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28 may-2014 to-03-jun-2014-hindu_sabhavarta_year38_issue9
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28 may-2014 to-03-jun-2014-hindu_sabhavarta_year38_issue9

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28 may-2014 to-03-jun-2014-hindu_sabhavarta_year38_issue9

  1. 1. fgUnwl Hkkvf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkkdkeq[ ki =k okrkZ l kIr kfgd Website : www.akhilbharathindumahasabha.org E-mail : editor.hindusabhavarta@akhilbharathindumahasabha.org i zfr vad ewY; 4 #i ; s fnukad 28 ebZl s03 t wu 2014 r d T; s"B d‘".kvekoL; kl sT; s"B ’ kqDy i apehl Eor ~2071 r d ok£"kd ’ kqYd 100 #i ; s i ‘"B l a[ ; k12 o"kZ&38 vad&9 dYi kfn l Eor ~1972949114 l Ei knd eqUukdqekj ’ kekZ i ‘"B&3 i ‘"B&4 i ‘"B&5 i ‘"B&9 i ‘"B&12 Qwyksads vkS"k/kh; --- ---r ksfueZy gksxh---- i zR; sd cq/kokj dksi zdkf’ kr t h, e Ql yksa dkl p--- vc ugha pysxh-----  l aoknnkr k  Hkkj r dsl kFkl aca/kl q/kkj ukpkgr kgSphu vkr adokfn; ksadhl qfo/kkdsfy, t Eew&d’ ehj easxkao l qj {kk l fefr ; ka[ kRe dj usdhl kft ’ k l j nkj i Vsy dk dkaxszl h fr j Ldkj gSnj kckn l R; kxzg eas ohj l koj dj dhHkwfedk i kd fgUnqv ksa} kj k /kkfeZd Lor a=kr k dhekax eksnhughafgUnqRo dhgSt hr      l aoknnkr k  i kfdLr ku usnksHkkj r h; i =kdkj ksal sns’ k NksM+usdksdgk] fgUnwegkl Hkkusfu.kZ; oki l ysusdhekax dh ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j i kfdLr ku usvi us ; gkadke dj j gsnksHkkj r h; i =kdkj ksadks,d l Ir kgdsHkhr j ns’ kNksM+usdkvkns’ kfn; kgSA bl r j g dkdne mBk, t kus dsi hNsdhot g Hkhughacr kbZ xbZgSA ft u i =kdkj ksadks i kfdLr ku NksM+usdksdgkx; k gS] osgSan fganwdhehukesuu vkSj i hVhvkbZdsLusgs’ kfQfyi A ; s nksuksa bLy kekckn l s vi us&vi usl aLFkkuksadsfy, fj i ksfV±x phu usmEehn t r kbZgSfd ubZl j dkj dsr gr Hkkj r dsl kFkl aca/kksadksc<+kokfeysxkAbl dsl kFkghml usdgkfd og f} i {kh; l ca/kdksfodfl r dj usdksvf/kd egRo nsr kgSAphuhfons’ kea=kky; dhçoä kgqvkpquf; ax usdgkfd phu Hkkj r dhu; hl j dkj dsl kFk feydj dke dj usdkbPNqd gSr kfd mPp Lr j h; nkSj ksadksdk; e j [ kkt kl dsAl Hkh {ks=kksaesal g; ksx dkset cwr fd; kt kl ds, oamPp Lr j dhl k>snkj hdksmUur cuk; k t kl dsAphu&Hkkj r dsl ac/kksaesafuor Zeku ç/kkuea=heueksgu fl ag ds; ksxnku dh r kj hQ dj r sgq, gqvkusdgkfd phu nksuksans’ kksadsl aca/kksadksvkxsc<+kusesavi uh fu"Bk r Fkk dkaxzsl i kVhZds; ksxnku dksHkh dkQh egRo nsr k gSA mUgksausdgk] phu&Hkkj r l aca/kksadksc<+koknsusesaHkkj r h; ç/kkuea=kheueksgu fl ag dsç; kl ksadks phuht ur kl sdkQhl Eeku feykAvf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkkdsj k"Vªh; v/; {kJh pUnzi zdk’ kdkSf’ kd] j k"Vªh; egkea=khJheqUukdqekj ’ kekZ, oaj k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=khJh ohj s’ kR; kxhusuoxfBr eksnhl j dkj l sphu dsckj sesavfr fj Dr l r dZr kcj r usdks dgkgSAl kFkghl kFkfgUnwegkl Hkkusr kvksausphu dhxaHkhj r ki j i z’ u fpºu [ kM+k dj r sgq, dgkfd ; fn phu Hkkj r dsl kFkl aca/kksai j l peqp xaHkhj gSr ksml sl hek fookn i j vi uknkokNksM+nsukpkfg, A egkj k.kki zr ki t ; ar h-----
  2. 2. 2 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ i kBd okr kZ fnukad 28 ebZl s 03 t wu 2014 r d l kIr kfgd j kf’ kQy i a0 nhukukFkfr okj h var n‘Zf"V dl j ughaNksM+h  egku pfj=kdkfuekZ.kegku vkSj mTt oy fopkj ksal sgksr kgSA Lokehf’ kokuan  t Sl sdqEgkj }kjkfeêhdscrZu eas[ khaphxbZjs[ kk,afQj dHkhughaNwVrha]ml hi zdkj ekrk&fi rk } kj kMkysx, l aLdkj cPpksadseu l sdHkhughaNwVr sA j kei zr ki f=ki kBh  gj bal ku dhgj l e; i j h{kkgksr hj grhgSAt ksdl kSVhi j [ kj smr j r sgSa] mudhfot ; gksr hgSA gfj HkkÅ mi k/; k;  foi fÙkl sc<+dj vuqHkofl [ kkusokykdksbZfo’ ofo| ky; vc r d ugha[ kqykA i szepan  fdl hdsxq.kksadhrkjhQdj useasvi ukl e; t k; ker dj ksAml dsxq.kksadksvi ukusdh dksf’ k’ kdj ksA dkyZekDl Z  ; fn r qe ’ k=kqpkgr sgksr ksnwl j sl svkxsc<+ks] vkSj fe=kpkgr sgksr ksnwl j sdks[ kqn l svkxs c<+usnksA dksYVu  vPNhl H; r keasmnkl h] f[ kUur kvkSj fujk’ kkdsfy, dksbZt xgughagSA LosVekMZsu vueksy opu  i <+useas: fp gksr ksKkuo) Zd vPNhi qLr dksal sc<+dj dksbZl kFkhugha] v’ yhy l kfgR; l scM+kdksbZnq’ eu ughaA  ; fn vkt vki xi ksM+’ ka[ kyksxksadhgk¡easgk¡feykr sgks] rksdy mudhfuankdsvxysi k=k vki ghgksaxsA  vki dkst kscy] cqf) ] ; ksX; r k] i n vkSj i fj fLFkfr feyhgS] mudkj k"Vªdsfodkl eas l nqi ; ksx dj ksxsr ksfodkl gksxk] nq: i ; ksx fd; kr ksi r u fuf’ pr gSA  vf/kd /ku&okysdkscM+kekuuk]o de /ku&okysdksNksVkekuukvKkurkgS] cM+Ii u rks mi yC/k&/ku dsl nqi ; ksx easgSA  l eL; kdSl hHkhgks] l eL; kl s?kcj k; saugha] cfYd ml si j h{kkl e>dj ¼ekudj ½i kl dj usdki z; kl dj sa] oghvki dksfot ; fnyok; sxhA  eu eas^mRl kg*cukj gsr kscM+hl scM+hl eL; kdkHkhl ek/kku gkst kr kgS]fujk’ kkeasNksVh l hl eL; kHkhcM+hyxr hgSA geasbl dhi z’ kal kdj uh pkfg, fd ukbt hfj ; kdhefgykvksa usHkhvi uhl j dkj dks’ kfe±nk dj useasdksbZdl j ughaNksM+hgSA mUgksaus?kks"k.kkdhgSfd osvi us di M+smr kj dj l achl kdst axy dhvksj dwp dj saxh] vkSj yM+fd; ksa dksvkr afd; ksadspaxqy l scpkdj yk, axhA t ehuhLr j i j fn[ kkbZ t kjghbl l fØ; rkdkghurht k Fkkfd vi gj .kdsr hu g¶r sckn oSf’ od ehfM; keasbl [ kcj dks r oTt ksfeyhA oj uk bl nkSj ku ehfM; kdhmnkl hurkHkhxkSj djus yk; d j ghA l qi zhr h; kno] xqM+xkao c<+r sokgu j kt /kkuheasi znw"k.kdh l cl scM+hot gokguksadhfuj ar j c<+h l a[ ; k gSA t : j h gSfd l koZt fud i fj ogu O; oLFkkdksvkSj nq#Lr dj Mht y l spyusokys fut hokguksadksde fd; kt k, A i znw"k.kekudksadkmYya?ku dj us okysokguksadkfnYyheasi zos’ koft Zr dj ukHkht : j hgSA j kt nhi [ kqj kuk] ’ kknhi qj r ukoi w.kZekgkSy easHkh caxky eas80i zfr ’ kr l s vf/kd er nku gqvkt ksns’ kHkj eas vkSl r er i zfr ’ kr l svf/kd gSA vDl j ns[ kk t kr k gSfd fgal k] vkr ad vkSj xM+cM+hgksusi j vke er nkr k?kj l sfudy dj er nku dasnzr d t kusdk t ksf[ ke ugha mBkr sA , sl h fLFkfr easer nku i zfr’ kr ?kVukpkfg,] ysfdu bl ds foi jhr rukoi w.kZekgkSu easHkhcaxky easer i zfr ’ kr c<+kA; gkavf/kd ernku dksysdj l Ùkki {kvkSj foi {k dsvi us&vi usvkadyu gSaA f’ koe uk; j ] fpr j at u i kdZ l koZt fud i fj ogu i znw"k.kl sfui Vusdsfy, geasl M+dksai j okguksadkcks> ?kVkuk gksxkAvkSj bl dsfy, t gkafut h okguksadh[ kj hn dksgr ksRl kfgr dj usdht : jr gS] oghabl i j Hkh t ksj Mkyusdht : j r gSfd yksx l koZt fud i fj ogu] t Sl scl ksavkSj esVªksdkvf/kd l svf/kd bLrseky dj saA bl dsfy, l j dkj dks l koZt fud i fj ogu i z.kkyh dks nq#Lr dj usdsl kFkghbl syksxksa dsfy, vf/kd l qfo/kkt ud vkSj l qj f{kr cukukgksxkA vuqi eki zl kn] dhfr Zuxj t ur kHkhft Eesnkj t ui zfr fuf/k; ksadks l kjhl qfo/kk,avkSj l qj{kkvi usfy, t ksM+ysusvkSj t urkdki Sl kvi uh v¸; kf’ k; ksai j [ kpZdj usdkdksbZ vf/kdkj ughaAl h/khl hckr gS, d ckj l qfo/kkvksadksvknr i M+usds ckn dksbZmUgasaNksM+ukughapkgr kA exj ; g Hkhl p gSfd oseq¶r eas feyhfoykfl r kvkxzg dj usHkj l s r ksughaNksM+asxsAmudheDdkfj ; ksa dkt okc t ur kghnsl dr hgS] i j t c ml usghusr kvksadksfl j p<+kj [ kkgks] r ksyksdr a=kvi uh mEehnsafdl i j fVdk, xk vkt ns’ k easl cl segaxht hou ’ kSyh okysusr kdhj Sfy; ksaeasl cl sT; knk HkhM+gksr hgSApqukoi zpkj i j l cl s T; knk[ kpZdj usokyksadksl cl s T; knkl hVfeyusdhmEehn t r kbZ t kj ghgSAt c mUgsa; g vf/kdkj [ kqn ekufl d : i l sxqyke t ur k nsr hgksr ksmUgsa[ kqn fdl hfu; e eas ca/kusdhD; kt : j r Hkkouki zdk’ k] esj B Hkkoi w.kZJ) kat fy ohj l koj dj t h dksdkO; : i eas 28 ebZdksHkkj r ekadsyky] ohj l i wr ] ns’ kHkä] Økafr dkj h] l ekt l q/kkj d] ohj l koj dj t hdht ; Ur hgSA vkvksge l c ns’ kHkä Hkkj r okl hmudsxq.kksa] fl ) kUr ksa] R; kx] l sok] l a?k"kZo dqckZuhdks; kn dj asAdsoy [ kkuki wfr Zdj ds; kn dj ukghdkQhughcfYd cnyr sukt qd l e; eas^fgUnqRo*dh j {kkdsfy; smudsi n fpUgksai j pydj cPpksao ; qokoxZdks i zsfj r dj ] mÙke fgUn j k"Vªdkl ewpsfo’ o easfuekZ.kdj sA ohj l koj dj t hdht ; Ur hgj o"kZj k"Vªh; , dr k fnol ds: i easeukdj mudsl i uksadksl kdkj dj s! vkt t ks ^fgUnqRo*dhn’ kko fn’ kkgSml dkscpkusdsfy; so l kekft d oj k"Vªh; , drk]v[ k.Mr ko i zHkql Ùkkdkset cwr cukusdsfy; s! ohj l koj dj t hdhl sukusr kt hl qHkk"kcksl dhHkakfr vkt kn fgUn QkSt r S; kj dj sA t ksns’ kdsckgj ho vkUr fj d nq’ euksadks[ kkRekdj ds] Hkkj r ekadht ; t ; dkj dj s! ns’ kcU/kq] mÙkeuxj es"k&bl l Ir kg dqN yksxksadhvkfFkZd l eL; kvksadkl ek/kku gksxkft l l smudkeu fLFkj j gsxkA i kfj okfj d yksxksadsçfr l g; ksxkRed j oS; kghmfpr mi k; gSA?kj esafdl hr hl j sO; fä dsgLr {ksi ds dkj .kt hou l kFkhl sr uko gksl dr kgSA o‘"k& bl l Ir kg vki dksl kekft d l EcU/kksadksl q/kkj usesal fØ; HkwfedkfuHkkuhgksxhAl e; vkSj l EcU/knksuksadsçfr l r dZvkSj l dkj kRed j gusdhvko’ ; dr kgSA feFkqu &bl l Ir kg dqNyksxksadksvi usi qj kusdk; ks±dksysdj dkQhHkkxnkSM+dj uhi M+l drhgSAi fj okj esag"kZdkekgkSy cukj gsxkft l dsQyLo: i l Hkhyksx vki l esal gHkkfxr kdj saxsAj kst ho j kst xkj ds çfr fd; sx; sç; kl l kFkZd fl ) gksl dr sgSaA ddZ&bl l Ir kg t ksf[ ke Hkj sdk; ksZdsçfr l ko/kku o l t x j gusdhvko’ ; dr kgSAl j dkj hdk; ks±esa yki j okghvfgr dj l kfcr gksl dr hgSAnwj &nj kt dsl EcU/kksaesanwj hcuk; saj [ kukghmfpr j gsxkA fl ag &bl l Ir kg dqN yksx vi uh; kst ukvksadksdk; Z: i esacnyusdsfy, ykykf; r j gsaxsAfdl hckr dksysdj fe=kksal seu&eqVko dhfLFkr mRi Uu gksl dr hgSA dU; k&bl l Ir kg ?kj syw[ kpksZesaO; ; dhvf/kdr kcuhj gsxhft l dsQyLo: i i fj okj esafdl hl s dgk&l quhgksl dr hgSAvki &vi uhvkUr fj d ’ kfä; ksadkt xkusdkç; kl dj sar Hkhekufl d ’ kkfUr fey l dr hgSA r qyk&bl l Ir kg dqN yksx vi usl EcU/kksadksysdj r uko xzLr gksl dr sgSaAt hfodkl EcU/khfd; sx; s ç; kl QyhHkwr gksaxsft l l sekufl d ’ kfä esao‘f) gksxhA o‘f’ pd &t ksfey x; kml hdkseqdn~nj l e> fy; kAgkFki Sj gkFkcSBdj jgusl sl eL; kvksadkgy ugha gksxkAvuko’ ; d [ kpksZi j foj ke yxusdhl EHkkoukgSA /kuq&bl l IrkgdqN yksx vi uht hfodkdksysdj dkQhfpfUr r j gsaxsAt ksyksx dk; Z; kO; ol k; esayxs gS] mudksvi usvf/kdkj hl sl ko/kku j gusdhvko’ ; dr kgSA edj &bl l Ir kgdqNyksxksadsLokLF; esaf’ kfFkyrkdsdkj .kdk; ksZesavki dh: fp u dscjkcj ghj gsxhA l ekt dsyksxksadsçfr vki dseu esan; kdsHkkovkl dr sgSa] i j Ur qvki mudsfy, dqN dj ughai k; saxs bl dkeyky j gsxkA dqEHk&bl l Ir kg vki dks/ku l sl EcfU/kr ekeyksaesal ko/kku j gusdhvko’ ; dr kvU; Fkkfdl hdkj .k /ku dhgkfu gksl dr hgSAeksg vkSj vi s{kkghnq%[ kdkj .kgksr sgSa] vr %vki bu l c pht ksal sft uknwj j gsaxsmr ukghvki l q[ kdsdj hc j gsaxsA ehu &bl l Ir kgdqN yksxksadk?kj sywekeyksaesa/ku dkO; ; vf/kd gksl dr kft l dsdkj .kvki i j s’ kku gksl dr sgaSAt ksçse dspDdj esai M+sgaS] mUgsafo’ ks"kl ko/kku j gusdhvko’ ; dr kgSAvki l hl g; ksx l s ghçxfr l qfuf’ pr gksl dr hgSA
  3. 3. fgUnwl Hkk okr kZfnukad 28 ebZl s03 t wu 2014 r d vè; {kh; l Ei kndh; E-mail: chandraprakash.kaushik@akhilbharathindumahasabha.org E-mail : munna.sharma@akhilbharathindumahasabha.org eksnhughafgUnqRo dhgSt hr --r ksfueZy gksxh t hounkf; uh j k"Vªh; mn~cks/ku pUnzi zdk’ kdkSf’ kd j k"Vªh; vè; {k j k"Vªh; vkg~oku eqUuk dqekj ’ kekZ j k"Vªh; egkl fpo Hkkt i kuspquko esa, d ukj kfn; kFkkfd vPNsfnu vkus okysgSaAeksnhusokj k.kl hesadgkFkkfd xaxkek¡useq>scqyk; kgSA vc ns’ kesaHkkt i kcgqer esavkx; hgS] rksD; kekukt k, fd ns’ kdh nhounkf; uhufn; ksadsHkhvPNsfnu vkusokysgSaAxaxk] ; equkl syksxksadhvkLFkkt qM+hgSAr ks D; k; gfueZy gkst k, axhA1985&86l sxaxk, D’ ku Iyku ; kst ukcuhFkh] ysfdu ur ht k<kd dsr hu i kr ghjgkAxaxkdhl QkbZdsuke i j dsoy l j dkj h/ku i j gkFkdhl QkbZgksr hjghA r c l sysdj vkt r d yxHkx Ms<+gt kj dj ksM+#i , [ kpZgkspqdsgSavkSj vc fo’ o cSad usHkh xaxkdksLoPN vkSj fueZy j [ kusdsfy, 2600 dj ksM+#i , [ kpZdj usdkfu.kZ; fd; kgSAns’ k dsfy, vkSj [ kkl dj okj k.kl hdht ur kdsfy, LoPNxaxkvge eqíkgS] exj cM+kl oky ; g gSfd dk’ khdksogxaxkD; keksnhykSVk, axsAt ksxqt j r soä dsl kFkcsgn [ kj kc gkyr esai gqapr h t kj ghgSA; wans’ kdsfy, xaxkdkeqíkmBkukt : j hHkhgSvkSj et cwj hHkhAbl fy, fd xaxk vkLFkkgS] J) kgS] i wt kgSAog xaxk] t ksft anxhnsr hgS] ml dhgkyr nq[ kHkhi gqapkr hgSvkSj xqLl kHkhc<+kr hgSA, sl kughafd dk’ khusxaxkdhfcxM+r hgkyr dksj ksdusdsfy, dksbZdksf’ k’ k ghughadhAgkbZdksVZr d dknj okt k[ kV[ kVk; kx; kAi j l kj hdksf’ k’ ksacsur ht kjghavkSj xaxk cn~l sHkhcn~r j gksr hxbZAfi Nysr hu n’ kd esar ksxaxkdhgkyr l q/kkjusdsç; kl ksaesadbZgt kj djksM+[ kpZfd, t kpqdsgSaAi j l Hkh; kst uk,adkxt ksai j cuhavkSj ckn esadkxt ksai j ghfl eVdj j g xbZaAxaxkdseqísi j i ; kZoj .kfon~t hMhvxzoky vkej .kvu’ ku Hkhdj pqdsgSaAi j xaxkdks fueZy cukusdsfy, dksbZBksl i gy ughagqbZA2010 l s2013 r d pkj ckj dht kap esadk’ kh esaxaxkdki kuhgj ckj Qsy gqvkAxaxkt y i husvkSj ugkusyk; d HkhughafudykAgj l ky ; gka [ kr j ukd bZ&dksykbZcSDVhfj; k feyk]t ksi kuhi husokys ’ k[ l dkschekj rd dj l dr kgSAnwl j h vksj ] r hu n’ kd l s xaxk l QkbZvfHk; ku py j gk gSA ft l i j gt kj ksadj ksM+#i , [ kpZfd, x, gSa] i j vc rd xaxkl kQugha gqbZAmYVsvkSj eSyh gksxbZgSA 1986 esa r Rdkyhu ç/kkuea=kh j kt ho xka/khusxaxk, D’ ku Iyku ’ kq: fd; kFkkAxaxkdksçnw"k.keqä dj usgsr q901-71dj ksM+ #i , vkoafVr fd, x, FksAi j og i Sl kxaxkdst y esacg x; kvkSj xaxkçnwf"kr ghj g xbZA t cfd xaxk, D’ ku Iyku dsr gr o"kks±r d xaxkdhl QkbZdkvfHk; ku pykAo"kZ2000 esabl ; kst ukdkfoLr kj fd; kx; k] fQj Hkhvi sf{kr dke ughagksi k; kAfQj ] 2008 esaxaxk, D’ ku Iyku&2 ’ kq: fd; kx; kAbl dsckot wn xaxkvkSj çnwf"kr gksr hxbZAçnw"k.kdkeq[ ; dkj .kgS] ’ kgj ksadsxansukysAxaxk, D’ ku Iyku dkdke Fkk] bu ukyksadksxaxkesafxj usl sj ksdukAi j ; g dke ughagqvkAÅi j l sfct yhcukusdsfy, xaxki j vusd cka/kcuk, x, gSaAbl hfy, xaxkdh/kkj kesaogxfr ughaj ghgS] t ksxanxhdkscgkr hpyht k, Afganw/keZdhekU; r kesabl s nqfu; kdh,dek=keqfänkf; uhunhdgkt krkgSA; g nqfu; kdhl cl scM+h20ufn; ksaesal s, d gSofo’ o dhl cl sçnwf"kr ufn; ksaesal sHkh, dAgekjhfgUnwl H; r kesaekU; r kgSfd czãk] fo".kq vkSj egs’ k; st ksf=knso gSa] ge r huksadhvyx&vyx i wt kdj r sgSar ksr huksadkvyx&vyx vk’ khokZn çkIr gksr kgSAysfdu xaxkdhvxj ge dsoy i wt kdj r sgSar ksgesaczãk] fo".kq] egs’ k ; sr huksansor kvksadkvk’ khokZn çkIr gksr kgSAD; ksafd fo".kqdsi Sj dsuk[ kwu l sgksdj xaxkfudyh gSvkSj czãkdsdeaMy esavkdj vor fj r gqbZgSvkSj fQj ogkal sf’ kodht VkesavkSj fQj f’ ko dht Vkl sgksdj /kj r hi j vor fj r gqbZgSaAHkkj r l ukr u j k"VªgSvkSj xaxkgekj hcgqr i fo=k unhgSAHkkt i kvkSj eksnhusxaxkdksfueZy cukusdknkokfd; kgSAdgukr ks; gkar d gSfd Hkkt i kbl dsfy, i wj hr j g çfr c) gSAl j dkj cuusi j xaxkdksfueZy vkSj vfoj y cukusdk nkokfd; kx; kFkkAysfdu] ; gHkhl e>ukt : jhgSfd dsoy /ku dsçokgl sxaxkdksvfoj y ughacuk; kt kl drk] cfYd t y dsçokgl sghvfojy cuk; kt kl drkgSAl okZf/kd vkWDl ht u vxj fdl ht y esagksr kgSr ksog xaxkdsght y esagksr kgSA; ghdkj .kgSfd yacsl e; r d xaxkdkt y ; fn dghaj [ kfn; kt kr kgSr ksml esadHkhdhM+sughai M+r sAysfdu nwl j hufn; ksa dst y esadqNghfnuksaesadhM+si M+t k, axsAvkSj xaxkdst y dsoSKkfud egRodksgekjs_ f"k; ksa o egf"kZ; ksausl e>kAxaxkekadsvk’ khokZn l sgheksnhdksns’ kesabr ukcM+kt uk/kkj feykgSA vc eksnhdksHkhxaxkdkdt ZpqdkukgSAmUgsaekadksfueZy vkSj vfoj y cukdj xaxkdkl Eeku c<+kukgSAr Hkhmudk; g Hkxhj Fkç; kl i wj hr j g l sl Qy gksxkA ns’ kusLi "Vcgqer fn; kgSAft l sHkkjr h; t ur k i kVhZeksnhdht hr cr kj ghgSAt cfd ; gfdl heksnhdh t hr ughagS] ; gfgUnqRodht hr gSA; gi wj kpqukoghdsoy fgUnqRoo xSj fgUnwvksadsvk/kkj i j gksjgkFkkAvkSj fgUnqvksadht hr gqbZAD; ksafd bl l s i gysfgUnwnfyr ] czkã.k] Bkdqj l fgr l SdM+ksaHkkxksaesacaVkgqvkFkkAft l dsvk/kkj i j vyx&vyx jkt uhfrd nyksadhj kt uhfr ped j ghFkhAogxSj fgUnqvksadksl kFk ysdj vi uhr kdr dksc<+kusdsfQj kd esaj gr sFksAt ksfgUnqvksadksukxokj xqt j kA fQj D; kFkkjk"VªdksfgUnwj k"Vªcukusdkl e; vkx; kgSAbl sns[ kr sgq, fgUnw, d=k gksx; kAvkSj ; g fgUnqvksadhghr kdr gS] ft l dhvka/khesal Hkhny /kwy pkVx; sA vkSj bl hdspyr sekSt wnkpquko dhdgkuhdksfl QZHkkj r h; t ur ki kVhZdsLi "V cgqer ysusds: i esaughans[ kkt kl dr kApquko ur ht ksal sl kj kj kt uSfr d i fj -’ ; ghcny x; kgSAdkaxzsl dsHkfo"; dksysdj ppkZ,agksusyxhgSaA{ks=kh; nyksadhHkwfedk csgn l