Names for Words The Parts of Speech
Names for Words: Parts of Speech <ul><li>No matter what, words must be put together </li></ul><ul><li>That makes a sentenc...
Sentence Structure <ul><li>All sentences must start with a capital letter </li></ul><ul><li>All sentences must end with a ...
8 Main Parts Of Speech <ul><li>Nouns  interjections  </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs </li></ul><ul><li>Adjective </li></ul><ul><li...
Conjunctions Join Things
Conjunctions <ul><li>Conjunctions are connecting words </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>And  adds things toget...
Using  And/Or <ul><li>Sentence 1:  “I am going to play.” </li></ul><ul><li>Sentence 2:  “I am going to study.” </li></ul><...
Using a Comma <ul><li>Before every joining word, a comma (,) must be used </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>“I ...
Different Conjunctions <ul><li>Conjunctions aren’t only and/or, they are: </li></ul><ul><li>So, because, but, then, after,...
More examples <ul><li>No one came to save him, so he went off to explore. </li></ul><ul><li>Alice smiled, and then turned ...
Adjectives Words that describe
Adjectives <ul><li>Words that describe </li></ul><ul><li>Are used to describe nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Used to say: </li></...
Things that we describe <ul><li>You </li></ul><ul><li>Sky </li></ul><ul><li>School  </li></ul><ul><li>Bird </li></ul><ul><...
Words to Describe <ul><li>Green – Any Color </li></ul><ul><li>Stormy </li></ul><ul><li>Loud </li></ul><ul><li>Five – Any N...
Putting it all together <ul><li>Yellow Chickens </li></ul><ul><li>Purple sweater </li></ul><ul><li>Cloudy Sky </li></ul><u...
Using more than one adjective <ul><li>In some cases, 2 adjectives may be used to describe </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li>...
Adjectives <ul><li>Pick some adjectives for: </li></ul>
Nouns Pronouns and Proper Nouns
Pronouns <ul><li>Take the place of nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Save time and energy </li></ul><ul><li>Pronouns are words such ...
Examples of Pronouns <ul><li>“Joe, won a new car, and  he  jumped with joy.”  Joe </li></ul>
Proper Nouns <ul><li>Something's OWN name </li></ul><ul><li>Include names, nicknames, pets names, places names, city names...
Articles A, An, The
Articles <ul><li>Always go before a noun </li></ul>
“The Rules” <ul><li>A always presents a consonant </li></ul><ul><li>An always presents a vowel </li></ul><ul><li>The alway...
The Two Parts of a Sentence Putting Things Together
2 Parts Of a Sentence <ul><li>Sentences are the building blocks of our language </li></ul><ul><li>The 2 Main Parts are: </...
The Subject <ul><li>Is the Noun of the sentence, The sentence is also based upon the Noun </li></ul><ul><li>In, “The beaut...
The Predicate <ul><li>The predicate names the verb in the sentence that tells what is happening </li></ul><ul><li>In, “The...
Helping Verbs The action
Helping Verbs <ul><li>The Helping Verb shows us weather the verb is past, present, or future.  These are all considered “t...
The “tense” table Am/Are going to Had Did Will Was Am Future Past Present
Getting Words to Agree Singular and Plurals
Getting Words to Agree <ul><li>All plural subjects end with the letter “s” </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs in sentences with  he  ...
Matching Plural Verbs <ul><li>When you have a plural subject such as, “five boys” you must give them a plural verb such as...
Verbs with <1 Part <ul><li>Must agree in “Tense” </li></ul><ul><li>If the 1 st  part is talking about the past the 2 nd  p...
Three Types of Sentences Main Sentences
The 3 Main Types Of Sentences <ul><li>Almost everything we say is said in sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>There are interroga...
Declarative Sentences <ul><li>Are the most common type of sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Are punctuated with a period. </li><...
Interrogative Sentences <ul><li>ALWAYS has a (?) question mark. </li></ul><ul><li>If you ask enough of them they become se...
Imperative Sentences <ul><li>May need more than 1 or 2 words. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to give orders and make requests. </l...
Types of Literature Learning Books
Biography <ul><li>A True story about a persons life </li></ul><ul><li>Are very interesting stories </li></ul><ul><li>Are N...
Autobiography <ul><li>Are books written by the person they are about </li></ul><ul><li>Auto- means self (ex.  Auto mobile ...
Fiction <ul><li>Are make-believe, or fairytales such as  Alice in Wonderland, or Pollyanna </li></ul><ul><li>Not everythin...
Non-Fiction <ul><li>Is ALL true </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Biographies, and autobiographies, newspaper articles, and school rep...
Sayings and Phrases Idioms and Metaphors
What Is A Phrase ? <ul><li>Main Entry:1phrase </li></ul><ul><li>Pronunciation:*fr*z </li></ul><ul><li>Function:noun  </li>...
