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07 may-2014 to-13-mayl-2014-hindu_sabhavarta_year38_issue6
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07 may-2014 to-13-mayl-2014-hindu_sabhavarta_year38_issue6

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07 may-2014 to-13-mayl-2014-hindu_sabhavarta_year38_issue6

  1. 1. fgUnwl Hkkvf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkkdkeq[ ki =k okrkZ l kIr kfgd Website : www.akhilbharathindumahasabha.org E-mail : editor.hindusabhavarta@akhilbharathindumahasabha.org i zfr vad ewY; 4 #i ; s fnukad 07 ebZl s13 ebZ2014 r d cS’ kk[ k’ kqDy v"Vehl scS’ kk[ k’ kqDy pr qnZ’ khl Eor ~2071 r d ok£"kd ’ kqYd 100 #i ; s i ‘"B l a[ ; k12 o"kZ&38 vad&6 dYi kfn l Eor ~1972949114 l Ei knd eqUukdqekj ’ kekZ i ‘"B&3 i ‘"B&4 i ‘"B&5 i ‘"B&9 i ‘"B&12 MNCs' Presence..... i zd‘fr ds vuql kj --- [ kki i j l kFkZd---- i zR; sd cq/kokj dksi zdkf’ kr HkDr kasesaJs"B dgykr s--- >wB vc ugha------  l aoknnkr k   l aoknnkr k  ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j r hu Hkkj r h; vesfj dhl ykgdkj vk; ksx esa ukfer ] fgUnwegkl HkkusLokxr fd; k dsnkj ukFk; k=kkvxysl Ir kg l sgksxh’ kq: ] fgUnw egkl Hkkuspkd&pkScUn O; oLFkkdhekax dh ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j vkt Toyu’ khy] foLQksVd dj kphLe‘fr ; ksaesafl eVdj j gusokysvfHk’ kIr fl af/k; ksa dh ekr ‘Hkwfe fp=kdwV esaHkxoku j ke us fcr k, 11 o"kZ foHkkt udkj h fo/ks; d geasi kfdLr kuhvR; kpkj ksal s cpkvks l j dkj dhdkyhfu; fr      vesfj dhj k"Vªi fr cj kd vksckekus14 l nL; h; , f’ k; kbZvesfj dhvkSj ç’ kkar } hi h; l ykgdkj vk; ksx esar hu Hkkj r h; vesfj fd; ksadks’ kkfey dj usdhvi uh ea’ kkdh?kks"k.kkdhgSAbu r hu Hkkj r h; vesfj fd; ksaesavesfj dhok; ql sukvf/kdkj hys¶VhusaVduZy j fo pkS/kj h] t kus&ekusl keqnkf; d usr k’ ks[ kj uj fl Egu vkSj yksdfç; fQYe vkSj Vsyhfot u vfHkusr k ekSfyd i apksyh’ kkfey gSaAOgkbV gkml dhvksj l st kj h, d c; ku esavksckekusdgkfd eq>sbl ckr dh?kks"k.kkdj ds[ kq’ khgksj ghgSfd bu vuqHkohvkSj çfr c) yksxksausbl ç’ kkl u esa’ kkfey gksus dhl gefr t r kbZgSvkSj eSavkusokyseghuksavkSj o"kks±esamudsl kFkdke dj usdksmRl qd gwaAvksckek fQygky ,f’ k; kdspkj ns’ kksadsnkSjsi j gSaApkS/kj h,d ok; ql sukvf/kdkjhgSaAogfQygky ok; ql suk ft ykokf’ kaxVu esadekaMj dsdk; Zdkj hvf/kdkj hgSaAuj fl Egu fQygky chdeSu ,Mokbt l Zesa2003 l sçca/kHkkxhnkj gSavkSj l ky 2012l si Sfi yu dSfi Vy dsv/; {kgSaAuj fl Egu bl l si gysçwMsaf’ k; y ekWVZxst dSfi Vy dai uhesal ky 2000l s2003r d çca/kfuns’ kd FksvkSj MCY; w, e, Qxzqi fyfeVsMesa 1988 l s2000rd v/; {kvkSj l hbZvksjgsAvf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkkdsj k"Vªh; v/; {kJhpUnzi zdk’ k dkSf’ kd] j k"Vªh; egkea=khJheqUukdqekj ’ kekZ, oaj k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=khJhohj s’ kR; kxhusvesfj dh j k"Vªi fr } kj kr hu Hkkj r h; vesfj dhdksl ykgdkj vk; ksx esaukfer dj usdk vxysl Ir kg ’ kq: gksust kj ghdsnkj ukFk; k=kkdhr S; kfj ; kavafr e pj .kesagSavkSj fi Nysl ky dhfouk’ kdkj hck<+l sl cd ysr sgq, l qj {kkdspkd pkScan mi k; fd; sx, gSaAdsnkj ukFk eafnj dsdi kVpkj ebZdks[ kqysaxsAfi Nysl ky çd‘fr dkdgj >syusokysdsnkj ukFkesa[ kj kc ekSl e dsdkj .kr S; kj hesafoyac gqvk ysfdu vc eafnj i fj l j l scQZ gV pqdh gSvkSj xkSj hdqaM l s dsnkj ukFk r d dk u; k i Sny j kLr kHkhyxHkx r S; kj gksx; k gSAbl ckj ç’ kkl u usHkwdai h; {ks=kksaesai qfyl fczxsMdsvykok cqYMkst j Hkh r Sukr fd; sgSaA bl dsvykokvki nkj kgr cy dsl nL; ksadsl kFkvkbZVhchi h dst okuksadksHkhr Sukr j gsaxsA nwj l apkj ds
  2. 2. 2 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ i kBd okr kZ fnukad 07 ebZ l s 13 ebZ2014 r d l kIr kfgd j kf’ kQy i a0 nhukukFkfr okj h var n‘Zf"V D; ksafpi dsj gs  ; fn j kt &’ kfDr dsdsanzeasghvU; k; gksxkr ksl exzj k"VªvU; k; dkØhM+kLFky cu t k, xkA t ; ’ kadj i zl kn  euq"; easft r ukKku ?kqy t kr kgS] og mr ukghdeZdsjax easj axr kt kr kgSAfouksckHkkos  , s’ o; Zmi kf/keasughacfYd bl psr ukeasgSfd ge ml ds; ksX; gSaA vj Lr w  d‘r Kr k, d dÙkZO; gSft l sykSVkukpkfg, fdar qft l si kusdkfdl hdksdksbZvf/kdkj ughagSA : l ks  t c euq"; dk; q) vi usl kFkvkj aHkgksr kgSr c ml dkdqN ewY; gksr kgSA czkmfuax  Li /kkZght hou gSAml easi hNsj gukt hou dhi zxfr dksj ksdukgSA l w; Zdkar f=ki kBh  l suki fr oghgSt ksfl i kghdhl sokdksvf/kdkj dhoLr qu l e> dj J) kdhoLr q l e>r kgSA MkW- j kedqekj oekZ  t ksyksx l sokHkko j[ kr sgSavkSj LokFkZfl f) dkst hou dky{; ughacukr s] mudsi fjokj dksvkM+nsusokyksadhdehughaj gr hA i szepan  gesa; g l e>usdht : j r gSfd xqLl sl sdksbZHkhl eL; kughal qy>r h] cfYd /kS; ZvkSj l osanukl sckr cur hgSA nykbZykek ; fn ck: v i uh fdr kc u Hkhfy[ kr sr c Hkh ns’ k&nqfu; k dh bl /kkj .kk i j dksbZvl j i M+usokykugha Fkk fd eueksgu fl ag , d det ksj i z/kkuea=khl kfcr gq, v kSj mud h O; fDr xr bZekunkjhdhdghadksbZ>yd mudsQSl yksaeasughafn[ khA D; kdHkheueksgu fl ag bl l oky dkt okc nsaxsfd t c og vi usdÙkZO; ksadkfuoZgu vi usfgl kc l sughadj i k j gsFksr c Hkhvi usi n l s D; ksafpi dsj gs t xnhi fl ag] xqykchckx t kuusdkvf/kdkj ck: dhfdr kc i j vfo’ okl djusdhdksbZot g Hkh ughagSA l at ; ck: us vi uhfdrkc eas; wi h, l j dkj dsdk; Zdky easl q’ kkl u dk eqík HkhmBk; kgSA vc t c pqukodhi zfØ; k’ kq: gkspqdh gSrksdkaxszl i kVhZdksbZekunkjh l sbl l c dk t okc nsuk pkfg, A fdr kc dks>wB i j vk/kkfj r dgdj [ kkfj t dj uk dkQhughagSA dkaxszl husr k ck: dspfj=ki j l oky mBkus east qVsgq, gSa] ysfdu bl r jg dhckr ksal syksxksadk /; ku eqí sl sHkVdk; k ughat k l dr kAns’ kdsyksxksadksbl ckj seasi wj ht kudkj hgkfl y dj usdk i wj k vf/kdkj gSA dkaxszl ns’ k dksj kbV Vw baQkWesZ’ ku nsusdk i wj k Js; ysr h gS] bl fy, og , sl s egÙoi w.kZekeyseasyksxksadks t kudkj h l snwj ughaj [ k l dr hA l osZ’ oj i kaMs] ’ kknhi qj ekufl d j ksx vc r d dksVZusj si dsekeyksaeasft u QSl yksaeas Qkal hdhl t knhgS] mudk O; ki d Lokxr gqvkgSAfdl h dks, sl kr ksegl wl gksl dr k gSfd nksf"k; ksadksvkt hou dkj kokl Bhd gksr k] fdar q l koZt fud : i l sdksVZds QSl ysdhfuankdj uk] dkuwu easf<ykbZnsusdsfy, oksV ekaxuk] ¼yM+dsgSa] xyr hgks t kr h gS½, sl s?kfV; k ’ kCn ekufl d j ksx t kfgj dj usdk dkQhgSaAeqfLye usr kvksadk et gc dsekeyseasgkFkcgqr r ax gksr kgS] ; kr kset gc ds vuql kj ghckr dj sa; k fQj usr kt hdhgkaeasgkfeyk, a] pepkfxj heaset gc dksD; ksa bLr seky dj r sgSavkSj og Hkh xyr O; k[ ; kl s---AmUgsa; g ughaHkwyukpkfg, fd dksVZus , ssl sekeysHkhl gh <ax l s fui Vk, gSaft ueas>wBcksydj fdl hdksQal k; kx; kgksA eksgEen vkfej ] j kei qj efgyk, adB?kj seas c; ku dh r h[ kh vkykspukgksusdsckn mUgksaus t ksl QkbZnhgS]ml dkeryc ; g gSfd og r kse‘R; qnaMdks [ kRe dj usdhckr dg j gs Fks] ft l i j nqfu; k Hkj eas cgl gksj ghgSA exj ckr br uhl h/khgSugha] eqyk; e fl ag; kno,d ekfgj jkt usrk gSavkSj mUgsai r kgksr kgSfd og dc D; k dg j gsgSaA cph&[ kqphdl j mudhi kVhZ dsusrkvcqvkt ehusefgykvksa dksghdB?kj seas[ kM+kdj ds dj nhgSAefgykvksadsi zfr , sl hcsgwnk vkSj nfd; kuwl h l ksp j [ kusokysyksxksadhgekjs ns’ keasdehughagSA vkj k/kukefyd] uks, Mk cl xyr h eqyk; e fl ag i gys , sl s’ k[ l gksaxst ksbl t ?kU; vi j k/kdks, d , sl hxYr hds : i easi s’ kdj j gsgSaft l dh vuns[ kh dj nsuh pkfg, A mudk; g c; ku l ekt oknh i kVhZ d h ml v j kt d ekufl dr k dksu, fl j sl s l keusykj gkgS] ft l dhppkZ vDl j gksr hj gr hgSA’ kk; n ; ghog ekufl dr kgSft l ds pyr sl ekt oknhi kVhZdsl Ùkk easvkr sghvi j k/kcsyxke gks t kr sgSaA j hokfl ag bykgkckn es"k&, d&nwl j sdsçfr l ei Z.kghl PpkI; kj gSAI; kj esavl qj {kkdhHkkoukdksj ksdkugha t k l dr k vkSj u ghut j vankt fd; k t k l dr k gSA bl dsu; si u dh ; ght ku gSA vki &vi usi fj okj dsl nL; ksadsçfr eS=khi w.kZO; ogkj j [ ksar Hkhvi uh; kst ukvksaesal Qyr k l qfuf’ pr dj i k; saxsA o‘"k&bl l Ir kg l Ur ku dhdk; Z’ kSyhi j i Suhut j j [ kuhgksxhAorZeku l e; r duhd dkt ekuk gSAvkt dkdEI; wVj ]ySi Vki vkSj eksckby dkmi ; ksx vfuok; Zr kcur st kjgsgSaAmudkmi ; ksx dj r sl e; ; g /; ku nsafd vki dkcPpkfdl eksM+i j gSA feFkqu &bl l Ir kg ekufl d vfLFkjr kdhot g l svki dk; ks±dksBhd l sughadj i k; saxsAfoi jhr l sDl dsçfr vf/kd : >ku vki dhe; kZnkdks/kwfey dj l dr kgS]vr %l ko/kkuhcjr saA/kkfeZdr k dkokr koj .kvki dsi fj okj esa[ kq’ kuqekekgkSy mRi Uu dj l dr kgSA ddZ&bl l IrkgvkenuhvBUuhvkSj [ kpkZ: i ; kokyhfLFkfr cuhj gsxhAl e; dsvuq: i çR; sd oLr qesai fj or Zu gksukLokHkkfod gS] bl fy, vki Hkhvi usLoHkko dkscnyusdkç; kl djsaAdqN yksx oLr qvksadkØ; &foØ; dj l dr sgaSA fl ag &bl l Ir kg vki &vi usdk; ks±dksl gh<ax l sdj i k; saxsft l l seu çl Uu gksxkAdqN yksx bl l Ir kg nwj dh; k=kkHkhdj l dr sgSa] i j Ur qvi uhft l mís’ ; l st kj gsgSa] ml dsçfr yi j okghu cj r saA dU; k&bl l Ir kg dqN yksxksads} kj kfd; sx; svkfFkZd ç; kl l Qy l kfcr gksl dr sgSaAft l dk; Zdsfy, vki fuj Ur j l a?k"kZdj j gsgSa] ml dsfy, l e; vuqdwy vkusokykgSAl EHkor %vki gj og dk; Zvki vkl kuhl sdj ysr sgS] ft l esadksbZck/; r k; kncko u gksA r qyk&efgykvksadsfy, ; gl e; mÙke jgsxkAl e; dhmi ; ksfxr kdkl gh<ax l sbLr seky ojuk l e; fdl hdkbUr t kj ughadj r kgSAgj vi s{kkl a?k"kZdkekxZç’ kLr dj r hgSAft l usvi us fpÙkdksl a; e vkSj /kS; ZdkvH; kl dj kfy; k] og gj d"Vdkl keukn‘<+r ki woZd dj l dr kgSA o‘f’ pd &bl l Ir kg vki ; fn fdl h; kst ukesanh?kZdky dsfy, fuos’ kdj ukpkgr sgSa] r kscsgr j i fj.kke feyusdhl EHkkoukgSAt : j hughagSfd vki ft l l svi s{kkdj r sgSa]og vki dsHkkoukvksa dsvuqdwy ghpysAt ksyksx l kekft d xfr fof/k; ksaesal fØ; gSa] mUgsai jks{k: i l smi s{kkdkf’ kdkj gksuki M+l dr kgSA /kuq&bl l Ir kg vki dk’ kkj hfj d oekufl d LokLF; vPNkj gsxkAdqN yksxksadksfdl hl ekj ksg esaf’ kj dr dj usdkvol j feysxkAi j Ur q/; ku j [ ksafd vki dkvgadkj fdl hl sVdj ku t k; sA D; ksafd vki dhHkk"kkdkr h[ kki u dghaHkzked l ans’ ku i gqapknsA edj &bl l Ir kg vki &vi usvkWfQl esal keat L; u fcBki kusdsdkj .kekufl d : i l sO; fFkr gksl dr sgaSAl fØ; rkvkSj l dkj kRed l ksp gj l eL; ki j fu; a=k.kLFkkfi r djusesal gk; d fl ) gksr hgSAfdl hvut kusO; fä l sHksaV ykHkdkj hfl ) gksl dr hgSA dqEHk&; g l Ir kg vki dst hou esadbZr j g i fj or Zu ysdj vk; sxkt Sl s?kj ] vkWfQl ] okgu vkfnAvkRefo’ okl esadehu vkusnsavkSj /kS; Zi woZd dk; Zdj r sj gsaAl e; vki dsvuqdwy j gsxk] i j Ur qfoj ks/khvki dksO; FkZesai j s’ kku dj l dr sgSaAdqN yksx vi usekr gr deZpkfj ; ksa l si j s’ kku j g l dr sgSaA ehu &bl l Ir kg vki i kfj okfj d l eL; kvksaesamy>sj g l dr sgSaAfdl hckr dksckj &ckj nksgj k; kt k; sr ks] og gekj seu esaxgj kbZr d vi uhi SBcukysr hgSAvkSj gesaml i j ; dhu gksusyxr kgSAft l O; fä i j vki &vi ukl c dqN U; kSNkoj dj j gsgSa] oghvki dsfj ’ r ksaesa [ kVkl i Snkdj j gkgSA
