The Parts Of Speech

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  • 1. Names for Words The Parts of Speech
  • 2. Names for Words: Parts of Speech
    • No matter what, words must be put together
    • That makes a sentence
    • Nothing is possible without sentences
  • 3. Sentence Structure
    • All sentences must start with a capital letter
    • All sentences must end with a punctuation
    • A sentence is not a part of speech; it just the thing that contains the Part of speech
  • 4. 8 Main Parts Of Speech
    • Nouns interjections
    • Verbs
    • Adjective
    • Adverbs
    • Preposition
    • Conjunctions
    • Pronouns
  • 5. Conjunctions Join Things
  • 6. Conjunctions
    • Conjunctions are connecting words
    • Example:
    • And adds things together in the sentence “I like baseball and soccer.”
    • Or also joins, but makes an option “What do you like best, dogs or cats?”
    • Or can also pose a question.
  • 7. Using And/Or
    • Sentence 1: “I am going to play.”
    • Sentence 2: “I am going to study.”
    • Using And to join:
    • “I am going to play, and I’m going to study.”
    • Using Or to join:
    • “ I am going to play, or I’m going to study.”
  • 8. Using a Comma
    • Before every joining word, a comma (,) must be used
    • Example:
    • “I like soup, and I like sandwiches.”
    • You also must check that a and/or can be used by taking out the , and/, or and replacing it with a period.
  • 9. Different Conjunctions
    • Conjunctions aren’t only and/or, they are:
    • So, because, but, then, after,also just a (,), etc.
  • 10. More examples
    • No one came to save him, so he went off to explore.
    • Alice smiled, and then turned to her rabbit
  • 11. Adjectives Words that describe
  • 12. Adjectives
    • Words that describe
    • Are used to describe nouns
    • Used to say:
    • How something feels, tastes, looks, or sounds
  • 13. Things that we describe
    • You
    • Sky
    • School
    • Bird
    • Etc.
  • 14. Words to Describe
    • Green – Any Color
    • Stormy
    • Loud
    • Five – Any Number
  • 15. Putting it all together
    • Yellow Chickens
    • Purple sweater
    • Cloudy Sky
    • Stinky Cigarette
  • 16. Using more than one adjective
    • In some cases, 2 adjectives may be used to describe
    • Examples
    • “The car was boxy, and green. ”
    • “ The thin, gray paper airplane was indestructible.”
  • 17. Adjectives
    • Pick some adjectives for:
  • 18. Nouns Pronouns and Proper Nouns
  • 19. Pronouns
    • Take the place of nouns
    • Save time and energy
    • Pronouns are words such as it, he , she, they, etc.
    • **They refer to the previous noun
  • 20. Examples of Pronouns
    • “Joe, won a new car, and he jumped with joy.” Joe
  • 21. Proper Nouns
    • Something's OWN name
    • Include names, nicknames, pets names, places names, city names, etc.
    • Proper Nouns also define
    • All proper nouns start with Capitals
    • Examples:
    • Joe vs. Person Jamestown vs. the city
  • 22. Articles A, An, The
  • 23. Articles
    • Always go before a noun
  • 24. “The Rules”
    • A always presents a consonant
    • An always presents a vowel
    • The always presents a singular
  • 25. The Two Parts of a Sentence Putting Things Together
  • 26. 2 Parts Of a Sentence
    • Sentences are the building blocks of our language
    • The 2 Main Parts are:
    • Subjects
    • Predicates
  • 27. The Subject
    • Is the Noun of the sentence, The sentence is also based upon the Noun
    • In, “The beautiful ballerina leaped into the air like a deer.” Ballerina is the subject
    • In, “The Seminole Indians traveled over the water in the dugout canals.”
    • The quickest way to find the subject is to read the sentence carefully
    • The subject can be singular or plural and 1 or 2 words
  • 28. The Predicate
    • The predicate names the verb in the sentence that tells what is happening
    • In, “The beautiful ballerina leaped into the air like a deer.” leaped is the predicate
    • In, “ The Seminole Indians traveled over water in the dugout canals.” the predicate is traveled.”
    • The easiest way to find the predicate is to find what the subject is doing.
  • 29. Helping Verbs The action
  • 30. Helping Verbs
    • The Helping Verb shows us weather the verb is past, present, or future. These are all considered “tenses”
  • 31. The “tense” table Am/Are going to Had Did Will Was Am Future Past Present
  • 32. Getting Words to Agree Singular and Plurals
  • 33. Getting Words to Agree
    • All plural subjects end with the letter “s”
    • Verbs in sentences with he and they do not always indicate a plural.
    • **Remember
    • He Goes
    • They Go
  • 34. Matching Plural Verbs
    • When you have a plural subject such as, “five boys” you must give them a plural verb such as, “run”
  • 35. Verbs with <1 Part
    • Must agree in “Tense”
    • If the 1 st part is talking about the past the 2 nd part must do the same
    • If this rule is not followed, it will create a time warp in the middle.
  • 36. Three Types of Sentences Main Sentences
  • 37. The 3 Main Types Of Sentences
    • Almost everything we say is said in sentences.
    • There are interrogative, declarative, and imperative sentences
  • 38. Declarative Sentences
    • Are the most common type of sentence.
    • Are punctuated with a period.
    • Are used to tell our thoughts, and what we see.
    • Can be simple or complex.
    • “I have a dream . . .” as MLK Jr. once said.
