INDIAN RAILWAYS
• Class : D-9 (EXTC) {2012-13}• Group No. : 8• Group Name : THE   DEXTERS• Members :1.   Suraj Malpani (50)2.   Chaitanya ...
ContentsI. Development of Indian rail transportII. General FactsIII. Major zonesIV. Comparison with Chinese RailwayV. Majo...
In India…• The railways were a group of privately owned  companies• East India Company, later of the British Indian  Army,...
April 16, 1853      at   3:35 pm
The First Passenger Train in India• Started from : Boree Bunder                 (Bombay)• Destination : Tannah            ...
• Before 1857,Great Indian Peninsula Railway included only  these stations-• 1. Boree Bunder(Mumbai)• 2. Tannah(Thane)• 3....
After Independence….• 42 separate railway systems• Included into The Indian Railways• 1952 : Existing rail networks were d...
Exactly how vast is Indian Railways    Today…
The total track length of   Indian Railway is 115,000 KM !!
That is equivalent to going around the  entire Circumference of earth !!!
That is equivalent to going around the  entire Circumference of earth !!!                       X      3
Indian Railways carries7500 millionPassengers annually !!
That is like carrying the ENTIRE population of     United States of America
That is like carrying the ENTIRE population of     United States of America                               X   24
Indian railways carry2.8 million Tons  of load DAILY !!!
Equivalent to carrying TAJ MAHAL !!
Equivalent to carrying TAJ MAHAL !!                       X 215
General Facts• Indian Railways is owned and operated by the  Government of India through the Ministry of  Railways.• It is...
General Facts• Indian Railways runs 10000 trains daily• Indian Railways comprises of a Rail network over  a route of 65,00...
Gauge           Route   Running Track    Total Track                 Km.        km.             km.Broad Gauge    54257   ...
Now….The widespread rail network  is divided into 17 zones
ZONES1. Northern Railway        10. South Western Railway2. North Eastern Railway   11. North Western Railway3. Northeast ...
Major zones are
Central Railways (CR)• Date Of Establishment :   • Divisions :  November 5, 1951          1. Mumbai                       ...
Western Railways(WR)• Date Of Establishment :   • Divisions :  November 5, 1951          1. Mumbai                        ...
Eastern Railways (ER)• Date Of Establishment :   • Divisions :  April 14, 1952            1. Howrah                       ...
Northern Railways(NR)• Date Of Establishment :   • Divisions -  April 14, 1952              1.Delhi,                      ...
Southern Railways(SR)• Date Of Establishment :   • Divisions :  April 14, 1951            1. Chennai                      ...
Comparing Indian railways to Chinese Railway                                   Indian Chinese                             ...
Comparing Indian railways to Chinese Railway                              Indian       Chinese                            ...
Comparing Indian railways to Chinese Railway                                   Indian Chinese                             ...
Effects on Indian EconomyEconomical Effects               Related Social EffectsDevelopment in Agriculture       Encourage...
Economical Effects           Related Social EffectsCheck on price fluctuation   Stable demand for goodsElimination of fami...
ATTRACTIONS OF INDIAN RAILWAYS•    Fastest Trains:     •Notable Attractions:1.    Duronto Express    1. Palace On Wheels2....
Duronto Express•   START: New Delhi•   END :Sealdah•   MAX SPEED: 130 Kmph•   These are the non-stop point to point rail s...
Palace on wheels• The luxury train• From : New Delhi• Stops :1. Jaipur              5.   Chittaurgarh2. Jaisalmer         ...
Rajdhani                                      Shatabdi        Express                                       Express•   STA...
SAMJHAUTA                   GARIB RATH     EXPRESS                    EXPRESSSTARTED ON : JULY 22,1976    STARTED IN: YEAR...
Konkan Railway•   From         : Mangalore (Karnataka)•   To           : Roha (Maharashtra)•   Route length : 738 kms• Sal...
Pamban rail bridge                                     • Salient Features :• From           : Rameshwaram                 ...
Matheran hill railway• From : Neral• To : Matheran• Route length : 20 kms• Salient Features :1. Scenic beauty of Western  ...
