Two Way Radio OP 09

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Two Way Radio OP 09

  1. 1. Two Way Radios What are they? How do they work? Tourguiding.wordpress.com Hillary Jenkins, Otago Polytechnic 2008
  2. 2. <ul><li>are communication devices that can </li></ul><ul><li>both transmit and receive </li></ul><ul><li>information in remote locations </li></ul>Two way radios:
  3. 3. A simple two way radio Push- to- talk button Speaker On/Off button Channel selector Volume buttons
  4. 4. <ul><li>A: As a safety device for communications in </li></ul><ul><li>many different roles within the tourism industry </li></ul>Q: What could two way radios be used for in a tourism context?
  5. 5. <ul><li>Vehicle drivers communicating to a base station or between each other </li></ul><ul><li>Guides communicating with each other in the field </li></ul><ul><li>DOC huts and base stations to get weather forecasts or to report any incidents </li></ul><ul><li>Boat or Aircraft operators between craft or craft to base </li></ul><ul><li>Ski areas </li></ul><ul><li>Communicating with emergency staff </li></ul><ul><li>In hotels between reception, concierge and house keeping </li></ul>Some examples :
  6. 6. How do you operate a two way radio system? <ul><li>Today's two-way radio equipment is nearly as simple to use as a household telephone. </li></ul><ul><li>Some mobile phones these days have a “push to talk” function the same as a two way radio. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Operational procedure… <ul><li>Ensure your radios are turned on and on the same channel before commencing communication </li></ul><ul><li>When operating the radio, hold down the push-to-talk button BEFORE you begin to talk </li></ul><ul><li>Release the push-to-talk button to receive a reply </li></ul><ul><li>You may use call signs which are an abbreviation that indicates who the caller is, while allowing some anonymity. e.g. you maybe OP1 to OP2 or Base to Guide </li></ul>
  8. 8. Two way radios operating on channel 1 Push-to talk buttons Channel 1
  9. 9. <ul><ul><ul><li>Messages should be kept short and to the point . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pronounce your words clearly and slowly </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speak in a normal tone of voice , too loud = voice distortion </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep your mouth a reasonable distance from the speaker </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Break the message up with many intervals </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use words that can be understood correctly the first time, thereby avoiding repetition . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some points for good operation: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Wait Stand by </li></ul><ul><li>Can't Unable </li></ul><ul><li>Send Forward or Dispatch </li></ul><ul><li>Get Obtain </li></ul><ul><li>No Negative </li></ul><ul><li>Yes Affirmative </li></ul>Poor Choice Preferred
  11. 11. The Phonetic Alphabet <ul><li>A Alpha N November </li></ul><ul><li>B Bravo O Oscar </li></ul><ul><li>C Charlie P Peter </li></ul><ul><li>D Delta Q Quebec </li></ul><ul><li>E Echo R Romeo </li></ul><ul><li>F Foxtrot S Sierra </li></ul><ul><li>G Golf T Tango </li></ul><ul><li>H Hotel U Uniform </li></ul><ul><li>I India V Victor </li></ul><ul><li>J Juliet W Whiskey </li></ul><ul><li>K Kilo Y Yankee </li></ul><ul><li>L Lima X X-ray </li></ul><ul><li>M Mike Z Zulu </li></ul>
  12. 12. For example the place name Otago would look like this: <ul><li>Oscar O </li></ul><ul><li>Tango T </li></ul><ul><li>Alpha A </li></ul><ul><li>Golf G </li></ul><ul><li>Oscar O </li></ul>
  13. 13. What not to do… <ul><li>Do not use slang </li></ul><ul><li>Do not swear </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use obscenities </li></ul><ul><li>Do not gossip </li></ul><ul><li>It is important that appropriate language be used at all times. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Follow correct protocol to ensure good, clear communication
  15. 15. <ul><ul><li>To call another unit: Say “Base to guide” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To acknowledge a call: Say “Base this is guide Go ahead.“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To end each transmission: Convey your message, then say “Over.“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To acknowledge message: Say “Copy” and confirm back message </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To terminate a call: Say “Guide Clear.“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To acknowledge termination: Say “Base Clear.&quot; </li></ul></ul>Correct Call protocol is:
  16. 16. Practical Experience <ul><li>Outside we will split into small groups and practice communicating messages using two way radios </li></ul><ul><li>See blog for activity </li></ul>

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