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  • 1.  
  • 2.  
  • 3. Ajab India Ki Kahani
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9. 15 th August , 1947 Indian Independence 26 th January , 1950 Republic- India
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. August 15th, Independence Day in India
  • 15. India's Independence Day on August 15 th commemorates the end of British rule in 1947.
  • 16. The day is a national holiday in India and celebrated all over the country.
  • 17. This is also the day when India and Pakistan were divided into two separate countries.
  • 18. On August 15th, you’ll find tricolor flags and buntings everywhere.
  • 19. … while buildings of national importance are illuminated. Public Domain picture from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:20060302-16_d-1386-515h.jpg
  • 20.  
  • 21. The Prime Minister of India hoists the national flag at the Red Fort in New Delhi.
  • 22. Families and friends get together for lunch or dinner, or for a picnic.
  • 23. The homes are decorated with saffron, white, and green, the colors of the Indian flag.
  • 24. Happy Independence Day
  • 25. Carried With Care
  • 26. Coated with Pride
  • 27. Dipped in Love
  • 28. Fly in Glory
  • 29. Moments of Freedom in Shades of Joy
  • 30.  
  • 31. India never invaded any country in her last 10,000 years of history.
  • 32. Nationals
  • 33. National Flag - Tricolour (Tiranga)
  • 34. National Emblem - Satyameva Jayate
  • 35. National Song – Vande Matram
  • 36. National Anthem – Jana Gana Mana
  • 37. National Animal - Tiger
  • 38. National Bird - Peacock
  • 39. National Flower - Lotus
  • 40. National Festivals – Indian Independence Day, Gandhi Jayati, Republic Day
  • 41. National Emblem “ Truth alone triumphs”
  • 42. Great Indian Personalities
  • 43. Invented the Zero Aryabhatta / Aryabhattacharya
  • 44. Mahatma Gandhi Father of the nation Embodiment of Non- Violence
  • 45. Swami Vivekananda Champion of humanitarianism
  • 46.  
  • 47. Great Indian Mathematician Postulated and proved 3,542 theorems Ramanujam
  • 48. Rabindranath Tagore 1913 – Nobel Prize in Literature
  • 49. 1930 - Nobel Laureate in Physics Work on scattering of light and Raman effect C.V Raman
  • 50. 1968 - Nobel Laureate in Medicine Work on interpretation of the genetic code Har Gobind Khorana
  • 51. 1979 – Nobel Prize in Peace Mother Teresa
  • 52. Subramanyan Chandrasekhar 1983 - Nobel Laureate in Physics Work on structure and evolution of stars
  • 53. Dance Forms
  • 54. More than 45 folk dances
  • 55. 7 Classical Dance forms
  • 56. Bharata Natyam- Tamil Nadu
  • 57. Kathak-Noth Indian States
  • 58. Kathakali- Kerla
  • 59. Kuchipudi- Andhra Pradesh
  • 60. Manipuri-Manipur
  • 61. Mohini Attam-Kerla
  • 62. Odissi- Orissa
  • 63. More than 15 vocal forms More than 60 music instruments
  • 64. India - God’s own country Celebrates more than 65 festivals
  • 65. Places of Historic Importance
  • 66. Tirumala - Tirupati World’s richest temple
  • 67. Saint Thomas Cathedral Statue of Virgin Mary brought from Portugal in 1543
  • 68. The Golden Temple
  • 69.  
  • 70.  
  • 71. Jamma Masjid The biggest mosque in India
  • 72. Thousand pillar temple
  • 73. Gateway of India
  • 74. Jantar Mantar – 1716 Modernistic structures to observe the movement of stars
  • 75. Mysore Palace Illuminated by 97,000 light bulbs
  • 76. Buddha Statue Largest monolithic statue in Asia
  • 77. Dal Lake Jewel in the crown of Kashmir
  • 78. The Taj Mahal
  • 79. Calcutta – City of joy
  • 80. Cherrapunji Wettest place on earth
  • 81. Facts & Figures
  • 82. 5000 year Civilization
  • 83.
