• Like
Cowboys And Cattlemen
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Cowboys And Cattlemen



Published in Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Cowboys and Cattlemen Revision
  • 2. Overview
    • The early cattle trade began in Texas
    • When railroads came, the cattle trade made a fortune
    • Cowboys drove millions of cows north on ‘Long Drives’
    • Later ranching began on the Plains
    • The boom ended in the 1880’s
  • 3. The early cattle trade
    • By 1845 Texas became part of USA. There were large herds of unclaimed herds
    • The cows were tough Longhorns
    • Initially difficult to transport cattle north and because there was little money to be made there was little incentive to round the cows up
    • A few long drives took place
  • 4. How did it develop?
    • By the end of the civil war in 1865, there were 5 million longhorns, most unbranded and so could be taken by anyone
    • In the North-East an industrial revolution was happening, with an expanding population demanding meat!
  • 5. Long Drives
    • The railroad was also expanding into the west
    • So cattle that could be bought for as little as $3 in Texas could fetch $30 in the North
    • Longhorns were rounded up and driven north on the Long Drives to the railhead towns
  • 6. Cow towns
    • Cows were driven up the Chisolm, Sedalia (Shawnee) and Goodnight-Loving trails
    • Joseph McCoy established the first cowtown of Abilene. Other were to follow. For example Dodge City
    • Ranchers like Charles Goodnight and Jesse Chisolm blazed trails to cowtowns and made fortunes
  • 7. Ranching on the Plains
    • During 1870’s people began to raise cattle on the open range to avoid the Long Drives
    • One of the first was Charles Goodnight
    • This happened because the railroads extended their networks and developed cold storage and refrigerator cars
    • Massive profits could be made
  • 8. The end of Open Range
    • Eastern markets demanded higher quality meat. John Iliff began cross breeding Longhorns with Herefords but the new breed needed more care than on open range
    • Herds became too big for the grazing areas
    • Two terrible winters in 1886 and 1887 sped up the decline
  • 9. Factors?
    • Individuals
    • The government - opening up lands, Manifest Destiny etc
    • Railroad
    • The civil war
  • 10. Who became Cowboys?
    • Mexicans, ex-slaves, ex-soldiers from the civil war, outlaws
    • Young and single
    • Originally from Texas
    • Traditions from Mexico
  • 11. The job
    • Tough and badly paid
    • Life on long drives was hard. Equipment needed was expensive and had to be provided by the men themselves
    • Hazardous - including stampedes, river crossings, blizzards, drought, Indian raids and conflicts with homesteaders and rustlers
  • 12. Long Drives
    • Could take 4 months from Texas to Abilene
    • Dangerous and boring - often resulted in quarrels
    • Dust resulted in clothing like bandana and hat
    • Had to work as a team
    • At the end of the drive cowboys ‘whooped it up’ in the bars and whorehouses
  • 13. Other jobs
    • In winter, watching cattle from line camps on edge of ranches
    • Guarding cattle from Indians and rustlers
    • Repairing fences
    • Spring round up, ‘cutting out’ and branding