Ajab India Ki Kahani
 
 
 
 
 
15 th  August , 1947 Indian Independence 26 th  January , 1950 Republic- India
 
 
 
 
August 15th, Independence Day in India
India's Independence Day on August 15 th  commemorates the end of British rule in 1947.
The day is a national holiday in India and celebrated all over the country.
This is also the day when India and Pakistan were divided into two separate countries.
On August 15th, you’ll find tricolor flags and buntings everywhere.
… while buildings of national importance are illuminated. Public Domain picture from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:2...
 
The Prime Minister of India hoists the national flag at the Red Fort in New Delhi.
Families and friends get together for lunch or dinner, or for a picnic.
The homes are decorated with saffron, white, and green, the colors of the Indian flag.
Happy   Independence  Day
Carried  With   Care
Coated  with  Pride
Dipped   in   Love
Fly   in  Glory
Moments   of   Freedom  in   Shades   of   Joy
 
India never invaded any country in her last 10,000 years of history.
Nationals
National  Flag   -  Tricolour (Tiranga)
National  Emblem   -  Satyameva Jayate
National  Song – Vande Matram
National  Anthem – Jana Gana Mana
National  Animal   -  Tiger
National  Bird  -  Peacock
National  Flower - Lotus
National  Festivals – Indian Independence Day, Gandhi Jayati, Republic Day
National  Emblem “ Truth alone triumphs”
Great Indian Personalities
Invented the Zero Aryabhatta /  Aryabhattacharya
Mahatma Gandhi Father of the nation  Embodiment of Non- Violence
Swami Vivekananda Champion of humanitarianism
 
Great Indian Mathematician Postulated and proved 3,542 theorems  Ramanujam
Rabindranath Tagore 1913 – Nobel  Prize in Literature
1930  -  Nobel Laureate in Physics  Work on scattering of light and Raman effect C.V Raman
1968 -  Nobel Laureate in Medicine   Work on interpretation of the genetic code Har Gobind Khorana
1979 – Nobel  Prize in Peace Mother Teresa
Subramanyan Chandrasekhar 1983 - Nobel Laureate in Physics Work on structure and evolution of stars
Dance Forms
More than 45 folk dances
7 Classical Dance forms
Bharata Natyam- Tamil Nadu
Kathak-Noth Indian States
Kathakali- Kerla
Kuchipudi- Andhra Pradesh
Manipuri-Manipur
Mohini Attam-Kerla
Odissi- Orissa
More than 15 vocal forms More than 60 music instruments
India - God’s own country Celebrates more than 65 festivals
Places of Historic Importance
Tirumala - Tirupati World’s richest temple
Saint Thomas Cathedral Statue of Virgin Mary brought from Portugal in 1543
The Golden Temple
 