  3. 3. fgUnwl Hkk okr kZfnukad 07 ebZl s13 ebZ2014 r d vè; {kh; l Ei kndh; E-mail: chandraprakash.kaushik@akhilbharathindumahasabha.org E-mail : munna.sharma@akhilbharathindumahasabha.org [ kki dkl kFkZd ç; kl l j dkj dhdkyhfu; fr j k"Vªh; mn~cks/ku pUnzi zdk’ kdkSf’ kd j k"Vªh; vè; {k j k"Vªh; vkg~oku eqUuk dqekj ’ kekZ j k"Vªh; egkl fpo fi Nys20 l kyksaesabl h [ kqyh vkSj çfr Li /khZ vFkZO; oLFkkft l sfoÙkea=khj gr sgq, eueksgu fl ag us’ kq: fd; k FkkA vc Hkh mUghadhnsu gSfd vkt bl ns’ k esa dks; yk] i kuh] gok] r j ax esaHkhyk[ kksadj ksM+ksads?kksVkysgksr s gaSAvkt t c t : j r bl ckr dhFkhfd ubZvkfFkZd uhfr ; ksa dsfodYi i j l kspkt k, ] dkaxzsl ml hi qj kuhvFkZO; oLFkkdks vkSj vkxsyst kukpkgr hgSft l usns’ kdhl Ùkj Qhl nhvkcknhdksj kst kuk20 #i , dhvkenuhi j t husdkset cwj dj fn; kgSAns’ kvkfFkZd l adV l st w> j gk gS] bl dsckn Hkhns’ kusdkyk/ku Lons’ kykusdkdksbZç; kl D; ksaughafd; kAgj ckj Nyusdhvknhgkspqdhdkaxzsl us, d ckj fQj Nyusdkç; kl fd; kgSAdkaxzsl usdkys/ku dksoki l ykusdsfy, fo’ ks"knwr dhfu; qfä dhckr vi us?kks"k.kki =k esadghgSAysfdu ; g ?kks"k.kkfdr ukcM+kNykokgS] bl dkvankt kfl QZbl , d ckr l syxk; kt kl dr kgSfd [ kqn ; wi h, 2 usLohV~t j ySaMdsl kFk, d l e>kSr k fd; kgSft l dsr gr dkyk/ku dsekfyd dkuke l koZt fud ughafd; kt kl dr k gSAbl dsvykok] l j dkj dsi kl , sl sdbZyksxksadsuke HkhekSt wn gSft udsi kl dkyk/ku gSysfdu ft l svkt r d l j dkj usl koZt fud dj ukt : j hughal e>kA , sl sesat c dkaxzsl dkyk/ku i j fdl hHkhr j g dkoknkdj r hgSr ksbl sD; kl e>k t k, A dkaxzsl usvxysi kap l kyksadsnkSj ku nl dj ksM+; qokvksadksçf’ k{k.k vkSj j kst xkj nsusdhckr dghgSAvc ; g l i ukdSl si wj kfd; kt k, xk] l cl scM+kl oky gSAogha; wi h, l j dkj ’ kq: l sefgykvkj {k.kfo/ks; d dhckr dj r hj ghgSAbl ckj Hkh bl si kl dj kus ds fy , oknkfd; kx; kgSA ysfdu t c ckr bl si kl dj kusdh vkr hgSr ksl al n dsHkhr j D; k gky gksr k gS] bl si wj k ns’ k t kur k gS] ; g vyx ckr gSfd r syaxkuk fcy dks l al n dknj okt k can dj dsi kl dj fn; k t kr k gS ysfdu efgykvkj {k.kfo/ks; d dsuke i j l j dkj l oZl Eefr dkbar t kj djr hj ghA l oksZPp U; k; ky; ust eZuhdsfypsaLVhu cSad esadkyk/ku t ekdjusokysHkkjr h; ksads uke ughacrkusi j dsaæl j dkj dksdM+hQVdkj yxk; hgSAU; k; ky; uspkj t qykbZ] 2011 ds,d vkns’ kesal j dkj dkst eZu l j dkj l sçkIr Hkkjr h; [ kkrk/kkjdksa dhl wpht ekdjkusvkSj bl ekeysdht kap dsfy, fo’ ks"kt kap ny xfBr dj usdk vkns’ kfn; kFkkAbl vkns’ kdki kyu ughagksusdksU; k; ky; usvnkyr dhvoekuuk ekukgSvkSj ; g Hkhcr kusdksdgkgSfd l j dkj dksvnkyr hvkns’ kekuusesaD; k vM+pusagSaAl quokbZdhfi Nyhrkjh[ kdksHkhvnkyr usbl egRoi w.kZel ysi j dsaæ dhyki j okghi j fVIi .khdhFkhAns’ kesachr sdqN l kyksal sHkz"Vkpkj o dkys/ku dh oki l hdsel ysj kt uhfr d foe’ kZvkSj xfr fof/k; ksadsdsaæesagSa] ysfdu dbZok; nksa o c; kuksadsckot wn l j dkj hLr j i j fdl hxaHkhj dkj ZokbZdsdksbZl adsr ughagSaA 2011 esafoÙkea=y; usdkys/ku dsv/; ; u dsfy, , d vk; ksx dkxBu fd; kFkk] ft l usvi uhfj i ksVZt qykbZ] 2012 esansnhFkhAysfdu vkt r d bl sl koZt fud ugha fd; kx; kgSAbl fj i ksVZdsfooj .kl sfl QZfoÙkea=hvkSj dqN ofj "B vQl j ’ kkg ghokfdQ gSaAvxj , d vi q"V fj i ksVZdksl ghekukt k, r ksbl vk; ksx esa’ kfey , d fo’ ks"kK l aLFkk usvuqeku yxk; k gSfd 2010 dsekud ewY; ksadsfgl kc l s yxHkx 30 yk[ k dj ksM+#i ; sdkys/ku dh’ kDy esagSa] t ksns’ k dsl dy ?kj syw mRi knu dkr dj hcu 17 Qhl nhgSAckt kj &okf.kT; dst kudj ; g Hkhdgr sj gs gSafd fons’ kksaesat ekdkys/ku dk, d fgLl koki l ns’ kesafuos’ kgksr kgSAbuds eqr kfcd chr sdqN eghuksaesagh’ ks; j esafuos’ k] l ksusdhr Ldj hvkSj gokykdst fj ; s 1500 l s5000 dj ksM+#i ; sns’ kesavkusdkvuqeku gSA; g vk’ kadkHkht r k; ht k j ghfd cM+si Sekusi j dkyk/ku vçR; {k: i l sekSt wnkvke pquko esaHkh[ kpZgksj gk gSAns[ kuk; g gSfd l qçhe dksVZdhdM+hfVIi .khdkdsaæl j dkj i j fdr ukvl j gksr kgSAl j dkj dhdkyhfu; fr esadqN l QkbZgksr hgS; kughaA fi NysdqN o"kks±esa[ kki i apk; r ksa} kj kçse fookg]varj t kr h; l aca/k]vk/kqfud i ks’ kkd ot hou’ kSyh dksysdj ft l r j g dsr qxydhQj eku l quk, x, A mul sbudhNfo [ kkSQi apk; r ksadhcur ht kj ghFkhA dbZn’ kdksal s[ kki i apk; r ksadkvfLr Ro Hkkj r esacuk gqvk gSA vkSj osi gysHkhvi uhl adqfpr ekufl dr k vkSj cgqr gn r d i q#"koknhl ksp dki fj p; nsr hjghgSaAft l dkvar r%vl j efgykvksai j i M+r k gSAl wpukØkafr dsckn [ kki dsQSl yksadhxwat nwj &nj kt dsbykdksar d l qukbZnsusyxh] ml dsi {kofoi {kesaekgkSy cuusyxkA: f<+okfnrk[ kRe dj us dsi {k/kj ] çxfr dkehyksxksausbTt r dsuke i j gR; kt Sl sçdj .kksadsf[ kykQ vkokt mBkusdkl kgl fn[ kk; kAvc l r j ksyk[ kki i apk; r us650 l ky i qj kuhi j ai j kdkscnyr sgq, var j t kr h; fookg dkseat wj hnsusdk, sfr gkfl d dne mBk; kgSA[ kki i apk; r dkxBu xkao&dLcsdsvki l hfooknksa] >xM+ksadks fey cSBdj l qy>kus] vki l hHkkbZpkj kc<+kusvkfn dsfy, fd; kx; kFkkA bl dhuhao esaO; fä dsÅi j l ekt dksr j t hg nsusdhl ksp FkhAbl oä l r j ksyk[ kki esa42xkao vkr sgSaAvc r d bu 42 xkaoksaesaaHkkbZpkj sdsdkj .k xks=kksaesavki l hfookg dhvuqefr ughaFkhAfyaxkuqi kr dsfcxM+sdsdkj .k fookgl aca/kksaesavkSj vM+pusavkusyxhaAdbZ; qok’ kknhdhmezfudy t kusds ckot wn dqaokj s j g x, gSaA bl chp cgqr l s; qok i <s vkSj j kst xkj ds fy, xkaoksal s ckgj fudy s u; hl ksp dks v i u k; k] nfd; kuwl h ckr ksadksekuus l s bUdkj d j us d k g kSl y k fn[ kk; kAyM+fd; ksadhpsr ukHkht kx‘r gqbZAfl j >qdkdj gj QSl ysdksekuus l si gysl oky mBk, t kusyxs] vi usHkfo"; dsvPNs&cqj si j osfopkj dj us yxhavkSj cgqr l sekeyksaesai fj t uksausl kFkfn; kAl kekft d] xSj l kekft d l aLFkkvksaus[ kki dhl Ùkki j ç’ u [ kM+sfd, Aeukst &ccyhdsgR; kdkaMi j ns’ kO; ki hfuanko foe’ kZdknkSj pykAvc [ kki i apk; r ksausl e; dsl kFk dner ky dj usdhl ksp vi uk; hgS]t ksLokxr s; gSAgfj ; k.kkdsukj ukSan dLcs esavk; ksft r egki apk; r esa[ kki pkS/kfj ; ksaus, d l qj esa, syku fd; kfd vc l r j ksy [ kki ds42xkaoksadsyksx vi uhl ar kuksadsfj ’ r svki l esadj l dsaxsA bl dsl kFkght kr h; t at hj ksadksr ksM+r sgq, QSl ykfy; kx; kfd dksbZHkh ; qod o ; qor hvi uht kfr l sckgj Hkhvi uhet hZl s’ kknhdj l dr sgSaA’ kr Z dsoy ; g j [ khxbZgSfd , sl svar j t kr h; fookg [ kqn dsxkao] xks=ko i M+ksl h xkaodksNksM+dj gksaAbl dsckn [ kki i apk; r dksdksbZ, sr j kt ughagksxkcfYd var j t kr h; fookg dk ; g [ kki t ksj nkj Lokxr dj sxhA egki apk; r dh v/; {kr kdj usokysl r j ksy [ kki dsvuql kj bl QSl ysdkedl n l r j ksyk [ kki dsHkkbZpkj sdksr ksMukughacfYd fj ’ r s&ukr ksadsca/ku dks[ kksyukgSA egki apk; r esadgkx; kfd l e; dksns[ krsgq, fj ’ rs&ukrsdsca/ku dks[ kksy nsuk pkfg, Abl l sl rj ksyk[ kki dkHkkbZpkj k[ kRe ughagksxkcfYd fj ’ r snkjhgksus dsckn [ kki dksvkSj T; knket cwrhfeysxhA; g Hkhdgkx; kfd l e; ds vuql kj [ kki usvi usfu; eksaesai gysHkhcnyko fd, gSavkSj vc Hkhl e; dh ekax dksns[ krsgq, cnyuspkfg,Agkykafd egki apk; r dsbl ,sfr gkfl d QSl ys dkfojks/kHkhgqvkAdjhc 650l ky i qjkuhi j i aj kdksr ksM+usdsfojks/kesai sVokM+ ri kdsyksxksausvi usfopkj j[ ksvkSj dgkfd [ kki dkeryc ghvki l hHkkbZpkjk gksrkgSAbl esafj ’ r snkj hughagksl dr hgSAt c vki l esafj ’ rsnkj hgksusyxsxh r ksfQj HkkbZpkjkdgkacpr kgSAt c dksbZcM+ki fj or Zu gksrkgSr ksFkksM+hgypy epukLokHkkfod gSAbl fy, , sl sfoj ks/kgksaxs]; g ekudj pyukpkfg, Aysfdu bl oä vf/kd egRoi w.kZ; g gSfd [ kki i apk; rksaust ks, sfr gkfl d] çxfr’ khy o mnkj dne mBk; kgSAml set cwr hl sykxwgksusfn; kt k, A