hfer gksxbZçr hr gksj ghgSvkSj ç’ u mBj gsgSafd D; kvkxsbl l s{ks=kh; nyksadsvçkl afxd gksusdkl adsr feyr kgSAD; kdqNsd l kyksaesaj k"Vªh; j kt uhfr xBca/kuksadspØO; wg l seqä gksdj jk"Vªh; nyksadhj kt uhfr esacny t k, xhAokei aFk dkl adVvkSj xgj kgksx; kgSANksVs&NksVsnyksa} kj kt ksM+r ksM+kdsek/; e l sns’ kds j k"Vªuk; d cuus dsl i usns[ kus dh ço‘fÙk dks dj kj kvk?kkr i gq¡pkgSA fdl h , d ny dks Li "V t ukns’ k vkSj i k¡p o"kZ r d fcukfdl h dsCySdesy r Fkk#dkoV ds vi uhuhfr ; ksa vkSj dk; ZØeksadks ykxwdj usdh Lor a=kr kt ur kusfQj nsuh’ kq: dhgSAuj saæeksnhvi uspquko vfHk; ku dsnkSj ku ckj &ckj bl dsfy, vkxzgdj r sj gsFksAt ur kus, d l e>nkj hHkj kQSl ykfd; kA t ksM+r ksM+dj LFkkfi r fd, x, l Ùkk: <+xBca/kuksal sl okZf/kd uqdl ku j k"VªvkSj t ur k dkghgksr kgSAbu dfj ’ ekbZpqukoi fj .kkeksadkJs; fdl st kr kgSAbl ç’ u dkmÙkj ’ kk; n dksbZugha<wa<j gkAvko’ ; dr kghughagSANgeghusdsHkhr j ; fn Hkkt i k, d mRl kgghu j kt uSfrd ny l svFkkg’ kfäi qat dhfLFkfr esai gq¡p xbZgSrksbl dkdkj.k HkhLi "VgSAvkf[ kj dkSul k, sl kr RogSt ksNgeghusi gysi kVhZdsi kl ughaFkkvkSj vkt gSAoggSfgUnw’ kfäAvkt HkhHkkt i kdsfojks/kh; fn pqukourht ksadsi hNsr eke r j g dsdkj dksadksr yk’ kusdsmi Øe esat qVsgSar ksmudheu%fLFkfr l e> esavkr h gSA; g dgukHkhde yxr kgSfd bfr gkl j pkx; kAokLr o esa, sl kyxr kgSfd 1857dhHkkjr h; QkSt 157l ky ckn t hrhvkSj vaxzst ksadhdkyhNk; kl seqfä feyhA ; gdsoy l Ùkki fj or Zu ughacfYd j kt uhfr d&’ kSyh] Nan vkSj Hkk"kkdki fj or Zu gSA Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj vgadkj dhj kt uhfr dsfo#) n’ kdksal st ur kdseu esat ksxqLl kBgj k gqvkFkkAogQVi M+kA; gt u foæksg dkpje gSft l usl afo/kku ds<kapsesayksdr a=k dhe; kZnkj [ khvkSj vUrr %ns’ ki j cks> cususg: xka/khi fj okj] t ksges’ kkfgUnwfoj ks/ khj ghgS] ml dht ehankj hdksm[ kkM+QsadkAbu yksxksausns’ kvkSj t ur kdksvi us fi NokM+sdhQl y l e> fy; kFkkAHkz"Vkpkj i j [ kkeks’ khj [ kh] l Ùkkdsnksdsaæcuk, ] vi usyksxksadsxyr dkeksadksut j vankt dj fn; kAfoi {khi j O; fäxr vk?kkr fd, ] xkfy; ksavkSj pfj =kguu dhj kt uhfr dhAur ht kD; kfudyk] t ur kust ksQSl yk fd; k; fn vc Hkhosml l sl cd ughal h[ ksaxsr ksbZ’ oj Hkhmudhj {kkughadj i k, xkA Hkkj r dsvkxsvc l Hkhdsur eLr d gksusdkl e; vkx; kgSAHkkj r fo’ oxq# cuus dsj kg i j dne c<+kpqdkgSAvc : l dsi qfr u] vesfj dkdsvksckekvkSj phu ds f’ kuft axfi ax dksHkhHkkjr dsvkxsfl j >qdkukgksxkAu dsoy jk"Vªh; i fj-’ ; esacnyko vk; sxkvkSj l suk] l j gn rFkkl kekU; t udhj {kkvkSj l Eekuc<+sxkcfYd l cl si gyh oj h; r kgksxhvFkZO; oLFkkdksl q/kkjukr Fkk#i ; sdhdher dkset cwr cukukAl dy ?kj sywmRi kn dhnj dks8 çfr ’ kr r d i gqapkusdkdfBu dke l keusgSAns’ kds fuekZ.kl sDVj dhfLFkfr csgn ukt qd gSANksVscM+smi dj.kphu l svk; kr dj usi M+ j gsgSaAbl fy, bl l sDVj dkset cwr cukusdhcM+hft Eesnkj hgSAHkkjr o"kZi ‘Fohi j ’ kfä’ kkyh, oaLokfHkekuhj k"Vªds: i esamHkj dj vk; sxkA
  4. 4. fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ LokLF; fnukad 28 ebZl s 03 t wu 2014 r d 4 ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j dqNfnu i gysbZesy l s,d i koj IokbUVi zn’ kZu feyk] bl esavnj d dkxq.kxku fd; k x; kFkk] ys[ kd usdqy feykdj vnj d dks22 fofHkUu i zdkj ds j ksxksaesaxq.kdkj hcr k; kFkk] bu j ksxksaesal nhZ] t qdke] dCt l s ysdj dSUl j r d dsj ksxksaesa vnj d dhmi ; ksfxr kdko.kZu Fkk] dbZj ksxksadh j ksdFkke esa rFkkdbZvU; jksxksadhfpfdRl k esavnj d dksvR; Ur i zHkkoh cr k; k x; k Fkk] bl i zdkj ds ys[ kfofHkUu oLr qvksadsfo"k; esa fofHkUu i =k&i f=kdkvksa] l ekpkj i =kksa] Vh-oh] dk; ZØeksaesacj kcj i zdkf’ kr gksrsjgrsgSa]dgharqyl h] dghavkWoyk]dghaxkt j rksdgha ewyh] dksbZHkhoLr q’ ks"k ugha] ; gk¡r d fd nkgdkdj i nkFkZ fepZdk Hkhxq.kxku ns[ kusesa vk; kgS] t u l k/kkj .kbu l c l si zkIr t kudkjhdki z; ksx dqN vi uht houp; kZesal fEefyr dj fdr uhxq.kdkj h%vnj d  MkW0 x.ks’ kyky ewanM+k r Fkk vf/kdr j cgl dj usds fy, i z; ksx dj r sj gr sgSa] i z’ u ; g gSfd D; k ; g xq.kxku okLr fod r Fkk oSKkfud ewY; ksa i j [ kj kmr j r kgSA vnj d , d i zdkj dk el kykgS]l w[ kdj bl hdhl kSaB cur hgS] l kSaB dk i z; ksx dbZ i zdkj dhvkS"kf/k; ksaesafd; kt krk gS] vnj d dksl kFk mckydj vFkokl Ct h]nky vkfn dkLokn c<+kusdsfy, si z; ksx fd; kt kr k gS] vi usvU; xq.kksadsvfr fj Dr bl dsr h[ ksLokn dsdkj .kbl s {kq/kko/kZd r Fkk Lokno/kZd Hkh l e>kt kr kgS] /kj kry i j ns[ ksa rksHkkj r dsvusd ?kj ksaesavnjd okyhpk; dhr yc ns[ kht kr h gS]pk; dsl kFkvnjd dkl sou fnu esadbZckj fd; kt kr kgS] ; fn vnj d dsl Hkhxq.kksadk ykHkbu pk; i zsfe; ksadksfey i kr kr ks] bl i zdkj i z; ksx dj us okysyksxksadksr ksi w.kZr ; kj ksx eqDr gkst kukpkfg, Fkk] i j Ur q D; k, sl kgqvk bl fo"k; i j ,d oSKkfud n‘f"Vdks.kl sfopkj dj ukt : j hgSA l al kj esaft rusHkhrh[ ks Lokn dsHkksT; i nkFkZgSamudk r h[ kki u fdl hu fdl hi zdkj dsr hozvUr dsdkj .kgksr kgS t ksmu i nkFkks±esai k; kt krkgS] vEy dkxq.kghgS&t yu i Snk dj uk] vr %bu i nkFkksZal s; qDr Hkkst u ds} kj k t hHk l sysdj ey} kj r d t yu mRi Uu gksr h gS]eq[ kesar Fkkxysesabl t yu l seqfDr i kusdsfy, vf/kd ykj mRi Uu gksr hgSvkSj eq[ ]k bl i zdkj dsHkkst u l seqfDr i kusdsfy, HkyhHkk¡fr pck, fcukghxysl suhpsmr kj nsr k gS] i sVesat kdj Hkkst u vek’ k; esamRi Uu vUr dsl kFkfeydj vkSj vf/kd nkgd gkst kr kgS] vf/kd nkg i sV esat yu c<+k nsr hgS] bl i zdkj i sVHkhmfpr l e; l si gysghHkkst u dksvk¡r esaBw¡l nsrkgS]ckj&ckj vfrfjDr vEy; qDr Hkkst u vek’ k; dh vEyj {kd i j r ksai j foi j hr i zHkkoMkyr kgS] bl l s, l hfMVh r Fkk vek’ k; esavYl j t Sl h chekfj ; ksadk Hk; mRi Uu gks l dr kgS] t c ; gHkkst u vk¡r esa i gq¡pr k gS; gh i zfØ; k i qu% nksgj kbZt kr h gSvkSj i pk] v/ki pkHkkst u NksVhvk¡r l scM+h vk¡r esagksr kgqvkey ekxZl s ckgj gkst krkgSbl i zdkj gksus okykey fu"dkl u bl feF; k /kkj.kkdkst UensrkgSfd vnjd dCt uk’ kd gS] Hkkst u dhbl r hozxfr dsnksvU; i fj .kke gksr sgSa] i gyk ; g fd i kpu i z.kkyhvfr i fj Je dsdkj .k Fkd t kr hgS] nwl j k Hkkst u esa mi fLFkr vUu dki w.kZi kpu ugha gksi kr kvFkkZr vUu dhcckZnh gksr hgSA FkdhgqbZi kpu i z.kkyh dksyxkr j oSl sghdke dj usds fy, foo’ kdj usi j ml dhxfr /khehgkst krhgS]ft l sBhd djus dsfy, mUghavFkokoSl sghi nkFkks± dk ckj &ckj i z; ksx dj uk vko; d gkst krkgS]vUr esavk¡rksa dhvoLFkkml Fkdsgq, ?kksM+s dhHkk¡fr gkst kr hgS] ft l sgaVj ekj &ekj dj nkSM+k; kt kr k gS vkSj var esaosmÙkj nsnsusdks foo’ kgkst kr hgSa] bl i zdkj dsHkkst u l s vUu dki wj ki kpu ughagksr k] vr%vui psvUu dhdkQhek=kk ey esafol £t r gkst kr hgS]; fn bl i zdkj fou"VgksusokysHkkst u dscnysvfrfjDr Hkkst u u fd; k t k, r ks’ kj hj dkHkkj de gksus yxr kgS] ; got u dhdehbl feF; kvo/kkj.kkdkst Ue nsrhgS fd vnj d ot u de dj usesa l gk; r k dj r hgS] nwl j hvksj i sVdst Ynh&t Ynh[ kkyhgksus dsdkj .k fQj l s[ kkusdh vko’ ; dr kvuqHko gksr hgS] bl s vnj d dk{kq/kko/kZd xq.keku fy; k t kr k gS] bl oSKkfud fopkj dsvuql kj vnj d dsdbZ r FkkdfFkr xq.kLor%ghvoxq.kksa esai fj o£r r gkst kr sgaSA mi j ksDr i zn’ kZu esa vnj d dk, d vkSj xq.kcr k; k x; kgSAdgkx; kgSfd vnj d xj e gksr hgSvr %l nhZ] t qdke] Toj vkfn esaykHki zn gS] i gysr ks vk/kqfud foKku dhxos"k.kkds }kj kxj eBaMkvkfn dkfl ) kUr ghvLohdkj dj fn; kx; kgS rc bu l c jksxksaesavnjd ¼l kSaB½ dSl sdke dj r h gS] oSKkfud fopkj dj usi j fn[ kkbZnsr kgS fd vnj d vi usvEy dsdkj .k vk¡r esa, df=kr ey dksckgj dj ’ kjhj dhl QkbZdj l dr h gSa] vk¡r ksadhl QkbZl sl nhZdk i zdksi Lo; aghde gkst kr kgS] nwl j svnj d dkvEy j Dr esa fey t kr kgS] j Dr Hkhbl vEy dksl gu ughadj i kr k] vr % ml l seqfDr i kusdsfy, Ropk ekxZdkl gkj kysr kgSvkSj ; g vEy&fo"ki l husds: i esa’ kj hj l sckgj fudyrkgS]; g i l huk ’ kj hj i j l w[ kusdsl e; ’ kj hj dkdqNrki [ khap ysrkgS]ft l l s r ki Øe de gkst kr kgS] i j Ur q ; ghl c ykHk r ks, d , uhek } kj kr Fkk QwyksadsvkS"k/kh; xq.k j ax fcj axsQwyksadksns[ kdj eu i zl Uu gkst kr kgS] Qwy okr koj .kdksHkhvkd"kZ.ki znku dj r s gSa] Qwyksadkmi ; ksx nSfud t hou esavusd i zdkj l sfd; kt kr kgSnSfud i z; ksx dsi zfr fj Dr Qwyksaesa vU; vusd xq.kHkhgksr