Food Legislation


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Food legislation in Singapore

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  • Good morning everyone, today we’re going to talk about food legislation. There are many reasons why such legislations exist, but ultimately it is to safeguard the consumers from the potentially harmful products.
  • Food labels are the last form of communication between the consumers and the manufacturers, and therefore it is important that the food labels are appropriate and accurate. Therefore our focus for today will be on food labels, and the following points are discussed:
  • 7th schedule – permitted nutrient supplement
  • Explain why and how each food additive has been used in this particular product
  • These are the typical amounts of the respective vitamins and minerals contained in unfortified milk. As you can see,
  • These are the typical amounts of the respective vitamins and minerals contained in unfortified milk. As you can see, all the nutrients listed here are relatively low in comparison to the RDA, and therefore the need to fortify it as well as to meet the claim requirements. Contain: Contains at least 1/6 of daily allowanceHigh/Fortified: Contains not less than 50% of daily allowance
  • These are the typical amounts of the respective vitamins and minerals contained in unfortified milk. As you can see,
  • Health claims describe a relationship between a food, food component, or dietary supplement ingredient, and reducing risk of a disease or health-related condition.The Healthier Choice Symbol (HCS) on food products symbolises healthier packaged foods. Its intention is to help consumers make informed food choices at the supermarket or shops. Products with HCS are generally lower in fat, saturated fat and sodium, and some are also higher in dietary fibre and calcium as compared to similar products of the same category.Nutrient function claim describes the physiological role of the nutrient in growth, development and normal functions of the body. E.g. Good source of dietary fibre aids the digestive system, Low lactose content eases digestion for people who are lactose intolerant.Nutrient content claims describe the level of a nutrient or dietary substance in the product, using terms such as free, high, and low, or they compare the level of a nutrient in a food to that of another food.Nutrient-specific diet related health claims suggest comsumption of certain food categories can lead to an improved health conditions. (5)
  • According to Food Regulations
  • According to Food Regulations
  • Handbook on nutritionlabellingsingapore
  • Sale of food act
  • #page 26 of Handbook of Nutrition Labelling0.5*DA, ^DA/200*0.5*250 Food Regulations Page 17 312.5mg Calcium
  • #page 26 of Handbook of Nutrition Labelling* 0.5*DA, ^DA/200*0.5*250 Food Regulations Page 17
  • Food Legislation

