Internet Research<br />Referencing<br />Reference lists<br />AND<br />In-text references<br />
Referencing<br />	= 	supporting your ideas with 	credible sources<br />Key terminology:<br />Reference list<br />In-text r...
Example Reference list<br />This goes at the END of your essay<br />References<br />It is in ALPHABETICAL order<br />
Example In-Text References<br />These go inside the body of your essay<br />
Why MUST we reference?<br />To avoid PLAGIARISM<br />
What is plagiarism?<br />Copying text from the Internet and pretending it’s your own<br />Failing to use “quotation marks”...
INTERNET<br />My Essay<br />This is plagiarism!<br />
What are the consequences?<br />Formal warning that stays on your academic record<br />Being given a zero grade<br />Being...
Avoid plagiarism by:<br />Paraphrasing (use your OWN WORDS) <br />Using in-text references (in the body paragraphs of your...
Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7570192.stm<br />Researching and Recording Sources<br />London, England<br /...
London, England<br />Struggling with India’s gender bias<br />Who is the publisher?<br />Who is the author?<br />What’s th...
Web Address (URL)<br />Publisher<br />Place of publication<br />London, England<br />Struggling with India’s gender bias<b...
Source:http://www.thp.org/where_we_work/south_asia/india/research_reports/chronic_hunger_and_status_of_women<br />Research...
Women and girls on India receive far less education than men, due both to social norms and fears of violence.India has the...
Web Address (URL)<br />Publisher<br />Title of Publication<br />Year of Publication<br />Author<br />Women and girls on In...
How is men’s education in India compared to women’s education in India?  What reasons are given for this difference?<br />...
A.  How is men’s education in India compared to women’s education in India?  What reasons are given for this difference?<b...
A.  How is men’s education in India compared to women’s education in India?  What reasons are given for this difference?<b...
Paraphrase this sentence:<br />Women and girls in India receive less education than men, due both to social norms and fear...
Paraphrase this sentence:<br />Women and girls in India receive less education than men, due both to social norms and fear...
Cultural Note:<br />What name should you use in a reference?<br />A: Given Name <br />(Carol – Steve)<br />B: Family Name ...
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Introduction to Referencing

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An introduction to referencing for English language learners at the tertiary level who are learning to write academic essay.

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  • Great presentation - and a good introduction to the 'concept' of research and plagiarism, which are two things the students will need to embrace
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Introduction to Referencing