    • “I saw a bird as beautiful as the summer sky as it rises above the horizon.”
  • 39. Interrogative Sentences
    • ALWAYS has a (?) question mark.
    • If you ask enough of them they become self-explanatory.
    • “Do stars burn out ?”
    • “Why are my eyes colored ?”
    • “Why is global warming such a problem ?”
  • 40. Imperative Sentences
    • May need more than 1 or 2 words.
    • Used to give orders and make requests.
    • Always ends in a (!) exclamation point if used to make requests.
    • Always ends in (.) a period to give orders.
    • “ Stop!”
    • “ Hug Me.”
    • ** In many sentences YOU is not spoken but is understood.
  • 41. Types of Literature Learning Books
  • 42. Biography
    • A True story about a persons life
    • Are very interesting stories
    • Are NOT by the person they are about
    • Are written using second hand accounts
    • SECOND-HAND ACCOUNTS –writings that are left behind, diaries, newspapers, and letters, etc.
  • 43. Autobiography
    • Are books written by the person they are about
    • Auto- means self (ex. Auto mobile is self driven. Auto pilot is a plane that flies by itself)
    • Most are written in Prose, but can be written in poems, plays, or songs
  • 44. Fiction
    • Are make-believe, or fairytales such as Alice in Wonderland, or Pollyanna
    • Not everything has to be made-up, can have true parts with a twist, or true facts in a made-up story. Ex. You could have a story about traveling through space, that is not true. But, the moon, gravity force, wind, stars, yourself, a spaceshutle, etc.
  • 45. Non-Fiction
    • Is ALL true
    • Ex. Biographies, and autobiographies, newspaper articles, and school reports, and history
    • IE. A report on the 1989 earthquake in San Francisco
  • 46. Sayings and Phrases Idioms and Metaphors
  • 47. What Is A Phrase ?
    • Main Entry:1phrase
    • Pronunciation:*fr*z
    • Function:noun
    • Etymology:Latin phrasis, from Greek, from phrazein to point out, explain, tell
    • Date:15301 :
    • a characteristic manner or style of expression :
    • DICTION2 a : a brief expression; especially :
    • CATCHPHRASE b :
    • WORD3 : a short musical thought typically two to four measures long closing with a cadence4 : a word or group of words forming a syntactic constituent with a single grammatical function *an adverbial phrase*5 : a series of dance movements comprising a section of a pattern
  • 48. “Actions Speak Louder Than Words”
    • Means, some people don’t mean what they say. It is often obvious what is meant.
    • “ Dad says he hates cats – even Juju,” Stewart said.
    • “ But,” Tracy said, “last night, I saw Dad kiss the top of his head.
    • “ Well,” Stewart said, “I think he really loves Juju, well, actions speak louder than words.”
  • 49. “Beggars, Can’t Be Choosers”
    • This phrase means if you are needy, don’t be picky even if it isn’t exactly what you want or need.
    • “ I didn’t have time to eat,” Jane said, “and I’m starving! But the only thing left in the cafeteria is yesterdays spinach salad.”
    • “ Beggars can’t be choosers , Jane,” Nicky said, “looks like you’ll actually have to eat something healthy for a change.”
  • 50. Let Bygones Be Bygones
    • This means that people should forget about bad feelings towards each other.
    • “ I can’t belive you won’t help me with this science experiment! It means a lot, I’m failing,” Tyron said screaming,”Why won’t you help.”
    • “ Come on, Tyron,” Janine said,”I’ll help you study. There is no sense in being mad. Just Let bygones be bygones. ”
  • 51. Look Before You Leap
    • Talks about risks we take in life. It means that we should think before acting.
    • “ Mom, Andrew asked me if I want to take over his paper route. Isn’t that a great idea ? Then I could by that new trumpet.”
    • “ I don’t know,” mother said, “ you have music lessons every day after school. Do you really have time. You should Look before you leap.”
  • 52. One Rotten Apple Spoils The Whole Barrel
    • Today , you are going to use your text books and do partner notes.
    • Turn to page 63, it is at the bottom of pg. 63 and pg. 64
  • 53. A Place for Everything and Everything in its Place
    • Today , you are going to use your text books and do partner notes.
    • Turn to pg. 64
    • You must have a different partner
  • 54. The Show Must Go On
    • Means no matter what happens the project must keep going.
    • “I can’t play goalie this weekend,” Lisa said, “ I have a sprained ankle.”
    • “Its okay,” said the coach, “ the show must go on.”
  • 55. His Bark Is Worse Than His Bite
    • Means someone looks or acts a lot differently than who they really are.
    • “ Mr. Crackles is such a grouch,” Meg said.
    • “ Yeah,” said Mickey, “ they shouldn’t call him principal, they should call him ‘prince-paddle’.”
    • “ You are so foolish you 2,” Missy explained, “you know he wouldn’t paddle anyone. He might get mad easy but he’s really a nice man. His bark is worse that his bite .”
  • 56. Beat Around The Bush
    • Today , you are going to use your text books and do partner notes.
    • Turn to page 65, You must work with someone you haven't yet worked with.
  • 57. Clean Bill Of Health
    • Today , you are going to use your text books and do partner notes.
    • Turn to page 65
  • 58. On His Last Legs
    • Means something is about to die or break for good.
    • Your job now is to write a role play for this phrase.
    • The best one will become part of this presentation.
  • 59. The End