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potwar and salt range

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potwar and salt range potwar and salt range Presentation Transcript

  • The natural topography Potwar plateau and salt range
  • Contents
    • Location
    • Important features
    • Important places and heights
    • Economic activity
    • Lifestyle
  • Location
    • Potwar plateau and Salt range is located to the south of Islamabad between River Indus and River Jhelum.
  • Important features
    • It is open undulating land with extensive flat areas.
    • Residuals hills are found over here.
    • A large part of plateau is dissected and eroded by the action of running water.
  • Minerals
    • The Potwar plateau is rich in minerals like gypsum, limestone rock salt coal and oil.
    • The salt range is rich in minerals like rock salt ,gypsum and limestone.
    • It is termed as badland topography.
    • It has landscape of ridges and troughs.
    • It forms gullies and large alluvium plains.
  • Important places and heights
    • The height of the plateau mainly varies from 300-600 meter high above sea level.
    • Kala chitta and Khairi murat just rise to just over 1000 meters.
    • River soan is the most dominant feature in this area.
    • The salt range cover Jhelum ,kalabagh ,chakwal and mianwali.
    • Salt mines in khewra, a small town about 160 km from Islamabad is located in this region.
    • Salt parallel ranges rises to an hieght of 750-900.
    • Sakesar the highest point in slat range is 1527 meters.
    • While Kallar kahar and Kahbeki add scenic beauties
  • ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
    • It is rich in non metallic minerals such as marble , rock salt , clay and dolomite.
    • It provides raw material to cement, chemical and ceramic industries.
    • A number of oil and gas fields are found in this region.
    • Attock oil refinery had been set up to refine oil (from the oil fields.)
  • Lifestyle
    • Farming depends on rainfall.
    • Canal irrigation is not possible because of rugged landscape.
    • Wheat , maize , barely and gram are cultivated.
    • It is accessible by roads, railways and air transport.
    • Jhelum , chakwal and Islamabad have been developed encouraging a high population density.
  • Picture gallery
  • BY HIRA