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Session 2   Power Point
Session 2   Power Point
Session 2   Power Point
Session 2   Power Point
Session 2   Power Point
Session 2   Power Point
Session 2   Power Point
Session 2   Power Point
Session 2   Power Point
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Session 2 Power Point


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  • 1. Session 2: Emergency Management: Past, Present, & Future
    • Need to understand public management as the context for emergency management
    • What is EM and why do we need it?
    • How EM emerged
    • EM in the public sector: key organizations and functions
    • Major changes underway
  • 2. Emergency Management in the U.S.
    • Basic characteristics of the American federal system
    • Role and functions of each level of gov’t
    • Role of the President
    • Interest groups and public policy
    • Public sector involvement in EM
  • 3. EM at the Federal Level
    • Variety of authorities, agencies, and response plans
    • Main categories: natural hazards; industrial/technological threats; and human- induced, including terrorism
    • History of federal involvement and trends re centralization of EM
  • 4. Major Federal Response Plans
    • The National Contingency Plan (NCP)
    • The Federal Response Plan (FRP), including the Terrorism Annex; and
    • The Concept of Operations Plan (CONPLAN)
    • Other plans exist for telecommunications, immigration, and other emergencies.
  • 5. Lessons Learned About EM
    • Experiential knowledge is documented by practitioners and by researchers; an on-going endeavor
    • Examples:
    • Importance of CEM
    • Value of Mitigation
    • Planning and Preparedness pay off
    • Difficulties of sustaining interest, and
    • commitment
  • 6. Past Disasters as Milestones
    • Major disasters often result in significant changes in law, policies, organizations, and processes regarding emergency management
    • Changes may be made at all levels and in all sectors, if response and recovery went badly
    • Some past events are “focusing events” that have a variety of outcomes, some of which lead to new and better ways to do EM in the future.
  • 7. Some Milestone Events
    • Exxon Valdez Oil Spill (1988) – led to major changes in the NCP and in the National Response System.
    • Hurricane Andrew (1992) – led to major changes in the FRP and at FEMA.
    • World Trade Center attack (2001) – led to major organizational changes, including the formation of the Office and then Dept. of Homeland Security.
  • 8. Dept. of Homeland Security
    • Triggering incidents were the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks
    • Preceded by the Office of H.S. in the Exec. Office of the President (Oct.2001- March 2003)
    • Enabling legislation dated Nov. 25, 2002; actual creation of the dept. will occur in 2003
    • Largest federal reorganization in more than 50 years: 22 agencies and 170,000 personnel are involved
  • 9. Homeland Security References
    • Dept. of Homeland Security ( )
    • State level departments of H.S. ( )
    • Local level information ( )
    • Anser ( )
    • ( )