  1. 1. Internet Research<br />Referencing<br />Reference lists<br />AND<br />In-text references<br />
  2. 2. Referencing<br /> = supporting your ideas with credible sources<br />Key terminology:<br />Reference list<br />In-text reference<br />What’s the <br />difference?<br />
  3. 3. Example Reference list<br />This goes at the END of your essay<br />References<br />It is in ALPHABETICAL order<br />
  4. 4. Example In-Text References<br />These go inside the body of your essay<br />
  5. 5. Why MUST we reference?<br />To avoid PLAGIARISM<br />
  6. 6. What is plagiarism?<br />Copying text from the Internet and pretending it’s your own<br />Failing to use “quotation marks” and correct in-text referencing<br />Submitting the same essay as someone else<br />
  7. 7. INTERNET<br />My Essay<br />This is plagiarism!<br />
  8. 8. What are the consequences?<br />Formal warning that stays on your academic record<br />Being given a zero grade<br />Being excluded from receiving your academic certificate, diploma or even degree<br />
  9. 9. Avoid plagiarism by:<br />Paraphrasing (use your OWN WORDS) <br />Using in-text references (in the body paragraphs of your essay)<br />Including a reference list (at the end of your essay)<br />Important pieces in your reference list:<br />Author Year of publication <br />Title of Publication<br />Publisher Place of publication <br />Web Address (URL)<br />Date viewed<br />
  10. 10. Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7570192.stm<br />Researching and Recording Sources<br />London, England<br />Struggling with India’s gender bias<br />
  11. 11. London, England<br />Struggling with India’s gender bias<br />Who is the publisher?<br />Who is the author?<br />What’s the year <br />of publication?<br />What’s the title <br />of publication?<br />What is the place of<br />publication?<br />What’s the web address?<br />What’s the date YOU <br />viewed this article??<br />
  12. 12. Web Address (URL)<br />Publisher<br />Place of publication<br />London, England<br />Struggling with India’s gender bias<br />Title of Publication<br />Author<br />Year of Publication<br />Who is the publisher?<br />Who is the author?<br />What’s the year <br />of publication?<br />What’s the title <br />of publication?<br />What is the place of<br />publication?<br />What’s the web address?<br />What’s the date YOU <br />viewed this article??<br />
  13. 13. Source:http://www.thp.org/where_we_work/south_asia/india/research_reports/chronic_hunger_and_status_of_women<br />Researching and Recording Sources<br />
  14. 14. Women and girls on India receive far less education than men, due both to social norms and fears of violence.India has the largest population of non-school-going working girls.<br />India's government guarantees free primary school education for both boys and girls up to age 14. This goal has been repeatedly communicated, but primary education in India is not universal. Overall, the literacy rate for women is 39 percent versus 64 percent for men. The rate for women in the four large northern states - Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh - is lower than the national average: it was 25 percent in 1991. Attendance rates from the 1981 census suggest that no more than 1/3 of all girls (and a lower proportion of rural girls) aged 5-14 are attending school.<br />Before India became an independent country in 1947, less than 8% of females were literate. Even with the progress that has been made, there were 16 million more illiterate females in Indian in 1991 than there were in 1981. <br />Who is the author?<br />What’s the year <br />of publication?<br />What’s the title <br />of publication?<br />What is the place of<br />publication?<br />What’s the web address?<br />What’s the date YOU <br />viewed this article?<br />
  15. 15. Web Address (URL)<br />Publisher<br />Title of Publication<br />Year of Publication<br />Author<br />Women and girls on India receive far less education than men, due both to social norms and fears of violence.India has the largest population of non-school-going working girls.<br />India's government guarantees free primary school education for both boys and girls up to age 14. This goal has been repeatedly communicated, but primary education in India is not universal. Overall, the literacy rate for women is 39 percent versus 64 percent for men. The rate for women in the four large northern states - Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh - is lower than the national average: it was 25 percent in 1991. Attendance rates from the 1981 census suggest that no more than 1/3 of all girls (and a lower proportion of rural girls) aged 5-14 are attending school.<br />Before India became an independent country in 1947, less than 8% of females were literate. Even with the progress that has been made, there were 16 million more illiterate females in Indian in 1991 than there were in 1981. <br />Place of publication<br />Author Year of publication Title of Publication<br />Publisher Place of publication Web Address (URL)<br />
  16. 16. How is men’s education in India compared to women’s education in India? What reasons are given for this difference?<br />Women and girls in India receive less education than men, due both to social norms and fears of violence.<br />
  17. 17. A. How is men’s education in India compared to women’s education in India? What reasons are given for this difference?<br />Women and girls in India receive less education than men, due both to social norms and fears of violence.<br />Is this plagiarism?<br />YES!<br />
  18. 18. A. How is men’s education in India compared to women’s education in India? What reasons are given for this difference?<br />Women and girls in India receive less education than men, due both to social norms and fears of violence.<br />Women and girls on India receive far less education than men, due both to social norms and fears of violence.India has the largest population of non-school-going working girls.<br />India's government guarantees free primary school education for both boys and girls up to age 14. This goal has been repeatedly communicated, but primary education in India is not universal. Overall, the literacy rate for women is 39 percent versus 64 percent for men. The rate for women in the four large northern states - Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh - is lower than the national average: it was 25 percent in 1991. Attendance rates from the 1981 census suggest that no more than 1/3 of all girls (and a lower proportion of rural girls) aged 5-14 are attending school.<br />
  19. 19. Paraphrase this sentence:<br />Women and girls in India receive less education than men, due both to social norms and fears of violence.<br />
  20. 20. Paraphrase this sentence:<br />Women and girls in India receive less education than men, due both to social norms and fears of violence.<br />EXAMPLE:<br />In India, women are not educated as much as men because of cultural beliefs (Coonrod 1998).<br />
  21. 21. Cultural Note:<br />What name should you use in a reference?<br />A: Given Name <br />(Carol – Steve)<br />B: Family Name <br />(Coonrod – Bradshaw)<br />Carol S Coonrod<br />Steve Bradshaw<br />
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