sgSaA; sxq.kQwyksadhfo’ ks"kr kesapkj pk¡n yxknsr sgSa] ; g l R; gSfd Qwyksa dksl kSUn; Zdkvax ekukt kr kgSaA; wukbVsMfdaxMe dsesfMdy t uZy esai zdkf’ kr , d fj i ksVZdsvuql kj 15 l s20 feuV r d r kt sQwyksadsfudV j gus; kbUgsavi usj l j [ kusl sr uko eqDr egl wl fd; k t kl dr kgSAvusd oSKkfudksadsvuql kj Qwyksal sl gkuqHkwfr vkusdsvfr fj Dr vusd euksj ksxksal seqfDr fey l dr hgSAHkk¡fr &Hkk¡fr dsQwyksaesavyx&vyx r sy gksr sgSabu r syksadhfo’ ks"kr kgksr hgSfd ; s r sy Qwyksadkfo’ ks"ki zdkj dh[ kq’ kcwi znku dj r sgSaAr syksadsok"i hdj .kl sghokr koj .kesa[ kq’ kcwQSyr h gS] QwyksadsHkhmuesami fLFkr r Roksadsdkj .kgSAyky] uhyst kequhj ax , aFkksfl ; kfeu fi axesUVl st cfd IykfLVd fi xesUV vU; j ax dsfy, gksr kgS] oghaDyksj ksfQy] dSj ksVhu gj sj ax dsfy, mÙkj nk; hgSA Qwyksadki z; ksx okr koj .kdkseuksj e cukr kgSAdbZQwyksa dk i z; ksx nSfud t hou esafd; k t kr k gSek=k br uk i fj p; Qwyksadhfo’ ks"kr kcr kusdsfy, i ; kZIr u gksxk] Qwy gekj sLokLF; dsn‘f"Vdks.k l sHkhvfr xq.kdkj hgS] vusd vkS"kf/k; ksaesabudki z; ksx fd; kt kr kgSAdkSu&dkSu l sQwy fdl &fdl i zdkj dsfdu&fdu chekfj ; ksaesa ykHknk; d gSAl cl si gysckr dj r sgSaxqykc dsQwy dh ekykcukusxqynLr kdhl t koV esar FkkvU; i zdkj l s xqykc dki z; ksx fd; kt kr kgS] xqykc dsQwy esavk; j u dSfY’ k; e ft ad] fu; fl u] QkLQksj l ] foVkfeu&bZ] VSfufu ÝdVkst bR; kfn r Ro gksr sgSa] xqykc dki z; ksx xqydUn xqykc ’ kcZr ] xqykc b=k] xqykct y bR; kfn cukus esafd; kt kr kgS] xqykc dsr kt sQwy l kj d] l w[ ksQwy dCt uk’ kd gksr sgSaAxqykc dkQwy LokLF; dsn‘f"Vdks.kl sHkhvfr ykHkdkj hgS] xqykc dkQwy vusd O; kf/k; k¡nwj dj usesal gk; r kdj l dr k gSAxqykc dkxqydUn cukdj B.MkbZds: i esai z; ksx dj usl sân; ’ kj hj dhnqcZyr k] i kpu’ kfDr dhdet ksj hesai z; ksx fd; kt kr kgS] br ukghugham".kr kdsdkj .kgksusokysfl j nnZ] ?kcj kgV bR; kfn esaHkhxqykc dsQwy mi ; qDr gksr sgSa] ; sgM~Mh] nk¡r ksadkset cwr cukus] vfr l kj ] Ropkj dht yu dks j ksdus] j l j Dr vkfn /kkr qvksadh’ kqf) o‘f) dsfy, ] Ropkdkj ax l kQ dj usesafd; kt kr kgS] bl ds l sou l s’ kj hj esafoVkfeu l hdhdehnwj gksr hgSApesyhdsQwyksadkj l fofHkUu us=kj ksxksaesai z; ksx gksr kgS] vukj dsQwyksadspw.kZdkeat u dj usl snk¡r ksavkSj el wM+ksaesa[ kweu vkusdhl eL; kesaykHk fey l dr kgS] xqynkmnhdsl Qsn] ukj axh] xqykchj ax dsQwy gksr sgSabu QwyksaesaHkhvkS"kf/k; xq.kgksr s gS] ; soh; Zo/kZd] udl hj ] t yu] ?kkoksadksnwj dj usokysgksr sgSa] xqMgy ckyksadsfy, fgr dkj h] j Dr i znj esaykHkdj hân; ] efLr "d dkscy nsr kgS] br ukghugha] ; sckt hdkj d vkSj j Dr ’ kks?ku } kj kj ksx nwj dj usokykgksr kgS] esagnhdsQwy ân; dkscy nsusokysvfunzkdksnwj dj usokysgksr sgSa] cqj kl k dsQwy xqykch; kefV; kl Qsn j ax dsgksr sgSa] ; sLokn esa[ kV~Vsgksr sgSa] bl dsQwyksadk’ kj cr mPp j Dr pki dsmi pkj esaxq.kdkj hgSAuhe dsQwy dkvdZj Dr fodkj ] QksaM+s] QqUl hdq"B j ksx dksnwj dj usesal gk; d gSA ’ kSysUnzdqekj l Dl Suk
  5. 5. 5 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ l cj ax fnukad 28 ebZl s 03 t wu 2014 r d i zèkkuea=kh eueksgu fl ag us; g dgdj j k"Vªh; cgl r st dj nhgSfd t So l ao£) r ¼t h, e½Ql yksads f[ kykQ voSKkfud i wokZxzgksal sxzfl r gksuk xyr gSAt Eewesa101ohabafM; u l kbal dkaxzsl dksl ckssfèkr dj r s gq, mUgksausdgkfd t Soi zkS| ksfxdh esaQl yksadhi Snkokj c<+kusdh i zpqj l aHkkouk gSvkSj mudh l j dkj d‘f"k fodkl dsfy, bu ubZr duhd dksi zksRl kgu nsus ds i zfr opuc) gSA fooknkLi n t h, e i zkS| ksfxdhdh r kj hQ esai zèkkuea=khdkc; ku pkSadkr kughagSAt ; j ke j es’ k vkSj t ; ar huVj kt u dkst h, e Ql yksadsfoj ksèk dsdkj .k i ; kZoj .kea=kky; l sgVkfn; k x; kgSAt ; j ke j es’ kuschVh cSxu i j ’ kksèkdksLFkfxr dj fn; kFkkAvxj bl dhvuqefr nsnht krhAmudsckn i ; kZoj .k ea=kky; l aHkkyusokyht ; ar h uVj kt u ust h, e Ql yksads QhYMVªk; y dhvuqefr nsus dh m| ksx t xr dh ekax ds ncko dsl keus>qdusl seuk dj fn; kFkkA bl {ks=kesacgqr dqN nkaoi j yxkgSAvj cksaMkWyj ds bl m| ksx dkst h, e Ql yksadks vuqefr nsusl sHkkj r dsbUdkj l sdj kj k>VdkyxkgSAvusd j kT; l j dkj ksa} kj k t h, e Ql yksadsQhYM VªkW; y dks vuqefr nsusl sbUdkj djus]d‘f"k i j l al n dhLFkkbZl fefr ds fojksèkvkSj l qi zhe dksVZ}kjkxfBr dhxbZVSDuhdy , Dl i VZdesVh dsbUdkj dsckn vc m| ksx t xr i hNsdsnj okt sl st h, e Ql ysaykusdkncko Mky j gk gSA; gka; g l e>ukcgqr t : jh gkst kr kgSfd m| ksx t xr ds r FkkdfFkr oSKkfud nkoksadh l PpkbZD; kgSvkSj D; kt h, e Ql ysaokLr o esaekuo LokLF; o i ; kZoj .kdsfy, l qj f{kr gSaA i zèkkuea=khdkdgukgSfd t h,e i zkS| ksfxdhesaQl yksadhi Snkokj c<+kusdhcM+hl aHkkouk,agSaA, sl s ghnkosm| ksx t xr Hkhdj r k gS]fdUr ql PpkbZ; g gSfd vesfjdkesa20l ky i gysi gyh t h, e Ql y vkusdsckn l s vkt rd dksbZ,sl ht h,e Ql y ughagSt ksi Snkokj c<+kl dr h gksA vesfj dk dsd‘f"k foHkkx ¼; w, l Mh, ½dsvè; ; u l si r k pyr kgSfd t h, e eDdkvkSj t h, e l ks; kchu dh i Snkokj i j ai j kxr i zt kfr ; ksal sHkhde gSA; gkar d fd Hkkj r esal saVªy baLVhV~; wV QkWj dkWVu fj l pZ] ukxi qj usLohdkj fd; kgSfd 2004l s2011dschp dsurht ksa i j xkSj dj usl si r kpyr kgS fd chVhdkWVu dhi Snkokj esa dksbZegRoi w.kZo‘f) ughagqbZgSA bl nyhy esadksbZne ughagS fd 2050r d c<+hgqbZt ul a[ ; k dk i sV Hkj usdsfy, vfèkd i Snkokj dht : jr i M+sxhft l ds fy, t h, e Ql yksadht : j r gSA D; k fo’ o esa[ kk| kUu dh dehgS ; w, l Mh, dsvkadyu dsvuql kj 2013esafo’ o esa14 vj c yksxksadki sV Hkj usyk; d [ kk| kUu mRi Uu gqvkAnwl js’ kCnksa esafo’ o esaor Zeku vkcknhl s nksxquht ul a[ ; kdsfy, [ kk| kUu dk mRi ki nu fd; kA fQj Hkh vj cksayksxksadksHkw[ ksi sV l ksuk i M+kAvl y l eL; ki Snkokj dh dehughagS] cfYd [ kk| kUu dh cckZnh gSA dj hc 40 i zfr ’ kr [ kk| kUucckZn gkst krkgSAvdsys vesfj dkesagh163 vj c MkWyj dk[ kk| kUu cckZn gkst kr kgSA Hkkj r esadj hc 25 dj ksM+yksx Hkw[ ksi sV l ksr sgSaA ; g Hkq[ kej h[ kk| kUu dhdeh dsdkj .kughagSAt wu 2013 esa Hkkj r esa823 dj ksM+Vu dk vfr fj Dr [ kk| kUu gqvkAbl esa l sdjhc nksdjksM+Vu dkfu; kZr dj fn; kx; kAHkaMkj fd, x, [ kk| kUu dk[ kpZ?kVkusdsfy, nksdj ksM+[ kk| kUu dsfu; kZr dj usdh ; kst uk gSA [ kk| mRi knu c<+kusdsct k; d‘f"k ea=kky; [ kk| kUu dh l j dkj h [ kj hn ?kVkusdh; kst uk cuk j gk gSA t h, e Ql y ksal s dhVuk’ kdksadsbLr seky esdeh vkusdknkokHkhFkksFkkl kfcr gqv k gSA okf’ kaxVu LVsV ; wfuo£l Vhds’ kksèkdr kZpkYl Z csac: d us1996 l s2011 ds chp dsvè; ; u l si r kyxk; k fd vesfj dhfdl kuksausdj hc i kap dj ksM+yhVj j kl k; fud dhVuk’ kdksadks vfr fj Dr bLr seky fd; kA2012 esat h, e fdl kuksa}kjkvkSl ru 20i zfr’ kr vfèkd dhVuk’ kdksadkbLr seky fd; kx; kAubZfdLe dht h, e Ql yksadsvkusdsckn vc ; g vkadM+k25 i zfr ’ kr i j i gaqpus dhl aHkkoukgSAbu ubZfdLe dht h, e Ql yksaesa[ kr j ukd dhVuk’ kdksads feJ.k dk bLr seky fd; k t kr k gSA bl h i zdkj vt sZVhuk]czkt hy vkSj phu esaHkht h, e Ql yksadsdkj .k dhVuk’ kdksadkbLr seky ?kVus dsct k; c<+x; kgSA Hkkj r esadgkuhdqN vyx ughagSA Hkkj r esaHkh dhVuk’ kdksadkbLr seky r st h l sc<k+gSA2005 esadkWVu i j 649dj ksM+#i ; sdsjkl k; fud dhVuk’ kdksadkfNM+dko fd; k x; k FkkA 2010 esadkWVu dh [ ksr hesa92 i zfr’ kr fgLl kchVh dkWVu fdLeksadkgksx; k gSA bl hdsl kFk dhVuk’ kdksadk bLr seky c<+dj 880 dj ksM+ #i ; s i j i gaqp x; k gSA dhVuk’ kdksadsvfèkd bLr seky ft rukghfparkt ud gS,sl sdhVksa dkmHkjukft udk[ kkRekyxHkx vl aHkogSAbUgsal qi j dhVdgk t kr k gSA , d vuqeku ds eqr kfcd vesfj dkesadj hc 10 djksM+, dM+{ks=kQy l qi j dhVksa l si zHkkfor gSA dukMk esa10 yk[ k , dM+l svfèkd {ks=k esa l qi j dhVksadk dCt k gSA vè; ; uksal si r kpyr kgSfd t h,e Ql y vkusdsckn l s21 dhVksai j jkl k; fud dhVuk’ kdksa dk v l j ugha gks j gkA dhV&i raxsHkht h, e Ql yksads i zfr i zfr j {kkfodfl r dj pqds gSaA cgqj k"Vªh; dai uheksul saVksa i gysghLohdkj dj pqdsgSaA cgqj k"Vªh; dai uheksul saVksai gys gh Lohdkj dj pqdh gSA cgqj k"Vªh; dai uheksul saVksai gys ghLohdkj dj pqdhgS] fd Hkkjr esackWyoeZdhVksai j j kl k; fud dhVuk’ kdksadk vl j ughagks j gkgSAt h, e Ql yksal su r ks i Snkokj esao‘f) gksj ghgSvkSj u ghdhVuk’ kdksadkbLrseky ?kV jgkgSA,sl sesai