What Do I Do with all this Stuff? How to Use your Research Information Effectively Carteret Community College Library Elizabeth Baker
How Do I Get Started? Read the magazine, journal, or newspaper article. Use the book’s table of contents or index to locate information quickly. Read the page or chapter.
While reading, ask yourself: What is the purpose of the article, page, or chapter? What is the author’s main point? What are the most important issues or questions that he/she raises? Do you agree or disagree with the author’s conclusion or point of view?
Begin taking notes. Organize your information from specific to general or from abstract to concrete. Create an outline. Begin writing your research paper.
How Do I Take Notes? Record the title, author, publisher, publication date, and page number(s). Skim the material again. Look at any charts, graphs, or illustrations. Locate the main ideas and list them. Begin to record the supporting facts.
Some key points to remember: Do not copy information straight from the article or book. Put quotation marks around any direct quotes to avoid plagiarism. Remember to summarize or paraphrase the information. Use the dictionary to define any words that you do not recognize.
To mark when you have reached the end of your writing.
Outline Example #1 I. Introduction a. Introduction to topic b. Thesis Statement II. Body of Paper a. Main Idea i. Supporting fact ii. Supporting fact iii. Supporting fact b. Main Idea i. Supporting fact ii. Supporting fact iii. Supporting fact III. Conclusion a. Summarize findings b. State Conclusion(s)
What is Plagiarism? “The unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work.” http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/plagiarism
What is Plagiarism? Plagiarism includes: Copying whole sentences or paragraphs from any source. Using facts, ideas, or other information that are not your own or common knowledge. Using the “copy and paste” feature to add information to your paper or project.
How Do I Avoid Plagiarism? Give credit to another person’s words, creativity, or original ideas. Synthesize your information.
How Do I Synthesize Information? Summarize Paraphrase Quote
How Do I Summarize? Read the entire passage. Determine the author’s main points. Use this information in your paper or project. Provide the proper citation.
How Do I Paraphrase? Read the entire passage. Convert the author’s words into your own words. Use all the information in your paper or project. Provide the proper citation.
How Do I Quote? Read the entire passage. Record the author’s words exactly as written in your paper or project. Enclose the sentence or passage in quotation marks. Provide the proper citation.
Rules for Using Quotations Use a direct quotation if:
The author’s original words are noteworthy, unusual, or powerful.
You intend to analyze the information contained in the passage.
You do not want the author’s message to be misunderstood.
Rules for Using Quotations Quotations cannot stand alone and must be accompanied by your original words. Include your own commentary, analysis, and reaction. Vary the way that you use quotations. One or two words, a single sentence, or an entire passage or paragraph.
What Do I Not Need to Credit? Your own ideas or thoughts. Common knowledge.
Famous Examples Follow this link to read how a few famous people found themselves in trouble over the issue of plagiarism.
What are the Consequences? Receiving a failing grade on a research paper or other assignment. Failing a course and all repercussions. Being sued for copyright infringement.
If you need any additional help, please see a member of the library staff! Good Luck!