What Is Geography

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What Is Geography

  1. 1. Geog 100 Themes in World Geography <ul><li>Dr. Julie Cidell </li></ul><ul><li>Fall 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Section 7 </li></ul>
  2. 2. What is geography? <ul><li>The study of spatial variation </li></ul><ul><li>How – and why – things differ from place to place on the surface of the earth </li></ul><ul><li>The study of how observable spatial patterns evolved through time </li></ul>
  3. 3. Spatial variation: predominant religion
  4. 4. Why spatial variation exists: earthquakes
  5. 5. Changes over time: deforestation
  6. 6. What is geography? <ul><li>Geography is a spatial science </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial behavior of people </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial relationships between places </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial processes that create or maintain those behaviors and relationships </li></ul>
  7. 7. Spatial behavior of people: population
  8. 8. Spatial relationships between places: trade
  9. 9. Spatial processes: commuting and urban form
  10. 10. Five fundamental themes of geography <ul><li>1) Location: the meaning of relative and absolute position on the earth's surface </li></ul><ul><li>Sample terms: Latitude and longitude, site and situation, direction, distance, scale </li></ul><ul><li>Skills: Map reading, identification </li></ul><ul><li>Questions: Where is ____? Where is ____ relative to where I am? </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>2) Place: the distinctive and distinguishing physical and human characteristics of locales </li></ul><ul><li>Sample terms: Physical and cultural landscapes, sense of place </li></ul><ul><li>Skills: Description, compare and contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Questions: What does ____ look like? Why? How is it different from ____? </li></ul>Five fundamental themes of geography
  12. 12. <ul><li>3) Relationships within places: the development and consequences of human-environment relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Sample terms: Ecosystems, natural resources, environmental pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Skills: Evaluation, analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Questions: What human-environment relationships are occurring? How do they affect the place and its inhabitants? </li></ul>Five fundamental themes of geography
  13. 13. <ul><li>4) Movement: patterns and change in human spatial interaction on the earth </li></ul><ul><li>Sample terms: Migration, diffusion, globalization </li></ul><ul><li>Skills: Explanation, prediction </li></ul><ul><li>Questions: How has this spatial pattern developed? Will it continue to change? What does it mean for the places involved? </li></ul>Five fundamental themes of geography
  14. 14. <ul><li>5) Regions: how they form and change </li></ul><ul><li>Sample terms: Formal vs. functional regions </li></ul><ul><li>Skills: Synthesis, application </li></ul><ul><li>Questions: How has this spatial pattern developed? Will it continue to change? What does it mean for the places involved? </li></ul>Five fundamental themes of geography
  15. 15. Relative and absolute location <ul><li>Stand up! </li></ul><ul><li>Where were you born? </li></ul><ul><li>Where do you live? </li></ul><ul><li>Where’s the most beautiful place you’ve ever been? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Index cards <ul><li>Name and e-mail address </li></ul><ul><li>Experience with geography </li></ul><ul><li>Something unique or interesting about yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Anything I should know? </li></ul><ul><li>After looking at the syllabus: </li></ul><ul><li>What are you most and least looking forward to in the class? </li></ul>

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