zèkkuea=kheueksgu fl ag dh t h, e Ql y ksadh rjQnkjhl e> l si j sgSaAokLro esavc r eke l k{; vkS| ksfxd d‘f"kds; qx ds[ kkResdhvksj l adsr dj j gsgSaAt h, e Ql yksa l sfeV~Vhfo"kSyhgksrhgSA]Hkwt y dkLrj fxjr kgSvkSj jkl k; fud dhVuk’ kdksavkSj [ kkn dsvfèkd bLrseky dsdkj.ki wjh[ kk| kUu J‘a[ kyk t gj hyhgkst kr hgSA bl dkj.kvfèkd xzhugkml xSl ksa dkmRl t Zu gksr kgSAd‘f"kdks cpkukgSr ksi ; kZoj .kdsvuqdwy [ ksr hdksvi ukuki M+sxkAvkaèkz i zns’ kesadj hc 35yk[ kgsDVs; j t ehu esajkl k; fud dhVuk’ kdksa dsfcukgh[ ksrhdht kj ghgSA dj hc 20 yk[ k gsDVs; j esa j kl k; fud [ kkn dHkhbLr seky ughafd; k t k j gk gSA bl ds ckot wn mRi knu r st hl sc<+j gk gSAi znw"k.k?kVjgkgS] feV~Vhdh moZj r kc<+j ghgSvkSj fdl kuksa dhvk; esao‘f) gksj ghgSAD; k i zèkkuea=khdks[ ksrhdsbl ekWMy dhodkyr ughadj uhpkfg, Fkh t c ; g i z; ksx 35 yk[ k gsDVs; j esal Qy gksl drkgSr ks l k<+sr hu l kSyk[ kgsDVs; j esa D; ksaugha bl hi j Hkkjr h; d‘f"k dkHkfo"; fuHkZj fVdhgSA t h, e Ql yksadkl p MkW0 nsoUnz’ kekZ t fy; kaokykckx ’ kghnksadsi zfr j k/ks’ ; ke vk; Zfo| ksokpLi fr ’ kks"k.kl sgSfy[ kkgqvk] ft l dkLof.kZe bfr gkl A ^t fy; kaokykckx*gekj k] fy, ’ kghnksadkfo’ okl A vej l i wr ksadscfynkuksadht ksvfeV dgkuhA ft l dkd.k&d.kxkSj o&vfUor ] t ksekuh] vfHkekuhA Lor U=kr kdsi q.; i oZdk] t ksfuHkZ; fuekZr k gSA Hkkj r ekadsvuqi es; ] fu’ p; ghHkkX; fo/kkr kgSA ekr ‘Hkwfe fgr ej feVusdk] nsr kt ksi kou l Uns’ kA ft l dscfynkuksal svi uk] /kU; gqvk; g I; kj kLons’ kA Å/ke fl ag t Sl sl sukuh] ft l dhykt cpkr sgSaA vaxzst ksal sysi zfr ’ kks/kl nk] Hkwe.My dksngykr sgSaA oghgekj k^t fy; kaokyk*Hkkj r dkvfHkeku gSA efge.My easft l dhxfj ek] j gsl r r egku gSA vi j kt s; ’ kghnksadkgS] fNi kt gkavr qfyr xkSj oA ’ kkS; Z&i j kØe R; kx Hkj kgS] cfynkuhohj ksadkoSHkoA fczfV’ kxksfy; ksal sfuHkZ; gks] fcuk’ kL=kdsghl Roj A l hukr ku fn; kvkxsc<+] cu l kgl dhewfr Zi z[ kj A ekadsvej l i wr ksadksgS; qx ; qx dkoUnu] vfHkuUnuA ft l easfeVr kj gk; qxksal sØwj xqykehdkdVqØUnuA j kt xq# dhdq.Mfy; k¡ vkpk; Zf’ koi zl knfl ag j kt Hkj eks{k ughapkfg, l w=kèkkj r qeusfn; k] t Sl kHkh funsZ’ k! ml hHkk¡fr dj r kj gk] vi ukt hou i s’ k!! vi ukt hou i s’ k] ys’ ku esj hdj uh! bPNkdj bl i kj ] ; kml i kj oSr j .kh!! ughapkfg, eks{k] cl ckj ckj l al kj ! l sokvol j t xr ns^^j kt xq# l w=kèkkj !!
  6. 6. 6 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ j k"VªfpUr u fnukad 28 ebZl s 03 t wu 2014 r d ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j  gfj d‘".kfuxe fnYyhesa1857 dsl Sfud fonzksg dsneu dsvfUr e i kap fnu cgknqj ’ kkg t Q+j vUn: uh"kM~; a=kdsf’ kdkj ¼fi Nysvad dk’ ks"k½ 14fl rEcj 1857dkfnu fczfV’ k l Sfud bfr gkl esa, d egRoi w.kZfnuekukt krkgSAfnYyh i j dCt kdjukfonzkfg; ksavkSj vaxzst ksa dhl sukvkSj VqdfM+; ksanksuksadsfy, ejus&t husdki z’u FkkAvaxzst t kurs Fksfd ; gkamudsgkj usdker yc mudsl kezkT; ; k mi fuos’ k dk Hkkj r l sfr j ksfgr gksukl aHko cuk l dr kFkkAml usbl hfnu vi us vxysfnu fy, t kusokysBksl dneksadhvk/kkj f’ kykcukyhFkhA i j ’ kke 6 ?kaVsdhi gyhyM+kbZesa 66vaxzst gksukvf/kdkj hvkSj 1100 l Sfud t ku l sgkFkdkscSBsFksA fonzksfg; ksadhdej r ksM+usvkSj eqxy ckn’ kkg dksusLr ukcwn dj usdh vi uhvxyhj .kuhfr dsckj sesa ml usu, fl jsl sl kspuki zkjEHkdj fd; kAog ; g Hkht kur kFkkfd fonzksghvHkhHkhcgqr l ’ kDr gSvkSj ml dhl suki j t c pkgsa; fn , d gkst k, r ksHkkj hgFkkSM+st Sl kokj dj l dr sgSaAl p ns[ kkt k, r ks fonzksfg; ksavkSj cgknqj’ kkgt Q+j dk ml l e; Hkhi yM+kHkkj hFkkvkSj ; fn 15 fl r Ecj dh1857 dh vaxzst ksadhfnXHkzfer dj usokyh Ny Nn~e dhj .kuhfr l Qy u gksr hr ksfczfV’ kksadsl kezkT; dk xar O; ml hfnu l ekIr gksx; k gksr kA fonzksfg; ksads[ ksesesa, d vt hc fuf"Ø; r kNkbZFkhft l ds l kFkvQokgksadkckt kj HkhxeZgks j gkFkkA osl qfu; ksft r geyku dj va/kk/kqa/k’ kL=kkxkj , oack: n [ kkusl st ksHkhxksyhckj hdj j gs Fkso fu"i zHkkohFkhAt Sl syxr kFkk mudhvkØkedr kdkst ax yx xbZFkhAft udsi kl vi usns’ kds HkkX; dksr ; dj usdh’ kfDr Fkh osml l adVdky esat Sl svkRe fo’ okl [ kksj gsFksfonzksg dsl Hkh usr kvksaesavl eat l t Sl kFkkvkSj osfnXHkzfer HkhFksos, d vt hc fn’ kkghur kl sxzLr FksvkSj t Sl s cM+s; q) dj usl si gysghi j kt ; Lohdkj dj pqdsFksA ; g HkhfoMEcukFkhfd fczfV’ kl sukHkh, d , sl sdekUMj ds usr ‘Ro esaFkh¼t uj y foYl u½t ks vi uh vfUr e fot ; dsckj sesa l ’ kafdr vkSj l agk; i w.kZgksx; kFkkA og vkxsc<+usdsLFkku i j i hNs ykSVdj vi usnLr ksadksvf/kd l qj f{kr LFkkuksai j yst kusdsfy, cspSu FkkAl p ns[ kkt k, srksvaxzst kas dkfgr ml dsbat hfu; j vf/kdkfj; ksa uscpk; kFkkft Ugksausvi usr dZo fooknksads} kj kt uj y foYl u ds i hNsykSVusl sjksdkvkSj ml svxyh yM+kbZdsfy, mRl kfgr fd; kA 15 fl r Ecj 1857 dks rM+dsfczfV’ kl sukusfd’ ku xat ds mi uxj dksgkFkesafy; kFkkft l dks fonzksfg; ksausj kr esagh[ kkyhdj fn; kFkkA; g oght xg Fkht gka fonzksfg; ksausvaxzst ksadspkSFksnLr s dksgVk; kFkkA; gkard fd fczfV’ k dhbl ckr i j pfdr Fksfd br uh j .kuhfr d egRodhbl t xg dks mUgksausD; ksaNksM+fn; kFkkAmudk foLe; nqxukFkkt c ogkafdl h i zfr j ks/k; keqBHksM+dsfcukmUgksaus fo’ kky ck: n [ kkusvkSj ’ kkL=kkxkj i j dCt k fd; kFkk ft l l s171 cUnwdsavkSj gt kj ksadkj r wl FksA bl ’ kL=kksadsHk.Mkj i j fu; a=k.kdj usdsckn Hkht uj y foYl u fpfUr r FkkvkSj vkxsc<+us dsfy, eu ughacuki k; kFkkAbl ckj Hkhmi ; qDr nksuksabat hfu; j l SU; vf/kdkfj ; ksadsr dZt hrsAbl ckj l Sfud vkxsc<+s] l h/khl M+dkas dksdr j kr sgq, fut hedkuksadh nhokj skadksfoLQksVdksal srksM+r sgq, vkSj vi usl SfudksadkspkUnuhpkSd r d ysvk, t gkackn’ kkgdkegy FkkAl kj sl e; uxj vkSj egy i j yxkr kj ceckjhdht kr hj ghFkhA fQj 18 fl r Ecj vk; k vkSj t uj y foYl u fQj gr k’ kkds f’ kdkj gksx, Aml fnu ,d l adjh xyhl sgksdj l sukt kj ghFkht ks pkanuhpkSd esa[ kqyr hFkhi j ml ds vUr esa, d et cwr nj okt k Fkk ft l sfonzksfg; ksauscpko dsfy, vi uhvksj l scUn dj j [ kkFkkA t c l Sfud ml sr ksM+usdhl ksp gh j gsFksog} kj vpkud [ kqykABhd l keus24 i kmUMdk ce nkxus okyhr ksi dhuyhFkhAnLr ksads ogkai gqapusdsi gysghognkx nh xbZml hdsl kFknksuksafdukj sds edkuksal sHkhxksfy; ksadhckSNkj ’ kq: gksxbZAvaxzst l sukdst oku r qj Ur ekj Mkysx, A t uj y foYl u usckn esa bl i zdj .kdsckj sesafy[ kkge i wj hr j g VwV pqdsFksAge ml h fLFkfr esafQj vkx, t gkady FksA vkt l qcg HkhykgkSj hxsVysusds fy, dksf’ k’kdhxbZFkhi j ; ksjksfi ; u l Sfudksausvi usvf/kdkfj; ksadsvkns’ k dki kyu dj usl seukdj fn; kA mUgsafl QZ,d ckj rkdr l st w>uk Fkk] c<+ukFkk] i j osdqNHkhl quus dksr S; kj ughaFksAosHk; kØkUr vkSj l M+dksadhyM+kbZl s?kcj kr sFksA esj k fny MwcusyxkD; ksafd esj s i kl dksbZj kLr kughaFkkAvc esj s i kl dqy 3100 i Sny fl i kghl kj s uxj esaFksAfnYyhesabruhxfy; ka FkhvkSj edkuksadse/kqeD[ kht Sl s NÙksFksfd ; fn ge dksbZHkhdksf’ k’ k dj r sr kseqag dh[ kkr svkSj [ knsM+ fn; st kr sA l kQFkkfd 20 fl r Ecj 1857rd t uj y foYl udksfl QZ vi uhi j kt ; dkHk; l r kusyxk FkkAi j fQj Hkht ujy foYl u dh l Qj eSukedkuksadhnhokjsarksM+dj fdl hr j g c<+j ghFkhAoSl s24 fl r Ecj dhykgkSj hxsVi j geyk dj usdsckn t kekefLt n vkSj ckn’ kkg dk ’ kkgh egy i j vf/kdkj dj fy; kx; kFkkAeqxy l ezkVcgknqj ’ kkgdh’ kku ’ kkSdr dksvk?kkr yx pqdkFkkvkSj og Nk; keku FkkA og ogkal sHkkx fudyk vkSj og t uj y foYl u dkeq[ ; ky; cu x; kFkkA 19 fl r Ecj 1857 dh j kr fonzksfg; ksadhl sukdki zeq[ k c[ r[kku fnYyhdscknvi usgt kjksa l Sfudksadsl kFkukoksadsi qy i j l s gksdj pykx; kA ml uscgknqj’ kkg dksl kFkyst kusdhHkjl d dksf’ k’ k dhog l kspr kFkkvaxzst ksausfnYyh ysyhgSi j og , d yEcsxqfj Yyk ; q) dksl axfBr dj ml dhnfodks i z; qDr dj nqckj kLor a=kr kds; q) dksNsM+l dsxkAr c l kjkfgUnqLr ku fQj ml dsgkFk [ kM+k gkst k, xk ml s, sl kyxkA ml l e; fnYyhesabykgh c[ ’ kfet kZuke dk, d pkykd vkSj LokFkhZuokc Fkkft l usvaxzst ksa dst kl wl dhHkwfedkl Qyr ki woZd fuHkkbZFkhAl suki zeq[ kc[ r [ kku dsl kfFk; ksal fgr fnYyhNksM+r sgh ml uscgknqj ’ kkg l sl aEi dZl k/kk vkSj ml sl q>k; kfd vaxzst ksadhfot ; fuf’ pr gSbl fy, osml dsekè; e l svaxzst dek.Mj l sfeydj , d l af/kdj l drsgSaosml