 
Jamma Masjid The biggest mosque in India
Thousand pillar temple
Gateway of India
Jantar Mantar – 1716 Modernistic structures to observe the movement of stars
Mysore Palace Illuminated by 97,000 light bulbs
Buddha Statue Largest monolithic statue in Asia
Dal Lake Jewel in the crown of Kashmir
The Taj Mahal
Calcutta – City of joy
Cherrapunji Wettest place on earth
Facts & Figures
5000 year Civilization
<ul><li>325 languages spoken  </li></ul><ul><li>1,652 dialects </li></ul>
3.28 million sq. kilometers Area 7,516 kilometers Coastline
1,326,597,003   people in 2000
Parliamentary form of Government
Secular democratic constitution
4 th  Largest Economy
Worlds largest democracy since 60 years
One of the fastest growing  IT super power
Indian Railways, the world’s biggest employer in the world
Capital – New Delhi
Largest City –  Mumbai
Currency –  Indian Rupee
Calling Code –  +91
Independence: 15 th  August, 1947
History
Future
<ul><li>&quot;In India today,  </li></ul><ul><li>we have a lady born a Catholic  (Sonia Gandhi)  </li></ul><ul><li>steppin...
<ul><li>Goldman Sachs Report of 1 October, 2003 – </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Dreaming with BRICs: The path to 2050” </li></ul...
<ul><li>Progress during the last 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty (incidence) </li></ul><ul><li>1980s 1990s 2000 </li></...
<ul><li>India’s population to be the largest in the world </li></ul><ul><li>India is set to overtake China as the world's ...
Yoga -   Made in India Origin –5000 BC Documented by 200 BC – 300 AD
Origin of Martial arts – 200 BC Kalarippayat
Chess... MADE IN INDIA
has the largest number of Post Offices in the world
Until 1896, India was the only source of dia monds in the world  (Source: Gemological Institute of America)
India exports software  to 90 countries.
Islam is India's and the world's second  largest religion.
Jainism and Buddhism were founded  in  India in 600 B.C. and 500 B.C. respectively.
National  Emblem “ Truth alone triumphs”
India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta .
The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India in 100 BC.
This method of graduated calculation was documented in the Pancha-Siddhantika (Five Principles) in the 5th Century  But th...
The value of pi was first calculated by Budhayana, & he explained the concept of what is now known as the Pythagorean Theo...
Algebra, Trigonometry &  Calculus  came from India.
Quadratic equations were by Sridharacharya in the 11th Century
The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 10**6(10 to the power of 6) whereas Hindus used numbers as big as ...
The World's first university was established in Takshila in 700BC.  More than 10,500 students from all over the world stud...
Sanskrit is the mother of all the European languages. Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software reporte...
According to the Forbes magazine, Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software
Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. Time...
Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans.Charaka, the father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 yea...
The art of Navigation was born in the river Sindh 6000 years ago.  The very word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit w...
According to the Gemological Institute of America, up until 1896, India was the only source for diamonds to the world.
Chess (Shataranja or AshtaPada) was invented in India
Sushruta is the father of surgery.  2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries li...
Over 125 surgical equipment were used Deep knowledge of anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, ...
When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu V...
 
Mythology
AUM or OM The first sound of the Almighty Oneness with the supreme
G enerates -  Brahma O bserves -  Vishnu D estroys -  Shiva Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva The Trinity Our  GOD :
The Great Indian Epics Ramayana Mahabharata Longest Epic in world literature  with  100,000  two-line stanzas (DOHA) The f...
 
But this  INDIA  today is gifted to us By the sacrifices of our leaders who gave us independence.
FREEDOM FIGHTERS
Lala Lajpat Rai  (1865 – 1928 )
 
 
Bal Gangadhar Tilak   ( 1856 -1920 )
 
 
Jawaharlal Nehru ( 1889 – 1964 )
 
Jawaharlal Nehru as the first Prime Minister
Mahatma Gandhi ( 1869 – 1948 )
Young Mohandas K. Gandhi,    1876
Gandhi as a Young Barrister in Natal
Gandhi as a Lawyer in  Johannesburg, So. Africa
Gandhi and His Wife, Kasturba, 1915
Gandhi spinning cloth
Gandhi and His Grandaughters, 1947
1948: The news of Gandhi's assassination hits the streets. A stunned crowd gathers in Calcutta.
1948: Crowds in New Delhi wait for a glimpse of Gandhi's funeral procession.
Subhash Chandra Bose
 
 
Last Viceroy of India  Lord Louis & Lady Edwina Montbatten
Movements to Freedom
Non Co-operation Movement
 
Dandi March
 
 
 
Quit India Movement
 
 
Civil Disobedience Movement
 
 
Partition of India
A Library being divided at the time of partition. Heart trembles to see this sight and it is tough to imagine the state of...
 
 
 
 
“ India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend,...
&quot;India was the motherland of our race  and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages.  India was the mother of our ph...
“ If there is one place on the face of this Earth where all the dreams of  living men have found a home from the very earl...
“ We owe a lot to the  Indians,  who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have b...
“ India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her ...
“ Many of the advances in the sciences  that we consider today to have been made in Europe were in fact  made in India cen...
The  future   belongs to  India . Jai Hind.
 