  4. 4. fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ LokLF; fnukad 07 ebZ l s 13 ebZ2014 r d 4 gekj s ’ kj hj esa okÙk]fi Ùk] dQ] ; sr hu nks"k vfuok; Z: i l smi fLFkr j gr s gSaAbu nks"kksadsfod‘r gkst kus i j ’ kj hj esavusd i zdkj dsj ksx gkst krsgSaA’ kjhj dht Sl hi zd‘fr gks] ’ kj hj esat Sl k fodkj gks& ml sè; ku esaj [ kdj ghHkkst u dj uk pkfg, A okr j ksx gSr ks [ kV~Vhpht ksat Sl s] ngh] eB~Bk] d<+hvkSj pkoy] vj chfHkaMh] mM+n dhnky] pusdhnky] j kt ekbR; kfn okr oèkZd i nkFkks± dkl sou ughadj ukpkfg, A vxj &fi Ùkj ksx gS] r ks xeZi nkFkZ] pk; &d kWQh] fepZ&el kys]r ykgqvko xfj"B Hkkst u ugha[ kkukpkfg, Avxj dQdhvfèkdrkgSrksBaMsi nkFkZ] pkoy]nwèk]ngh]vkbLØhe]fÝt esaj [ khoLrq,augha[ kkuhpkfg,A i F; vkSj vi F; % vkgkj nksi zdkj dkgksrkgSAi F; vkSj vi F; A t ksvkgkj ’ kj hj dksLoLFkcuk, j [ kr kgS] cy cqf) vkSj nh?kkZ; qnsr kgS& og i F; dgykr k gSA t ksvkgkj ’ kj hj esaj ksx mRi é dj r k gS] ml svi F; dgr sgSaA i F; & vi F; dht kudkj hu gksusds i zd‘fr dsvuql kj dj saHkkst u  l qHkk"kcqM+kou okyk dkj .kghdbZckj , sl kHkkst u dj fy; kt krkgS]t ksughadjuk pkfg, Abl hdkj .kj ksx mRi é gkst kr sgSaAvr %t kx: d gksdj Hkkst u dj asA xhr k esaxq.k&Hksn dhn‘f"Vl svkgkj dsrhu i zdkjksa dk o.kZu feyr k gSA l kfRod vkgkj ] j kt fl d vkgkj vkSj rkefl d vkgkjAeuq"; dksvi uh i zd‘fr dsvuql kj buesal sdksbZ vkgkj fi z; yxr kgSA l kfRod vkgkj %vk; q] cqf) cy]vkjksX; ] l q[ kvkSj i zhfr c<+kusokysgksr sgSaA, sl svkgkj j l ; qDr ] fpdusvkSj nh?kZdky r d ’ kj hj esafLFkj j gusokys r FkkLokHkkfod : i l sl kfRod yksxksadksfi z; gksr sgSaA j kt fl d v kgkj % dM+os] [ kV~Vs]yo.k; qä] vfèkd xeZ]r h[ ks]: [ ks] t yu i Snkdj us okysvkSj nq%[ k o fpar k vkfn j ksxksadkst Ue nsusokysvkgkj j kt fl d yksxksadksfi z; gksr sgSaA r kefl d vkgkj %t ks Hkkst u vèki dk]jl ghu]nqx±èk; qDr] ckl hvkSj vi fo=kgksr kgS] og r kefl d yksxksadksfi z; gksrkgSA l ax&dql ax %dqN [ kk| i nkFkZvdsysr ksve‘r dsl eku ykHki gqapkrsgSaA]i jar qvU; [ kk| i nkFkks±dsl kFkfeydj fo"kr qY; gkst kr sgSaA; gkage ,sl sghdqN gkfudkj d ; kvfgrdkj hl a; ksxksa dko.kZu dj j gsgSaA nwèkdsl kFkngh]ued] beyh] [ kj cwt k] ukfj ; y] ewyh] ewyhdsi Ùks] rksj h]frydqV]r sy] dqYFkh] l Ùkw[ kV~VsQy] [ kVkbZ vkfn dHkhugha[ kkukpkfg, A nghdsl kFknwèk][ khj]i uhj]xeZ [ kkuk; kxeZoLr q][ kj cwt kvkfn Hkhgkfudkj d gksr sgSaA ’ kgn dsl kFk ewyh] vaxwj ] xeZoLr q, vkfn u ysaA [ khj dsl kFk f[ kpM+h [ kVkbZ] l Ùkw] dVgy vkfn dk l sou ughaadj saA pk; dsl kFkddM+h& [ khj ku ysaA [ kj cwt sdsl kFk ewyh dsi Ùks] nwèk] ngh] ygl wu vkfn u ysaA ’ khr y t y dsl kFk ewaxQyh] HkqV~Vk] ve: n] ddM+h [ khj k] t kewu] r j cwt ] ?kh] r sy] xeZnwèkvkSj xeZi nkFkZu ysaA bl hrjgpkoy dsl kFkfl j dk] r j cwt dsl kFki qnhukvkSj BaMs i kuhdkl sou dHkhu dj saA Msaxwdkl aØe.kdkQh[ kr j ukd gksr kgSAft l fdl h O; fDr dksMsaxwdk cq[ kkj vkusdk ckn i hfM+r O; fDr cgqr gh det ksj gkst kr kgSAgkFki Sj esat ku ughagksr hgSAbr uk’ kfDr foghu gkst kr kgSfd ’ kj hj esa[ kwu dhdeho CyMysV~l de t ks t kr sgSaAMsaxwl aØe.kdsnkSj ku ’ kj hj dhi zfr j ksèkh{ker k?kVt kr h gSAbl fy, l fCt ; ksadksdPpkysus ct k; mckydj ; kgYdk i dkdj ysaAbl esacpusdsfy, nokvksadsl kFkl gh [ kqj kd dhHkh t : j r gksr hgSA yky Qy vkSj l fCt ; ka VekVj ] Iye] r j cwt ] psj hvkfn Qy vksj l fCt ; ksaesa Qy vkSj l fCt ; ksal s IysVysV~l c<+kuk t c fny dk j ksx yxkukFkkr c yxk; kugha] vc D; ksayxk fy; k vc vki dks l cl svfèkd t : j r gSt hou l kFkhds: gkuhi zse dhAeq¡g u yVdk; saD; ksafd ; g fuj k’ kkdk | ksrd gSt ksvki dseukscy dks de dj sxkA nwl j k l kFk pkfg, &bZ"V nso dki zseHkko l s i wt kdjksAÞJhen~Hkkxor i qjk.kß [ kj hn ykvksvkSj ml esaÞj ke i apkè; k; hßgSml dkpkgsi kB dj ks; kvkjke dj rsl e; i <+ksA bl smi pkj cr k; kx; kgSAvc dqN ?kj sywmi pkj i f<+, %& ykSdh¼?kh; k½%bl sèkksdj dl yasfQj fl yoV~Vsi j i hl ysaAi hl r sl e; 6 i Rr si qnhuk] esa8 i Rr sr qyl hdsMky ysaA di M+sl sNku dj 150xzke jl cuk; sabl esabr ukght y feyk nsaAr hu l kSxzke esa4dkyhafepZ dscj kcj pw.kZr Fkk1xzke l saèkk foVkfeu v kSj feuj Yl d s l kFk& l kFk , aVhv kWDl hMsaV~l Hkj i wj ek=kkesagksr s gSaA; s’ kj hj esCyM IysVysV~l c<+kusesa enn dj r sgSaA pqd anj v kSj xkt j pqdanj dsj l esaavPNhek=kkesa, aVhvkWDl hMsaV~l gksr sgSa] t ks’ kj hj dhi zfr jksèkh{ker kc<+kr sgSaAvxj nksl srhu pEep pqdanj dsj l dks, d xykl xkt j dsj l esafeykdj fi ,ar ksCyMIysl ysV~l r st hl sc<+r hgSaA i i hr kvkSj ml ds i Rr sdkj l ’ kj hj dhi zfr j ksèkh{ker kc<+kusvkSj CyMIysVysV~l dh fj doj hdsfy, i i hr k; kbl dsi Rr ksadkt wl Hkhcgqr Qk; nsaean gksr kgSAvki pkgsar ksi i hr sdhi fRr ; ksadkspk; dhr j g Hkhi kuh esamckydj i hl dr sgSaA vuks[ khyky dksBkj h gkVZdksckbZi kl l t Zjhl scpk; sa ued feyknsaAbl jl dksuk’ rk] Hkkst u] jkf=kHkkst u ds30feuV ckn 100-100fe-yh-ysaAi zkj EHk ds4-5 fnu j l dhek=kk100 dht xg 60 fe- yh- ysl dr s gaSA j l j kst r kt k cuk; sa, oa r kt k fi ; saA ’ kq: esai sV esa xM+xM+kgVgksl dr hgS] D; ksafd j l dsfodkj u"V gksr sgaSA; g fofèk5 fnu yxkr kj dj ds25 fnu dkvr ajky ¼xSi ½nsaAfQj 5 fnu j l ysaA, sl kde l sde pkj ekg dj asA uhcwa] VekVj ] l arjk]vke]bR; kfn ¼[ kV~Vhpht sa½ u [ kk; saAek¡l ] efnj k] èkwezi ku] vkfn l sgkVZvVSd dsj ksfx; ksadks cpukpkfg, Abudksdr bZugha ysukpkfg,Abudki w.kZi fjR; kx dj savkSj , d ?kUVk [ kqyh, oa LoPN gokesa?kwesaA j l %, d pEep i ku dkj l ] , d pEep vnj d dkj l ], d pEep ygl qu dkj l vkSj , d pEep ’ kgn feykdj l qcg’ kke ysa, oaMkWDVj nok, aHkhl kFkesa ysr sj gsaA; g j l i zfr fnu l qcg ’ kke ysusl sgkVZvVSd l scpk t kl dr kgSA ySi %, d r ksykdkyhl kcqr mM+n j kr dksxeZi kuhesafHkxks nsaAl qcgmM+n dksfNydsl fgr fl ycV~Vsi j i hl ysaAbl fi B~Vh dks, d r ksyk’ kq+} xqXxqy dspw.kZ esafeyk nsaA vc bl l cdks [ kycV~VsesaMkydj ml esa, d r ksykvj .Mhdkr sy] xk; ds nwèk l scuk , d r ksyk eD[ ku feykdj [ kj y dj jxM+saALuku dj ’ kjhj Bhd l si ksNdj Nkr h l si sVr d bl dkysi eysaAfQj pkj ?kUVsvkj ke t ud fLFkfr esa jgasAt c ysi l w[ kt k; src Luku dj ysaA,sl ki ¡kp fnu jkst i zkr% dj safQj , d ekg dk xSi ¼var j ky½nsdj i k¡p fnu dj saA , sl kr hu pkj ckj dj saA egku ohj l i wr ksadhl Ur kusagSage xq: xksfoUn] f’ kokt ht Sl segki q: "kksadhl Ur kuasgSage j k"Vª/keZdsfy, t hou nst ksvi ukmu j k"VªHkDr ksa dhl Ur kusagSageA vkn’ kZft udksfo’ o ekur k, sl svkn’ kZokfn; ksadh l Ur kuasgSageA egku ohj l i wr ksadhl Ur kuasgSage dU; kdqekj h] d’ ehj i j D; kckr dj sage ykgkSj ] dj kph] bLykekckn i j Qgj k; sfr j axki j fopkj dj sage i kfdLr ku l svQxkfuLr ku r d ygj k; sgekj kfr j axk dhckr dj sage l Ei w.kZfo’ o dksvi ukyksgkeuok; sdhckr dj sageA egku ohj l i wr ksadhl Ur kusagSage b±V dkt okc i RFkj ughxksyhl snsageA fut LokFkZdksR; kx dj j k"Vª&/keZi j pyasgeA dFkuho dj uhdks, d l eku dj fn[ kyk; sageA i qu%v[ k.MHkkj r cusgekj kdj fn[ kyk; sageA egku ohj l i wr ksadhl Ur kuasgSage i h; w"kvj ksM+k ^ohj l i wr ksadhl Ur kusa*
  5. 5. 5 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ l cj ax fnukad 07 ebZ l s 13 ebZ2014 r d egkj kt mÙkkui kn dh nksj kfu; kaFkhAmudhcM+hjkuh dkuke l quhfr vkSj NksVhdk l q#fp FkkAl quhfr l sde r Fkk l q#fp l svfèkd i zse dj r sFksA l quhfr i zk; %mi sf{kr FkhAbl fy; s og l kal kfj dr kl sfoj ä gksdj vi uk vfèkd l svfèkd l e; Hkxoku dsHkt u i wt u esaO; rhr dj r hFkhA, d fnu cM+hj kuh dsi q=kèkqzo vi usfi r kegkj kt mÙkkui kn dhxksn esacSB x; sA l q#fp usmUgsa[ khapdj cykr ogkal smrkj fn; kvkSj QVdkjrs gq, dgk& ; g xksn vkSj j kt k dkfl agkl u esj si q=kuke dkgSA r qEgsa; g i n i zkIr dj usdsfy, Hkxoku dhvkj kèkukdj dsesj ss xHkZl smRi Uu gksuki M+sxkA èkqo l q#fp ds bl nqoZ~; ogkj l svR; Ur nq[ khgksdj jksr sgq, vi uhekal quhfr dsi kl vk; sAvi uhl kSr dsO; ogkj ds fo"k; esat kudkj l quhfr dseu esaHkhvR; fèkd i hM+kgqbZAmUgksaus èkqzo dksl e>kr sgq, dgk& i q=k! r qEgkj hfoekr kusØksèkdsvkos’ k r qe oSfnd /keZfuHkkvksa] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hA nqfu; k¡dksLoxZcukvksa] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hAA I; kj kvk; Zgekj k] Hkwe.My dkLokehFkkA j .kdkS’ ky esa] fo| ky; esa] l dy fo’ o esaukehFkkAA fQj Å¡pkbl smBkvks] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hA nqfu; kdksLoxZcukvksa] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hA xkSr e] dfi y] d.kkn] i r at fy l sFks_ f"kegku~; gk¡A fo’ okfe=k] of’ k"BvxLR; l sFksÅ¡psfo} ku~; gk¡A r qe vuql qb; kcu t kvksa] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hA nqfu; k¡dksLoxZcukvksa] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hAA j ke] Hkj r ] y{e.k] guqer dksr qeusohj cuk; kFkkA vt qZu] Hkhe] Ñ".k] vfHkeU; qdks] t x esapedk; kFkkAA ohj ksadhekr kdgkvks] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hA nqfu; k¡dksLoxZcukvksa] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hAA t xr ~xq: _ f"kn; kuUn dks] r qeusxksn f[ kyk; kFkkA fcfLey] ’ ks[ kj ] enuyky dks] r qeusykM+yxk; kFkkA Hkkj r dh’ kku c<+kvksa] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hA nqfu; k¡dksLoxZcukvksa] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hAA fr yd] xks[ kys] ukSj kst hdhr qe ghekr kI; kj hgksA j kt xq: ] l q[ knso] Hkxr fl ag dhr qe r ksegr kj hgksA ohj kaxukcu l q[ ki kvks] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hA nqfu; k¡dksLoxZcukvksa] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ks! t kxksj hA QS’ ku dhnksgksM+NksM+] r qe cuksfonw"kh&{k=kk.khA mPp fopkj cukvksavi us] t x esat kvksxhekuhAA t xnh’ oj dsxq.kxkvks] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hA nqfu; k¡dksLoxZcukvks] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hAA ns’ k&ns’ kesanqfu; k¡Hkj esaosnksadki zpkj dj ksA ^uUnyky*i k[ k.MfeVkvksa] vfo| k: i hfr fej dksA nqfu; k¡esauke dekvks] Hkkr j dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hA nqfu; k¡dksLoxZcukvks] Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj hAA i a0 uUnyky fuHkZ; Hkkj r dhnsfo; ksa! t kxksj h Hkä ksaesaJs"B dgykr sgSèkqzqo esaBhd ghdgkgSAHkxoku gh r qEgsafi r k dk fl agkl u vFkok ml l sHkhJs"Bi n nsusesal eFkZ gSaAvr%rqEgsamudhghvkj kèkuk dj uhpkfg, A ekr k dsopuksa i j fo’ okl dj dsi kap o"kZdk ckyd èkqzoou dhvksj py i M+kA ekxZesaml snso£"kukj n feysA mUgksausèkqzo dksvusd i zdkj l s l e>kdj ?kj ykSVkusdki z; kl fd; k] fdar qosml sykSVkusesa vl Qy j gsAvar esamUgksausèkqzo dks} kn’ k{kj ea=k vkse ueks Hkxorsokl qnsok; *dhnh{kknsdj ; ewukrVi j vofLFkr eèkqou esa t kdj ri djusdkfunszZ’ kfn; kA èkqzo nso£"k dksi z.kke dj dseèkqou i gqapsAmUgksausi gys eghusesadSFkvkSj csj] nwl j seghus esal w[ ksi Ùks] r hl j seghusesat y vkSj pkSFkseghusesadsoy ok; q xzg.kdj dsr i L; kdhAi kapos eghusesamUgksaus, d pj .k l s [ kM+sgksdj ’ okal ysukHkhcan dj fn; kA ea=k dsvfèk"Bkr k Hkxoku okl qnso esaèkqzo dkfpÙk ,dkxzgksx; kAl al kj ds,dek=k vkèkkj Hkxoku esa, dkxzgksdj èkqzo ds’ okal voj ksèkdj nsusl s nsor kvksadk ’ okal koj ksèkLor % gksx; kA mudsi zk.k l adV esa i M+x; sAnsor kvksausHkxoku ds i kl t kdj mul sèkqzodksri l s fuo‘Ùkdj usdhi zkFkZukdhA èkqzo Hkxoku dsè; ku esa yhu FksA vpkud mudsân; dhT; ksfr var £gr gksx; hAèkqzo us?kcj kdj vi uhvka[ ksa[ kksyhA l keus’ ka[ kpdz] xnk] i n~eèkkj h Hkxoku Lo; a[ kM+sFksAèkzqovKku ckyd FksA mUgksausgkFk t ksM+dj Hkxoku dksHkkoHkhuhLr qfr dhA Hkxoku usi zl Uu gksdj mUgsa vfopy i n dkoj nku fn; kA i j ykSVusi j egkj kt mÙkkui kn us/kqzo dksvHkwr i woZLokxr fd; k vkSj mudk j kT; kfHk"ksd dj ds r i dsfy; sou xeu fd; kA/kqzo uj s’ kgq, Al al kj esai zkj C/k’ ks"k gkst kusi j foeku vk; kA/kqzo e‘R; qdseLr d i j i Sj j [ kdj foeku esavk: ) gksdj LoxZ i /kkj sAmUgsavfopy /kke i zkIr gqvkAmÙkj fn’ kkesafLFkr /kqzo rkjkvkt Hkhmudhvi woZri L; k dkl k{khgSA fp=kdwVdki kSj kf.kd egRo gSaAHkxoku Jhj ke us; gkai j vi usouokl ds11o"kZO; r hr fd, FksvkSj l hr kt husvfXu i jh{kknhFkhAi zkphu Hkkjr dsdfo; ksa&dkfynkl ] osnO; kl ] rqyl hnkl ] dchj vkSj j ghe usHkhbl /kj rhdsl kSUn; Zdhi z’ kal kdhgSAfp=kdwVdkdqNHkkx mÙkj i zns’ kesadqN Hkkx eè; i zns’ kesal fEefyr gSAdgkt kr kgSfd cgqr l e; i gyst c t axyksausfp=kdwVdhHkwfe dks fp=kdwV esaHkxoku j ke usfcr k, 11 o"kZ <dkgqvkFkkr c ufn; ksadsfdukjsl qanj dey f[ kykdj r sFksr c J) kyqvksadkfo’ okl Fkk fd osbl i fo=kt y esaLuku dj dsfpar kvksao i ki ksal seqDr gkst kr sFksAj kek; .kesaHkxoku Jhj ke ust xg&t xg cr k; kgSfd ; gkaj gr s gq, mUgsadksbZd"VughagqvkAbl LFkku dsckj s esai gysLo.kZ; qx dsl ar JhokYehfd usfy[ kkA ml l e; ; g LFkku i zkÑfr d l qanj rkl sHkj i wj FkkA; gkai fo=ko KkuhvkRek, aeks{kdsfy, okl djr hFkhAml l e; dsoy i f{k; ksadsLoj dhxwat gh; gkal qukbZt kr hFkhA18oha’ kr kCnh dsvar esa; gk¡eafnj o eBcuk, x, Afp=kdwVesai w.kZekl h] nhokyhr Fkkj keuoehon’ kgjsvkfn mRl o euk, t kr sgSaA; smRl o dsoy [ kqyho mYykl dsfy, ughagScfYd bu mRl oksadhi zR; sd i ‘"BHkwfe esa /keZxkFkk, afNi hgSaA; sxkFkk, al kgl cfynku R; kx] Lusg o /kS; Zdki zrhd gSA; g cqj kbZi j vPNkbZdh >wBi j l p dhvkSj l ghi j xyr dhfot ; gSA; gkavkusokysHkDrx.kdkenkefxjhdhi fj Øekdj uk ughaHkwyr sAbl l smUgsavkfRed ’ kkafr i zkIr gksr hgSAfp=kdwVdsnf{k.kesayxHkx 16fdyksehVj nwj , d i fo=kLFkku gSt gkai j eg£"kvk=kst Sl si wT; l ar ksadsvkJe gSA; gkai j fHk{kqd] l k/kqy; esaxkr sgq, feyr sgaSAbl ,dkar esar i fLo; ksadksvl he l q[ k&’ kkafr i zkIr gksr hgSAl al kj dht fVyr kvksaoHkkSfrdrk l sdqN nsj dsfy, NqVdkj kfeyr kgSA; gkaxqIr xksnkojhuked i fo=kxqQkgSt gka^t kudhdqaM*uked i zkÑfrd dqaMgSAxqQkesal si kuhdqaMesafxjrkgSfQj vn‘’ ; gkst krkgSAbl fy, bl sxqIr xksnkojhdgk t kr kgSAxqQkdsvanj dhdykRedrkfdl hdq’ ky dkjhxj dsgkFkksadkdeky i zrhr gksrhgSAjke?kkV l sfcYdqy i gys, d NksVhi gkM+hi j guqeku t hdkeafnj gSA; gkaeaxyokj dksJ) kyqvksadhdkQhHkhM+ yxrhgSAi kuhdh/kkjki gkM+esaguqeku t hdksck; haHkqt kdkfxjrhgSysfdu ; gkai gqapusdsfy, yxHkx 360l hf<+; kap<+uhgksr hgSAml dsckn eqxy l aLÑfr dks>ydkrkgqvkJhckykt hdkeafnj gSAfp=kdwV r d vkusdsfy, fudVr e gokbZvM~Mk[ kt qjkgksgSAjsy ekxZl sfp=kdwV >kal hl s261 fdl hvkSj ekfudi qj l s31fdehnwj gSAt cyi qj ] okjk.kl h]gt jr fut keqíhu o gkoM+kl sHkhfp=kdwV/kke dsfy, j sy l sok,ami yC/kgSAmÙkj o eè; Hkkjr dsfofHkUu LFkkuksal sHkhfp=kdwV dsfy, cl savkr hgSA
  6. 6. 6 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ j k"VªfpUr u fnukad 07 ebZ l s 13 ebZ2014 r d ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j ¼fi Nysvad dk’ ks"k½ cywfpLrkuesai kfdLrku dst Uel sghjk"VªoknhvkUnksyu dk vk/kkj gh Hkk"kk; h j gk gS vkSj osbLykekckn dhi at kch vkSj i Lr wu ukSdj ’ kkghds?kksj ’ kks"k.kl s=kLr gSAcywfpLr ku i f’ peh i kfdLr ku dk og l qyxr k i zkUr gSt ksnf{k.k esa v j c l kxj ] mÙkj esa vQxkfuLr ku o i f’ pehl hek i j bZj ku dksNwr k gSA bl dk foLr ‘r {ks=kQy 3]47]190 oxZ fdyksehy gSAbl dhj kt /kkuh DosVkvkSj dyky vkfn{ks=k1947 l sghl qyxrsjgsgSaAcywphyksx v i us j k"Vª d s bZj ku] vQxkfuLr ku o i kfdLr ku esa caVsgksusdsdkj .kmnwZdsopZLo l sHkh?k‘.kkdjr sgaSAcywfp; ksaus i at kcheql yekuksao mnwZHkkf"k; ksa dksnf{k.k&i f’ pehcywfpLr ku l sr qj Ur t kusdkvYVhesVe ns j [ kkgSAcywphvkf.od l a; a=kksa dspaxkbZi gkM+h{ks=ko Loknkj canj xkg dsfodkl esaphuh l g; ksx dsHkhfo: ) gSA i kfdLr ku ewy ds, d fczfV’ kpkVZMZ, dkmUVsUVl S; n t ekyqíhu usr hu o"kZi gys, d xzaFk fy[ kk Fkk ft l dk ’ kh"kZd Fkk ^fMokbM i kfd Lr ku V~, fr feusV Vsj sfj Te* vkSj ; g l q>ko Hkh fn; k Fkk fd i kfdLr ku dksNgvyx&vyx Hkk"kk; hVqdM+ksaesafoHkkft r dj fn; k t kuk pkfg, A muds vuql kj caxyk Hkkf"k; ksadks i kfdLr ku Lksi ‘Fkd gksukmr uk gh LokHkkfod Fkk ft r uk cywfpLrku dksi ‘Fkd Lora=kns’ k cuusdhi zfØ; kesaml dsi gys n’ kkvksal spy j ghgSAosi f’ pe l sbl dsfy, gLr {ksi dkHkh vkxzg dj j gsFksA i kfdLr ku oLr qr % t krh; vkSj Hkk"kk; hfoj ks/kkHkkl ksa i j fdl r j g fVdkj gkgSbl i j Hkhvusd Hkk"kk’ kkL=khvk’ p; Z dj r sgaSAi at kch] i Bku] fl a/kh] d’ ehj h]i jUnwj ]cywphvkSj i wohZ i kfdLr ku dscaxkyhdHkhHkh Fkksi hl j dkj hHkk"kkmnwZl sugha cka/kst kl drsFksAmnwZpkgscaxky gks; kvQxkfuLr ku l sHkkbZj l yxsl hekUr gksfdl h{ks=k esa ughal e>ht kr hFkhA fl U/khjk"Vªokn dkmn; cywfpLr ku dsdsUnzh; paxqy l s ckgj fudy usdh y xkr kj dksf’ k’ kvkSj /kekZU/kcgql a[ ; d l qfUu; ksadsf’ k; k&vgefn; k] bLekbyh]gkt jk]xwcj ,oavusd vYi l a[ ; dksadksdkfQ+j ?kksf"kr dj ogkavc fo?kVu u, cht QSykpqdsgSaA mnwZek=kHkkj r l sx, eql yeku ft Ugsagseekudn O; aX;  gfj d‘".kfuxe vkt Toyu’ khy] foLQksVd dj kph Le‘fr ; ksaesafl eVdj j gusokysvfHk’ kIr fl af/k; ksadhekr ‘Hkwfe l seksgkft j ghdgkt kr kj gk gSmUghadhcksyhgSAeè; , f’ k; k vkSj vjc dsvusd dêkjhl qUuh bLykehns’ kmUgsafgUnoheqfLyeh dhl aKknsdj vl yheqfLyeh Hkhughaekur sgSa; knks; e nt sZ dsvuq; kbZdgr sgSaAi kfdLr ku dsl t Zd ft Uuk[ kqn vaxj st h; xqt j kr h cksy r s FksA mnwZ i kfdLr kuhewy t ul a[ ; k dh i gyhHkk"kk; ki gpku dHkhugha j ghgSvkSj ogkavj kr ksy yhosu dsvuql kj bl sfnYyh]y[ kuÅ] Hkksi ky] i Vuk] vkxj ko Hkksi ky dhHkk"kkdgdj O; ax fd; kt krk gSA yhosusust ksmi ; qDr xzaFk fy[ kkFkkml dk’ kh"kZd osj[ kuk pkgr sFksA^fj Dohu QkWj , dUVªh* vFkkZr ~e‘r d ns’ kdhvkRekdh ’ kkfUr dsfy, i zkFkZuk; ke‘rns’ k dkJk) xhrAmUgksausi gysdh 1983esayanu l si zdkf’ kr , d xzaFk dhHkhppkZdhgSA dsu i kfdLrku l jokbZu n Msi vkWQ n LVsV!*osi kfdLr ku dsHkfo"; dsi zfr ?kksj fuj k’ kkoknhgSA t gkar d mi fyf[ kr i kfdLr ku ewy dsfczfV’ kpkVZMZ , dkmUVsUV y s[ kd l S; n t eky qíhu ds p£pr xzaFk ^vkr adokn esamUewyu dsfy, i kfdLrku dkfoHkkt u vi sf{kr ’ kh"kZd p£pr xzaFkdkl anHkZgS ml us de l s d e Ng vyx&vyx VqdM+ksaesackaVusdh ckr dhgSaml usmudkukedj.k Hkh fd; k gSt Sl sfl U/kqns’ k] ft Uuki zn] cywfpLr ku vkSj i kfdLr ku! vkbZ- ; wuhol Z bUdkj i ksj sVsM } kj k i zdkf’ kr yxHkx 120i ‘"Bksadh; gi qLrd l kj sfo’ o esavest u MkVdke } kj k15-95 Mk; j csphxbZFkh vkSj Lo; avesfj dhi f=kdkVkbe usfoKki uksa}kjkfo’ oHkj esabl ds foi .ku esal g; ksx fn; k FkkA bl esai kd dh vkr adoknh xfr fo/k; ksadksvfyf[ kr dj us dsl kFk l kFk ml i j vkj ksi yxk; kx; kFkkfd og nqfu; k dsgj vkr adoknhl kft ’ kksadk fdl hu fdl h: i esavkr sgSaA dj kph Hkh nqfu; kadk l cl s [ krjukd LFkku vkSj O; k?kzi ’ kqvksa dk egkuxj cuk gqvk gksA i kfdLr ku t Sl svj kt d o Ñf=ke j kT; dsfp=kRd o.kZl s ml svkr adokn dki kj axr fcUnq ng’ kr okn ds fu; kZr dk Iy sVQkeZ] v y d k; nk d s fo’ oO; ki hedM+t ky dkdsUnz fcUnqHkhdgkx; kgSaAfl a/kds i ‘Fkdr koknhi qj kusvkUnksyu ds dkj .k fofHkUu {ks=kksadkscka/kus oky k dksbZl w=k ughagSaA vydk; nkor kfycku i j vadq’ k yxkusdsi z; kl ksadknkokek=k Nykok gS; gkar d fd nwl j s dqN ys[ kdksat Sl scwzl j hMu ds MsMrh,Eczsl %i kfdLrku]vesfjdk , .M n i zU; wod vkQ Xykscy ft gkn dhrjgbl esaHkhvesjhdk dkspsr kouhnhxbZgSfd ml ds vkSj i kfdLr ku dsn’ kdksads ?kfu"B l EcU/k , d ?kkr d vkfyaxu dhr j g gSD; ksafd og l gh vFkksZaesaVsj sfj Lr ku ; k ft gkfnLr ku cu pqdkgSA l suk o i z’ kkl u esa i at kc dsopZLo dsfoj kVfl a/kh] i [ r wuksao cywfp; ksadk[ kqydj l keusvkuk i kfdLr ku dks t ksM+dj j [ kusokyk vdsyk i qjkukrRogSAHkkj r vkSj fgUnqvksa dsfo: ) ?k‘.kk t ksogkal nSo i zkl afxd j gk gSdj kphbl ds fy, , d dk; Z’ kkyk ds: i esa