s; gHkhdgsa fd fonzksfg; ksausmUgsat cj u ’ kkfey fd; kFkkA; fn osl ei Z.kdj nsaxs r ksmUgsaekQhfey l dr hgSvkSj fut hl Ei fr Hkhcjdjkj jgl dr h gSAcgknqj’ kkg o‘) vkSj cqjhrj gl s VwV pqdkFkkAml usgkj ekudj l ei Z.kdj usdkfu’ p; ysfy; kA r c bykghc[ ’ kfet kZusj t c vyh uke dsfczfV’ k l sok esa[ kqydj t kl wl hdj usokysO; fDr l sl Uns’ k fHkt ok; kfd cgknqj ’ kkg t Qj dks gqek; wadsedcjsdsi kl t c fuf’ pr dj fy; kt k, fd c[ l [ kku fnYyh l snwj pykx; kgSyk; kt k, A cgknqj ’ kkgt Qj dks/kks[ ks l sgqek; w¡dsedcj sdsi kl ml l e; yk; kx; kt ksest j gkMl u vkSj ml dhfo’ oLr ?kqM+l okj VqdM+h ml hl e; i gqap xbZFkhAgkMl u , d eè; ; qxhu l nSo [ kwu cgkusds l i usns[ kusokyk LdkVyS.Mdk fl i kghFkkAog HkxksM+ksadsuj l agkj vkSj i j kft rksadhl Ei fr dhywVekj dksvi ukl cl scM+kO; l u ekur k FkkAogvi usi zQqfYyr gksdj gwek; wa dsedcj sr d vk; kFkkA30vxLr 1857 dksml usvi us¼t uZy½ nSufUnuhesafy[ kkFkk& eSaml s[ kqn ekj dj r Sewj dsoa’ kt dk l agkj djusdkJs; i kukpkgrkFkkAml ds i dM+st kusdsek=kpkj fnuksackn eS ml sej kgqvkfnYyht kukpkgr k Fkkft Unkugha! i j ml svkns’ kt hfor , d cUn xkM+hesafnYyhi gqapkusds fy, ghfeykFkkA edcj sdsnj okt sl st c i kydhfudyhgkMl u eqxy l ezkV dkcsr kchl sbUr t kj dj j gkFkkA j kuhvkSj mudsyM+dsdhi kydh i gysfudyhvkSj t c cgknqj ’ kkgh dhi kydhfudyh] gkWMl u vi us ?kksM+si j cSBdj vkns’ knsj gkFkk fd mudsl kFkdsl kj sgfFk; kj ys fy, t k, aA vR; Ur fouezr kl sdqN Hk; Hkhr gksdj cgknqj ’ kkg usi wNk D; kvki gkMl u cgknqj gSAml ds ckn eqxy l ezkVust ujy foYl u l sckr dj uhpkghAt ujy usbl i zkFkZukdksBqdj kfn; kA gkWMl u cM+knq[ khFkkfd ml seqxy l kezkT; dsml O; fDr dksekjusdkekSdku feykAml ds HkkX; usl kFkfn; kA, d t kl wl us ml s[ kcj nhfd cgknq’ kkg dsnks i q=kksao , d i ksr susvkRel ei Z.k ughafd; kgSvkSj gwek; wadsedcj s dsut nhd gh osdghafNi sgS gkWMl u [ kq’ khl sQwy mBkfd de l sde ml dhj Dr cgkusdhI; kl vc cq>sxhAl kSl ’ kL=k?kqM+l okj ksa dsl kFkog edcj sr d r st xfr l si gqapkml usj kt dqekj ksadks<dh xkfM+; ksaesacSBkdj fnYyhdkjkLr k i dM+kAt c fnYyhl sogek=k, d ehy nwj FkkAml usj kt dqekj ksadks ckgj l M+d i j [ kM+kgksusdkvkns’ k fn; kAml dsl kjsdi M+smr jokdj uaxk dj fn; k x; kA l Sfudksal s fpykdj ml usdgkl jdkj pkgrh gSfd ; sdl kbZekj st k, aAft l ds ckn ml us[ kqn vi uhHkj hcUnwd l svl gk; cfUn; ksadks, d&, d dj ekj MkykAnksfnuckj gkMl u usvi uhMk; j hesafy[ kk& 24 ?kaVksdsvUnj ykr kjhr Sewj dsns’ k dsegRoi w.kZl nL; ksadksekj MkykA eSafunZ; hughagwai j Lohdkj dj r k gwafd /kj rhl sbu nq"Vksadksl ekIr dj usesavol j i j vjeUr vkj f{kr gw¡A ml dsckn cgknqj ’ kkg j axwu fu"dkfl r fd; kx; k] t gkaml dh e‘R; qgqbZ] gkMl u ds} kj kekj sx, nksi q=kksadsvykokml dk, d i q=k Qhjkst ’ kkgt ksvR; Ur l kgl hl Sfud FkkfgUnqLr ku NksM+dj pykx; k vkSj dgr sgSafd eDdk esa, d fHk[ kkj hds: i esans[ kkx; kFkkA ml dk, d vkSj i q=kQd: íhu ,d fczfV’ kvf/kdkjhdsl sod ds: i esa , d t kl wl dhr j g dke dj r k FkkAHksn [ kqyus; kml ds, d i Sj esa xksyhekj hnhxbZFkhvkSj yksxksaus ml se‘r l e>dj NksM+fn; kFkkA ckn esaml sfnYyhesayaxM+sdchj ds: i esans[ kkx; kFkkAi zfl ) ys[ kd Mk-,MoMZHkX; l udsvuql kj vfUr e eqxyhl ezkV dsoa’ k ds yksx ckn r d fnYyhesappkZdk fo"k;
  7. 7. 7 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ Toyar fo"k; fnukad 28 ebZl s 03 t wu 2014 r d  dqynhi pUnzvfXugks=kh ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j t Eew&d ’ ehj eas vkr adokfn; ksal svi uhj {kkdj us dsfy; sjkT; easxzkel qj{kkl fefr; ka dk xBu gqvkgS] ft l dsdkj .k xkaoksaeasj gusokysfgUnwfoi j hr fLFkfr easHkhvkradokfn; ksadsgeyksa l svusd LFkkuksai j vi uhj{kkdj us easdke; kc gq; sgSaA xzke l qj {kk l fefr; ksadksl sukcy gfFk; kj eqgS; k dj okr kgSvkSj vkRej {kkdsfy; s mudsl apkyu dki j h{k.kHkhnsr h gSAjkT; easvkr adokn dksfu; af=kr dj useasbu xzke l qj {kkl fefr ; ksa dhHkhegÙoi w.kZHkwfedkj ghgSA l fefr ; ksadsgfFk; kj cUn fgUnw ukSt oku vkradokfn; ksadsgeyksaeas] mudkMVdj eqdkcykdj r sj gs gSaAt Eewl aHkkx dsMksMk] j kecu vkSj fd’ r okM+ft yksaeasxzke l qj{kk l fefr ; ksadk; g i z; ksx dkQhgn r d l Qy jgkgSA; g{ks=k, sl kgS ft l easd’ ehj hHkk"kk cksyusokys yksx dkQhl a[ ; keasj gr sgSaAbUgha eql yekuksaeasvkradoknhi SBcukdj ; gkal sHkhfgUnw]fl D[ kksadksfudkyus dki z; kl yEcsl e; l sdj r sj gs gSaAd’ ehj ?kkVheasl sfgUnwfl [ kksa dksfudky nsusdsckn t Eewl aHkkx easmudsbl vfHk; ku dhl Qyr k easxzke l qj {kkl fefr ; kaeq[ ; ck/kk gSaA ; ghdkj .kgSfd i kfdLr ku vkSj t Eewd’ ehj easl fØ; vkr adokfn; ksadhl qfo/kkdsfy, t Eew&d’ ehj easxkao l qj {kkl fefr ; ka[ kRe dj usdhl kft ’ k vkradoknhbu xzkel qj{kkl fefr; ksa dksfdl hHkhr j hdsl sHkaax dj okus dhfQj kd easj gr sgSaA jkT; easvi zR; {k; ki zR; {k : i l sdke dj j ghr FkkdfFkr fl foy l ksl k; Vhdk,d vkSj i z; kl jgrkgSfd ; fn xzkel qj{kkl fefr; ksa dksl ekIr ughafd; kt kl drkr ks fQj mudh /kkj dksean dj vkradokn dsjkLrsbu yksd i z; kl ksa dhgR; kdj nht k; sAnqHkkZX; l s vi usoksV cSad dhj kt uhfr dks/ ; ku easj [ kr sgq; sj kT; dsi zeq[ k j kt uSfr d ny us’ kuy dkUÝsal ] i hMhi hvkSj dkaxszl Hkhbl ekeyseas vkr adoknhxqVksadhbl ekax dk l eFkZu dj r sfn[ kkbZnsr sgSaA fi Nysl ky 2013 ds vxLr ekl east Eew&d’ ehj ds fd’ rokM+easbZn dsfnu vYi l a[ ; d fgUnwl ekt i j ogkadseql yekuksa } kj kl qfu; ksft r l kewfgd vkØe.k dksbu i z; kl ksadhdM+hds: i eas ghns[ kkt kukpkfg, Abu geykaseas vYi l a[ ; d l ekt dsvj cksads t kueky dkuqdl ku gqvkAl cl s d"Vdkj hckr ; g fd ; svkØe.k j kT; dsx‘g j kT; ea=khl Tt kn vgen fdpywdhgkft j heasgq; s FksAfd’ r okM+esafgUnqvksai j geys dsckn vkr adokfn; ksausvkSj muds fy; sdkedj jghrFkkdfFkr fl foy l ksl k; VhusrqjUr bu l fefr; ksadks Hkax dj usdhekax dj uh’ kq: dj nhFkhAbl dki zeq[ kdkj .k; ghFkk fd xzke l qj {kkl fefr ; ksadsdkj .k ghbl vkØe.kdksfdl hl hekrd j ksdkt kl dkAysfdu bl dsrqjUr ckn og ykWchl fØ; gqbZ] ft l ds ft eesxzke l qj {kkl fefr ; ksa dks l ekIr dj okusdkdke gSAj kT; l j dkj usfdl hj Ru pUn uke ds O; fä dksbl vkØe.kdht kap dk ft Eeknsfn; kAj Ru pUn dHkhmPp U; k; ky; dsU; k; k/kh’ kjgsgSaAysfdu j kt LFkku esamu dsf[ kykQodhy ghl M+dksai j mrj vk; sFksAmudh ekax Fkhfd j Ru pUn dhl Ei fÙkds l zksr kasdht kap dj okbZt k; svkSj fj Vk; j gksusl snksl ky i gysr d mUgksausft r usQSl ysfd; ssgSa] mudh l eh{kkdht k; sAbl hl sj Ru pUn dht Uei =khdkvUnkt kyxk; k t kl dr kgSAxzke l qj{kkl fefr ; ksa dks[ kRe dj usdh ; g nksgj h j .kuhfr FkhA i gysfgLl seasbl , d t ul HkkeasHkkt i k usr k uj sUnzeksnh ust c l j nkj i Vsy dhdkaxszl } kj kmi s{kkfd; s t kusdh ckr dgh r ksor Zeku dkaxszfl ; ksadkeqagbl dVql R; l s dl SykgksusyxkAvkSj osl j nkj i Vsy dksl a?kfoj ks/kl sD; wyj] usg: dk ?kfu"V r Fkk vi uhi kVhZdk i qj kukusr kvkfn fl ) dj usdk vl Qy i z; kl dj usyxsA mUgsa uj sUnzeksnh} kj kl j nkj i Vsy dh , d fo’ kky i zfr ekfuekZ.ko muds uke i j pyk; ht kj gh; kst uk; sa Hkhi l Un ughvkj ghgSaA i j Ur qbfr gkl >qByk; k ughat kl dr kgS] fd egkRekxka/ khvkSj t okgj yky usg: usns’ kdh vkt knhdsvkUnksyu o Lor a=kr k i zkfIr easl j nkj i Vsy dhyxkr kj mi s{kk dhA og r ksl j nkj i Vsy n‘<+O; fDrRodst uk/kkj okyst ehuh usr kFks] bl fy; sosl j nkj i Vsy dksfr j Ld‘r u dj i k; sA i j Ur q xka/kh&usg: [ kkunku dh vkHkk pedkusdspDdj easvkt rd Hkh mudsoa’ kt dkaxszl hi Vsy t Sl svU; i zfr Hkk’ kkyhusr kvksadksHkqykuseas yxkrkj yxsgq; sgSaAbl fy; sorZeku dkaxszl hHkhl jnkj i Vsy dhi q.; frfFk ; kt ; Ur hi j dHkhHkhmudsfdl h Le‘fr LFky ; kfdl hdk; ZØeksaeas ut j ughavkr sgSaAr ks; g l j nkj dhmi s{kkughr ksvkSj D; kgS vc ; fn uj sUnzeksnhl j nkj i Vsy dks l j nkj i Vsy dkdkaxszl hfr j Ldkj  Mk0 l q’ khy xqIr k mudsl Eeku dkgd nsusdki z; kl dj j gsgSa] r ksbl escqj kbZD; kgSa dkaxszfl ; ksadksvi usxka/kh usg: [ kkunku oa’ kdkghbfrgkl i <+ysukpkfg; s] fd l u~1936 bZ- easy[ kuÅ esadkaxszl vf/kos’ ku eas l j nkj i Vsy cgqer dsl kFkdkaxszl v/; {kcuusgsr qi zR; k’ khFks] i j Ur q xka/kht husvi ukl eFkZu t okgj yky usg: dksnsdj l j nkj i Vsy dht xgdkaxszl v/; {kcuokfn, t cfd ml l e; xka/kht hl fgr vf/kdrj