Term technical textile was coined in 1985, other terms
used for defining technical textiles are industrial
textiles, functional textile, performance textile,
engineering textile, invisible textile and hi-tech textile.
Technical textiles is a knowledge based research
The global technical textile has shown an increase from
25%(1998) to 37% (2010).
The largest segment are mobiltex, Indutex and sportek
and they contribue to about 55-57% of the total
technical textile on global basis.
The market size of technical textiles in India is estimated at
Rs. 63, 202 Crore during the year 2011-12 with a growth rate
of 11% per annum, & expected to increase at a growth rate of
India Textile Ministry estimates the market size of technical
textiles in the country to reach US $28.7 billion from the
US$ 10.3 billion (2010-11)
Total employment given by technical textile - 8.8 lakh
Total Exports - $ 12.6 billion
Centers of Excellence (COEs): Four COEs are BTRA for Geo-
tech, SASMIRA for Agro-tech, NITRA for Pro-tech & SITRA for
Technical approach :
Technical textiles are considered all fabrics that can not
be addressed within the traditional sectors of clothing,
home and decoration.
Technical textiles are specially designed and engineered
structures that are used for their technical performance
and functional properties rather than their aesthetic
Market approach :
Technical textiles offer solutions for the manifold
technical challenges existing in our society
(environmental, protection, personal safety, general
safety, health & well-being)
• Very strong
• Durable / abrasion resistant
• Chemically inert
• Flame retardant
• Anti static
• Anti microbial
• Insect repellent
• Anti soiling
• Water repellent
Agro 1.6 medi 3.54
Textiles used in agriculture, horticulture, fishing and
forestry are termed as agro textiles.
Crop protection cover
Bird protection nets
These textiles are used in the manufacture of automobiles, railways and
Visible components like Truck covers , car trunk coverings ,seat covers
, seat belts, airbags, parachutes, boats , air balloons etc.
Concealed components like noise vibrations, harness components, tyre
cords, liners etc.
Car /truck tyre cord
Textiles used in construction - concrete
reinforcement, facade foundation systems, interior
construction, insulations, proofing materials, air
conditioning, noise prevention, visual
protection, protection against the sun, building safety.
Technical textiles for clothing applications. Especially
in the finishing process where fabric is treated under
pressure and high temperature.
Woven and non woven interlining
It refers to permeable fabric woven or non-woven used
for confinement/ separation, reinforcement, filtration
Rail track bed stabilization
Textiles used in a domestic environment - interior decoration
and furniture, carpeting, protection against the sun, cushion
materials, fireproofing, floor and wall coverings, textile
Carpet ground yarn
Textiles used for chemical and electrical applications and
textiles related to mechanical engineering. Silk-screen
printing, filtration, plasma screens , lifting/conveying
equipment, sound-proofing elements, melting
processes, roller covers, insulations, seals, fuel cell.
New applications for textiles in environmental protection
applications - floor sealing, air cleaning, prevention of water
pollution, water cleaning, waste
treatment/recycling, domestic water sewerage plants, landfill
Nonwoven dust filter
Protection against heat, flame and radiation for fire
fighter clothing, against molten metals for
welders, for bulletproof jackets etc.
Bullet proof jackets & helmets
Hi visibility harnesses
Shoes, sports equipment, flying and sailing
sports, cycling, winter and summer sports, indoor
Air sport fabrics
Combination of textile technology and medical
sciences has resulted into a new field called medical
Woven and nonwoven gowns and drapes
Woven and knit wound care product
Versatility in application
◦ Production is limited and fragmented
◦ Lack of investments by the industry
◦ Poor R & D facilities and lack of innovative and high end
◦ Lack of skilled workforce for the sector
◦ Lack of adequate legislative measures for ensuring level playing
field for domestic industry.
Concessional rate of 5 percent customs duty on most of
the technical textile machinery
Reduction in excise duty on man-made fibre and filament
yarns : major raw material for technical textiles.
Coverage of technical textile machinery under TUFS.
1. Asian Textile Journal, April-June 2011.
2. The Indian Textile journal, October 1994.
3. Man-Made Textile in India, September
4. Textile Progress, vol. 40, No. 3, 2008.
5. Asian Textile journal, April-June 2009