The politics of Sudan takes place in the framework of a presidential representative democratic consociationalist republic, where the President of Sudan is Head of State, Head of Government and Commander-in-Chief of the Sudanese Armed Forces in a multi-party system.
Legislative power is vested in both the government and in the two chambers, the National Assembly and the Council of States, of the bicameral National Legislature.
Seventy percent of the population adheres to Islam, while the remainder of the population follows either animist and indigenous beliefs (twenty-five percent) or Christianity (five percent).
Islam predominates in the north, while traditional indigenous beliefs (animism) and Christianity are prevalent in the south.
Sudan is located in northeastern Africa. It borders the Red Sea between Egypt on the north and Eritrea and Ethiopia on the southeast; it borders Chad and the Central African Republic on the west. It is the largest country in Africa.
Its capital is Khartoum, which serves as the political, cultural and commercial centre of the nation, while Omdurman is the largest city.
Oil is Sudan's main export, and the production is increasing dramatically.
Rich mineral resources are available in Sudan including: petroleum, natural gas, gold, silver, chromite, asbestos, manganese, gypsum, mica, zinc, iron, lead, uranium, copper, kaolin, cobalt, granite, nickel, tin and aluminum.
Agriculture production remains Sudan's most-important sector.
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