j gk gSA vc d’ ehj dkMZHkh i qj kuk gkspqdk gSvkSj ek=k vkradokn dsfuekZ.kdsfy, ,d cgkukcukgqvkgSA fl U/kh i ‘Fkdr kokn i kfdLrku dsxysdhvxyhQkal gksl dr hgSD; ksafd ; g i zkUr Hkk"kkvksadhf[ kpM+hgSA fl U/kh i zeq[ kHkk"kkr ksgSi j ; gkdPph xqt j kr hvkSj ekj okM+hHkhpyr h gSAnkml hcksgjkl ekt dhHkk"kk xqt j kr hgS] fl U/k dsFkkj dk l gkj kvkSj Hkkj r dst Sl yesj dk l gkj k] , d nwl j sl st qM+k gSAi kfdLr ku dsgSnj kckn ds i kl fLFkr [ kksdj ki kj]jkt LFkku dsi k[ k.MesafLFkr ckM+esj l s dseqUukcko xkao l syxk gSA i k.kkjkeokusvusd eqfLyevi us i woZt ksadksj k.kk{kf=k; dgrsgSA l u~1947esai kfdLr ku cuusds ckn gt kjksamnwZHkk"khfcgkj ]mÙkj i zns’ k vkSj vl e ds{ks=kksaesa dj kph ’ kgj dsfgUnqvksads i yk; u fd, eq¶r ?kj ksaesaj gus yxsvkSj bl r j g eqgkft j ksal s Hkj kFkk; g ’ kgj Ai kfdLr ku o dj kphesamnwZdkt kscksyckyk gSog bl r j g dseqgkft j ksadh ot gl sgSAfgUnqLr ku dsfo: ) t gj mxyusdsfy, ; geqgkft j ghvxqokbZdj r sgSaAdj kphdh Lor a=kr kdsi gysHkkj r esaNfo ogkadsfo’ ofo| ky; l sl cl s i qj kusn; kj ke t sBey fl a/k egkfo| ky; _ f"ki q#"kl k/kqVh- , y-okl okuh] Mh-,-oh-dkyksyh dhJ‘a[ kyk vkSj l cl scM+k o i qj kuk Ldwy , u-t s- xouZesUV Ldwy dsdkj .k Hkh ft l ds l aLFkki d ukjk; .kt xUukFkFksA vkt yxHkx , d dj ksM+dh t ul a[ ; k okys’ kgj esal sFkh ek=k 30&35 l ky gh dj kph egkuxj eai k, t k, axsA D; kvkt dy fo’ okl dj saxsfd o"kZ1839 esapkYl Z usfi ; j dsusr ‘Ro esavaxzst h c[ r j can l suk l eqnzekxZl s fl a/kqunh l sgksdj ogksads vfr fj Dr fgLl sesa?kql h FkhA pkYl Z t gkar d mi fyf[ kr i kfdLr ku ewy dsfczfV’ kpkVZMZ, dkmUVsUV ys[ kd l S; n t ekyqí hu dsp£pr xzaFk ^vkr adokn esamUewyu dsfy, i kfdLr ku dk foHkkt u vi sf{kr ’ kh"kZd p£pr xzaFkdkl anHkZgSml usde l sde Ng vyx&vyx VqdM+ksaesackaVusdhckr dhgSaml usmudkukedj .kHkhfd; kgSt Sl sfl U/kqns’ k] ft Uuki zn] cywfpLr ku vkSj i kfdLr ku! vkbZ- ; wuhol ZbUdkj i ksj sVsM} kj ki zdkf’ kr yxHkx 120 i ‘"Bksadh; g i qLr d l kj sfo’ o esavest u MkV dke } kj k15-95 Mk; j csphxbZFkhvkSj Lo; avesfj dhi f=kdkVkbe usfoKki uksa} kj kfo’ oHkj esa bl dsfoi .ku esal g; ksx fn; k FkkA bl esai kd dhvkr adoknhxfr fo/k; ksadks vfyf[ kr dj usdsl kFkl kFkml i j vkj ksi yxk; kx; kFkkfd og nqfu; kdsgj vkr adoknhl kft ’ kksadkfdl hu fdl h: i esavkr sgSaAdj kphHkhnqfu; kadkl cl s [ kr j ukd LFkku vkSj O; k?kzi ’ kqvksadkegkuxj cukgqvkgksA
  7. 7. 7 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ Toyar fo"k; fnukad 07 ebZ l s 13 ebZ2014 r d l u~2014 dsvkxkeh yksdl Hkkpqukoksadsi kl vkrsgh dkaxzsl , d ckj fQj eqfLye oksVj ksadks y qHkkusds fy; s l kEi znkf; d fgal k j ksdFkke fo/ks; d 2013ykusdsi z; kl ksaesa yx x; hgSAokLr o esar ks; g fok; sd , d r j g l seqfLye l kEi znkf; d dkMZgSA D; ksafd bl dsl u~2011dsewy fo/k; sd esar ks; gLi "V: i l sekukx; k gSfd Hkkjr esal kEi znkf; d fgal k dsoy cgql a[ ; d ¼fgUnw½ghdjr s gaSr Fkk vYi l a[ ; d ¼eqfLye] bZl kbZvkfn½ges’ kkcspkj sfuj hg i hfM+r gksr sgaSA ml dsvuql kj j kT; l j dkj as] i qfyl ] i z’ kkl u vkfn l c vYi l a[ ; d fojks/khgksrs gSaAcksl bl l kEi znkf; d dkuwu dsM.Msl sghvYi l a[ ; dksadks l qj {kk vkSj l gk; r k j kf’ k dh [ kSj kr ckaVdj mudhl qj {kkvkSj dkxzsal dksmudsoksVksadhxkj.Vh fey l dr hgSAi j Ur qdkaxzsl ; g fopkj D; ksaughdj r hfd dsoy vYi l a[ ; d ¼eqfLye½cgqy {ks=k o ft ysgh l kEi znkf; dr k dh n‘f"Vl sl aosnu’ khy D; ksaekust krs gSaAbUgha{ks=kksaesavDl j naxsD; ksa HkM+dr sgSaA; fn bl Hkkj r ns’ k dk cgql a[ ; d fgUnwl ekt l kEi znkf; d gksr kr ksdsoy fgUnw cgqy {ks=kghl kEi znkf; d gksus pkfg; sFksA r Fkk vYi l a[ ; d ¼eqfLye½cgqy {ks=k1947esavi us et gc dsuke i j fgUnweqfLye naxksadk Hk; fn[ kkdj ns’ k l s vyx ¼i kfdLrku] ckaXykns’ k½gks pqdk gSvkSj vkt Hkhns’ k ds vYi l a[ ; d cgqy ¼d’ ehj ] i woksZÙkj bZl kbZcgqy jkT; ½et gc dsuke i j vkr adokn l sxzfl r gaSvkSj vyxko dhekax dj j gs gaSAbu {ks=kksaesavkr adokn vkSj t sgknh vR; kpkj l s i hfM+r vYi l a[ ; d fgUnwl ekt dhdgha dksbZl quok; hughagksj ghgSA , d r j Qrksgekj sns’ k dkdkuwu /keZdsvk/kkj i j fdl h ukxfj d l sHksnHkko dj usdh vuqefr ughansr kgS] oghanwl j h r j Q bl l kEi znkf; d fgal k j ksdFkke fo/ks; d l kEi znkf; d naxksdsi hfM+r ksadhi gpku o l gk; rkdsoy Hkk"kkbZvkSj /kk£ed vYi l [ a; dksar d l hfer dj us dk , d "kM~; a=k dj dsHkkj r h; l afo/kku dkfoj ks/khdk; Zdj us dki z; kl fd; kt kj gkgSAbl h i zdkj bl fo/ks; d esal kEi znkf; d fgal kj ksdusesafoQy j gusokys foHkkt udkj hfo/ks; d vQl j ksadsf[ kykQ dk; Zokgh dkr ksi zko/kku fd; kt kj gkgS i j Ur qbu vQl j ksao i qfyl dks naxksesavi j kf/k; ksadsf[ kykQ dk; Zokghl sj ksdusokysusr kvksa vkSj l j dkj ksads f[ ky kQ dk; ZokghdkdksbZi zko/kku ugha gSAt Sl kfd eqQj uxj naxksaesa gqvkFkkfd bu naxksadkvl yh dkj .k doky gR; kdkaM esa fxj ¶r kj vYi l a[ ; d ¼eqfLye½ vi j kf/k; ksadksmudsgh ge et gcheqfLye l Ùkk/kj husr kvksa usFkkusl sghNqM+okdj i qfyl dksdk; Zokghl sjksdkFkk]ft l ds dkj .k ; snaxsc<+r spysx; sA bl dsckn Hkhi qfyl i z’ kkl u dksl HkhvYi l a[ ; d vi j kf/k; ksa vkSj HkM+dkÅ c; ku ckt usr kvksa dsf[ kykQ dk; Zokghl sj ksdk x; kAcfYd naxksadsvkj ksi hdbZ vYi l a[ ; d usr kvksadksr ksj kT; l jdkj }kjkl jdkjh[ kkfrj nkjh l so i nksal sl Eekfur rd fd; k x; kA , sl h fLFkfr esar ks; g i {ki kr h fo/ks; d vYi l a[ ; d fgal kvkSj vi j kf/k; ksadksl t ks nsusokykghl kfcr gksxkAvkt Hkh dbZvYi l a[ ; d i fj okj l j dkj h l gk; r k dh ywV esa i zr h{kkj r ’ kj .kkFkhZcuscSBsgSaA vkt ns’ kesat gkackgjh vkSj vkUr fj d vkr adokn dk [ kr j k eaMj k j gk gSogk¡dsUnz l j dkj usvkr adokn foj ks/kh dkuwuksadksr ksgVk fn; k vkSj fgUnweqfLye , dr k dsi z; kl dj usdhct k; /keZdsvk/kkj caVokj s d j us oky k ; g l kEi znkf; d fgal kfujks/kd dkuwu cukusdkdqi z; kl dj j ghgSA , d l osZ{k.k dsvuql kj Hkkj r dkl cl si gyknaxk1713 bZ- vgenkckn esagqvkAbl hi zdkj l cl s i gy k l cl s cM+k l kEi znkf; d naxkvxLr 1893esa eqEcbZesagqvkAbl esadj hc 100 yksx ekj sx; sr Fkk buesa800 yksx ?kk; y gq; sAbuesagr kgr ksa o e‘r dksadhvf/kdr j l a[ ; k cgql a[ ; d fgUnqvksadhghFkhA vYi l [ a; dksadksl {ke vkSj l qj {kkdsuke i j euekuh dj usdh, dr j Qk [ kqyhNwV nsuk bl ns’ k esavYi l a[ ; d l kEi znkf; d dksc<+koknsukgh gksxkAft l dsi fj .kke ns’ kvkt r d Hkqxr j gkgSA bl hdkj .k 1947 esaet gc dsuke i j , d vyx eqfLye j k"Vª¼i kfdLr ku] caXykns’ k½cuusdsckot wn i qu% bl ns’ kesafgUnw&eqfLyenaxksadh l eL; kcuhgqbZgSAcfYd eqfLye oksVksadsykyp esabl l eL; k kdksfuj Ur j c<+kusdk i z; kl l sD; wyfj t e dsuke i j fd; k t k j gk gSA , d vkadyu ds vuql kj 1950 l s1995 dschp ns’ kesa1194 l kEi znkf; d fgal k dh?kVuk; sagkspqdhgSabr uh ?kVuk; sarksvaxzst h’ kkl u dky o vfoHkkft r Hkkj r esaHkhughagqbZA rksfQj bu l kEi znkf; d ?kVukvksa dsfy; sl Ùkk: <+ny ¼dkaxzsl h½ dksghvkSj ml dhfoHkkt udkj h uhfr ; ksadksghft Eesnkj D; ksaugha ekukt kukpkfg; sAbu naxksadh t kapksdsfy; svusdksat kap vk; ksx Hkhcuk; sx; sft udhfj i ksVZo fu"d"kksZadksges’ kknckus; knsj dj usdki z; kl Hkhfd; kx; kA bl i zLr kfod fo/ks; d esafoj ks/khokr koj .ko ?k‘.kkdk i zpkj dki zko/kku Hkhcgqr O; ki d gSAi jUrqokLroesabl dkfu’ kkuk Hkhcgql a[ ; d fgUnwl ekt gh gSAt cfd okLr oesans’ kdseku fcUnqvksacgql a[ ; d l ekt ]jk"Vªh; xhr xku i zr hdksavfr dsf[ kykQ vYi l a[ ; dksadkHkM+dkuk] oksVkas dksykHki zn dj ukfons’ khns’ kksa ¼t Sl si kfdLr ku½dsxUr O; l ekurkfn[ kkdj vk£Fkd uSfrd l gk; r k ysuk ghvl yh?k‘.kk dki zpkj gSAbl hi zkdj naxksads vl yhvi j kf/k; ksadksj kt uSfr d l aj {k.knsusokyksadsf[ kykQbl fo/k; sd esadksbZi zko/kku ughgSA 1984 dsfl [ k foj ks/khnaxksads vkj ksfi ; ksadksr ksdkaxzsl gh[ kqyk l aj{k.knsrhjghgSAbl dsvykok ns’ kesadbZvyxkooknhnyksao l axBuksadksHkh dkaxzsl usgh l aj {k.k fn; k gSA t Sl sd’ ehj dhi hMhi h] dsj y dhi hMhi h i woksZÙkj dsvyxkoknhny]eqfLye yhx] vka/kzi zns’ kdh, evkbZ, e vkfnA t ul a[ ; k] egaxkbZ] Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj vkradokn dhvfr l s=kLr bl Hkkjr dsdsUnzl jdkj usl kEi znkf; d dsuke i j bl ckj HkVdkuso l g; ksx dht ks ; kst uk¼orZeku fo/ks; d½cuk; h gS; g fuf’ pr l s: i l sfgUnw eql yeku dschp vyxko i Snk dj usdk,d cM+k"kM~; a=kgSt ks l ksfu; kxka/khdhvè; {kr kokyh j k"Vªh; l ykgdkj i fj "kn } kj k j pkx; kgSA; goghl ykgdkj i fj "kn gSft l esa’ kkfey dbZ l nL; ns’ kh&fons’ khl gk; r k; as i zkIr dj dscM+s&cM+s, ut hvks pyk j gsgaSA bl l ykgdkj i fj "kn dhvf/kdr j ; kst uk; sa QykWi l kfcr gqbZAdeky dh ckr r ks; g gSfd l kEi znkf; d fgal k fo/ks; d dksewy ; kst uk cukusokysl ykgdkj i fj "kn ds vf/kdr j l nL; uDl yhfgal k vkSj t sgknhvkradokn dsfo: ) ges’ kkpqIi hekj sj gr sgSaA bl fy; sokLr o esa; g fo/ks; d l kEi znkf; d fgal k o/kZd fo/k; sd gh gSaA D; ksafd bl ds}kjk,d i {k¼vYi l a[; d½ dksfj; k; rasnsdj fgal kdkscnyk nsukns’ kdsi zfr ,d vi j k/kgSA t cfd ns’ k dksl Hkhl eqnk; ksa dksl cl si gysns’ k¼us’ ku QLVZ½ dkfu; e l e> ysukpkfg; sA l cl si gysns’ kfgr esaegaxkbZ] Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj dkys/ku r Fkk vkr adokn dsf[ kykQ l [ r fo/ks; d ykusdhvko’ ; drkgSA  MkW0 l q’ khy xqIr k mudhfL=k; ksal s cPpsi Snkdj ks fgUnwL=kh eql yeku cPps vkSj mUghads fo#) bLr seky dj ksA bl ns’ kdh l j dkj ge cukr sgSa l Rr kdsHkw[ ks gekj sl kFkgaSA ns[ kkugha ge dj ksM+ksagksdj Hkh vYi l a[ ; d dgykr sgSaA l j dkj l sdkuwu ge cuok; saxs r qEgkj hl qj {kk ge dj saxsA dj r sj gksfoLQksV naxs] geys feVkr sj gks r ksM+r sj gksmUgsa geusavgl kl dj kfn; kgS ^^fgUnw[ kkRek** vi uhr kdr dkA mUghadsns’ keas mudk, d eafnj ugha cuusfn; kgeusa l j dkj ughacuus nhmudh dk; j ] HkxksM+sfgUnwA ’ kgj &’ kgj eas i kfdLr ku cuk fn; sgeusaA vkSj l j dkj cukus] fxj kusdh r kdr gSgekj si kl D; ksafd geesa, dr kgSA mudhVwV&QwV dkQk; nkmBkvksA /keZi fj or Zu dj kvks i sze n’ kZu dj kvks ’ kL=kn’ kZu dj kvks vkSj fgUnwLr ku l s fgUnw[ kRe dj ksA nsosUnzdqekj feJk
