Henry Oldenburg, the journal’s first editor, began the process of having submissions evaluated by subject experts. Thus begins peer-review.
Published papers by Newton, Faraday, and Darwin.
About scientific literature Every legitimate science research article is published in a peer-reviewed/scholarly science journal. But… Not every article in a peer-reviewed/scholarly science journal is a research article. For example, you may also find editorials, literature reviews, and book reviews. So is there a way to tell if an article is a research article? YES!
Parts of a science research article Abstract Introduction Methods (or Methodology or Materials and Methods) Results Discussion
Finding science journal articles in databases Academic Search Premier Biggest general database for peer-reviewed articles. CINAHL w/ Full Text Database of health-related peer-reviewed articles Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition Good source for peer-reviewed health and medicine related articles GreenFILE Great database for environmental science articles
a quick word about search terms… If your topic is the effects of smoking cigarettes, try breaking that down into short keywords separated by the Boolean Operator AND: Smoking AND effect You may also want to experiment with different search terms: Cigarettes AND effect Smoking OR cigarettes AND health (Tobacco OR smoking) AND (cancer OR effect) The more you play around with your search terms, the better your search results will be.
Searching databases is different than searching Google
Avoid long strings of words, avoid sentences or phrases
Think about the concepts you want to search. What’s the shortest way of expressing
Use Boolean Operators (AND, OR, NOT, *, “”) to build complex searches out of simple keywords
a quick word about setting up searches in databases… Always mark off the “Full Text” box. Otherwise, you’ll get search returns for articles you can’t access. Always mark off the “Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) Journals” box. Otherwise, you’ll get search returns for articles that aren’t from peer reviewed publications 0