Different scientists Medicine Sir Alexander Fleming Ivan Petrovich Pavlov
Physics Lev DavidovichLandau Brian David Josephson
Chemistry Frederick Sanger Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev
Scientist I admire Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov He is the famous Russian embryologist, bacteriologist and immunologist. Mechnikov was born in 1845 in a village near Kharkiv, Ukraine, Russian Empire .
His achievementsMechnikov was interested in the study of microbes, and especially theimmune system. In 1882 he discovered the phagocytosis.Mechnikov also developed a theory that aging is caused by toxic bacteriain the gut and that lactic acid could prolong life. Based on this theory, hedrank sour milk every day. In 1892 he developed the comparative pathology of inflammation on thebasis of his studies, and in the future - the phagocytic theory of immunity.
“Immunity in Infectious Diseases” “The Nature of Man” “The Prolongation of Life”
The Nobel Prize Mechnikov received the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1908, shared with Paul Ehrlich, for his work on phagocytosis.
The Personal LifeMechnikov was married to his first wife Ludmila Feodorovitch in1863. She died from tuberculosis on 20 April 1873.Then he married again in 1875, to Olga Belokopytova who died in1944 in Paris from typhoid. He created the first Russian school of microbiologists,immunologists and pathologists, participated in the creation ofresearch institutions, and a number of bacteriological andimmunological institutes in Russia named after Mechnikov.Mechnikov died in 1916 in Paris from heart failure.
Connection with life and future His discoveries in biology, especially in the immune system, helpother scientists to create medications from various diseases.Also, based on his discoveries, many subjects became important tothe society.
Why it is importantto pay tribute to the scientists