The politics of Uzbekistan take place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President of Uzbekistan is both head of state and head of government.
Executive power is exercised by the government.
Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, Legislative Chamber and Senate.
Islam is by far the dominant religion in Uzbekistan.
Muslims constitute 90% of the population while 5% of the population follow Russian Orthodox Christianity, and 5% of the population follow other religion according to a 2009 US State Department release.
Uzbekistan is a dry, landlocked country.
Tashkent is the capital city of Uzbekistan.
The climate in the Republic of Uzbekistan is continental, with little precipitation expected annually.
Major cities include Andijan, Bukhara, Samarkand, Namangan and the capital Tashkent.
Uzbekistan has got market-based economy.
Agriculture in Uzbekistan employs 28% of labor force.
Minerals and mining also are important to Uzbekistan's economy.
Gold, alongside cotton, is a major foreign exchange earner.
It has significant reserves of copper, lead, zinc, tungsten, and uranium.
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