By their very nature, mitigation options each seek to change some component of either the physical or social fabric of a community.
In a vacuum, without any local context, risks would be much easier to address because mitigation decisions would be purely technical, or engineering-based, in nature.
“ [mitigation] plans shall include an identification, evaluation, and prioritization of cost-effective, environmentally sound, and technically feasible mitigation actions and activities [considered] and an explanation of how each activity contributes to the overall mitigation strategy.” -DMA 2000
“ [The mitigation strategy section shall include] an action plan describing how the actions identified in section (c)(3)(ii) will be prioritized, implemented, and administered by the local jurisdiction. Prioritization shall include a special emphasis on the extent to which benefits are maximized according to a cost benefit review of the proposed projects and their associated costs.” -DMA 2000