“Actions Speak Louder Than  Words” <ul><li>Means, some people don’t mean what they say.  It is often obvious what is meant...
“Beggars, Can’t Be Choosers” <ul><li>This phrase means if you are needy, don’t be picky even if it isn’t exactly what you ...
Let Bygones Be Bygones <ul><li>This means that people should forget about bad feelings towards each other. </li></ul><ul><...
Look Before You Leap <ul><li>Talks about risks we take in life. It means that we should think before acting. </li></ul><ul...
One Rotten Apple Spoils The Whole Barrel <ul><li>Today , you are going to use your text books and do partner notes.  </li>...
A Place for Everything and Everything in its Place <ul><li>Today , you are going to use your text books and do partner not...
The Show Must Go On <ul><li>Means no matter what happens the project must keep going. </li></ul><ul><li>“I can’t play goal...
His Bark Is Worse Than His Bite <ul><li>Means someone looks or acts a lot differently than who they really are. </li></ul>...
Beat Around The Bush <ul><li>Today , you are going to use your text books and do partner notes.  </li></ul><ul><li>Turn to...
Clean Bill Of Health <ul><li>Today , you are going to use your text books and do partner notes.  </li></ul><ul><li>Turn to...
On His Last Legs <ul><li>Means something is about to die or break for good. </li></ul><ul><li>Your job now is to write a r...
The End
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The Parts Of Speech

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The Parts Of Speech

  1. 1. Names for Words The Parts of Speech
  2. 2. Names for Words: Parts of Speech <ul><li>No matter what, words must be put together </li></ul><ul><li>That makes a sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing is possible without sentences </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sentence Structure <ul><li>All sentences must start with a capital letter </li></ul><ul><li>All sentences must end with a punctuation </li></ul><ul><li>A sentence is not a part of speech; it just the thing that contains the Part of speech </li></ul>
  4. 4. 8 Main Parts Of Speech <ul><li>Nouns interjections </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs </li></ul><ul><li>Adjective </li></ul><ul><li>Adverbs </li></ul><ul><li>Preposition </li></ul><ul><li>Conjunctions </li></ul><ul><li>Pronouns </li></ul>
  5. 5. Conjunctions Join Things
  6. 6. Conjunctions <ul><li>Conjunctions are connecting words </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>And adds things together in the sentence “I like baseball and soccer.” </li></ul><ul><li>Or also joins, but makes an option “What do you like best, dogs or cats?” </li></ul><ul><li>Or can also pose a question. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Using And/Or <ul><li>Sentence 1: “I am going to play.” </li></ul><ul><li>Sentence 2: “I am going to study.” </li></ul><ul><li>Using And to join: </li></ul><ul><li>“I am going to play, and I’m going to study.” </li></ul><ul><li>Using Or to join: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I am going to play, or I’m going to study.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Using a Comma <ul><li>Before every joining word, a comma (,) must be used </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>“I like soup, and I like sandwiches.” </li></ul><ul><li>You also must check that a and/or can be used by taking out the , and/, or and replacing it with a period. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Different Conjunctions <ul><li>Conjunctions aren’t only and/or, they are: </li></ul><ul><li>So, because, but, then, after,also just a (,), etc. </li></ul>
  10. 10. More examples <ul><li>No one came to save him, so he went off to explore. </li></ul><ul><li>Alice smiled, and then turned to her rabbit </li></ul>
  11. 11. Adjectives Words that describe
  12. 12. Adjectives <ul><li>Words that describe </li></ul><ul><li>Are used to describe nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Used to say: </li></ul><ul><li>How something feels, tastes, looks, or sounds </li></ul>
  13. 13. Things that we describe <ul><li>You </li></ul><ul><li>Sky </li></ul><ul><li>School </li></ul><ul><li>Bird </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Words to Describe <ul><li>Green – Any Color </li></ul><ul><li>Stormy </li></ul><ul><li>Loud </li></ul><ul><li>Five – Any Number </li></ul>
  15. 15. Putting it all together <ul><li>Yellow Chickens </li></ul><ul><li>Purple sweater </li></ul><ul><li>Cloudy Sky </li></ul><ul><li>Stinky Cigarette </li></ul>
  16. 16. Using more than one adjective <ul><li>In some cases, 2 adjectives may be used to describe </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>“The car was boxy, and green. ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The thin, gray paper airplane was indestructible.” </li></ul>
  17. 17. Adjectives <ul><li>Pick some adjectives for: </li></ul>
  18. 18. Nouns Pronouns and Proper Nouns
  19. 19. Pronouns <ul><li>Take the place of nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Save time and energy </li></ul><ul><li>Pronouns are words such as it, he , she, they, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>**They refer to the previous noun </li></ul>