Looking forward to..Future projects
Bullet train• The Vision 2020’  proposal was submitted  to Indian Parliament by  Indian ministry of  Railways on Dec 18,  ...
• Trains will run on elevated corridors.• Speed:- 250 to 350 kmph.• Total tracks distance :- 4060 kms.• Total estimated co...
Rapid Transit in India• It consists of metro and monorail systems.• First rapid transit: Kolkata Metro Railway started in ...
METRO• Rs 200,000 crore to be  invested on metro rail  projects in next ten  years.• All cities having  population more th...
Projects under constructionSystem                     City              Start of operationChennai Metro              Chenn...
Credits•   www.indianrail.gov.in•   www.wikipedia.com•   www.indianrailways.gov.in•   www.scribd.com•   headlinesindia.map...
Th a n k Yo u     For travelling with Us…
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Indian railways 1 50 final main (1)

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Indian railways 1 50 final main (1)

  1. 1. INDIAN RAILWAYS
  2. 2. • Class : D-9 (EXTC) {2012-13}• Group No. : 8• Group Name : THE DEXTERS• Members :1. Suraj Malpani (50)2. Chaitanya Marathe (51)3. Rahul Mhatre (52)4. Atharva Nandurdikar (53)5. Himanshu Phatnani (54)6. Atharva Ponkshe (55)7. Yogesh Prajapati (56)
  3. 3. ContentsI. Development of Indian rail transportII. General FactsIII. Major zonesIV. Comparison with Chinese RailwayV. Major effects on Indian EconomyVI. Attractions of Indian RailwaysVII.Future ProjectsVIII.Conclusion
  4. 4. In India…• The railways were a group of privately owned companies• East India Company, later of the British Indian Army, contributed to the birth and growth of the Indian railways
  5. 5. April 16, 1853 at 3:35 pm
  6. 6. The First Passenger Train in India• Started from : Boree Bunder (Bombay)• Destination : Tannah (Thane)• Distance Travelled : 34 kms
  7. 7. • Before 1857,Great Indian Peninsula Railway included only these stations-• 1. Boree Bunder(Mumbai)• 2. Tannah(Thane)• 3. Callian ( Kalyan) via• 4. Campoolie ( Khopoli)• 1890 : Great Indian Peninsula Railway became a government owned company.• Various independent kingdoms began to have their own rail systems.• By 1929, there were 66,000 km (41,000 miles) of railway lines serving most of the districts in the country.• By 1946 all rail systems had been taken over by the government.
  8. 8. After Independence….• 42 separate railway systems• Included into The Indian Railways• 1952 : Existing rail networks were divided into six zones
  9. 9. Exactly how vast is Indian Railways Today…
  10. 10. The total track length of Indian Railway is 115,000 KM !!
  11. 11. That is equivalent to going around the entire Circumference of earth !!!
  12. 12. That is equivalent to going around the entire Circumference of earth !!! X 3
  13. 13. Indian Railways carries7500 millionPassengers annually !!
  14. 14. That is like carrying the ENTIRE population of United States of America
  15. 15. That is like carrying the ENTIRE population of United States of America X 24
  16. 16. Indian railways carry2.8 million Tons of load DAILY !!!
  17. 17. Equivalent to carrying TAJ MAHAL !!
