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To judge on the usefulness of evidence evaluating the different choices between ‘vacational’ historians and academic historians Some To select evidence and explain their choice Most To select evidence fit for task All WILF How should we remember the Battle of Stamford Bridge? WALT
King Harald Hardraada, King of Norway, and Harold Godwinson’s brother, Tostig (the expelled Earl of Northumberland) landed in England and burned Scarborough.
Harald Hardraada was pursuing his claim to be King of England with an army of Norwegians.
King Harold Godwinson and his brother Gyrth set out with their army for Yorkshire to fight the Viking invasion.
After Harold learned that the local people had been ordered to bring additional supplies and hostages to the Vikings at Stamford Bridge, Harold took his army to Stamford Bridge, where he hoped to surprise the Vikings.
When Harold arrived the Vikings were not ready for battle and had no time to prepare either – remember they were expecting supplies and hostages not Harold!.
The Vikings were split across the river and were not even wearing armour!
Those on the wrong side of the river either ran away or were slaughtered by the Saxon army of Harold.
This was until they got to the bridge!
The story goes that a giant Norwegian armed with an axe held up the entire Saxon army, and single-handedly cut down over 40 Saxon soldiers. He himself was only killed when one Saxon drifted under the bridge in a barrel and thrust his spear through the latches of the bridge, killing the warrior.
The Saxons charged across the bridge and met the remaining Vikings.
Both sides created a shield wall but since the Saxons were better equipped the Vikings were eventually going to lose.
Harald Hardraada was killed in the battle – struck by an arrow in the throat.
A new museum is going to open at Stamford Bridge to commemorate the battlefield.
There is a lot of evidence but you need to decide what evidence is useful for your museum. You only have a few spaces left but a lot of sources – which ones do you use?
You need to select which evidence you would use
Explain why you would use it. Remember to look at the evidence from a historical perspective as well as from a museum perspective, thinking about the what tourists may want to see.