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Apa guide 3
 

Apa guide 3

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    Apa guide 3 Apa guide 3 Presentation Transcript

    • MenuWhy Cite?PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and TablesReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources Use the NEXT button below to move forward through the guide and the BACK button to go back a slide, or choose a section from the menu on the left. BACK NEXT
    • Menu Why do we cite?Why Cite? When a scholar or researcher writes a research-based paper, new knowledge isPlagiarism created. The credibility of the new knowledge depends on the credibility of the sources that author uses. When we write research-based papers, we show our sources because it gives greater authority to our conclusions.Getting Started Moreover, not citing sources can result in plagiarism. We’ll talk about ways to avoidIn-text Citations plagiarism in a moment.Figures and TablesReferences Page Why are there different styles?Sample Paper In addition to APA, there are other styles: MLA, Chicago, Harvard, AMA, etc. Why so many? Each style is ideal for a different type of scholarship. The Chicago style, for example, is perfect for historians because of the way it handles footnotes. The AMAAdditional Resources style, on the other hand, is better suited to medical research. This guide covers the APA style, which is popular in the social sciences. BACK NEXT
    • PlagiarismMenu You will want to avoid plagiarism at all cost. Whether it is intentional or accidental, it makes no difference. The consequences for plagiarism can be severe. Properly citing your sources is the best way to avoid it. The video below shouldWhy Cite? give you an overview.PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and TablesReferences PageSample Paper DAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • MenuWhy Cite? Getting StartedPlagiarism In this section we will setting up our papers using basic APA formatting.Getting Started Specifically, this section will cover:In-text Citations 1. MarginsFigures and Tables 2. FontReferences Page 3. Line Spacing D 4. Cover Page HeaderSample Paper 5. Cover PageAdditional Resources 6. Second Page Header BACK NEXT
    • Menu MarginsWhy Cite? APA requires 1 inch margins for top, bottom, right, and left. Here is how to checkPlagiarism your document’s margins in Word 2010. 1 inch margins will usually be selected by default.Getting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and Tables DReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Menu FontWhy Cite? APA asks you to use a 12 point serif font, preferably Times New Roman.PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and Tables DReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Menu Line SpacingWhy Cite? APA requires your paper be double-spaced. Click on the Home tab and select the Line and Paragraph Spacing button. By default your document will be set to 1.15.Plagiarism Change that to 2.0 (seen below).Getting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and Tables DReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Menu Header APA requires that you place “Running head: TITLE OF YOUR PAPER” in theWhy Cite? left-hand corner of your paper and the page number in the right. Here’s how to do this is Word 2010:PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and Tables DReferences Page First go to the Insert tab (seen here). Select Header, and then choose EditSample Paper Header.Additional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Header cont.Menu Once we clicked Edit Header, the Header & Footer Tools tab opened up. This first step is important: we need to check off the “Different First Page” box. This isWhy Cite? because APA requires that the first page header be slightly different than subsequent pages.PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and Tables D We will add our page number first. Select “Page Number” and “Top of Page” as seenReferences Page below. Choose the page number that runs to the far right.Sample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Header cont.Menu On the title page your header must be formatted like this: “Running head: TITLE OF YOUR PAPER.” NOTE: for longer titles, use an abbreviated version.Why Cite? Once you have added your page number, immediately begin typing in your title (see below).PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and Tables DReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources Hit the Tab key on your keyboard once or twice to push your title to the left hand side of your paper. BACK NEXT
    • Menu Header cont. Close out of the header by clicking “Close Header and Footer” or by hitting the ESC key on your keyboard.Why Cite?PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and Tables D Remember, the title page header is different than subsequent pages. Once we haveReferences Page finished our cover page and moved onto page two, we will need to add the header again. This will be the heading for the remainder of your paper. Follow the same process asSample Paper before, except for the final step.Additional Resources 1. Choose Insert tab 2. Select Header , then Edit Header 3. Add a page number 4. Type in your title in all capital letters. This time will are omitting “Running header:” BACK NEXT
    • Menu Cover PageWhy Cite? The cover page of an APA formatted document includes the following information:Plagiarism o Full title of your paper o Your name o Your institutional affiliation (ie, Carteret Community College)Getting Started Begin by hitting the enter key four to six times or until you’re about a third of theIn-text Citations way down the page. Your cover page must be centered, so select the center option (seen below).Figures and Tables DReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Cover PageMenu First type in your paper’s title and hit enter. Now type in your own name and hit enter. Finally, type in: Carteret Community College. Your cover page should look very similar to the one below:Why Cite?PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and Tables DReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Menu Second Page headerWhy Cite? After finishing the cover page, you can hit the enter key until you drop to the secondPlagiarism page, or else select the Insert tab and hit Page Break. Either way, we are now on page two.Getting Started Because we selected Different First Page on the header menu, we will need to addIn-text Citations our header again. So once more:Figures and Tables 1. Select the Insert tab. DReferences Page 2. Choose Header, and Edit Header. 3. Choose Page Number and select the right side page number. 4. In all capital letters type your papers name. NOTE: this time we are notSample Paper adding “Running head:” to the title. 5. Hit the ESC key on your keyboard, or the Close Header & Footer buttonAdditional Resources instead. BACK NEXT
