How Did Outsiders View The Life Of ThePresentation Transcript
How did Outsiders view the life of the Plains Indians? Aim: To understand what sort of attitude the settlers and miners had towards the Plains Indians
Look at the picture on the next slide. Using this and your own version, fill in all the blanks by guessing what criticism the settlers would have had for these aspects of the village
Wasted land – Should be used for cattle grazing Wasted land again. Takes up too much space Buffalo flesh hanging. Primitive way to preserve food More primitive work by women Indians treat women with no respect, they do all the work Indian children just play. They aren’t punished or schooled - uncivilised Indian men sit around all day. They’re lazy. Also feathers show how savage they are Indian tipi’s are decorated with scenes of war to make the spirits help them. Their belief in spirits shows they are pagans.
The Big Issue was land. Indians and Settlers had different views on it, Indians believed
They were part of the earth – they came from it and returned to it when they died
They believed land belonged to everyone and so no-one owned it
They believed some places were sacred.For example, high places were sacred because they were closer to the spirit world.
The Sioux believed the hills near them, the Black Hills, were sacred.
Settlers came to the Black Hills and started digging them up as part of their coal mining
How would we feel if someone came to one of our religious places such as a church or a mosque and started digging it up?
How do you think the Sioux felt about miners digging up the Black Hills?
Why did the settlers want the land?
The settlers wanted their own land.They were very individual –each person wanted their own claim to a mine and title to a farm.
To do this they needed to dig mine shafts and plough land etc. All of this would disturb the Indians.
The settlers didn’t really care what the Indians thought or believed, they just saw them as an obstacle in their way and were ready to use force to move them.
Settlers and Indians often clashed and the US army was often called in to settle disputes.
Do you think it would work if the US Army tried to negotiate with the settlers by offering to buy land off them or make treaties? Explain your answer
The following quote was a response by an Indian to an offer of a treaty – copy it into your books and try to fill in the missing words ‘ Our land is more ……… than your money. It will last ……. As long as the sun shines and the …… flow this land will be here to give …. to men and animals. We cannot sell the lives of men and …….It was put here by the great spirit and we cannot …. it because it does not belong to us.’
How would the US Army respond to this?
The US Army tried to be tolerant of the Indians religion but they thought it was over the top.
Major Howard of the US Army described his talks with the Indians as frustrating because they just repeat 20 times over that the ‘earth is their mother!’
For these reasons, the two sides found it nearly impossible to reach agreements.