A charter of 37 freedoms and political rights created by King John of England’s barons.
It was issued in 1215 and passed in 1225.
Has had a large influence on today’s societies and laws.
The charter was written in order to put limitations on the King’s power.
Issues with the pope, high taxes, and losing wars lead to problems between the King and his barons
King John was forced by his barons to sign the charter.
King John was forced into signing the Magna Carta at Runnymede England on June 15 1215
Magna Carta Memorial
The Magna Carta Today
Helped form constitutional law.
Although the laws have changed it is still the basis of democratic legal systems.
It founded today’s English liberties.
Three original clauses are still used today.
Clauses Still in Use
The freedoms and rights of the English church.
The liberties and customs of London and other towns.
No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled. Nor will we proceed with force against him, except by the lawful judgement of his equals or by the law of the land. To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice.
The Magna Carta and Canada
Since Canada used to be a British colony, Canadian law was the same as British law.
The Magna Carta shaped England’s legal system which in turn created ours.
Although we have since gained independence from Britain and changed our laws, the Magna Carta still remains the basis of our law.
Significant Laws from the Magna Carta
Freedom of the church.
Complete equity, nobody is above the law.
Habeas Corpus, the right to a free trial.
Taxes are not to be raised without consent from parliament.
July 10 1215 – Meeting at Runnymede takes place.
July 15 1215 – King John grants the Magna Carta.
Feb 11 1225 – King Henry reissues revised Magna Carta.
May 27 1679 – Parliament passes habeas corpus act.