  8. 8. 8 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ bfr gkl fnukad 07 ebZ l s 13 ebZ2014 r d Hkkj r ds gke: y vkUnksyu dhi zfl ) us=khJherh , uhcsl sUV ds’ kCnksaesa^eg£"k n; kuUn l jLorhghi zFkeO; fDr Fksft UgksausHkkj r h; ksadsfy, Hkkj r dh?kks"k.kkdhA* Lokeh n; kuUn vi usl e; ds^LojkT; * ds, d cgqr cM+sLoIunz"VkFks vkSj bl dsfy, mUgksausvi us dbZf’ k"; Hkhr S; kj fd, Amuds f’ k"; ksaesaHkkj r dsl oZi zFke Økafrdkj husrki f.Mr ’ ; ke t h Ñ".koekZHkhFksA Jh’ ; ke t hÑ".koekZ usu dsoy Hkkjr esacfYd baXyS.M esaHkhi zokl hHkkj r h; fo| k£Fk; ksa dsân; esaØkafr dh Tokyk i zTt ofyr dhAml l e; caxky ds; qodksaesaohj sUnzdqekj ?kks"k vkSj egkj k"Vªdsl [ kkj ke x.ks’ k nsml dj ml hr j g dsfopkj Qwad j gsFksA i j Ur qdky dh cfygkj hgSfd vkt Hkkj r dh ubZi h<+hbu ’ kghnksal si fj fpr ughagSA ckY; dky ’ ; ke t ht Ue l kSj k"Vª ¼dkfB; kokM+½dsHkwri woZdPNHkqt j kT; dsek.Mohuked xkao esa fo-l - 1914 dksdk£r d onh2 l kseokj 3 vDVwcj 1857 dks xqt jkr dhHkal kfy t kfr esagqvk FkkAbudsfi r kcEcbZesaesgur et nwj h dj dsvi uh t hfodk pykr sFksAekr kdknsgkar buds ckY; dky esagksx; k vkSj 10 o"kZdhvk; qesafi rkHkhNksM+dj py cl s] rc budhukuhusbUgsa f’ k{kk dk l gkj k fn; k ft l l s og dPN Hkqt j kT; dsLdwy esa i zos’ ki kl dsAbl hl e; cEcbZ dsl sBeFkqjknkl t hokt hHkkfV; k bUgsal q’ khy o es/kkoht kudj ekaMoh l scEcbZysvk, vkSj budksHkkfV; k/keZ’ kkykesaj [ kdj vaxzst h r Fkk l aLÑr i <+usdk i zcU/kdj fn; kAcM+sdq’ kkxzcqf) gksusdsdkj .k’ ; ke t hvi uh d{kkesal nki zFke j gkdj r sFksA Lokeht hdsn’ kZu l u~1874 dsvDVwcj ekl esa’ ; ke t hdkcEcbZdh HkkfV; k/keZ’ kkykesa_ f"kn; kuUn l jLorhl sl k{kkRdkj gqvkA_ f"k , sl sdq’ kkxzcqf) ] es/kkohckyd dksns[ kdj cM+si zl Uu gq, vkSj Hkkj r dsi zFke Økafr dkj h’ ; ke t hÑ".koekZ  t xnh’ kfl ag xgykSr ml dhl aLÑr f’ k{kkdkfo’ ks"k i zcU/kdj fn; kA’ ; ke t hdh vkj fEHkd f’ k{kkcEcbZdsfoYl u Ldwy r Fkk , yfQUl Vu gkbZ Ldwy esagqbZAgkbZLdwy esacEcbZ dsl sB Nchynkl ¼mQZyYyw Hkkbz}kj dknkl ½dsi q=kj kenkl usbudhfe=kr k gksxbZAbl h fe=kr kdsQyLo: i vkSj _ f"k n; kuUn dhÑi kl s’ ; ke t h t Sl sfu/kZu vukFk O; fDr dk fookg l u~1875 esaNchynkl } kj dknkl Hkal kyh dh i q=kh dqekjhHkkuqer hdsl kFkgksx; kA fons’ kx, ’ ; ket h_ f"kn; kuUn dsl kFki ; kZIr l e; r d j gsA mudsl kFk j gusl s buds j kt uhfrd fopkj ksadksubZi zsj .kk feyhvkSj bUgksausns’ kdhvkokt dksfons’ kksar d i gqapkusdkn‘<+ fu’ p; dj fy; kA_ f"kdh; g HkhbPNkFkhfd ’ ; ke t h; wj ksi esal aLÑr f’ k{k.knsust k, aAvr % l u~1879dsekpZekl dsvafre l Ir kg esa’ ; ke t h ^bf.M; k* t gkt l sbaXySaMdsfy, j okuk gksx, Aog yUnu 13vi zSy dks i gqapsvkSj _ f"kn; kuUn dsfe=k i zks- eksfu; j fofy; e dsi z; Ru l smUgsavkDl QksMZfo’ ofo| ky; esa25 vi zSy dksi zos’ kfey x; kA 15 vDVwcj dks og ml h fo’ ofo| ky; esal aLÑr i zksQsl j fu; qDr gksx, vkSj l kFk gh vaxzst hdhmPp f’ k{kki zkIr dj us yxsA l e; i j l Eekui woZd mÙkh.kZgks og vkDl QksMZ fo’ ofo| ky; dsi zFke Hkkj r h; xzst q, V¼,e-, -½cusA Lons’ kesa _ f"kn; kuUn dhe‘R; q dsdksbZnksekl ckn fnl Ecj l u~1885 bZ-esa’ ; ke t hHkkj r ykSVsvkSj dqN l e; r d vk; Z l ekt ds{ks=kesadk; Zdjr sj gsA l u~1884 dh’ kj n~_ r qesaog vi uh/keZi RuhJher hHkuqer h dksysdj yUnu pysx, svkSj uoEcj esabuj VsEi y l scSfjLVj cusAl u~1885 esaHkkj r ykSV dj bUgksauscEcbZesacSfjLVjh’ kq: dhAml ho"kZcEcbZdsjk; l kgc xksi kyj ko gfj ns’ keq[ kdsi z; Ru l sog , d gt kj #i ; sekfl d osr u i j j r yke ¼ekyok½j kT; dsnhoku ¼i z/kkueU=kh½fu; qDr gq, Ai j Ur q3o"kZi ’ pkr ~bUgksaus bl i n dksR; kx fn; kvkSj ckn esaog vt esj esaodkyr dj us yxsrFkkogkaE; qfufl i y deh’ u Hkhpqusx,Al u~1888 dsvkjEHk esamn; i qj ¼esokM+½dh LVsV dkSafl y esaeU=khgqvkvkSj l u~ 1895bZ-esa1500/-#i ; sekfl d i j t wukx<+¼dkfB; kokM+½j kT; dsnhoku gksx, A l u~1896bZ-esafczfV’ k l jdkj usHkkjr dksvf/kdkf/kd n‘<+f’ kdat ksaesadl usdhuhfr /kkj .kdhAl kFkghHkkj r h; ksaesa ml dh fonzksgkRed i zfr èofu mBhAbUghafnuksa22t wu 1897 dkst ax dfu’ pj u feLVj j S.M dhgR; knkeksnj vkSj ckyÑ".k pkQsdj } kj ki wukesagqbZ]D; ksafd osjS.MdsIysx l EcU/khdk; ks±l s cgqr vl ar q"V FksA bl hl e; ^dsl j h* dsl Ei knd yksdekU; cky xaxk/kj fr yd dksj kt fonzksghBgj kdj l t knhxbZA ’ ; ke t husfLFkfr i j xEHkhj r k i woZd fopkj fd; kvkSj ; gl ksp dj fd ØkfUr dkjhi zo‘fr i zl kj dsfy, Hkkj r dhvi s{kkfoyk; r vf/kd mi ; qDr gS] og t qykbZ 1897 esacEcbZl syUnu pys x, A dqN l e; r d og ogka pqi pki dk; Zdj r sj gsAi j Ur q 18 Qj oj h] 1905 dksmUgksaus y Unu esabf.M; k gkse: y l ksl kbVhuked i zfl ) l aLFkk LFkkfi r dhALo; aml dsi z/kku cusmUgksausl Hkkdheq[ ; i f=kdk ^bf.M; u l ksf’ k; kyksft LV* dk i zdk’ ku vkj EHk fd; k vkSj ml dkewY; , d vkukekfl d j [ kkA; g i f=kdkl u~1923bZ- r d t kj h j ghA bl dsvfr fj Dr ’ ; ke t h us Hkkj rh; fo| k£Fk; ksa ds fuokl dh l qfo/kk dsfy, v kSj mud h fopkj /kkj kdks,d b"V ekxZdhvksj i zo‘Ùk dj us ds mís’ ; l s1t qykbZ 1905dks^bf.M; k gkÅl * ¼Hkj r h; Hkou½dhLFkki uk dhAbl l aLFkkdsfy, mUgksaus yUnu ds^gkbZxsVuked {ks=kesa , d edku Hkh[ kj hn fy; kml esa de l sde 25 fo| k£Fk; ksads fuokl dsfy, i zcU/kfd; kx; kA edku dh i gyh efUt y esa okpuky; o l Hkkx‘g vkfn dh O; oLFkk dh xbZvkSj ’ ks"k nks efUt yksai j fo| kFkhZj gusyxsA fnl Ecj 1905 esa’ ; ke t hoekZus; ksX; Hkkj r h; ksadks fons’ kHkze.kdsfy, , d gt kj ds6 ot hQsnsusdh?kks"k.kkdh Fkhft l l sfd Hkkj r dsys[ kd] l Ei knd vkfn vej hdk vkSj ; wj ksi dkvè; ; u dj Hkkj r esa Lor a=k vkSj j k"Vªh; , dr k ds fopkj QSykusesal eFkZgksl dsaA bl fu’ p; dsvuql kj ’ ; ke t h usgcZVLi sal j Vsªcfyax Qsyksf’ ki * vkSj ^n; kuUn*vkfn Nk=ko‘fÙk; k vi usfut h/ku l sLFkkfi r dh vkSj xqt j kr dh/keZi qj fj ; kl r dsi sfj l r i zokl h O; ki kj h o cSfjLVj Hkhl j nkn fl ag j k.kkds /ku l snks&nksgkt j dh r hu Nk=ko‘fÙk; kaj k.kki zr ki ] N=ki fr f’ kokt hvkSj rhl jh,d eql yeku j kt kvdcj dsuke i j j [ khA bu Nk=ko‘fÙk; ksadsl gkjs ’ ; ket t husyUnu esadqNjax: i t ekdj fy,Aml l e; bf.M; k gkÅl dsfuokfl ; ksaesansorkLo: i HkkbZi j ekuUn] fel sst Hkhdt h dkek] ykyk gj n; ky] /keZohj ] l suki fr cki V] Kku pUn oekZ] fouk; d nkeksnj l koj dj eq[ ; FksA bl i zdkj bf.M; k gkÅl Økafr dkfj ; ksadsgypyksadkdsUnz cu x; kA; syksx vi usfopkj ksa i j i zpkj U; w; kdZdhvk; fj ’ k fji fCydu l aLFkkds}kjkHkhdjrs FksA l u~1906 vkSj 1907 esabf.M; kgkÅl j kt fonzksfg; ksa dk ukehdsUnzcu x; k vkSj t qykbZ1907 bZñesabl dsfo"k; esai k£y; kesUV esa, d i z’ u Hkh gqvkvkSj i wNkx; kfd l j dkj dki f.Mr ’ ; ke t hÑ".koekZ dsckj sesaD; k er gSA bl ds dqN gh fnuksackn ’ ; ke t h yUnu NksM+dj i sfj l pysx, vkSj oghaj gusyxsA i sfj l esaogj kt fonzksg dkdk; ZvkSj Hkh[ kqys<ax l s dj usyxs] ysfdu vi usi =k ^bf.M; u l ksf’ k; ksft LV* dks yUnu esaghNi okr sj gsAl u~ 1908 bZñdh10ebZdksbf.M; k gkÅl esal u~1857 dsxnj vFkkZr ~fo-l -1914dsLor U=kr k i =kHkst sx, vkSj yxHkx , d l kSHkkj r h; fo| kFkhZ] t ksfd fczfV’ k}hi ksadhfHkUu&fHkUu Hkkxksa l svk, FksmRl oesa’ kkfey gq,A bl dsFkksM+sghfnuksackn Hkkjro"kZ esa^, ’ kghnksa*’ kh"kZdk,d i pkZ vk; kt ksl u~1857 esaekj sx, ohj ksadh; kn esafy[ kkx; kFkkA er yc ; g gSfd bl i zdkj i gyhckj Hkkj r h; Lor U=kr k ds; q) dhLe‘fr eukbZxbZA ; gè; kunsus; ksX; ckr gSfd fons’ kksal sl EcU/kj [ kus okysl Hkh"kM~; U=kksadkbf.M; k gkÅl ; kHkkj rh; Hkou ghdsUnz FkkA ml l e; Hkkj r Økafrdkfj; ksadhfofHkUu xfr fof/ k; ksal sO; kIr gksx; kFkkAbu l cdkJs; ’ ; ke t hdksvkSj mudsbf.M; kgkÅl dksFkkA vfUr e fnu l u~1950 bZ- esai zFke egk; q) dky esat c Ýkal dh j kt uhfr usbaXyS.Mdki Yyk i dM+kr c ’ ; ke t hdksi sfj l NksM+usdsfy, ckf/kr gksuki M+kA ; g ml ho"kZ2 t qykbZdksogka l sfLoVt j yS.Mpysx, vkSj vi ust hou dsvfUr e fnu mUgksausvi uh/keZi Ruhl fgr ft usokuxj esadkVsAl u~1926 bZ-esat c l ksfo; r : l dsnl o"khZ; mRl o esa’ kj hd gksusds fy, i afMr eksr hyky usg: ] t okgj yky usg: vkSj Jh fuokl ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j