dkaxszl ht okgj yky usg: dhmxzvkfFkZd uhfr o l ekt oknh fopkj /kkj kdksi l Un ughadj rsFksA i j Ur qdkaxszl l si ‘Fkd gkst kusds ckot wn y[ kuÅ dsvf/kos’ ku eas mi fLFkr xka/kht hdsi zHkkodsdkj .k vU; dkaxszl hpqi j g x; sFksAml l e; l qHkk"k pUn cksl r ksvi us LokLF; dsfy; svkfLVª; kx; sgq; s Fks! 1940 l s1946 r d eql yekuksa o eqfLye yhx dksl ar q"V cuk; s j [ kusdsfy; sdkaxszl easyxkr kj 6 o"kZr d ekSykuk vCnqy dyke vkt kn dksvi ukv/; {kcuk; sj[kkA i j Ur q1946 easvUr fj e l j dkj cukusdsfy; sdkaxszl dsu; si z/kku dkpquko?kksf"kr gqvkAbl hi z/kku dksckn easLor a=kHkkj r dki zFke i z/kkuea=khi n HkhfeyukFkkAbl pquko dsl e; i wj sHkkj r dh15 i zkUr h; l fefr ; ksaeasl s12 l j nkj i Vsy] 2 Mk0 j kt sUnzi zl kn r Fkk dsoy 1egkRekxka/khdsi {keasFkhA bl i zdkj cgqer l j nkj i Vsy ds i {keasFkkr Fkkt okgj yky usg: dsi {keasdksbZHkhi zkUrh; l fefr u FkhAi jUrqbl dsckot wn xka/kht hus t okgj yky usg: dki {kysdj ml dksl jnkj i Vsy dht xgdkaxszl dki z/kku o ckn easLor a=kHkkj r dk i zFke i z/kkuea=khcuokMkykAxka/kh t hdhbl Hkwy dksr c l sysdj vkt r d ns’ kHkqxr j gkgSAbl l s i gysl u~1929easHkhl j nkj i Vsy dks dkaxszl i zns’ k l fefr ; ksa} kj k xka/kht hds ckn nwl j sLFkku i j gksusi j Hkhxka/khust okgj yky usg: dksdkaxszl v/; {kcuokfn; k FkkAbl dkj .kl sghl j nkj i Vsy o t okgj yky usg: dschp e/kqj r kde gksx; h FkhAl u~1947easLora=kr kds i ’ pkr i kfdLr ku dst Eew d’ ehj i j vkØe.kdsckot wn xka/kht husHkkjr l jdkj }kjk i kfdLr ku dks55dj ksM+#i ; sdh l gk; r k fnykusdsfy; sHkw[ k gM+rky dh?kks"k.kkdj nhAt cfd l j nkj i Vsy bu : i ; ksadsnsusds f[ kykQFksAt c l j nkj i Vsy Mk0 vEcsMdj dsl kFk xka/kht hdks l e>kusx; s] rks xka/kht husmUgsa br uhcqj hr j g MkaVk] fd l j nkj i Vsy dsvkal wfudy vk; sFksAbl i zdkj i Vsy dsfoj ks/kdsckot wn xka/kht husi kfdLrku dks55djksM+ dhl gk; r kj kf’ kfnyoknhAoSl s ; gi zLr koHkhxka/khusg: nksuksadh feyhHkxr dkur ht kFkkAusg: dheqfLye r qf"Vdj .k uhfr dks ns[ kdj l j nkj i Vsy gal h&gal h eas] i j Ur qnq[ kdsl kFkdgkdj r s Fks] fd dkaxszl easdsoy , d gh j k"Vªh; eql yeku j g x; kgSvkSj og t okgj yky usg: gSA bl h dkj .kl j nkj i Vsy t gkaHkkj r eas 576fj ; kl r ksadk, dhdj .kdj us easl Qy gq; s] oghat okgj yky usg: usvi usvr aj ax fe=k ’ ks[ k vCnqYykl sfe=kr ko ft gkn ds dkj .kt Eewd’ ehj dh, d ek=k fj ; kl r dkfoy; vi usgkFkeas ysdj ml svkt r d cgr kukl wj cukMkyk! bl fo"k; i j Hkhusg: i Vsy l sxgj ser Hksn j [ kr sFksA bl h i zdkj t wukx<+ fj ; kl r dksHkkj r easfoy; ds i ’ pkr ogkadsl kseukFkeafnj ds t h.kksZ) kj dkfopkj l j nkj i Vsy dksvk; kr ksmUgksausogha, d l Hkk eas?kks"k.kkdj nhfd bl eafnj dks Hkkjr l j dkj cuok; sxhAmudsbl fopkj dkxka/kh] usg: vkSj ekSykuk vkt kn usfoj ks/kfd; kAr c , d VªLVcukdj bl efUnj fuekZ.kds fy; sl ekt l s50 yk[ k : i ; k , d=kdj bl eafnj dkt h.kksZ) kj dj k; kx; kAi j Ur qbl dsi w.kZgksus l si gysghl jnkj i Vsy dknsgkUr gksx; kAvr %l j nkj i Vsy dsbl LoIu : i heafnj dsmn?kkVu ds fy; sckr vk; h] r ksVªLVusj k"Vªi fr Mk0jkt sUnzi zl kn l sbl dkfuosnu fd; kA r c usg: usfQj bl dk fojks/k ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j edl n dhi wfr Zdsfy; sfo/ks; d ’ ks[ kvCnqy j’ khn usjkT; dsmPp U; k; ky; easHkhbu l fefr ; ksadks [ kRe fd; st kusdhxqgkj yxknh FkhAvc nwl j sfgLl seasdqN fnu i gysckcwj Ru pUn usHkhvi uh varfje j i Veasi jks{k: i l sl ykg nhgSfd bu l fefr; ksaeaseql yekuksa dksHkhgfFk; kj fn; st kuspkfg, ] rkfd bui j l kEi znkf; d dkvkjksi u yx l dsA t Eewl si zdkf’ kr fgUnhnSfud dsvuql kj j r u pUn usxkaoksaeaseql yekul qj{kkl fefr ; ka cukusdhfl Qkfj ’ kdhgSA; fn ; s ughacukbZt kl dr hr ksor Zeku l qj {kk
  8. 8. 8 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ bfr gkl fnukad 28 ebZl s 03 t wu 2014 r d Lokr U=k; ohj fouk; d nkeksnj l koj d j t h us l e; &l e; i j vk; Zl ekt } kj k fd, x, l a?k"kksZeas; ksxnku dj /keZLokr U=; dkekxZi z’ kLr fd; k FkkAgSnj kckn easfut ke } kj kfd, x, vR; kpkjksal sogk¡dhfgUnwt urk vkÙkZukn dj j ghFkhA fut ke us j kT; dsfgUnqvksadsl Hkh/kkfeZd vf/kdkj ksai j jksd yxknhAfgUnwu ; Kksi ohr i gu l dr sFks] u gou d j l d r s FksA efUnj ksa eas gSnj kckn l R; kxzg easohj l koj dj dhHkwfedk  f’ ko dqekj xkss; y ’ kksyki qj easvk; Zl ekt usfut ke dsvR; kpkj ksadki zfr dkj dj usdsfy, , d vk; Z&egkl Eesyu dkvk; kst u fd; kAbl l Eesyu easv/; {kFksJhcki wt hv.ks vkSj l a; kst d egkRekukj k; .kLokehl j Lor hAohj l koj dj r qj Ur ’ kksyki qj i gq¡ps vkSj mUgksausl Eesyu eas?kks"k.kkdh&^^vk; Zl ekt gSnj kckn vkUnksyu easvi usdks vdsyku l e>sAfgUnwegkl Hkkvi uhl Ei w.kZ’ kfDr vk; Zl ekt dsl kFkyxkdj fut ke dhfgUnw&foj ks/khuhfr o dk; Zdyki ksadkspdukpwj dj dsghne ysxhA** i M+usl s; g l kEi znkf; d gksx; k gSA** ohj l kojdj usvusd LFkkuksa i j t kdj gSnj kckn vkUnksyu ds i zpkj easHkk"k.kfd, vkSj l R; kxzgh fHkt ok; sAukxi qj easohj l koj dj dhv/; {krkeasv-Hkk-fgUnwegkl Hkk dkvf/kos’ kugqvkrksmUgksausgSnjkckn vkUnksyu dsl EcU/keasHkk"k.knsr s gq, dgk&^^gSnjkckn dsfut ke dh /kekZU/kr kdkfo"kSykQu dqpyku x; k r ksHkksi ky o vU; eqfLyeLFkkuksai j HkhfgUnqvksa i j vR; kpkj fd, t k, axsA** [ kqyukeasfgUnwi fj "kn gqbZ rksohj l kojdj dkHkhHkk"k.k gqvkAmudsvkst LohHkk"k.k dksl qudj [ kqyuk easgh i gyhckj MkW- ’ ; keki zl kn eq[ kt hZi zHkkfor gq, vkSj fgUnw egkl Hkkeasl fEefyr gksx,A [ kqyukl sHkhl koj dj t h dh i szj .kk i j gSnj kckn vkUnksyu east RFkk x; kA gSnj kckn vkUnksyu easvusd fgUnw ohj ’ kghn gq, Amudkcfynku j ax yk; k vkSj fut ke l j dkj dks vk; Zl ekt dsl kFkl e>kSr kdj uk i M+kA fl a/kl j dkj dkfoj ks/k l u~1940 easdj kpheas gq, eqfLye yhx dsvf/kos’ ku us Lokehn; kuUn t h} kj k fyf[ kr ^l R; kFkZi zdk’ k* ds pkSngosa l eqYykl dksbLyke /keZdsfo#) cr kr sgq, t Cr dj usdki zLr ko i kl fd; kA fal a/k dseU=khe.My usl R; kFkZi zdk’ k l spkSngok¡ l eqYykl gVknsusdh?kks"k.kkdh] ohj l koj dj o MkW- eqat susxka/kht hdsoDr O; dk mÙkj nsr sgq, dgk& ^^xka/kh t h cr k, ¡ fd ] ^oUnsekr j e~*dksl gu u dj us okyksa] fgUnhHkk"kkdkfoj ks/k d j us oky ksa , oa Lok/khur k&l axzke eas; ksx u nsusdh/kedhnsusokyksadh pki ywl hdj uk] mUgasfl j i j p<+kuk D; k cM+k Hkkj h /keZ fu"i {kr ko U; k; gS D; kog l kEi znkf; dr kdki ks"k.kdj uk ughagS ** t ksphuhgeysdsfnu Hkh] xíkj hdsxk; d Fks] ekvksdsfcYysyVdkus] okys[ kyuk; d FksA ft udsvi j k/kksadhx.kuk] fd, t ekuscSBsgSa] oksl koj dj dsNyksadk] eksy yxkuscSBsgSaAA osD; kt kusl kodj ] ; kvaMeku dsi kuhdks] t ksxkyhnsr sj gr sgSa] >k¡l hokyhj kuhdksA ; s, - l h- dej ksaeascSBs] ek=kt qxkyhdj r sgSa] dkWQh&fl xj sV ds/kq¡, eas] gQZl okyhdj r sgSaAA dqN fnu bu l cdksHkh] Hkst ksvaMeku dkyki kuh] nksfnu easgh; kn dj saxs] ; svi uhnknh&ukuhA dksYgwdspDdj l si wNks] ml dsi Sj ksadsNkys] ft l usvkt knhdsl i us] dky dskBj heasi kysAA ft l usr sj g o"kZ[ ki k; s] vi usdkysi kuhi j ] l kj sr hFkZU; kSNkoj ] ml dhi kou dqckZuhi j A t ksl wj t dhi zFke fdj .ki j ] dksYgweast qr t kr sFks] oksvkt knhdsl wj t dks] vi ukj Dr p<+kr sFksAA mudkfp=kHkyser Vk¡xks] l al n : i hehuseas] l koj dj dkfp=kVaxkgS] gj ns’ kHkDr dsl huseasA ft l ek¡usnks&nkscsVksadks] Hkst kgksdkyki kuh] ml usxkFkknksgj knhgS] i Uukdhj kt LFkkuhAA ft udschp dky dksBj hus] [ khaphdkyhj s[ kk] l kr o"kZdsckn HkkbZus] nwt sHkkbZdksns[ kkA ck¡gsnksuksadhfeyusdks] ml i y vdqykbZgksaxh] nksuksauscpi u dh; knsa] {k.kHkj nksgj kbZgksaxhA feyr sl e; t sy i gj hds] i gj scM+syxsgksaxs] i gyhckj mUgscsM+hds] cU/ku dM+syxsgksaxsA eu gheu nksuksaus’ kk; n] ckr sacgqr dj hgksaxh] nksuksadhvk¡[ kksal sxaxk&t equk] l kFk>j hgksaxhAA ft l usrsj g o"kZ[ ki k; svi usdkysi kuhi j ! l kj srhFkZU; kSNkoj ml dhi kou dqckZuhi j !! fouhr pkSgku l gl ki Sj ksaeasyksgsdhcsM+h[ kud xbZgksxh] vkSj fcNqM+r sl e; HkkbZdh] vk¡[ ksaNyd xbZgksaxhA fQj ’ kk; n vk¡l wi ksaNsgksa] fny east ks’ kHkj kgksxk] eqV~Bhdj dj vkt knhdk] n‘<+l adYi fd; kgksxkAA ysfdu ft l fnu ; scsgwnh] ?kVuk; gk¡?kVhgksxh] ml fnu LoxZyksd easmudhj kr sa] ughadVhgksaxhA l sY; qyj dhdky dksBj h] l gl kt kx xbZgksxh] l kxj dhcQhZyhygj sa] Hkh"k.kvkx