ul>
  17. 18. Homework <ul><li>White text page 13 </li></ul><ul><li>Answer questions 1 - 3 </li></ul>
  18. 19. General Introduction The Indian Tribes and the Great Plains
  19. 20. Wilf <ul><li>To recall the Great American Desert and the frontiers </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the origins of the native people </li></ul><ul><li>To appreciate that Indian nations are not the same and that they adapt to their environment </li></ul>
  20. 21. Recall <ul><li>What was the Great American Desert? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was it called that? </li></ul>
  21. 23. Native Americans
  22. 24. The Great Spirit
  23. 25. Until horses, lived on edge of plains
  24. 26. Tasks <ul><li>P. 14. Explain where the native people originally came from </li></ul><ul><li>Why are Indian nations different from each other? </li></ul><ul><li>P. 14 – 15 Why did tribes not live on the Great Plains until the 18 th Century? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the horse transform their way of life? </li></ul><ul><li>Complete the Task on p. 15 </li></ul>
  25. 27. Plenary <ul><li>What was the Great American desert? </li></ul><ul><li>How did native people get to the USA? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are native nations not the same? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did horses transform lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>How did Europeans affect the Indian tribes? </li></ul>

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