 
Mera Bharat Mahan
Let’s Be Like This Child
 
Be Proud of Being an Indian J a i   H i n d !
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Independence Day

  1. 3. Ajab India Ki Kahani
  2. 9. 15 th August , 1947 Indian Independence 26 th January , 1950 Republic- India
  3. 14. August 15th, Independence Day in India
  4. 15. India's Independence Day on August 15 th commemorates the end of British rule in 1947.
  5. 16. The day is a national holiday in India and celebrated all over the country.
  6. 17. This is also the day when India and Pakistan were divided into two separate countries.
  7. 18. On August 15th, you’ll find tricolor flags and buntings everywhere.
  8. 19. … while buildings of national importance are illuminated. Public Domain picture from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:20060302-16_d-1386-515h.jpg
  9. 21. The Prime Minister of India hoists the national flag at the Red Fort in New Delhi.
  10. 22. Families and friends get together for lunch or dinner, or for a picnic.
  11. 23. The homes are decorated with saffron, white, and green, the colors of the Indian flag.
  12. 24. Happy Independence Day
  13. 25. Carried With Care
  14. 26. Coated with Pride
  15. 27. Dipped in Love
  16. 28. Fly in Glory
  17. 29. Moments of Freedom in Shades of Joy
  18. 31. India never invaded any country in her last 10,000 years of history.
  19. 32. Nationals
  20. 33. National Flag - Tricolour (Tiranga)
  21. 34. National Emblem - Satyameva Jayate
  22. 35. National Song – Vande Matram
  23. 36. National Anthem – Jana Gana Mana
  24. 37. National Animal - Tiger
  25. 38. National Bird - Peacock
  26. 39. National Flower - Lotus
  27. 40. National Festivals – Indian Independence Day, Gandhi Jayati, Republic Day
  28. 41. National Emblem “ Truth alone triumphs”
  29. 42. Great Indian Personalities
  30. 43. Invented the Zero Aryabhatta / Aryabhattacharya
  31. 44. Mahatma Gandhi Father of the nation Embodiment of Non- Violence
  32. 45. Swami Vivekananda Champion of humanitarianism
  33. 47. Great Indian Mathematician Postulated and proved 3,542 theorems Ramanujam
  34. 48. Rabindranath Tagore 1913 – Nobel Prize in Literature
  35. 49. 1930 - Nobel Laureate in Physics Work on scattering of light and Raman effect C.V Raman
  36. 50. 1968 - Nobel Laureate in Medicine Work on interpretation of the genetic code Har Gobind Khorana
  37. 51. 1979 – Nobel Prize in Peace Mother Teresa
  38. 52. Subramanyan Chandrasekhar 1983 - Nobel Laureate in Physics Work on structure and evolution of stars
  39. 53. Dance Forms
  40. 54. More than 45 folk dances
  41. 55. 7 Classical Dance forms
  42. 56. Bharata Natyam- Tamil Nadu
  43. 57. Kathak-Noth Indian States
  44. 58. Kathakali- Kerla
  45. 59. Kuchipudi- Andhra Pradesh
  46. 60. Manipuri-Manipur
  47. 61. Mohini Attam-Kerla
  48. 62. Odissi- Orissa
  49. 63. More than 15 vocal forms More than 60 music instruments
  50. 64. India - God’s own country Celebrates more than 65 festivals
  51. 65. Places of Historic Importance
  52. 66. Tirumala - Tirupati World’s richest temple
  53. 67. Saint Thomas Cathedral Statue of Virgin Mary brought from Portugal in 1543
  54. 68. The Golden Temple
  55. 71. Jamma Masjid The biggest mosque in India
  56. 72. Thousand pillar temple
  57. 73. Gateway of India
  58. 74. Jantar Mantar – 1716 Modernistic structures to observe the movement of stars
  59. 75. Mysore Palace Illuminated by 97,000 light bulbs
  60. 76. Buddha Statue Largest monolithic statue in Asia
  61. 77. Dal Lake Jewel in the crown of Kashmir
  62. 78. The Taj Mahal
  63. 79. Calcutta – City of joy
  64. 80. Cherrapunji Wettest place on earth
  65. 81. Facts & Figures
  66. 82. 5000 year Civilization
  67. 83. <ul><li>325 languages spoken </li></ul><ul><li>1,652 dialects </li></ul>
  68. 84. 3.28 million sq. kilometers Area 7,516 kilometers Coastline
  69. 85. 1,326,597,003 people in 2000
  70. 86. Parliamentary form of Government
  71. 87. Secular democratic constitution
  72. 88. 4 th Largest Economy
  73. 89. Worlds largest democracy since 60 years
  74. 90. One of the fastest growing IT super power
  75. 91. Indian Railways, the world’s biggest employer in the world
  76. 92. Capital – New Delhi
  77. 93. Largest City – Mumbai
  78. 94. Currency – Indian Rupee
  79. 95. Calling Code – +91
  80. 96. Independence: 15 th August, 1947