  18. 18. Equivalent to carrying TAJ MAHAL !! X 215
  19. 19. General Facts• Indian Railways is owned and operated by the Government of India through the Ministry of Railways.• It is the 4th largest railway network• It is the biggest employer in the world.• It has total of 1.4 million employees
  20. 20. General Facts• Indian Railways runs 10000 trains daily• Indian Railways comprises of a Rail network over a route of 65,000 kms and 75,000 Stations all over• Out of 65000 kms 40000 Kms route is electrified
  21. 21. Gauge Route Running Track Total Track Km. km. km.Broad Gauge 54257 76758 101486Metter Gauge 7180 7792 9290Narrow Gauge 63974 87087 113617
  22. 22. Now….The widespread rail network is divided into 17 zones
  23. 23. ZONES1. Northern Railway 10. South Western Railway2. North Eastern Railway 11. North Western Railway3. Northeast Frontier 12. West Central Railway Railway 13. North Central Railway4. Eastern Railway 14. South East Central5. South Eastern Railway Railway6. South Central Railway 15. East Coast Railway7. Southern Railway 16. East Central Railway8. Central Railway 17. Konkan Railway9. Western Railway
  24. 24. Major zones are
  25. 25. Central Railways (CR)• Date Of Establishment : • Divisions : November 5, 1951 1. Mumbai 2. Pune• Headquarter : Mumbai 3. Bhusaval 4. Nagpur• Route span : 3905 kms 5. Solapur• No. of stations : 477
  26. 26. Western Railways(WR)• Date Of Establishment : • Divisions : November 5, 1951 1. Mumbai 2. Vadodara• Headquarters : Mumbai 3. Ahmedabad 4. Ratlam• Route span : 6182 kms 5. Rajkot 6. Bhavnagar
  27. 27. Eastern Railways (ER)• Date Of Establishment : • Divisions : April 14, 1952 1. Howrah 2. Sealdah• Headquarter : Kolkata 3. Asansol 4. Malda• Route span : 2500 kms• No. of stations : 547
  28. 28. Northern Railways(NR)• Date Of Establishment : • Divisions - April 14, 1952 1.Delhi, 2.Ambala• Headquarters : Delhi 3.Firozpur 4.Lucknow• Route span : 6986 kms 5.Muradabad
  29. 29. Southern Railways(SR)• Date Of Establishment : • Divisions : April 14, 1951 1. Chennai 2. Trichy• Headquarters : Chennai 3. Palghat 4. Salem• Route span : 5098 kms 5. Trivendram
  30. 30. Comparing Indian railways to Chinese Railway Indian Chinese Railways Railways General 1. Stations 6858 5437 2. Track Km 109227 106184 3. Double Line 16184 23058 4. Employees (million) 1.51 1.758 Average Annual Rs. RMB 5. salary 126650 16640 6. Equated TUS Billion 829 2048 7. Operating Ratio 96% 94.6% 8. GDP in $ Billion 515 1200 9. Per Capital Income $ 502 1500
  31. 31. Comparing Indian railways to Chinese Railway Indian Chinese Railways Railways FREIGHT Originating 1. 493 2043 Loading (mt) 2. Tonne Km (btkm) 333 1551 3. Lead Km 643 759 4. No. of Wagons 216717 445707 5. Market Share % 30 15 6. Route Km 63140 71897 Population 7. 1000 1300 (Million)
  32. 32. Comparing Indian railways to Chinese Railway Indian Chinese Railway Railways s PASSENGER Originating Market 1. 15 6.6 Share Originating Passengers 2. 5093 1056 (Million) 3. Passenger Kms (Billion) 493 497 4. Passenger Lead Km 97 471 Per capita trips per 5. 5.09 0.82 annum 6. Passenger Coaches 39263 37942
  33. 33. Effects on Indian EconomyEconomical Effects Related Social EffectsDevelopment in Agriculture Encouragement to the yield of Diverse cropsGrowth of markets Inspiration to domestic businessesMobility of labour and capital Availability of man-forceHelp in internal trade Boost to national integration
  34. 34. Economical Effects Related Social EffectsCheck on price fluctuation Stable demand for goodsElimination of famines Increased sense of securityAvailability of employment Upliftment in socio-economical status of the middle class and other castesEncouragement to tourism Increased curiousity to know the country
  35. 35. ATTRACTIONS OF INDIAN RAILWAYS• Fastest Trains: •Notable Attractions:1. Duronto Express 1. Palace On Wheels2. Rajdhani Express 2. The Golden Chariot 3. Deccan Odyssey3. Shatabdi Express 4. Samjhauta Express 5. Garib Rath Express 6. Other Attractions
  36. 36. Duronto Express• START: New Delhi• END :Sealdah• MAX SPEED: 130 Kmph• These are the non-stop point to point rail services.• These trains connect the metros and major state capitals of India.• Are faster than Rajdhani Express.