gqbZgksaxhAA dky dksBj hokyhykSg] l yk[ ksaxekZbZgksaxh] Qkal hdsr [ r si j yVdh] j Ll hfpYykbZgksxhA l koj dj dhvk¡[ kksal sr c] [ kkj kt y Nydkgksxk] dksYgwl sml l e; r sy dht xg ygwVi dkgksxkA dk; j j kt uhfr usysfdu] oksygwHkhpkV fy; k] oksVksadh[ kkfr j l al n us] ; qxi q#"kksadksck¡V fy; kA geusdsoy dqN i qr yksadks] pkSj kgksai j [ kM+kfd; k] vkSj dqN yksxksadksdsoy] r Lohj ksaeast M+kfn; kAA geasvkt knhfeyr sghl c] vi usen easQwy x, ] ’ kkL=kh&ohj l qHkk"k&fouk; d&l koj dj dksHkwy x, A D; ksafd budsukeksaeasdqN] oksV ughafey l dr sFks] budks; kn fnykusl s] fl agkl u fgy l dr sFksAA geuseksy ughai gpkuk] j kt xq# dhQk¡l hdk] geu _ .kughapqdk; k] vc r d j kuh>k¡l hdkA fcfLey t hdhcgu ej xbZ] t wBsdi /kksr s&/kksr s] vkSj ; gk¡nqxkZHkkHkhus] fnu dkVsj ksr s&j ksr sAA vc Hkhl e; ughachr kgS] Hkwyksai j i Nr kusdk] Hkkj r ekr kdsefUnj eas] vi us’ kh’ k>qdkusdkA ft l fnu cfynkuhpj .kksai j ] vi usr kt /kj ksxsr qe] ml fnu l kSdj ksM+yksxksads] fny i j j kt dj ksxsr qeAA ?k.Vs&?kfM+; ky ct kuk] dhr Zu dj uk] j kek; .k] xhr ko egkHkkj r dhdFkkdgukl Hkhdksfut ke us xSj &dkuwuh?kksf"kr dj fn; kFkkA fgUnqvksai j eqfLye xq.Mseuekus vR; kpkj dj r sr FkkfgUnwfL=k; ksa dkvi gj .kr ks, d l k/kkj .k&l h ckr gksxbZFkhA fut kedsjkT; usfcYdqy vkSj axt schj kT; dk: i /kkj .k dj fy; krksN=ki fr f’ kokt hdhvkRek ds: i easohj l koj dj dk fgUnw&ân; phRdkj dj mBkA ohj l koj dj us22 t uoj h] l u~1939 dksl eLr ns’ keas^fut ke fu"ks/kfnol *eukus dhHkhi szj .kknhAvk; Zl ekt ds vkUnksyu easfgUnwegkl Hkkusi w.kZ l g; ksx fn; kA ohj l koj dj dh i szj .kki j l ukr u /kehZfopkj /kkj k dsHkh vusd O; fDr gSnj kckn vkUnksyu east sy x, Ai wukt kdj mUgksausfgUnwegkl Hkkdkfo’ kky t RFkkfHkt ok; kA xk¡/kht hdkspqukSr h xk¡/kht ho vU; dkaxszl h usr kvksausgSnj kckn vkUnksyu dks l kEi znkf; d cr k; kAxka/kht hds bl oDr O; dkt c l eLr ns’ keas foj ks/kgqvkr ksmUgksausvi ’ k; l s cpusdsfy, dgfn; k&^^/kkfeZd Lor U=kr kdsfy, pyk, vkUnksyu l sr kseq>sl gkuqHkwfr gS] fdUr q egkl Hkk } kj k vkUnksyu easdwn r ksns’ kdsvk; Z&l ekft ; ksaeas{kksHk dhygj nkSM+xbZA 20 Qj oj h] l u~1944 dks fnYy h eas , d fo’ kky vk; Z&l ekt us^l R; kFkZ&i zdk’ k* i j i zfr cU/kyxk; st kusdsi z; kl dh dM+h HkRl Zuk dhA Hkkj r ds ok; l j k; dksgt kj ksar kj Hkst dj bl vU; k; i w.kZdne dk?kksj foj ks/kfd; kx; kAl u~1944 eas fcykl i qj easfgUnwegkl Hkk ds okf"kZd vf/kos’ ku easohj l koj dj usfl a/k dsl R; kFkZi zdk’ k i j i zfr cU/k ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j
  9. 9. 9 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ Education fnukad 28 ebZl s 03 t wu 2014 r d Jhfouk; d nkeksnj l kojdj or Zeku dky easegku~ØkfUr dkfj ; ksaeasl s,d FksAmUgksausvi uk l kjkt hou Hkkj r ekr kdhl sokeasl efi Zr dj fn; kAogegku Lor a=kr kl sukuhFksAmudkt Ue 28 ebZ] 1883dksft ykukfl d dsHkxwj uked xzke easgqvkAogf’ kokt h] j k.kki zrki vkSj l nkf’ ko j koHkkÅ dh t hokfu; ksal svR; ar i zHkkfor gq, AmUgksaus1901easeSfVªd dhi jh{kkmÙkh.kZdhAml ho"kZmudkfookggqvkA fQj mUgksausi wukds, d dkWyst easi zos’ kfy; kAosogk¡yksdekU; cky xaxk/kj fr yd dsl Ei dZeasvk, A mUgksausvusd dfork, ¡o xhr ksadhj pukdh] ft l l s; qokvksadksHkkj r ekr kdsfy, l oZLo vi Z.kdj usdh i szj .kkfeyhAvaxszt hl j dkj usmudhi qLr dksaai j i zfr cU/kyxkfn; kA1905 easvaxszt h’ kkl u uscaxky dkfoHkkt u dj fn; kAl kj sns’ keasØkfUr dhTokykHkM+d mBhA; qokl koj dj usHkhbl easHkkx fy; kA mUgksausi wukeasfons’ khdi M+ksadhgksyht ykbZAmUgsadkyst l sfudky fn; kx; kAmUgksausHkkj r dhLor U=kr k i zkfIr gsr q, d xqIr l axBu ^vfHkuoHkkj r *dhLFkki ukdhAmUgksauscEcbZfo’ ofo| ky; l sLukr d i j h{kk mÙkh.kZdhAvxyso"kZosbaXyS.Measfof/k’ kkL=kdkv/; ; u dj usx; sAHkkj r dhLor U=kr kdsfy, mUgksaus ogk¡vkUnksyu fd; kAogk¡dsHkkj r h; Nk=kksausbl easHkkx fy; kAosogk¡ceksadkfuekZ.kdj dsHkkj r esa i gq¡pkr sA1t qykbZ1909 dks, d i at kch; qod enu yky <+haxj kusdt Zu osyhdko/kfd; kvkSj ml h o"kZohj l koj dj ds, d l kFkhust SDl u dkukfl d easo/kfd; kAvaxszt hl jdkj dkfo’ okl Fkkfd mudk o/kl koj dj dhi szj .kkl sgqvkAbl fy, mUgsabaXyS.Measfxj ¶r kj dj fy; kx; kAmudscM+sHkkbZJhx.ks’ k l kojdj dkst SDl u dhgR; kdknks"khdj kj fn; kx; kvkSj mUgsachl o"kZdhl t kl qukbZxbZAl koj dj usfof/kdhi j h{kkr ksmÙkh.kZdhi j mUgsavaxszt hl j dkj l sl a?k"kZdj usdsdkj .kmi kf/ki znku u dhxbZA mu i j eqdnekpykusdsfy, Hkkj r easHkst usdkfu.kZ; fy; kx; kA, d l eqnzht gkt Hkkj r dhvksj j okukgqvkAj kLr seasghohj l koj dj xgj sl eqnzeaspqi pki dwn x; svkSj r Sj dj Ýk¡l dsr Vi j i gq¡p x,AÝ¡l hl hl jdkj usmUgsavaxszt hl jdkj dsgokysdj fn; kAHkkj r easmUgsavusd ?kVukvksaeasnks"khdjkj dj fn; kx; kA24 fnl Ecj ] 1910 dksmUgsa50 o"kZdht sy dhl t kl qukbZxbZAmUgsav.Meku } hi eas ^^dkyki kuh**dhl t kgqbZAv.Meku } hi easmul sØwj O; ogkj fd; kx; kAmudkLokLF; fcxM+x; kA 1920 easr ks, sl hfLFkfr Fkhfd Hkkj r h; ksausmudht h.kZ&voLFkkdsdkj .kmUgsafj gkdj usdhekax dhA mUgsafj gkdj dsHkkj r dht sy eaascUnhcuk; kx; kA27 o"kZdhdBksj t sy ; k=kkdsi ’ pkr ~mUgsa1937 easfj gkfd; kx; kAohj l koj dj l sdkaxszl eas’ kkfey gksusdkvkxzg fd; kx; kAi j Ur qmUgksausLohdkj ughafd; kD; kasfd og fgUnqRo dsfy, dk; Zdj ukpkgr sFksAog fgUnqegkl Hkkeas’ kkfey gq, vkSj l kr o"kZr d bl dsv/; {kHkhj gsAmUgksausHkkj r dhLorU=kr kdsfy, l a?k"kZt kj hj [ kkAbu l kr o"kksZeasdBksj i fj Je dsdkj .kmudkLokLF; fcxM+x; kvr %fpfdRl dksadhl ykgi j ogl fØ; xfr fof/k; ksal snwj j gsAt c og j ksxxzzzzLr voLFkkeasFks] r ksHkkj r Lor U=kgqvkAi j Ur qns’ kdkHkkj r vkSj i kfdLr ku ds: i easfoHkkt u gqvkAbl l sohj l koj dj cgqr nq%[ khgq, Ai j Ur qmUgsal ar ks"kgqvkfd vUr easHkkj r Lor U=k gqvkA26 Qj oj h] 1966 dksvi uhyksdyhyki wj hdj usdsi ’ pkr ~og l nkdsfy, gekj sl sfcNqM+dj i j exfr dksi zkIr gq, AHkkj r h; ksausvi uk, d egku~ns’ kHkDr o Økafr dkj h[ kksfn; kA l koj dj r qeusfn; kns’ kdkst hou] ns’ kr qEgsaD; knsxkA v i uhv kx r st dj usdks] uke r qEgkj ky sxkAA ns’ kvkSj /keZdhj {kkdsfy, vi usi zk.kksadhvkgqfr nsusokysegku i q#"kksaesaesokM+ l i wr egkj k.kki zr ki dkuekl nkvxz.khj gkgSAt c eqxyksadsvkr ad o vR; kpkj dspyrsyksx gr k’ kgksj gsFksA, sl sl e; ohj ckyd egkj k.kki zr ki usesokM+dhHkwfe dkseqxyksadspaxqy l sNqM+kusgsr qu fl QZohj r ki woZd l a?k"kZfd; k] cfYd l eLr ns’ kokfl ; ksadsfy, , d vuU; i zsj .kkdkl apkj Hkhfd; kA vdcj dhl kezkT; oknh okl uk, d & , d dj dsHkkj r ds l eLr j kT; ksadksfuxy j ghFkhA vdcj dhfo’ kky l SU; ’ kfDr ds Hk; l sj kt i wr ksaus; q) dj usdh vi s{kkml dhv/khur kLohdkj dj yhFkhAbr ukghugha] egkj k.kkds HkkbZHkhvdcj dsl kFkfey x; s FksAt ksj kt i wr vi uhvfLer kdh j {kkdsfy, ej &feVt kr sFksr Fkk t ksj kt i wr dU; k, ¡vi fo=kkRekvksa dhokl uke; n‘f"V l scpusds fy; svi usi zk.kksadk mRl xZdj nsr hFkha] vkt mUghaj kt i wr ksa, oa mudh dU; kvksadksvdcj dh v/khur k easns[ kdj egkj k.kk dh jxksadkj kt i wrkukjDr mcy i M+rk FkkA egkj k.kk dsi kl vdcj us vi usv/khu gq, j kt i wr j kt k ekufl ag dks; g l e>kusdsfy, Hkst k fd og Hkhgekj hv/khur k Lohdkj dj ysaAekufl agdksfo’ okl Fkkfd egkjk.kkml dkLokxr djsaxs] i j Ur q?kVukbl dsfoi j hr ?kVhA ekufl ag dseq¡g l svdcj dh v/khur k Lohdkj dj usdh ckr l qudj egkj k.kki zr ki vkx ccwys gksmBsvkSj mUgksausekufl ag ds i zLr kodksBqdjkfn; kAegkjk.kkus dgk] ^^eSavdcj dhv/khurkLohdkj djusdhvi s{kk; q) Hkwfe easej t kuk i l Un dj r kgw¡A** t c Hkkst u dk l e; gqvkr ksegkj k.kkusekufl ag dsfy, Hkkst u dhO; oLFkkdj nh i j Ur qLo; aml dsl kFkHkkst u ugha fd; kAekufl agust c egkjk.kkl s i wNkfd ^^, d j kt i wr gksusi j Hkh vki esj sl kFk Hkkst u D; ksaugha dj r s** egkj k.kk usmÙkj fn; k] ^^ft l usvi uh cgu&csfV; ksadh bTt r fo/kfeZ; ksadsgkFkcsp nhgks] og j kt i wr ughacfYd ?kj kusi j yxkdyad gS]dk; j gSvkSj egkjk.kk , sl sxqyke dsl kFkcSBdj Hkkst u ughadj l drkAfQj Hkhvki jkt i wr dqy east Uessagksbl fy, vki dk br ukl Eeku fd; kx; kgSvU; Fkk vki egkj k.kk dsfdysdsHkhr j i zos’ kHkhughadj l drsFksA*^egkjk.kk dsbu ’ kCnksausekufl agdksyfTt r dj fn; 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