  81. 97. History
  82. 98. Future
  83. 99. <ul><li>&quot;In India today, </li></ul><ul><li>we have a lady born a Catholic (Sonia Gandhi) </li></ul><ul><li>stepping aside so a Sikh (Manmohan Singh) </li></ul><ul><li>could be sworn in by a Muslim president (Abdul Kalam) </li></ul><ul><li>to lead a nation that's 82% Hindu. </li></ul><ul><li>I defy anyone to cite another country with such diversity and tolerance to its political leadership.&quot; </li></ul>Secular Tolerance
  84. 100. <ul><li>Goldman Sachs Report of 1 October, 2003 – </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Dreaming with BRICs: The path to 2050” </li></ul><ul><li>India's GDP will reach $ 1 trillion by 2011, </li></ul><ul><li>$ 2 trillion by 2020, </li></ul><ul><li>$ 3 trillion by 2025, </li></ul><ul><li>$ 6 trillion by 2032, </li></ul><ul><li>$ 10 trillion by 2038, and </li></ul><ul><li>$ 27 trillion by 2050, </li></ul><ul><li>becoming the 3rd largest economy after USA and China. </li></ul><ul><li>In terms of GDP, India will overtake Italy by the year 2016, France by 2019, UK by 2022, </li></ul><ul><li>Germany by 2023, and Japan by 2032. </li></ul>
  85. 101. <ul><li>Progress during the last 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty (incidence) </li></ul><ul><li>1980s 1990s 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>44% 36% 26% </li></ul><ul><li>Education (literacy rate) </li></ul><ul><li>1980s 1990s 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>44% 52% 65% </li></ul><ul><li>Health (life expectancy) </li></ul><ul><li>1980s 1990s 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>56 60 69 </li></ul>Source: World Bank (2003)
  86. 102. <ul><li>India’s population to be the largest in the world </li></ul><ul><li>India is set to overtake China as the world's most populous nation by 2050. </li></ul><ul><li>India’s population is expected to grow from 1.08bn to 1.63bn people, overtaking China, which is forecast to reach 1.44bn from 1.3bn currently. </li></ul><ul><li>India, will also have the highest working population in the World — 700 million people out of 1.1 billion people are young; the young population will continue till 2050. </li></ul>
  87. 103. Yoga - Made in India Origin –5000 BC Documented by 200 BC – 300 AD
  88. 104. Origin of Martial arts – 200 BC Kalarippayat
  89. 105. Chess... MADE IN INDIA
  90. 106. has the largest number of Post Offices in the world
  91. 107. Until 1896, India was the only source of dia monds in the world  (Source: Gemological Institute of America)
  92. 108. India exports software to 90 countries.
  93. 109. Islam is India's and the world's second largest religion.
  94. 110. Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 B.C. and 500 B.C. respectively.
  95. 111. National Emblem “ Truth alone triumphs”
  96. 112. India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta .
  97. 113. The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India in 100 BC.
  98. 114. This method of graduated calculation was documented in the Pancha-Siddhantika (Five Principles) in the 5th Century  But the technique is said to be dating from Vedic times circa 2000 B.C.
  99. 115. The value of pi was first calculated by Budhayana, & he explained the concept of what is now known as the Pythagorean Theorem British scholars have last year (1999) officially published that Budhayan's works date back to the 6th Century, which is long before the European mathematicians
  100. 116. Algebra, Trigonometry & Calculus came from India.
  101. 117. Quadratic equations were by Sridharacharya in the 11th Century
  102. 118. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 10**6(10 to the power of 6) whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10**53(10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 BCE during the Vedic period Even today, the largest used number is Tera 10**12(10 to the power of 12) ‏
  103. 119. The World's first university was established in Takshila in 700BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century BC was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.
  104. 120. Sanskrit is the mother of all the European languages. Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software reported in Forbes magazine, July 1987.
  105. 121. According to the Forbes magazine, Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software