    • AbstractMenu Once the new header is added to page two, you can add an abstract of your paper. An abstract is a summary of the content of your paper.Why Cite?Plagiarism 1. Type and center “Abstract” onGetting Started the first line 2. Without indenting, type in yourIn-text Citations abstract beginning on line two.Figures and Tables 3. Immediately below the abstract, indent and type DReferences Page “Keywords:” in italics.Sample Paper 4. Add keywords that describe the content of your paper.Additional Resources 5. Hit the enter key until you drop to the third page, or else select the Insert tab and hit Page Break. BACK NEXT
    • Menu Third Page On the first line, type in the name of your paper, but this time not in all capitals. HitWhy Cite? enter and then tab. You can now begin typing in the text of your paper. Your second page should look very similar to the example below:PlagiarismGetting Started 3In-text CitationsFigures and Tables DReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Menu In-text CitationsWhy Cite?Plagiarism Use in-text citations every time you reference information from an outside source.Getting Started The general format for APA in-text citations is:In-text Citations (author, year-of-publication) If you are quoting directly from the source, you will also need to include the pageFigures and Tables number. Cite it like this:References Page (author, year-of-publication, p.xxx)Sample Paper Here’s a typical example:Additional Resources Reading is best done in a well-lit area (Spence, 2003). BACK NEXT
    • Menu In-text CitationsWhy Cite?Plagiarism When you refer to the author by name in your paper, you can leave the author’s name out of the citation. Here’s an example:Getting Started Mayfield (2009) noted that the theory was first popularized in the early post-In-text Citations war years. Here’s an example where a direct quote is included:Figures and Tables As Christgau (2009) noted, “by second hearing its loveliness is almost literallyReferences Page haunting, an aural déjà vu” (p. 117).Sample Paper The important thing is that you always include the author’s name, the publication date, and when quoting directly, the page number. And when you include theAdditional Resources author’s name in your document, do not include it in the citation. BACK NEXT
    • MenuWhy Cite? In-text CitationsPlagiarismGetting Started What if your source has more than one author? Use the formats below:In-text Citations One author (Wilson, 2011) Two authors (Wilson & Love, 2011)Figures and Tables Three authors (Wilson, Love, & Jardine, 2011) Four authors (Wilson, Love, Jardine & Johnston, 2011) Five authors (Wilson, Love, Jardine, Johnston, & Campbell, 2011)References Page Six authors (Wilson et al., 2011)Sample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • MenuWhy Cite? Longer QuotationsPlagiarism At times you may need to quote an extended passage from a book. If the quote is more than 40 words long, you need to use a block quote. Do not use quotationGetting Started marks around block quotes. Finally, the citation goes outside the period that ends the quote. Here’s an example:In-text Citations Christgau (2009) wrote:Figures and Tables Painfully crackpot and painfully sung, but also inspired, not least because itReferences Page calls forth forbidden emotions. For a surrogate teenager to bare his growing pains so guilelessly was exciting, or at least charming; for an avowed adult toSample Paper expose an almost childish naivete is embarrassing, but also cathartic; and for a rock and roll hero to compose a verbally and musically irresistible paean to Johnny Carson is an act of shamanism pure and simple. (p. 117)Additional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Menu Figures and Tables In APA, any figures and tables you wish to include are not included in the main textWhy Cite? of your paper. Instead they are placed on a separate page(s) after the references page. APA also states:Plagiarism • Figures and tables should not be included in your research papers if the figure or table does not add substantively to the understanding of the paper or duplicatesGetting Started other elements of the paper.In-text Citations • All elements within the figure or table should be labeled or explained.Figures and Tables • Figures and tables must be referenced in text and given proper credit in the figure or table caption.References PageSample Paper In Text ExamplesAdditional Resources Etiam at turpis augue. Ut ut mattis arcu (see Figure 1). Phasellus mattis, risus eu dapibus accumsan, enim turpis viverra erat, et adipiscing neque felis et metus (see Table 1). BACK NEXT