    1. 1. 29 May 2009, Friday by May Wee Sui Mei Tan Siew Lee Matthew Zhao
    2. 2. Points of Discussion: 1. Assessment of Labels 2. Verification of Claims 3. Functions of Additives 4. Comparison with Foreign Legislations
    3. 3. “The following basic information in English are required to be declared on food labels:” Name or Description of Food List of Ingredients Net Quantity Name & Address of Manufacturer and Importer Country of Origin of Food Date Marking
    4. 4. Name or Description of Food List of Ingredients Net Quantity Name & Address of Manufacturer and Importer Country of Origin of Food Date Marking Name of Food Go! Description of Food Nutritious Food Drink with Malt Net Quantity 500 mL Name & Address of Manufacturer & Importer Manufactured by: F&N Foods Pte Ltd 214 Pandan Loop S(128405) Imported by: F&N Dairies (M) Sdn Bhd 70 Jalan Universiti 46700 Petaling Jaya Selango, Malaysia Country of Origin of Food PRODUCT OF SINGAPORE Date Marking Use By: 15 Jun 09 3 mm List of Ingredients Fresh milk Milk Solids Fructose Malt Extract Cocoa Anhydrous Milk Fat Permitted Stabiliser & Emulsifier (of plant origin) Calcium Carbonate Trimagnesium Phosphate Ferric Pyrophosphate Nicotinamide Vitamin A Pyridoxine Hydrochloride Riboflavin Thiamine Hydrochloride Vitamin D3 Permitted Flavouring Trimagnesium Phosphate Nutrition Information Panel? Nutrition Information Panel
    5. 5. Class of Additive Additive Used Main Functions Emulsifiers and stabilisers Permitted stabiliser and emulsifier (of plant origin) To aid in formation or maintaining the uniform dispersion of 2 or more immiscible substances Nutrient Supplement Calcium carbonate Trimagnesium phosphate* Ferric Pyrophosphate Nicotinamide Vitamin A Pyridoxine Hydrochloride Riboflavin Thiamine Hydrochloride Vitamin D3 To improve or enrich the nutrition content of the food Flavouring Agent Permitted Flavouring To impart taste and/or odour to food Under the Sale of Food Act First Schedule Regulation 5(4)b, ‘Permitted Use of General Terms in the Declaration of Ingredients’, generic terms i.e. ‘Permitted Stabiliser and Emulsifier’ and ‘Permitted Flavouring’ are allowed
    6. 6. 1.To provide for nutritional needs of the population 2.To meet the amounts required for the respective nutrients to validate nutritional content claims
    7. 7. Nutrient (mg) Unfortified Milk (per 200 ml) Min. Amount Required to Validate Claim (per 200 ml) Claim Type Calcium (mg) 244 400 High in Magnesium (mg) 22 66.7 Contains Iron (mg) 0.06 5 Fortified with Vitamin B3 0.4 8 Fortified with Vitamin A ( g) 62 125 Contains Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.12 1.0 Fortified with Vitamin B2 (mg) 0.48 0.75 Fortified with Vitamin B1 (mg) 0.06 0.5 Fortified with Vitamin D3 ( g) Trace 0.42 Contains
    8. 8. • Adsorbed on the milk fat globule surface to prevent aggregation and therefore separation • To provide a homogenous milk drink • To suspend the cocoa powder • To maintain a homogenous dispersion of milk and other ingredients
    9. 9. • Imparts a rich taste & impression of creaminess Suitable Flavouring: Divanillin Any wholesome substance that when added or applied to food is capable of imparting taste or odour, or both, to a food. • Ensure that the sensory profile is consistent • Fuller mouthfeel
    10. 10. Claims Health Claims Nutrition Claims Healthier Choice Symbol Nutrient Function Claim Nutrient Content Claim Nutrient-specific diet related health claims
    11. 11. 1. Claim on Vitamins and Minerals  Fortified with Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6 and Iron (at least 50% of DA with reference to reference quantity)  High Calcium  Contains Vitamins A, D and Magnesium Claim Definition Fortified with / High 200 ml contains at least 50% of daily allowance Contains 200 ml contains at least 1/6 of daily allowance
    12. 12. 2. Nutrient Content Claims 3. Healthier Choice Symbol  Low Fat  Trans Fat Free  Source of Energy
    13. 13. Sale of Food Act
    14. 14. Claim Amount in Product (per 100g) Guidelines (per 100g) Claim Met Low Fat 1.5g <=3g Trans Fat Free 0.03g <0.5g Source of Energy 140kJ >100kJ Nutrient Content Claims
    15. 15. Contains Amount in Product (per 250ml) Guidelines (per 250ml) Claim Met Vitamin A 158 mcg 156 mcg Vitamin D 0.52 mcg 0.52 mcg Magnesium 65mg 50 mg Fortified With Amount in Product (per 250ml) Guidelines (per 250ml) Claim Met Vit B1 0.8mg 0.6mg Vit B2 1mg 0.94mg Vit B3 10mg 10mg Vit B6 1.3mg 1.25mg Iron 6.3mg 6.25mg High Calcium 450mg 500/312.5mg ? Claims on Vitamins and Minerals
    16. 16. Healthier Choice Symbol Component Amount in Product Guidelines* Healthier Choice? Fat (g/100g) 1.5 2 YES! Total Sugar (g/100g) 6.2 8 Sodium (mg/100g) 32 120 Calcium (mg/100ml) 180 130 *Based on HCS Nutritional Guidelines, Miscellaneous Foods, for Cereal, Malted or Chocolate Drink
    17. 17. • Regulated by the Thai Food and Drug Administration (Thai FDA) • Thai FDA generally uses Codex and U.S. FDA standards as guidelines for nutritional claims • Expressed in Thai with or without foreign language unless omitted by FDA
    18. 18.  Name of food  Food serial number  Name and address of manufacturer  Net content of food (metric units)  Essential ingredients  Declaration of any type of addictives used  Date, month and year of manufacture  Labels with statements, pictures, photographs, signs, trademarks, no t giving misleading or exaggerating implications about the products or explicitly or implicitly advertise other products  Useful instructions Information Required on Food Label
    19. 19. Singapore Thailand Total Energy Total Energy Energy from Fat Protein Protein Total Fat  Saturated Fat  Trans Fat Total Fat  Saturated Fat Total Carbohydrates Total Carbohydrates Cholesterol Cholesterol Dietary Fibre Dietary Fibre Sodium Sodium Calcium Calcium Iron Iron Magnesium Sugar Vitamins*  A  B1, B2, B3, B6  D Vitamins*  A  B1, B2 * Represents the differences between Singapore and Thailand requisite nutrition information
    20. 20. Extracted from FDA, Ministry of Public Health, 2003 Formatof NutritionalLabel * Percent of Thai Recommended Dairy Intakes for population over 6 years of age are based on 2,000 Kcal diet.
    21. 21.  In Singapore, the food label provides sufficient information to the consumers  Food additives are added to improve product quality  All the claims made meet the requirements except for calcium content  Variation between Singapore and Thailand’s (export destination) labeling requirements