  37. 37. Palace on wheels• The luxury train• From : New Delhi• Stops :1. Jaipur 5. Chittaurgarh2. Jaisalmer 6. Udaipur3. Jodhpur 7. Bharatpur4. Sawai Madhopur 8. Agra• Salient Features :1. Tourism promotion in Rajasthan2. 4th best luxury train in the world• Similar Trains:1. The Golden Chariot2. Deccan Odyssey Interior
  38. 38. Rajdhani Shatabdi Express Express• START: New Delhi • START: New Delhi• END: Howrah • END: Bhopal• Speed:91 kmph • Speed: 89 kmph• The Rajdhanis have high priority and are one of the fastest trains in India, • The Shatabdi trains are AC travelling at about 130 km/h. intercity seater-type trains for travel during day.
  39. 39. SAMJHAUTA GARIB RATH EXPRESS EXPRESSSTARTED ON : JULY 22,1976 STARTED IN: YEAR 2005STARTS AT: LAHORE JUNCTION STARTS AT: SAHARSA ,BIHARENDS AT :AMRITSAR JUNCTION ENDS AT :AMRITSAR,PUNJABTOTAL TRACK : 52 KM MAX SPEED: 130 kmph THE FRIENDSHIP TRAIN POOR MAN’S CHARIOT
  40. 40. Konkan Railway• From : Mangalore (Karnataka)• To : Roha (Maharashtra)• Route length : 738 kms• Salient Features :1. Spectacular views of Arabian coastline2. The route is a single-line track, and is not electrified.3. Special attraction ‘Deccan Odyssey’4. Special ‘CHINAB BRIDGE’ constructed by SKY BUS:DEVELOPED BY Konkan railway in Jammu KONKAN RAILWAYS• Challenges faced :1. Land acquisition2. Flash floods3. Land slides4. Tunnel collapses5. Dense forests with wild animals
  41. 41. Pamban rail bridge • Salient Features :• From : Rameshwaram 1. 2nd longest sea bridge in India (Pamban Island) 2. Breathtaking view of the Bay of• To : Mandapam Bengal (Mainland) • Challenges faced :• Route length : 2.3 kms 1. Highly corrosive environment 2. Cyclone prone area
  42. 42. Matheran hill railway• From : Neral• To : Matheran• Route length : 20 kms• Salient Features :1. Scenic beauty of Western Ghat hills2. Heritage railway• Challenges faced :1. Gradient of hill2. Landslides in monsoon Matheran toy train running through the Western Ghats.
  43. 43. Looking forward to..Future projects
  44. 44. Bullet train• The Vision 2020’ proposal was submitted to Indian Parliament by Indian ministry of Railways on Dec 18, 2009.• High Speed Rail Corporation (HSRC) is set up to work on bullet trains
  45. 45. • Trains will run on elevated corridors.• Speed:- 250 to 350 kmph.• Total tracks distance :- 4060 kms.• Total estimated cost :- Rs. 167,00,00,00,000/- (US$ 3.63 billion).
  46. 46. Rapid Transit in India• It consists of metro and monorail systems.• First rapid transit: Kolkata Metro Railway started in 1984.
  47. 47. METRO• Rs 200,000 crore to be invested on metro rail projects in next ten years.• All cities having population more than 2 million will have metro rail system.
  48. 48. Projects under constructionSystem City Start of operationChennai Metro Chennai 2014Rapid Metro Rail Gurgaon Gurgaon 2013Hyderabad Metro Hyderabad 2014Jaipur Metro Jaipur 2013Mumbai Metro Mumbai 2013Navi Mumbai Metro Navi Mumbai 2013Kochi Metro Kochi 2015Metrolink Express (MEGA) Gandhinagar and 2015 Ahmedabad
  49. 49. Credits• www.indianrail.gov.in• www.wikipedia.com• www.indianrailways.gov.in• www.scribd.com• headlinesindia.mapsofindia.com• railwatchindia.com• www.preservearticles.com
  50. 50. Th a n k Yo u For travelling with Us…
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