Overview of Scientific literaturePresentation Transcript
a quick introduction toScientific Literature
How Science Journals began…• The earliest science journal dates back to 1665.• It was called The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society• The journal published papers by Newton, Faraday, and Darwin.• Henry Oldenburg, the journal’s first editor, began the process of having article submissions evaluated by subject experts. Thus began the idea of peer-review.
about Science Journal articlesEvery legitimate science research article is published in a peer-reviewed/scholarly science journal.But…Not every article in a peer-reviewed/scholarly science journal is aresearch article. For example, you may also find editorials,literature reviews, and book reviews in research journalsSo is there a way to tell if an article is a research article? YES!
parts of a Science Research Article • Abstract • Introduction • Methods (or Methodology, or Materials and Methods) • Results • Discussion
parts of a Science Research Article Abstract An abstract is a summary of what the article contains. The abstract of a science article will include the nature of the study or experiment being conducted, the study/experiment’s findings, and a brief note on the significance of the findings.
parts of a Science Research Article Introduction As the name suggests, this section of a science research article introduces the reader to the concept being studied and why its study is significant.
parts of a Science Research Article Methods (or Methodology or Materials and Methods) This section lays out the methodology of the experiment (or study) that the paper’s authors are conducting.
parts of a Science Research Article Results This section lays out the findings of the experiment (or study) that the paper’s authors are conducting.
parts of a Science Research Article Discussion The discussion section of a science research article is where the authors interpret and discuss the significance of their experiment’s results.
Finding Science Research articles in NCLIVE You can find science articles in a number of different databases in NCLIVE. To get to any NCLIVE database… • First go to NCLIVE (available at www.NCLIVE.org) • Find the full alphabetical list of databases by clicking on “Browse” and then “A-Z Browse All” in the upper left corner
Finding Science Research articles in NCLIVE The databases below all include a range of science articles (this is only a sampling—several other databases may include useful articles) Academic Search Complete CINAHL w/ Full Text Biggest general database for peer- reviewed articles. Database of health-related peer-reviewed articles Health Source: Science Reference Center Nursing/Academic Edition This database includes a sampling of Good source for peer-reviewed science articles from a variety of fields health and medicine related articles
a quick word about searching in databases… If your topic is the effects of smoking cigarettes, try• Searching databases is different than breaking that down into short keywords separated by searching Google the Boolean Operator AND:• Avoid long strings of words, avoid sentences Smoking AND effect or phrases You may also want to experiment with different search• Think about the concepts you want to search. terms: What’s the shortest way of expressing your topic? Cigarettes AND effect Smoking OR cigarettes AND health• Use Boolean Operators (AND, OR, NOT, *, (Tobacco OR smoking) AND (cancer OR effect) “”) to build complex searches out of simple keywords The more you play around with your search terms, the better your search results will be.
a quick word about searching in databases… Always mark off the “Full Text” box. Otherwise, you’ll get search returns for articles you can’t access.Always mark off the “Scholarly(Peer Reviewed) Journals” box.Otherwise, you’ll get search returnsfor articles that aren’t from peerreviewed publications