    • Menu 4Why Cite?PlagiarismGetting Started FiguresIn-text Citations and Tables cont.Figures and Tables To the right is an example of a figure and table. This page would appear after theReferences Page references page.Sample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • References PageMenu Putting together a references page correctly is not difficult, but it does require some attention to detail. Here is an example:Why Cite?Plagiarism 5Getting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and TablesReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Menu References Page To get started:Why Cite? 1. On line one, type: References 2. Center it and go to line twoPlagiarism 3. Begin typing in your first reference. References must be in alphabetical order, based on author’s last name. We can change the indentation toGetting Started match the example below after we have typed them all in.In-text Citations 6Figures and Tables DReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • MenuWhy Cite? References PagePlagiarismGetting Started References are formatted differently depending on the format of your source, but all APA references follow this basic pattern:In-text Citations Author, Date, Title, Publication information, Page numberFigures and Tables This guide will cover book, periodical, and website referencing. See “Additional resources” to find information on other formats.References PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Menu Book ReferencesWhy Cite? Print books:Plagiarism Author, A. A. (year of publication). Title of work. Location: Publisher.Getting Started Notice that we: 1. Use initials for the author’s first name.In-text Citations 2. Italicize the title. 3. Capitalize only the first word of the title, with the exception of any properFigures and Tables nouns.References Page Here are a couple of examples:Sample Paper Hesse, H. (2008). The journey to the East. New Delhi, India: Heritage.Additional Resources Nietzsche, F. (1998). Twilight of the idols, or, how to philosophize with a hammer. New York, NY: Penguin. BACK NEXT
    • Menu Book ReferencesWhy Cite? eBooks:Plagiarism Author, A. A. (year of publication). Title of work. Retrieved fromGetting Started http://www.xxxxxxxxIn-text Citations Notice that we still: 1. Use initials for the author’s first name. 2. Italicize the title.Figures and Tables 3. Capitalize only the first word of the title, with the exception of any proper nouns.References Page 4. Replace the publisher information with the URLSample Paper Here is an example:Additional Resources Nietzsche, F. (1998). Twilight of the idols, or, how to philosophize with a hammer. Retrieved from http://www.netlibrary.com/summary.asp?id=12314 BACK NEXT
    • MenuWhy Cite? Periodical ReferencesPlagiarism Print ArticlesGetting Started Author, A. A. (year of publication). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume(issue), pp-pp.In-text Citations Notice that we:Figures and Tables 1. Use initials for the author’s first name. 2. Italicize the periodical’s title, not the article’s title.References Page 3. Capitalize only the first word of the article title, with the exception of any proper nouns.Sample Paper 4. Fully capitalize the periodical’s title. Here is an example:Additional Resources Jung, C. (2011). Warming to the rising sun. Food Arts, 2(2), 62-65. BACK NEXT
    • Menu Periodical ReferencesWhy Cite? Electronic Articles:Plagiarism Author, A. A. (year of publication). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume(issue), pp-pp. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxxxxGetting Started NOTE: if you have the DOI number for an article, use that instead of the “RetrievedIn-text Citations from” line.Figures and Tables Here are a couple examples. Notice in the first example we use a “Retrieved from” link, while in the second we use the DOI number:References Page Alexander, C. (2011, March 23). Canes feeling loose. News & Observer. Retrieved from http://www.newsobserver.com/Sample Paper Tsirlin, A. A. (2008). Irreversible microeconomics: OptimalAdditional Resources processes and equilibrium in closed systems. Automation & Remote Control, 69(7), 1201-1215. doi:10.1134/S0005117908070114 BACK NEXT
    • Menu Website ReferencesWhy Cite? Webpage on a Website:Plagiarism Author, A. A., & Author, A. A. (Date of publication). Title of article orGetting Started document. Title of Website. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxxxxxxIn-text Citations Notice that we: 1. Use initials for the author’s first name.Figures and Tables 2. Capitalize only the first word of the article title, with the exception of any proper nouns.References Page 3. Fully capitalize (and italicize) the website’s name.Sample Paper Here is an example:Additional Resources Marshall, J. (2011, March 24). What could go wrong? Talking Points Memo. Retrieved from http://talkingpointsmemo.com/ BACK NEXT
    • References PageMenu We should now have our references sorted alphabetically on our references page (as seen below). APA requires that all references appear with hanging indentation. WeWhy Cite? will now look at how to apply hanging indent to our references.PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and TablesReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • References PageMenu Highlight your references (as seen below)Why Cite?PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and TablesReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Menu References Page With your references highlighted, click on the Paragraph dialog box.Why Cite?PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and TablesReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Menu References Page Look for the drop box for “Special” indentation (seen below). Select “Hanging.”Why Cite?PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and TablesReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Menu References Page Your references page should now be finished.Why Cite?PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and TablesReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • Menu Sample Paper A sample APA paper is included below. Just click on the paper.Why Cite?PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and TablesReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK NEXT
    • MenuWhy Cite?Plagiarism Additional Resources To see more examples of APA references, try here:Getting Started APA Reference examplesIn-text Citations These online guides to APA may also be helpful: Research and Documentation Online, APA guideFigures and Tables Purdue Owl APA guideReferences Page You can find additional APA sample papers here: APA sample paper 2Sample Paper APA sample paper 3Additional Resources BACK NEXT
    • MenuWhy Cite?PlagiarismGetting StartedIn-text CitationsFigures and Tables FINIReferences PageSample PaperAdditional Resources BACK