  106. 122. Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. Time taken by earth to orbit the sun: (5th century) 365.258756484 days
  107. 123. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans.Charaka, the father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. Today Ayurveda is fast regaining its rightful place in our civilization.
  108. 124. The art of Navigation was born in the river Sindh 6000 years ago. The very word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also derived from Sanskrit 'Nou'.
  109. 125. According to the Gemological Institute of America, up until 1896, India was the only source for diamonds to the world.
  110. 126. Chess (Shataranja or AshtaPada) was invented in India
  111. 127. Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries like cesareans, cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and even plastic surgery and brain surgery. Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India
  112. 128. Over 125 surgical equipment were used Deep knowledge of anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity is also found in many texts
  113. 129. When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley(Indus Valley Civilization) ‏
  114. 131. Mythology
  115. 132. AUM or OM The first sound of the Almighty Oneness with the supreme
  116. 133. G enerates - Brahma O bserves - Vishnu D estroys - Shiva Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva The Trinity Our GOD :
  117. 134. The Great Indian Epics Ramayana Mahabharata Longest Epic in world literature with 100,000 two-line stanzas (DOHA) The first Indian epic
  118. 136. But this INDIA today is gifted to us By the sacrifices of our leaders who gave us independence.
  119. 137. FREEDOM FIGHTERS
  120. 138. Lala Lajpat Rai (1865 – 1928 )
  121. 141. Bal Gangadhar Tilak ( 1856 -1920 )
  122. 144. Jawaharlal Nehru ( 1889 – 1964 )
  123. 146. Jawaharlal Nehru as the first Prime Minister
  124. 147. Mahatma Gandhi ( 1869 – 1948 )
  125. 148. Young Mohandas K. Gandhi, 1876
  126. 149. Gandhi as a Young Barrister in Natal
  127. 150. Gandhi as a Lawyer in Johannesburg, So. Africa
  128. 151. Gandhi and His Wife, Kasturba, 1915
  129. 152. Gandhi spinning cloth
  130. 153. Gandhi and His Grandaughters, 1947
  131. 154. 1948: The news of Gandhi's assassination hits the streets. A stunned crowd gathers in Calcutta.
  132. 155. 1948: Crowds in New Delhi wait for a glimpse of Gandhi's funeral procession.
  133. 156. Subhash Chandra Bose
  134. 159. Last Viceroy of India Lord Louis & Lady Edwina Montbatten
  135. 160. Movements to Freedom
  136. 161. Non Co-operation Movement
  137. 163. Dandi March
  138. 167. Quit India Movement
  139. 170. Civil Disobedience Movement
  140. 173. Partition of India
  141. 174. A Library being divided at the time of partition. Heart trembles to see this sight and it is tough to imagine the state of the nation at the moment when people needed to hold hands
  142. 179. “ India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most constructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only” Mark Twain
  143. 180. &quot;India was the motherland of our race and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages. India was the mother of our philosophy, of much of our mathematics, of the ideals embodied in Christianity... of self-government and democracy. In many ways, Mother India is the mother of us all.&quot; - Will Durant - American Historian 1885-1981
  144. 181. “ If there is one place on the face of this Earth where all the dreams of  living men have found a home from the very earliest days when Man  began the dream of existence, it is India.&quot; Romain Rolland - French Philosopher 1886-1944
  145. 182. “ We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made” Albert Einstein
  146. 183. “ India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border.” Hu Shih, former Ambassador of China to USA
  147. 184. “ Many of the advances in the sciences that we consider today to have been made in Europe were in fact made in India centuries ago” Grant Duff British Historian of India
  148. 185. The future belongs to India . Jai Hind.
  149. 188. Mera Bharat Mahan
  150. 189. Let’s Be Like This Child
  151. 191. Be Proud of Being an Indian J a i H i n d !
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