• Like
Cowboys And Cattlemen
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Cowboys And Cattlemen

  • 3,226 views
Published

 

Published in Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
3,226
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
1

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Cowboys and Cattlemen Revision
  • 2. Overview
    • The early cattle trade began in Texas
    • When railroads came, the cattle trade made a fortune
    • Cowboys drove millions of cows north on ‘Long Drives’
    • Later ranching began on the Plains
    • The boom ended in the 1880’s
  • 3. The early cattle trade
    • By 1845 Texas became part of USA. There were large herds of unclaimed herds
    • The cows were tough Longhorns
    • Initially difficult to transport cattle north and because there was little money to be made there was little incentive to round the cows up
    • A few long drives took place
  • 4. How did it develop?
    • By the end of the civil war in 1865, there were 5 million longhorns, most unbranded and so could be taken by anyone
    • In the North-East an industrial revolution was happening, with an expanding population demanding meat!
  • 5. Long Drives
    • The railroad was also expanding into the west
    • So cattle that could be bought for as little as $3 in Texas could fetch $30 in the North
    • Longhorns were rounded up and driven north on the Long Drives to the railhead towns
  • 6. Cow towns
    • Cows were driven up the Chisolm, Sedalia (Shawnee) and Goodnight-Loving trails
    • Joseph McCoy established the first cowtown of Abilene. Other were to follow. For example Dodge City
    • Ranchers like Charles Goodnight and Jesse Chisolm blazed trails to cowtowns and made fortunes
  • 7. Ranching on the Plains
    • During 1870’s people began to raise cattle on the open range to avoid the Long Drives
    • One of the first was Charles Goodnight
    • This happened because the railroads extended their networks and developed cold storage and refrigerator cars
    • Massive profits could be made
  • 8. The end of Open Range
    • Eastern markets demanded higher quality meat. John Iliff began cross breeding Longhorns with Herefords but the new breed needed more care than on open range
    • Herds became too big for the grazing areas
    • Two terrible winters in 1886 and 1887 sped up the decline
  • 9. Factors?
    • Individuals
    • The government - opening up lands, Manifest Destiny etc
    • Railroad
    • The civil war
  • 10. Who became Cowboys?
    • Mexicans, ex-slaves, ex-soldiers from the civil war, outlaws
    • Young and single
    • Originally from Texas
    • Traditions from Mexico
  • 11. The job
    • Tough and badly paid
    • Life on long drives was hard. Equipment needed was expensive and had to be provided by the men themselves
    • Hazardous - including stampedes, river crossings, blizzards, drought, Indian raids and conflicts with homesteaders and rustlers
  • 12. Long Drives
    • Could take 4 months from Texas to Abilene
    • Dangerous and boring - often resulted in quarrels
    • Dust resulted in clothing like bandana and hat
    • Had to work as a team
    • At the end of the drive cowboys ‘whooped it up’ in the bars and whorehouses
  • 13. Other jobs
    • In winter, watching cattle from line camps on edge of ranches
    • Guarding cattle from Indians and rustlers
    • Repairing fences
    • Spring round up, ‘cutting out’ and branding