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  • 1. Sue Harmon Teacher Page THE FOOD PYRAMID AND A BALANCED DIET
  • 2.
    • should be based on:
      • energy needs
      • food preferences
      • nutrient requirements as represented on the food pyramid.
    SELECTING APPROPRIATE FOODS FOR A BALANCED DIET. . .
  • 3. Nutrient needs change as you grow. THE FIVE FOOD GROUP PYRAMID Meat(poultry), fish Fruit Fats, oils and sweets Milk, cheese Vegetables Bread, cereal 6-11 servings 2-4 servings 3-5 servings 2-3 servings 2-4 servings use little
  • 4. ENERGY NEEDS
    • To be fit you should maintain a healthy weight.
      • Extra activity requires extra calories.
      • Children and teens need more calories than adults.
      • Taller and bigger people need more calories than shorter and smaller people.
  • 5. FOOD PREFERENCES Using foods that you enjoy and that are readily available to you, develop a one day menu that will meet the requirements on the food pyramid. Write your menu in your journal.
  • 6. NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS The food pyramid is a representative of nutrient needs and the primary food groupings that can provide them. Fats, oil and sweets
    • Fats
    • Carbohydrates
  • 7. Milk, yogurt, cheese NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS
    • Fats
    • Protein
    • Vitamins, cheese and minerals
  • 8. Meat, poultry, fish NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS
    • Protein
    • Fats
    • Vitamins
    • Minerals
  • 9. NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS Vegetables
    • Vitamins and minerals
    • Protein
    • Carbohydrates
  • 10. NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS Fruit
    • Vitamins
    • Minerals
    • Carbohydrates
  • 11. NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS Bread, cereal, grains
    • Carbohydrates
    • Vitamins
    • Minerals
  • 12. NUTRIENTS are used by the body for energy, growth, repair and cellular needs. Nutrient Function FATS Provide the body with a stored form of energy, warmth and insulation for body organs.
  • 13. CARBOHYDRATES Provide the body with an immediate source of energy. PROTEIN Helps the body grow, makes muscles strong and repairs body tissues.
  • 14. VITAMINS AND MINERALS Help to release energy and help the body perform many functions including: fighting infections and making strong bones and teeth.
  • 15. Using the information from the food pyramids and the following nutrient abbreviations, complete the following chart. F=fat C=carbohydrates P=protein VM=vitamins and minerals
  • 16. Pyramid Group Write the chart in your journal C, VM Fruit VM Vegetable C, VM Bread, cereal F, P, VM Meat, poultry F, P Milk P, F, VM Meat Food Nutrient Pork chop Orange Carrot Wheat Bread Chicken Cheese Peanut Butter P, F, VM Meat
  • 17. Summary
    • The following guidelines may be used toward better nutrition. No guidelines can guarantee health or well-being, but they may give you the start you need.
      • Eat a variety of foods.
      • Maintain healthy weight.
      • Avoid too much saturated fat and cholesterol.
      • Eat foods with adequate starch and fiber.
  • 18. TEACHER PAGE
    • Objective- The students will see the food pyramid and the foods and nutrients involved with it.
    • Activity- The students will be given choices and selections to make and should write them and the questions in their journal.
    • Process- Follow the slides. Some answers will appear slowly and do not require a mouse click.