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The production of speech
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The production of speech


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  • 1. An airstream initiated by the lungs is known as pulmonic. Produce speech sound
  • 2. AIR (pushed out) Vocal cord THROAT into MOUTH and NOSE LUNG out of the body Egressiv e pulmoni c airstrea m
  • 3.  tube that starts above the larynx and ends behind the root of the tongue.  Can be seen when the mouth is opened Top end of tube Back of the oral cavity The opening of the way through nasal cavity
  • 4.  Soft part of the mouth (can feel it if lift the tongue backwards and upwards) May be raised • To block the passage of the nasal cavity • The airstream can only escape through the oral cavity • Oral sound = /s/ and /t/ Can be lowered • To block the oral cavity • Air can only escape through nasal cavity • Nasal consonants = /m/ /n/ and /𝔶/
  • 5.  ‘Roof of the mouth’  Can feel its smooth curved with the tongue  Palatal /j/ is produced.
  • 6.  Located directly behind the top front teeth.  Its surface is covered with little ridges.  Alveolar sounds = /t/ and /d/
  • 7.  Very important and flexible articulator Tongue Tip Blade FrontBack Root
  • 8.  Lined round the upper and lower sides of the mouth(back almost to the soft palate)  are produced when the tongue in the contact with the upper teeth  Dental sound = /𝜽/ and /ð/
  • 9. • The lips can be pressed together and released suddenly  /p/ and /b/ • or rounded  Vowel /u:/ SOUND Using the lips Labial Bilabial (if both lips are involved) Lips contact with teeth (/f/) Labiodentals
  • 10.  Known as Adam’s apple or voice box  Located in the larynx are the vocal cords (control the passage of air to and from lung)  The vibration of the larynx when to produce voiced sound /z/
  • 11.  The movement of the jaws (the lower one) helps a lot in speaking  Are not articulators as the same way as others (cannot make contact with other articulators)
  • 12.  Important part of vocal apparatus of making sound (nasal consonants /m/,/n/)  Are not moveable so cannot be considered as articulators.