    • 325 languages spoken
    • 1,652 dialects
  • 84. 3.28 million sq. kilometers Area 7,516 kilometers Coastline
  • 85. 1,326,597,003 people in 2000
  • 86. Parliamentary form of Government
  • 87. Secular democratic constitution
  • 88. 4 th Largest Economy
  • 89. Worlds largest democracy since 60 years
  • 90. One of the fastest growing IT super power
  • 91. Indian Railways, the world’s biggest employer in the world
  • 92. Capital – New Delhi
  • 93. Largest City – Mumbai
  • 94. Currency – Indian Rupee
  • 95. Calling Code – +91
  • 96. Independence: 15 th August, 1947
  • 97. History
  • 98. Future
  • 99.
    • "In India today,
    • we have a lady born a Catholic (Sonia Gandhi)
    • stepping aside so a Sikh (Manmohan Singh)
    • could be sworn in by a Muslim president (Abdul Kalam)
    • to lead a nation that's 82% Hindu.
    • I defy anyone to cite another country with such diversity and tolerance to its political leadership."
    Secular Tolerance
  • 100.
    • Goldman Sachs Report of 1 October, 2003 –
    • "Dreaming with BRICs: The path to 2050”
    • India's GDP will reach $ 1 trillion by 2011,
    • $ 2 trillion by 2020,
    • $ 3 trillion by 2025,
    • $ 6 trillion by 2032,
    • $ 10 trillion by 2038, and
    • $ 27 trillion by 2050,
    • becoming the 3rd largest economy after USA and China.
    • In terms of GDP, India will overtake Italy by the year 2016, France by 2019, UK by 2022,
    • Germany by 2023, and Japan by 2032.
  • 101.
    • Progress during the last 20 years
    • Poverty (incidence)
    • 1980s 1990s 2000
    • 44% 36% 26%
    • Education (literacy rate)
    • 1980s 1990s 2000
    • 44% 52% 65%
    • Health (life expectancy)
    • 1980s 1990s 2000
    • 56 60 69
    Source: World Bank (2003)
  • 102.
    • India’s population to be the largest in the world
    • India is set to overtake China as the world's most populous nation by 2050.
    • India’s population is expected to grow from 1.08bn to 1.63bn people, overtaking China, which is forecast to reach 1.44bn from 1.3bn currently.
    • India, will also have the highest working population in the World — 700 million people out of 1.1 billion people are young; the young population will continue till 2050.
  • 103. Yoga - Made in India Origin –5000 BC Documented by 200 BC – 300 AD
  • 104. Origin of Martial arts – 200 BC Kalarippayat
  • 105. Chess... MADE IN INDIA
  • 106. has the largest number of Post Offices in the world
  • 107. Until 1896, India was the only source of dia monds in the world  (Source: Gemological Institute of America)
  • 108. India exports software to 90 countries.
  • 109. Islam is India's and the world's second largest religion.
  • 110. Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 B.C. and 500 B.C. respectively.
  • 111. National Emblem “ Truth alone triumphs”
  • 112. India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta .
  • 113. The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India in 100 BC.
  • 114. This method of graduated calculation was documented in the Pancha-Siddhantika (Five Principles) in the 5th Century  But the technique is said to be dating from Vedic times circa 2000 B.C.
  • 115. The value of pi was first calculated by Budhayana, & he explained the concept of what is now known as the Pythagorean Theorem British scholars have last year (1999) officially published that Budhayan's works date back to the 6th Century, which is long before the European mathematicians
  • 116. Algebra, Trigonometry & Calculus came from India.
  • 117. Quadratic equations were by Sridharacharya in the 11th Century
  • 118. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 10**6(10 to the power of 6) whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10**53(10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 BCE during the Vedic period Even today, the largest used number is Tera 10**12(10 to the power of 12) ‏
  • 119. The World's first university was established in Takshila in 700BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century BC was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.
  • 120. Sanskrit is the mother of all the European languages. Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software reported in Forbes magazine, July 1987.