  20. 20. Examples of Pronouns <ul><li>“Joe, won a new car, and he jumped with joy.” Joe </li></ul>
  21. 21. Proper Nouns <ul><li>Something's OWN name </li></ul><ul><li>Include names, nicknames, pets names, places names, city names, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Proper Nouns also define </li></ul><ul><li>All proper nouns start with Capitals </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Joe vs. Person Jamestown vs. the city </li></ul>
  22. 22. Articles A, An, The
  23. 23. Articles <ul><li>Always go before a noun </li></ul>
  24. 24. “The Rules” <ul><li>A always presents a consonant </li></ul><ul><li>An always presents a vowel </li></ul><ul><li>The always presents a singular </li></ul>
  25. 25. The Two Parts of a Sentence Putting Things Together
  26. 26. 2 Parts Of a Sentence <ul><li>Sentences are the building blocks of our language </li></ul><ul><li>The 2 Main Parts are: </li></ul><ul><li>Subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Predicates </li></ul>
  27. 27. The Subject <ul><li>Is the Noun of the sentence, The sentence is also based upon the Noun </li></ul><ul><li>In, “The beautiful ballerina leaped into the air like a deer.” Ballerina is the subject </li></ul><ul><li>In, “The Seminole Indians traveled over the water in the dugout canals.” </li></ul><ul><li>The quickest way to find the subject is to read the sentence carefully </li></ul><ul><li>The subject can be singular or plural and 1 or 2 words </li></ul>
  28. 28. The Predicate <ul><li>The predicate names the verb in the sentence that tells what is happening </li></ul><ul><li>In, “The beautiful ballerina leaped into the air like a deer.” leaped is the predicate </li></ul><ul><li>In, “ The Seminole Indians traveled over water in the dugout canals.” the predicate is traveled.” </li></ul><ul><li>The easiest way to find the predicate is to find what the subject is doing. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Helping Verbs The action
  30. 30. Helping Verbs <ul><li>The Helping Verb shows us weather the verb is past, present, or future. These are all considered “tenses” </li></ul>
  31. 31. The “tense” table Am/Are going to Had Did Will Was Am Future Past Present
  32. 32. Getting Words to Agree Singular and Plurals
  33. 33. Getting Words to Agree <ul><li>All plural subjects end with the letter “s” </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs in sentences with he and they do not always indicate a plural. </li></ul><ul><li>**Remember </li></ul><ul><li>He Goes </li></ul><ul><li>They Go </li></ul>
  34. 34. Matching Plural Verbs <ul><li>When you have a plural subject such as, “five boys” you must give them a plural verb such as, “run” </li></ul>
  35. 35. Verbs with <1 Part <ul><li>Must agree in “Tense” </li></ul><ul><li>If the 1 st part is talking about the past the 2 nd part must do the same </li></ul><ul><li>If this rule is not followed, it will create a time warp in the middle. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Three Types of Sentences Main Sentences
  37. 37. The 3 Main Types Of Sentences <ul><li>Almost everything we say is said in sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>There are interrogative, declarative, and imperative sentences </li></ul>
  38. 38. Declarative Sentences <ul><li>Are the most common type of sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Are punctuated with a period. </li></ul><ul><li>Are used to tell our thoughts, and what we see. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be simple or complex. </li></ul><ul><li>“I have a dream . . .” as MLK Jr. once said. </li></ul><ul><li>“I saw a bird as beautiful as the summer sky as it rises above the horizon.” </li></ul>
  39. 39. Interrogative Sentences <ul><li>ALWAYS has a (?) question mark. </li></ul><ul><li>If you ask enough of them they become self-explanatory. </li></ul><ul><li>“Do stars burn out ?” </li></ul><ul><li>“Why are my eyes colored ?” </li></ul><ul><li>“Why is global warming such a problem ?” </li></ul>
  40. 40. Imperative Sentences <ul><li>May need more than 1 or 2 words. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to give orders and make requests. </li></ul><ul><li>Always ends in a (!) exclamation point if used to make requests. </li></ul><ul><li>Always ends in (.) a period to give orders. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Stop!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hug Me.” </li></ul><ul><li>** In many sentences YOU is not spoken but is understood. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Types of Literature Learning Books
  42. 42. Biography <ul><li>A True story about a persons life </li></ul><ul><li>Are very interesting stories </li></ul><ul><li>Are NOT by the person they are about </li></ul><ul><li>Are written using second hand accounts </li></ul><ul><li>SECOND-HAND ACCOUNTS –writings that are left behind, diaries, newspapers, and letters, etc. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Autobiography <ul><li>Are books written by the person they are about </li></ul><ul><li>Auto- means self (ex. Auto mobile is self driven. Auto pilot is a plane that flies by itself) </li></ul><ul><li>Most are written in Prose, but can be written in poems, plays, or songs </li></ul>