  9. 9. 9 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ INTERNATIONAL fnukad 07 ebZl s 13 ebZ2014 r d Nothing is avail- able free of cost in busi- ness. One has to pay the price for everything. The fact that Indian government has been offering red car- pet treatment to multina- tional companies (MNCs) with the expectation that they will contribute capital, will bring in technology and expertise, willenhancepro- duction capacities, will generate employment op- portunities, will increase exports, and will satisfy the market demand and what not, has not had as good impact on Indian economy as was expected. It was in 1991 after we accepted the Liberal- ization, Polarization, and Globalization (LPG) policy in 1991 that the MNCs made its way to India to utilize its untapped Indian market, when it was being claimed that inviting MNCs in India will create a win- win situation for the both. But twenty years three years down the line, the MNCs have scripted a dif- ferent story that is weigh- ing heavy on the Indian economy. The MNCs either form their subsidiaries in Indiaor enter intojoint ven- tures with Indian compa- nies. Thesesubsidiaries or joint ventures have to pay royalty for the technical know-how and alsofor the use of their international brands. And this has been perfectly acceptable on commercial as well as le- gal fronts. The Commerce Minister Mr.Anand Sharma in a letter to Finance Min- istry, said on 23rd Dec 2013 that given thecurrent economic situation and a high quantum of outflows on this account, there is a need to take a view on whether the ceiling on roy- alty payments and fee for technical services should be reintroduced in the FDI policy to check the large outflows and prevent pos- sible misuse of this win- dow. "It is a great con- cern.... We are assessing the situation. It needs a close watch especially in MNCs have increasingly begun to use the royalty route to extract dispropor- tionate returns from their Indian arms, especially since the government re- laxed the curbs on remittances a few years ago.? cases where there is no transfer of technology," a senior DIPP official told press. These state- ments are more relevant in the backdrop of two key decisions taken by the government- 1. Before 2009, roy- alty was regulated by the Indian government and was capped at 8% of ex- ports and 5% of domestic sales in caseof technologi- cal transfer, and fixedat 2% of exports and 1% of do- mestic sales for use of trademark and brand name. Commerce Ministry had, in 2009, successfully pressed for lifting restric- tions on royalty payments by Indian company to an MNC tomakeIndialook in- vestor friendly. 2. To discourage higher royalty payments, thegovernment had in the  C.A. Dr. V.M.Govilkar MNCs’ Presence in India: At What Cost? budget 2013, raisedthe tax rate on royalty and fee for technical services paid to overseas entities to 25% from the earlier 10%. How big are the figures of royalty and other payments? Data is available from three sources 1. In the special re- tions on royalty and other payments. The following data is revealed by these sources Increase in the amount of royaltyand other payments: Thefive highest royalty paying companies Maruti Suzuki, Hindustan Unilever, Nestle India, Bosch and ABB India, re- mittedRs.3979 Cr in FY13, up from Rs.3124 Cr in FY12 (a jump of 27.4%). For the listed 25 companies that pay high- est royalties (excluding Gulf Oil and P&G), royalty and related payments in- creased by 23.8% to Rs.4952 Cr in FY13 from Rs.3999 Cr in FY12. A study of 20 such companies showed that 23.8% n FY13. This was not in-line with growth in earnings as net profits grew only at 13.1%. In FY13, companies such as ABB and Maruti Suzuki paid over 300% and 100% of their PAT as royalty and related payments. This in- dicates that the payment to their parent companies is more than the profit available to shareholders of the companies. Royalty payments alone contribute to 1.5% of Suzuki Motor Corp’s net sales and 47.0% of its PAT for 2012-13. Does it not in- dicate the intentions of MNCs to earn as much as possible from their subsid- iaries or joint ventures? In principle it is true that royalties are a company’s decision and areapproved by the board and shareholders. How- ever, despite local investor’s protests, com- panies continue to press for increase in royalty, and minority shareholders bear the brunt of these pay- ments as royalties crimp profits available with the company for distribution in the form of dividends. On theother hand, foreign pro- moters get a disproportion- ate share of the income compared to their shareholding.  Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL) proposed to increase royalty from 1.40% to 3.15% of turn- over, in a phased manner from February 2013 to March 2018.  Nestleproposed to increase such costs from 3.5% to4.5% of sales over afive years, starting 2014.  Outflow of foreign currency compared with FDI. The removal of re- strictions on royalty pay- ments has now led to a sharp increase in royalty The flurry to in- crease royalty rates may look inconse- quential in percent- age terms but they result in- 1. Huge outflow of money from the country every year. 2. MNCs have in- creasingly begun to use the royalty route to ex- tract disproportionate returns fromtheir Indian arms, especially since the government relaxed the curbs on remit- tances a few years ago. 3. The interests of the minority sharehold- ers are not properly taken care of. 4. Royalties have resulted in no improve- ment in technical know- how of a foreign company's Indian part- ner and hence are a drain on the economy. Will the Finance Ministry take the letter of Commerce Ministry in right spirit and act in the interest of the nation? If the present Finance Minister does not, the new one will have to. conitnued on page no. 11 port titled ‘Paying the price: Multinationals, Royalty Payments and Minority Shareholders’, Institutional InvestorAdvisory Services (IiAS) analyzed royalty re- lated data of 25 companies and developed the “IiAS Royalty Signal,” which classifies companies on thebasis of how increased royalty payments have im- pacted company financials. 2. The study of 15 MNCs conductedbyAmbit Capital. 3. The letter of Com- merce Ministry to the Fi- nance Ministry asking for re-imposition of restric- royalty payments toforeign parents tripled toRs.3, 601 crore in2011-12 compared with Rs.1, 196 crore in the year ended March2008 i.e. a rise of almost three times. No relationship of increased royalty with vol- ume of sales: For 25 com- panies referred above, the increase in sales was only 13.1%whiletheroyaltypay- ment went up by 23.8%. Is increase in roy- alty payment in tune with increase in profits? For 25 companies referred above, the increase in sales was only 13.1% while the roy- alty payment went up by
  10. 10. 10 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ xfr fof/k; ka fnukad 07 ebZl s 13 ebZ2014 r d dgksxoZl s] ge fgUnwgSadgksxoZl s] ge fgUnwgSadgksxoZl s] ge fgUnwgSa fgUnqRo foKku dhvkè; kfRed O; k[ ; kgS ge gSv ki dsl kFk 1. j kst xkj dsvol j fuj Ur j de gksj gsgSaA 2. r duhdhr Fkki zcU/kdh; f’ k{kkbr uhegaxhgSfd xj hc dkckyd i zfr Hkkgksusdsi ’ pkr ~Hkhf’ k{kk xzg.kughadj l dr kA 3. j k"Vªh; ct V dksl kEi znkf; d i z; kst uksagsr qO; ; fd; kt kj gkgSA 4. j kst xkj l ‘t u dsi z; kl ’ kwU; gSaA 5. fut hi zfr "Bkuksaesal kekU; ; qod dkscgqr de osr u feyr kgS] ukSdj hdhl qj {kkHkhughaA 6. Je dkuwu csvl j gSaA; qokdeZpkfj ; ksadsfgr ksadh j {kkdj usesal j dkj vl Qy gSA 7. ukSdj h egkuxj ksaesadsfUnzr gksr h t k j gh gS] ft l l s; qok oxZdks vi uk i fj okj R; kxuk i M+r kgSA 8. j kt uhfr d nyksausoksV cSad dk; Zi ) fr l s; qok ’ kfDr dseukscy dksr ksM+fn; kgSA 9. fut hO; ol k; dj usdsfy; sl j yr kl su r ksekxZ n’ kZu feyr kgSvkSj u ghfoÙkh; l gk; r kA 10. fut h dEi fu; ka; qokvksadk t edj ’ kks"k.k dj j gh gSa] l j dkj dk è; ku dsoy oksV cSad ds r q"Vhdj .ki j gSA ; qok i h<+hbl i j Hkhl ksps vf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkk ge gSav ki dsl kFk D; k vki bl sl gu dj saxs , d l cy l e‘) Hkkj r dk fuekZ.k r q"Vhdj .k l s ugha] l eku O; ogkj l sgksxk jk"Vªdsl exzfodkl i j oksVcSad dhjkt uhfr D; k; ghi gpku gSHkkj r dh fuj k’ kvkSj gr k’ k; qok j kcVZokMªkl fgr dksbZO; fä dkuwu l sÅi j ugha] fu"i {k t kap gksa%fgUnwegkl Hkk vf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkkdsj k"Vªh; v/; {kpUæçdk’ kdkSf’ kd] j k"Vªh; egkea=kheqUukdqekj ’ kekZ, oaj k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=khohj s’ kR; kxhus , d l a; qä oä O; t kj hdj dsl ksfu; kxka/khdsnkekn j kcVZokMªki j yx j gs vkj ksi ksai j fu"i {kt kap dhekax dhgSAxkSj r yc gSfd v’ kksd [ ksedkt Sl s bZekunkj vkWfQl j i j gfj ; k.kkl j dkj dhdkj ZokbZ] Mh, y, Q t Sl hcM+h dai uhl sl kSnsckt h] gfj ; k.kk] j kt LFkku t Sl sdkaxzsl ’ kkfl r çns’ kksavkSj okMªk dh feyhHkxr dh ckr sl j svke dgh t kusyxh gSaA j k"Vªh; v/; {k Jh dkSf’ kd , oaj k"Vªh; egkea=khJh’ kekZusj kcVZokMªki j yx j gsvkj ksi ksdks j kt uSfr d dgdj [ kkfj t dj usdsç; kl ksadhdM+hvkykspuk dhgSA dkaxzsl usr kl fgr l ksfu; kxka/khvkSj fç; adkxka/khusj kcVZokMªki j yx j gsvkj ksi ksadksft l çdkj Vkyusdhdksf’ k’ k dhgS] ml ckr l s; g l kfcr gksr kgSfd 2&t h] dkWeuosYFk] dks; yk?kksVkysl fgr nql j sr eke ?kksVkyksadhr j g dghau dghaj kWcVZokMªk?kksVkykHkhgksl dr kgSAj k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=khohj s’ kR; kxhusfdl hHkhO; fä dksdkuwu l sÅi j ughaekuk gSAmudsvuql kj ; fn fdl hO; fä usfdl hçdkj dhghyk&gokyhvFkok dkuwu l sNsM+NkM+dhgSr ksml O; fä dksdkuwu dsvuql kj l t kfeyuh ghpkfg, Aysfdu bl ckr dk/; ku j [ kkt kukpkfg, fd fdl hcsxqukg dkscsot g fdl hekeysesa?kl hVku t k, Agkaykfd j kWcVZokMªkdhl ai fÙk esaft l çdkj r st hl sc<+ksÙkj hgqbZgS] og fuf’ pr : i l s’ kd i Snkdj r h gSAfgUnwegkl Hkkusbl i wj sekeysdhmPp&Lr j h; t kap dhekax dj r s gq, vi j kf/k; ksal sl [ r hl sfui Vusdhvi hy dhgSA l suk/; {kdhfu; qfä esadsaæl j dkj dh t Ynckt hl afnX/k] mPpr e U; k; ky; j ksd yxk; s%fgUnwegkl Hkk vf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkkdsj k"Vªh; i nkf/kdkfj ; ksausvke pquko i fj .kkeksadseísut j fgUnwegkl Hkk eq[ ; ky; i j vge cSBd dhA fgUnw egkl HkkHkou] eafnj ekxZi j vk; ksft r bl cSBd dhv/; {kr kj k"Vªh; v/; {k pUæçdk’ kdkSf’ kd usdh] ft l esaj k"Vªh; egkea=kheqUukdqekj ’ kekZ, oaj k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=kh ohj s’ k R; kxh dh mi fLFkfr j gh- fgUnwegkl Hkk usor Zeku dk; Zokgd dkaxzsl l j dkj dsdqNfu.kZ; ksadsysdj xaHkhj fpar kçdVdhft l esa vi uhl j dkj t kusdsMj l seueksgu l j dkj dqNfu.kZ; csgn t Ynckt hesa ysukpkgr hgSAbl hr j g dst Ynckt hHkj sfu.kZ; ksaesal suk/; {kdhfu; qfä Hkh ’ kkfey gSAj k"Vªh; v/; {k, oaj k"Vªh; egkea=khusdgkfd t c pquko i fj .kke vkusesaek=kdqN ghfnu ’ ks"kgSa] r c bl l j dkj } kj k; g fu.kZ; fy; kt kuk csot g ’ kd i Snk dj r kgSAj k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=khohj s’ k R; kxhusekuuh; mPpr e U; k; ky; l sbl fu.kZ; i j çfr cU/k yxkusdhodkyr dhgSA yksdr a=kesat c u; hl j dkj dspquko esat c 15 fnu l sHkhdke l e; cpk gks] r c or Zeku l j dkj dksbl r j g dsegRoi w.kZfu.kZ; ysusl scpukpkfg, A
