Divorce hillary nagel

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  • 1. Hillary Nagel Instructor: Emily Brett GNED-2057 Thursday, April 3rd, 2014
  • 2. CHANGING STRUCTURE OF FAMILIES Divorce plays a huge role in the lives of the families involved, as well as our society as a whole ,which is why it is important to understand why it is happening, and what can be done to prevent it, or lessen the damage. The traditional Canadian family structure which is said to consist of a married mother and father, and two children, has become a lot less “traditional” over the years. Before 1968, it was much more difficult to get a divorce. Now that divorce laws have become much more lenient, divorce rates have skyrocketed since then, and the number of lone- parent families has increased. Although divorce rates continue to be high, the idea of a happy marriage is still something that many Canadians desire.
  • 3. SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY Structural-Functionalist Perspective: • The family is a social institution that performs important functions for society • Single-parent families are viewed as dysfunctional; divorce signals a breakdown in the family • The breakdown of families is a main issue in the world today as it leads to secondary social problems • Changes in the economy (lower wages, unemployment) are viewed as contributing to divorce rates
  • 4. DIVORCE IN CANADA • The only legal reason required to get a divorce in Canada is that the marriage has broken down. • Since the end of the 80’s, the divorce rate in Canada has been between 35% and 42% • It is expected that 37.7% of all marriages in Canada will end before the 30th wedding anniversary
  • 5. FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO DIVOIRCE • Poor communication • Lack of conflict resolution skills • Sexual incompatibility • Adultery • Abuse • Neglect • Jealousy • Finances • Stress
  • 6. SOCIAL FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO DIVORCE 1. Changing family functions: The function of marriage today is love and emotional support, rather than economic reliance or protection like it used to be. 2. Increased economic autonomy of women: An unhappy wife is more likely to leave if she has the money to support herself, just as an unhappy husband will feel less guilty about leaving a women who is financially stable and can take care of herself and the children without him. 3. Increased work demands: Stresses of balancing work between partners within and outside of the home. (Women work the “Second shift”)
  • 7. SOCIAL FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO DIVORCE CONT.… 4. Divorce laws: “No fault divorce” allows couples to divorce without a specific reason 5. Changing cultural values: Continued rise of individualism( tendency to focus on yourself rather than the family and community). Divorce is now seen as an “acceptable option” among society 6. Longer life expectancy: “Till death do us part” is a longer commitment than it used to be
  • 8. CONSEQUENCES OF DIVORCE ON FAMILIES Divorce effects all families differently, however, there are consistent areas of concern among both adults children involved in divorce • Unhappiness, depression, anxiety, low self esteem • Economic well-being decreases (mainly for women) • Damaged relationships among one or both parents and secondary family members (grandparents, aunts uncles) • Less adult supervision
  • 9. PARENTAL ALIENATION SYNDROME (PAS) Parental alienation syndrome refers to when a child is hateful unjustifiably to one parent. This usually happens during a custody battle, where one parent encourages the child to hate the other. PAS causes an immense amount of pain toward the parent affected, as well as the child, and is considered a form of child abuse.
  • 10. PARENTAL ALIENATION SYNDROME VIDEO- DR. PHIL This is a great video of Dr. Phil explaining what parental alienation is during one of his shows and a heated debate between two lawyers in a custody battle. Dr. Phil’s part starts at 1:14. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PqXTdHLJonI
  • 11. CONSEQUENCES OF DIVORCE ON SOCIETY • Divorced people have less availably to take care of their ageing parents which causes strain on the healthcare system • Children coming from divorce are more likely to participate in criminal activity, have lower grades, and become teen parents due to less adult supervision • Poverty- single parent households are more likely to live in poverty, which greatly affects our society • Employees in happy marriages tend to be more efficient at work, which increases business profits, while divorced people may take a leave of absence due to depression, or perform at a lower standard, reducing productivity • High cost to tax payers- For every $1 spent by federal governments to build healthy marriages, $1,000 is spent dealing with the consequences of broken families
  • 12. PREVENTING DIVORCE The government should put tougher laws in place again making divorce more difficult, therefore people would have to be more careful in choosing a partner, and do the necessary work to prevent the divorce themselves • Individual options: • Counselling • Marrying later in life • Financial planning • Build stronger communication skills • Find work/family life balance
  • 13. POST- DIVORCE FAMILY STRATEGIES In the unfortunate circumstance that a divorce is the only answer, there are things that can be done to protect the children involved, which in turn benefit society as a whole. • Spend time with the children on a consistent basis • Be engaged and interested in their lives • Limit conflict with ex spouse in front of the children • Do not contribute to any form or parental alienation • Maintain civil co-parenting relationship • Participate in divorce mediation
  • 14. HOW DIVORCE CAN IMPACT DEVELOPMENT : VIDEO https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BV0DOVQzRmQ
  • 15. REFERENCES Course Textbook: Understanding Social Problems Canadian Divorce Statistics. (2014). Ottawa Divorce. Retrieved from: http://www.ottawadivorce.com/statistics.htm Divorce Canada. (2014). Divorce in Canada faq. Retrieved from: http://divorce-canada.ca/divorc=e-in-canada-faq Employment and Social Development Canada. (2014). Family life- divorce. Hrsdc. Retrieved from: http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@- eng.jsp?iid=76 Grant, t. (July, 2011). Statistics canada to stop tracking marriage and divorce rates. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/statistics-canada-to- stop-tracking-marriage-and-divorce-rates/article4192704/ The impact of Divorce on Our Society. (June, 2013). Divorce. Alexander House. Retrieved from: http://thealexanderhouse.org/the-impact-of- divorce-on-our-society/