  44. 44. Fiction <ul><li>Are make-believe, or fairytales such as Alice in Wonderland, or Pollyanna </li></ul><ul><li>Not everything has to be made-up, can have true parts with a twist, or true facts in a made-up story. Ex. You could have a story about traveling through space, that is not true. But, the moon, gravity force, wind, stars, yourself, a spaceshutle, etc. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Non-Fiction <ul><li>Is ALL true </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Biographies, and autobiographies, newspaper articles, and school reports, and history </li></ul><ul><li>IE. A report on the 1989 earthquake in San Francisco </li></ul>
  46. 46. Sayings and Phrases Idioms and Metaphors
  47. 47. What Is A Phrase ? <ul><li>Main Entry:1phrase </li></ul><ul><li>Pronunciation:*fr*z </li></ul><ul><li>Function:noun </li></ul><ul><li>Etymology:Latin phrasis, from Greek, from phrazein to point out, explain, tell </li></ul><ul><li>Date:15301 : </li></ul><ul><li>a characteristic manner or style of expression : </li></ul><ul><li>DICTION2 a : a brief expression; especially : </li></ul><ul><li>CATCHPHRASE b : </li></ul><ul><li>WORD3 : a short musical thought typically two to four measures long closing with a cadence4 : a word or group of words forming a syntactic constituent with a single grammatical function *an adverbial phrase*5 : a series of dance movements comprising a section of a pattern </li></ul>
  48. 48. “Actions Speak Louder Than Words” <ul><li>Means, some people don’t mean what they say. It is often obvious what is meant. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dad says he hates cats – even Juju,” Stewart said. </li></ul><ul><li>“ But,” Tracy said, “last night, I saw Dad kiss the top of his head. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Well,” Stewart said, “I think he really loves Juju, well, actions speak louder than words.” </li></ul>
  49. 49. “Beggars, Can’t Be Choosers” <ul><li>This phrase means if you are needy, don’t be picky even if it isn’t exactly what you want or need. </li></ul><ul><li>“ I didn’t have time to eat,” Jane said, “and I’m starving! But the only thing left in the cafeteria is yesterdays spinach salad.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Beggars can’t be choosers , Jane,” Nicky said, “looks like you’ll actually have to eat something healthy for a change.” </li></ul>
  50. 50. Let Bygones Be Bygones <ul><li>This means that people should forget about bad feelings towards each other. </li></ul><ul><li>“ I can’t belive you won’t help me with this science experiment! It means a lot, I’m failing,” Tyron said screaming,”Why won’t you help.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Come on, Tyron,” Janine said,”I’ll help you study. There is no sense in being mad. Just Let bygones be bygones. ” </li></ul>
  51. 51. Look Before You Leap <ul><li>Talks about risks we take in life. It means that we should think before acting. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mom, Andrew asked me if I want to take over his paper route. Isn’t that a great idea ? Then I could by that new trumpet.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I don’t know,” mother said, “ you have music lessons every day after school. Do you really have time. You should Look before you leap.” </li></ul>
  52. 52. One Rotten Apple Spoils The Whole Barrel <ul><li>Today , you are going to use your text books and do partner notes. </li></ul><ul><li>Turn to page 63, it is at the bottom of pg. 63 and pg. 64 </li></ul>
  53. 53. A Place for Everything and Everything in its Place <ul><li>Today , you are going to use your text books and do partner notes. </li></ul><ul><li>Turn to pg. 64 </li></ul><ul><li>You must have a different partner </li></ul>
  54. 54. The Show Must Go On <ul><li>Means no matter what happens the project must keep going. </li></ul><ul><li>“I can’t play goalie this weekend,” Lisa said, “ I have a sprained ankle.” </li></ul><ul><li>“Its okay,” said the coach, “ the show must go on.” </li></ul>
  55. 55. His Bark Is Worse Than His Bite <ul><li>Means someone looks or acts a lot differently than who they really are. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mr. Crackles is such a grouch,” Meg said. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Yeah,” said Mickey, “ they shouldn’t call him principal, they should call him ‘prince-paddle’.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ You are so foolish you 2,” Missy explained, “you know he wouldn’t paddle anyone. He might get mad easy but he’s really a nice man. His bark is worse that his bite .” </li></ul>
  56. 56. Beat Around The Bush <ul><li>Today , you are going to use your text books and do partner notes. </li></ul><ul><li>Turn to page 65, You must work with someone you haven't yet worked with. </li></ul>
  57. 57. Clean Bill Of Health <ul><li>Today , you are going to use your text books and do partner notes. </li></ul><ul><li>Turn to page 65 </li></ul>
  58. 58. On His Last Legs <ul><li>Means something is about to die or break for good. </li></ul><ul><li>Your job now is to write a role play for this phrase. </li></ul><ul><li>The best one will become part of this presentation. </li></ul>
  59. 59. The End

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