  11. 11. uksV %&dsoy LFkkuh; pSd Lohdkj fd; st kr sgSaA ok£"kd------------------------------------------------------------100/- #i ; s f} ok£"kd--------------------------------------------------------200/- #i ; s vkt hou l nL; ---------------------------------------------1500/- : i ; s &%r Rdky xzkgd cusa%& l nL; r k’ kqYd Mªk¶V; keuhvkMZj ^^fgUnwl Hkkokr kZ** dsuke Hkst saA i r k %& fgUnwegkl Hkk Hkou] eafnj ekxZ] ubZfnYyh&110001 11 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ l kj ka’ k fnukad 07 ebZl s 13 ebZ2014 r d l kIr kfgd ozr &i oZ fnukad 14 ebZ l s 20 ebZ 2014 r d i oZ fr fFk fnu cq) i wf.kZek 14 ebZ cq/kokj l q[ knso t ; ar h] l wj nkl t ; ar h 15 ebZ ohjokj ukj n t ; ar h 16 ebZ ’ kqØokj x.ks’ kpr qFkhZozr 17 ebZ ’ kqfuokj l kIr kfgd fgUnwl Hkkokr kZfo’ ks"kr k; sat ksvU; =kughafeyr h 1. i =kdkfj r kdsmPp j k"Vªfu"Bekudksadsfy, i zfr c) r k 2. j k"VªvkSj fgUnqRo dksgkfu i gq¡pkusokysdkj dksai j i Suhn‘f"V 3. l kEi znkf; d vkSj i ‘Fkdr koknhl ksp i j t edj i zgkj 4. j k"Vªh; vkSj vUr j kZ"Vªh; eqn~nksai j i kj n’ khZppkZ 5. l kekft d l j ksdkj ksadhr g r d t kdj l ekèkkui j d cgl 6. i zsj d i zl ax] egku~O; fDr ; ksal si zsj .kkysusdkekè; e 7. Hkz"Vkpkj ] vi j kèkvkSj vj k"Vªh; fpar u i j r h[ kkvkØe.k gekj kl adYi 1. ge , d , sl hl er keqyd j k"Vªh; O; oLFkkdsi {kèkj gSat gkafuèkZur k dkvfHk’ kki u gks] fdl hdk’ kks"k.ku gks] U; k; oui ’ kqvksadhpsj hu cus] l c l eku gksa] , d nwl j sdsl g; ksxhgksaA 2. ge , d , sl hl aLd‘fr d O; oLFkk dsi {kèkj gSaft l esafgUnqRo ds l koZHkkSfed vkSj l koZdkfyd fl ) kar ksadksi zfr f"Br fd; k t k l ds] ft l l sfd fgal k] i ki ] ’ kks"k.k] fo"ker kvkSj l aosnughur kdhdkfyek l sfo’ o dkseqfDr feysaA dsoy br ukghugh] vU; Hkhcgqr l ht houksi ; ksxhl kexzhA vki dkl kIr kfgd] vki dhHkkoukvksadkni Z.kA l kIr kfgd fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ ’ ks"ki ‘"B 6 dk vkt Toyu’ khy] foLQksVd---- ’ ks"ki ‘"B 1 dk dsnkj ukFk; k=kkvxysl Ir kg--------- - r hu Hkkj r h; vesfj dh-----’ ks"ki ‘"B 1 dk Hkkj r dsi zFke Økafr dkj h-----’ ks"ki ‘"B 8 dk usfi ; j okVj l dhyM+kbZt hr usokysi zfl ) M~; wd vkWQosfyaxVu dsl okZf/kd dq’ ky vf/kdkj hekust kr sFksAmUgksausfl a/ki j dCt kdj usdsckn 1843 bl s br ukl qUnj cuk; kfd bl uxj dksDohu vkWQ n bZLV ?kksf"kr dj ckn esa eqEcbZi zsl hMsUl hdsv/khu j [ kkx; kFkkAfl U/ki zkUr dk, d yksdfi z; i z’ kkl d i kdZn uke dkvaxzst FkkAml dsi zfr Ñr Kr kO; Dr djusfl a/ki zns’ kdht ur k usHkkj dsl gkj kdsdj hc l hekor hZft ysFkksukedj .kghFkkj &i fFkj dj fn; kA, d l e; vgufn; k] bLekbyh] [ kkst kvkSj l wQheql yekuksadsusr kHkh fl a/kesai ui r sj gsAfi zUl vkuk[ kku dkt Ue ghfl a/kdsnksvkc esagqvkFkk ysfdu vc i kfdLr ku dk u; k dkuwu ^/keZP; qr * ; k gsj sfj d ekur k gSvkSj bl fy, osvnHkkj r vkSj vU; =kgh’ kkfUr l sj g l dr sgSaAfczVsu dhl al n us uc xzsVbf.M; u i sfj u[ kqykj syosdEi uh*t c bZLVbf.M; u j syosdEi uhdh LFkki uknhFkhr c l oZi zFke 16 vi zSy 1853 esacksj hcUnj l sBk.ksvkSj fQj 1857 esadj kphl sfU/kdsgSnj kckn r d 180 fdyksehvj dhnwj hokyhVsªus pyhFkhi wj s, f’ k; kesafczfV’ k’ kkl u usgyi kMkd fVdV ^fl au/kfMfLVªDV Mkd* dsuke l st kj hdj ns’ kesa1857 esai gyhl apkj l sok’ kq: dhFkhA fQj dj kphfo’ oHkj esadq[ ; kr vesj hdhi =kdkj Msfj ; u i yZdhgR; k nkmn bczkghe ft l svesfj dkHkh^HkxksgsukdksZVsj sfj LV* dsl j xukds: i esa ^j sM&, yVZ*dsekè; e l s<wa< j gkgS; knqnkZUr gkfQt l bZn dsvH; kj .; ft l i j dj ksM+ksaMkyj dki qj Ldkj ?kksf"kr gkspqdkgS; kd’ ehj husr k; kfl u efyd dsogkat kdj ml l sfeyusdsdkj.kfQj , d Toyu’ khy us=kfcUnqcuj gkgSA fgal d O; k?kzksadknqfu; kHkj esal cl s[ kr j ukd uxj vkt bl fy, Hkhp£pr gS fd ; gkadh[ kq[ ; kr yky efLt n o gDdkj hft gknhdkj [ kkuksaesai zf’ kf{kr / kekZU/k d’ ehj esaHkh yM+j gsgSavkSj l hfj ; k o vQxkfuLr ku esaHkhA bf.M; u&eqt kfgíhu dsl aLFkki d ; kfl u efVdy vkSj Vq.MkdsusVodksZads [ kqykl sesaHkhmudsr kj dj kphl st qM+si k, x, gSAvesj hdhehfM; kvkt ds dj kphdsckj sesaHkkj r l svf/kd l psr gS] ; g l kQ gSa ekeysesavk/kqfud bar t ke fd; sx, gSaAi sVªksfyax vkSj okp Vkoj dst fj ; s yxkrkj ; k=kk: Vi j ut j j[ kht k; sxhAoghacæhdsnkj eafnj l fefr usdgk fd eafnj i fj l j i wjhrj gl sr S; kj gSAeafnj l sMs<+fdyksehVj nwj rhFkZ; kf=k; ksa dsj gusdkbar t ke fd; kx; kgSt gka500 l s1000 yksx j g l dr sgSaA fyapksyhesacM+kgSfyi sMcuk; kx; kgSt gka, evkbZ17 mr j l dr sgSavkSj ; gh csl dSai HkhgksxkAxkSj hdqaMl sfyapksyhdsj kLr sdsnkj ukFkr d dkVªSd 22 fdyksehVj gSt ksj keckM+kdst fj ; st kusokysi qj kusVªSd l svkBfdyksehVj vf/kd gSA vf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkk dsj k"Vªh; v/; {k Jh pUnzi zdk’ k dkSf’ kd] j k"Vªh; egkea=khJheqUukdqekj ’ kekZ, oaj k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=khJh ohj s’ k R; kxhusdsUnzl j dkj o mÙkj k[ k.Mdhl j dkj l sekax dhgSfd dsnkj ukFk/kke ; kf=k; ksadksl kj hl qfo/kk; sai znku dht k; sr Fkkl qj {kkO; oLFkk pkd&pkScUn dht k; sA Lokxr fd; kgSr FkkdgkgSfd Hkkj r h; ksadhdk; Z{ker ko j {kr ki wj sfo’ o esa l oksZr e gSAmUgksausdgkgSfd Hkkj r h; ewy dsyksxksausi wj sfo’ o esavi uh dk; Z{ker kdk>aMkÅapkdj j [ kkgSAmUgksausdgkfd gesaHkkj r h; ewy ds yksxksai j xoZgSA conitnued from page no. 9 MNCs' presence in....... payments - 18% of FDI inflows in2012-13 from 13% in2009- 10 .About $4.4 billion went out of India as royalty payments in 2012-13, nearly 20% of the $22.4 billion in foreign direct in- vestment received by the country in the year. The outflows on account of royalty and fee for technical services, taken to- gether, are in the range of 16-33 per cent of the foreign direct investment(FDI) inflows over theperiod2009-10 and 2012-13.  Minority shareholders bear the brunt of these pay- ments as royalties crimp profits available with the company for distribution in the form of dividends. Foreign promoters get a disproportionate share of the income compared to their shareholding. Companies such as 3M India, Timken India, Whirlpool of India and Asahi India Glass have paid royalty in the range of 1.2 per cent to 2.6 per cent of net sales to their foreign partners but have not paid any dividends to shareholders since 2008 (excluding one-off dividend pay- ments). Had these companies paid dividends in lieu of roy- alty to foreign partners, shareholders could have enjoyed the monetary benefits. vk; axj : l x, r c ykSVr sl e; i a-t okgj yky usg: ’ ; ke t hl sfeyusds fy, ft usoki gqapsvkSj ogkamul s[ kwc ckr sadhAft usokesaghl u~1930 esa30 ekpZdhl Uè; kdks73 o"kZdhvk; qesa’ ; ke t hdhe‘R; qgksxbZAmudkvfXu l aLdkj oghal s.V t kt Zdh’ e’ kku Hkwfe esafd; kx; kA bfr gkl mUghayksxksadks; kn j [ kr kgSt ksml dkscukusdsfy, vi uk l oZLo gkse dj r sgaSALor U=kr k: f/kj ekaxr hgS] j .kp.Mhdkeqag yky gksr kgSA bl dVql R; dsegRo dks’ kghnksausvkadkAmuds[ kwu us[ ksr dksl hapk ft l esayxsQyksadksvkt ge LorU-kHkkjr esap[ kj gsgSaAbu ’ kghnksadhLe‘fr dht kx‘r j [ kukj k"VªdkdÙkZO; gSA
  12. 12. i zkIr s"kqMkd i at hdj .kl a[ ; kD.L. (N.D.)µ11/6129/2013-14-15 j ft l a- 29007/77 ubZfnYyhi h-,l -vks- esai ksLVdhxbZ l kIr kfgd dfcj k[ kM+kct kj esa; g Hkhl p gS fgUnwl HkkokrkZ 12 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ fnukad 07 ebZ l s 13 ebZ2014 r d LoRokf/kdkj hvf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkkdsfy, i zdk’ kd ,oaeqnzd eqUukdqekj ’ kekZ}kj kLdSu ^,u* fi zUV] 115, dh£r uxj bUMLVªh; y ,fj ; k] fnYyh eqfnzr r Fkk fgUnwegkl Hkk Hkou] efUnj ekxZ] ubZfnYyh&110001 l si zdkf’ kr A nwj Hkk"k 011-23365138] 011-23365354 E-mail : akhilbharat_hindumahasabha@yahoo.com, editor.hindusabhavarta@akhilbharathindumahasabha.org l Ei knd %eqUukdqekj ’ kekZ] i zca/kl Ei knd %ohj s’ kdqekj R; kxh bl i =kesai zdkf’ kr ys[ ko l ekpkj ksadhl gHkkfxr k] l ai knd&i zdk’ kd dhughagSAl Ei w.kZfooknksadkU; kf; d {ks=kubZfnYyhgSA ubZfnYyhi h-, l -vks- esai ksLV dhxbZ j ft l a- 29007/77 fu"d"kZ Mkd i at hdj .kl a[ ; kD.L. 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