  • 121. According to the Forbes magazine, Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software
  • 122. Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. Time taken by earth to orbit the sun: (5th century) 365.258756484 days
  • 123. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans.Charaka, the father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. Today Ayurveda is fast regaining its rightful place in our civilization.
  • 124. The art of Navigation was born in the river Sindh 6000 years ago. The very word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also derived from Sanskrit 'Nou'.
  • 125. According to the Gemological Institute of America, up until 1896, India was the only source for diamonds to the world.
  • 126. Chess (Shataranja or AshtaPada) was invented in India
  • 127. Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries like cesareans, cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and even plastic surgery and brain surgery. Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India
  • 128. Over 125 surgical equipment were used Deep knowledge of anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity is also found in many texts
  • 129. When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley(Indus Valley Civilization) ‏
  • 130.  
  • 131. Mythology
  • 132. AUM or OM The first sound of the Almighty Oneness with the supreme
  • 133. G enerates - Brahma O bserves - Vishnu D estroys - Shiva Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva The Trinity Our GOD :
  • 134. The Great Indian Epics Ramayana Mahabharata Longest Epic in world literature with 100,000 two-line stanzas (DOHA) The first Indian epic
  • 135.  
  • 136. But this INDIA today is gifted to us By the sacrifices of our leaders who gave us independence.
  • 137. FREEDOM FIGHTERS
  • 138. Lala Lajpat Rai (1865 – 1928 )
  • 139.  
  • 140.  
  • 141. Bal Gangadhar Tilak ( 1856 -1920 )
  • 142.  
  • 143.  
  • 144. Jawaharlal Nehru ( 1889 – 1964 )
  • 145.  
  • 146. Jawaharlal Nehru as the first Prime Minister
  • 147. Mahatma Gandhi ( 1869 – 1948 )
  • 148. Young Mohandas K. Gandhi, 1876
  • 149. Gandhi as a Young Barrister in Natal
  • 150. Gandhi as a Lawyer in Johannesburg, So. Africa
  • 151. Gandhi and His Wife, Kasturba, 1915
  • 152. Gandhi spinning cloth
  • 153. Gandhi and His Grandaughters, 1947
  • 154. 1948: The news of Gandhi's assassination hits the streets. A stunned crowd gathers in Calcutta.
  • 155. 1948: Crowds in New Delhi wait for a glimpse of Gandhi's funeral procession.
  • 156. Subhash Chandra Bose
  • 157.  
  • 158.  
  • 159. Last Viceroy of India Lord Louis & Lady Edwina Montbatten
  • 160. Movements to Freedom
  • 161. Non Co-operation Movement
  • 162.  
  • 163. Dandi March
  • 164.  
  • 165.  
  • 166.  
  • 167. Quit India Movement
  • 168.  
  • 169.  
  • 170. Civil Disobedience Movement
  • 171.  
  • 172.  
  • 173. Partition of India
  • 174. A Library being divided at the time of partition. Heart trembles to see this sight and it is tough to imagine the state of the nation at the moment when people needed to hold hands
  • 175.  
  • 176.  
  • 177.  
  • 178.  
  • 179. “ India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most constructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only” Mark Twain
  • 180. "India was the motherland of our race and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages. India was the mother of our philosophy, of much of our mathematics, of the ideals embodied in Christianity... of self-government and democracy. In many ways, Mother India is the mother of us all." - Will Durant - American Historian 1885-1981
  • 181. “ If there is one place on the face of this Earth where all the dreams of  living men have found a home from the very earliest days when Man  began the dream of existence, it is India." Romain Rolland - French Philosopher 1886-1944
  • 182. “ We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made” Albert Einstein
  • 183. “ India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border.” Hu Shih, former Ambassador of China to USA
  • 184. “ Many of the advances in the sciences that we consider today to have been made in Europe were in fact made in India centuries ago” Grant Duff British Historian of India
  • 185. The future belongs to India . Jai Hind.
  • 186.  
  • 187.  
  • 188. Mera Bharat Mahan
  • 189. Let’s Be Like This Child
  • 190.  
  • 191. Be Proud of Being an Indian J a i H i n d !