Teaching methodology
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Teaching methodology Presentation Transcript

  • 1. TEACHING METHODOLOGY
  • 2. CONTENTS Teaching Teaching Method List of traditional and modern teaching methods Selection of appropriate teaching method
  • 3. TEACHING Teaching is an art and science Teaching is a process of imparting knowledge and skills Systematic process based on some educational objectives To communicate the message of knowledge
  • 4. TEACHING METHOD The way that a teacher adopts to transmit contents to students is called a teaching method The way in which teacher uses activities and learning objects for enhancement of learning according to objectives is called teaching method Combination of techniques and activities
  • 5. LIST OF SOME TRADITIONAL AND MODERNTEACHING METHODSTraditional Teaching Methods Lecture Discussion BookishModern Teaching Methods Problem solving Fieldtrip Demonstration
  • 6. SELECTION OF APPROPRIATE TEACHINGMETHODA number of things needed to be considered while selecting a teaching method Class level Nature of the subject Number of students Size of the classroom Resources available Time available
  • 7. LECTURE METHOD
  • 8. LECTURE
  • 9. LECTURE METHOD A lecture is a oral presentation intend to present information or teach people about a particular subject A politicians speech, a minister’s sermon, or even a businessman’s sales presentation may be similar in form to a lecture Lecture has significant role out side the classroom such as in churches, community centers,libraries,museums
  • 10. PUBLIC LECTURES
  • 11. LECTURE AS A TEACHING METHOD Lecture method is the oldest method Teacher role is very active in this method Students are generally passive Teacher is leader in this method Students just follow the instructions of teacher One way communication
  • 12. LECTURE IN CLASSROOM
  • 13. LECTURE COMPONENTS Silberman(1990) suggests five approaches to maximizing students’ understanding and retention during lectures. These can be used to help ensure the effective transfer of knowledge Use an opening key At the beginning of the lecture present major points
  • 14. LECTURE COMPONENTS Present key terms Reduce the major points in the lecture to key points Offer examples When possible provide examples from real life Use analogies If possible make a comparison between the content of the lecture and knowledge the students already have
  • 15. LECTURE COMPONENTS Use visual backups Use a variety of media to enable students to see as well as hear what is being said
  • 16. A FORM OF A LECTURE
  • 17. MERITS OF LECTURE METHODWhy Lecture Method is useful? This method is suitable for big classes This method is cheap one It is time saving method An oldest method yet it is a popular Teacher can present the content logically and with sequence Teacher can make a better use of this method they are trained traditionally
  • 18. DEMERITS OF LECTURE METHODFollowing are the demerits of lecture method Student role is passive Selected study Students do not make additional studies Students feel boredom due to the absence of activities Lecture method is not suitable to teach science and professional subjects It encourages rote memory
  • 19. DEMERITS OF LECTURE METHOD Students can not concentrate on lecture for long time No interaction between teacher and student This method Discourage communication skills
  • 20. SUGGESTIONSHow lecture can be effective for learning?The following tasks should be taken in to enhance the effectiveness of lecture method Teacher should prepare the lecture in advance Open the lecture with good introduction There must be sequence between in information, ideas and concepts Additional examples should be include when necessary
  • 21. SUGGESTIONS During lecture key points should be written on writing board Audio-visual aids should be used when there is need There must be a question answer session Maintain eye contact with the students For large lecture halls, use a microphone if necessary
  • 22. USE OF MICROPHONE
  • 23. SUGGESTIONS Avoid the use of slang or repetitive Provide positive feedback when students ask questions Close the lecture with a brief but a powerful summary
  • 24. QUESTION ANSWER SESSION
  • 25. THANK YOU
  • 26. WHAT IS DOING IN THIS PICTURE